What Are The Basics About Kidney Transplant
Kidney transplant is surgery to place a healthy donor kidney into your body. A working, transplanted kidney does a better job filtering wastes and keeping you healthy than dialysis, but it still isnt a cure.
When you have a transplant, surgeons usually leave your old kidneys in place and connect the donated kidney to an artery and a vein in your groin. The surgeon also transplants the ureter from the donor to let urine flow from your new kidney into your bladder. The transplanted kidney takes over the job of filtering your blood.
Your body normally attacks anything it sees as foreign, so to keep your body from attacking the donor kidney, you will need to take immunosuppressants also called anti-rejection medicines. Like all strong medicines, anti-rejection medicines have side effects.
A transplant center can place you on the waiting list for a donor kidney if you have permanent kidney damage and your kidney function is 20 or less. While youre waiting for a kidney transplant, you may need to start dialysis.
S To Repair Kidney Cells Assess Kidney Function On The Horizon
- Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University
- Researchers may have found a way to block kidney-destroying inflammation and help damaged kidney cells recover. In a related study, they report progress on a non-invasive method to assess how much kidney function has survived a serious bout of inflammation or a chronic problem like high blood pressure.
Researchers may have found a way to block kidney-destroying inflammation and help damaged kidney cells recover.
In a related study, they report progress on a non-invasive method to assess how much kidney function has survived a serious bout of inflammation or a chronic problem like high blood pressure.
The diagnostic tool could help physicians make hard choices about whether a patient has enough kidney function left to benefit from treatment or whether dialysis or a transplant is in their future, said Dr. Michael P. Madaio, nephrologist and Chairman of the Department of Medicine at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University.
If the kidneys can be saved, this approach could also aid optimal delivery of drugs directly to ailing kidney filters.
Significant infections, an oxygen-depriving critical illness or injury, diabetes and uncontrolled hypertension all can take a serious or deadly toll on the kidneys.
“We’ve already got numerous ways to block inflammation, but what we hope is the magic here is the ability to also help injured kidney cells recover,” Madaio said.
Questions To Ask Your Doctor Now
- What causes stage 1 kidney disease? Conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes are the most common causes of CKD. Certain hereditary, health, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of kidney disease.
- What is my GFR? Your estimated glomerular filtration rate is a measurement of how well your kidneys function to filter waste, toxins, and excess fluid from your body, and also determines your stage of kidney disease. Your doctor will calculate your eGFR using a creatinine blood test, your age, gender, muscle mass, and ethnicity.
- What steps can I take to improve my overall health? Living a healthier lifestyle by quitting smoking, getting plenty of exercise, eating well, and maintaining a healthy weight can go a long way toward slowing the progression of CKD.
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Symptoms Of Kidney Disease
In the early stages of kidney disease, people can have no symptoms. In fact, some people have no symptoms until over 90 per cent of their kidney function has gone. This is unfortunate because early detection of kidney disease and treatment is the key to preventing kidney failure.
Symptoms of kidney disease can include:
- bad breath an
- a metallic taste in the mouth.
These symptoms can be caused by other conditions, but if you are in a high-risk group for kidney disease, speak with your doctor.
Controlled Dedifferentiation As A Treatment Of Renal Disease
Cellular therapeutic options for the treatment of renal disease include in vivo and ex vivo options and may utilize autologous or nonautologous stem cells or the dedifferentiation of mature adult renal cells. These options currently are hypothetical. Illustration by Josh GramlingâGramling Medical Illustration.
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Dialysis For Kidney Failure
Dialysis artificially removes waste from your blood. There are two forms of dialysis haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is further broken down into two main types, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and automated peritoneal dialysis .The choice of dialysis method depends of factors such as your age, health and lifestyle. Over 2,000 Australian adults start renal replacement therapy each year.
How To Repair Your Kidneys Naturally
March 31, 2017 By Seattle Urban Nature
Do you suffer from kidney damage or disease? If so, youll know how frightening and life-changing it can be if these vital organs of ours underperform. It can lead to dialysis, kidney transplants or in the saddest of circumstances even death.
Our kidneys are our guardian angels. They are the caretakers of our capillaries cleaning our blood from unwanted minerals and poisonous waste, balancing our bodily fluids and blood pressure and coordinating control of the right number of red blood cells.
Its important you take good care of your kidneys and a healthy lifestyle plays a pivotal role. Even if youre suffering kidney failure, a healthy lifestyle can help you recover in acute cases or, when kidney failure hits hardest, it can slow-down the impacts of chronic failure.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Failure
You may notice one or more of the following symptoms if your kidneys are beginning to fail:
- Swelling in your feet and ankles
- Too much urine or not enough urine
- Trouble catching your breath
- Trouble sleeping
If your kidneys stop working suddenly , you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:
- Abdominal pain
Having one or more of any of the symptoms above may be a sign of serious kidney problems. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor right away.
Stem Cells And Stem Cellbased Therapy
Can we elicit cellular repair in the kidney via the introduction of stem cells? The development of stem cell therapies for kidney is in its infancy primarily because of the complexity of the organ involved, the degree of damage present at the time of diagnosis, and the belief that kidney development ceases at birth. Three sources of stem cells can be envisioned in the development of such treatments: Renal adult stem cells, nonrenal adult stem cells, and embryonic stem cells. These options are depicted in .
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Baking Soda And Kidney Disease
Sodium Bicarbonate is one of the most basic medicines we have for kidney disease. New research by British scientists at the Royal London Hospital shows that sodium bicarbonate can dramatically slow the progress of chronic kidney disease.
Dr. SK Hariachar, a nephrologist who oversees the Renal Hypertension Unit in Tampa Florida stated, upon seeing the research on bicarbonate and kidney disease, I am glad to see confirmation of what we have known for so long. I have been treating my patients with bicarbonate for many years in attempts to delay the need for dialysis, and now we finally have a legitimate study to back us up. Not only that, we have the added information that some people already on dialysis can reverse their condition with the use of sodium bicarbonate.
Military manuals suggest doses or infusions of sodium bicarbonate to help alkalinize the urine if uranium contaminates the kidneys. This makes the uranyl ion less kidney-toxic and promotes excretion of the nontoxic uranium-carbonate complex. The oral administration of sodium bicarbonate diminishes the severity of the changes produced by uranium in the kidneys.
Medical marijuana, like sodium bicarbonate, is one of the few medicines that helps when there is radiation contamination, which the kidneys are especially sensitive to.
What Are The Basics About Conservative Management
Conservative management for kidney failure means that your health care team continues your care without dialysis or a kidney transplant. The focus of care is on your quality of life and symptom control.The decision to start dialysis is yours. For most people, dialysis may extend and improve quality of life. For others who have serious conditions in addition to kidney failure, dialysis may seem like a burden that only prolongs suffering.
You have the right to decide how your kidney failure will be treated. You may want to speak with your family, doctor, counselor, or renal social workerwho helps people with kidney diseaseto help you make this decision.
If you decide not to begin dialysis treatments, you may live for a few weeks or for several months, depending on your health and your remaining kidney function. Many of the complications of kidney failure can be treated with medicines, but only dialysis or transplant can filter wastes from your blood. As your kidney function declines, you may want to consider adding hospice, or end-of-life, care. You can have hospice care in a facility or at home. The hospice program is designed to meet end-of-life physical and emotional needs. Hospice care focuses on relieving pain and other symptoms.
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What Is The Treatment For Acute Renal Failure
Treatment is focused on removing the circulating toxins as quickly as possible and restoring electrolyte balance. This is usually accomplished by administering intravenous fluids for twenty-four to ninety-six hours . Peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis are rarely performed, but may be available in your area. If toxin exposure or a drug reaction is suspected, it is recommended that the stomach be emptied of its contents immediately, followed by the administration of activated charcoal to prevent further absorption of toxins.
Nutritional support may be required in cats with persistent or uncontrollable vomiting. Your veterinarian will recommend an aggressive treatment plan to give your cat the best chance of recovering from ARF.
Suffering From Kidney Disease Here Are 5 Foods You Must Have In Your Diet
Written by Shraddha Rupavate | Updated : March 20, 2015 4:47 PM IST
Healthy kidneys play an important role in removing wastes generated from the food you eat. They are responsible for eliminating urea, wastes from dietary protein, along with minerals like sodium, potassium and phosphorus. If you’re suffering from kidney disease and you take regular dialysis treatment for blood purification, you should be extra careful about the food you eat. Any kind of food that increases the load on your kidneys could result in accumulation of wastes in your body, causing further kidney impairment.
Some recommended dietary changes for people with kidney disease include consumption of a low protein diet, limiting salt intake, reducing intake of phosphorus-rich foods and choosing foods low in potassium. Based on these recommendations, here are 5 super-foods that you must eat if you’re suffering from kidney disease.
1. Cauliflower: Cauliflower is kidney-friendly vegetable that secretly helps your body control various other factors like diabetes and heart disease which contribute to kidney disease. Additionally, cauliflower it is also low in potassium and offers other nutrients like vitamin C, folic acid and fibre, which are helpful for patients with kidney disease. It also has the ability to eliminate certain toxic substances from your system, lowering the load on your kidneys.
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Causes Of Kidney Failure
Some of the causes of kidney failure include:
- diabetes even if it is well managed, diabetes can cause kidney damage
- glomerulonephritis swelling or inflammation of the tiny filtering units in the kidney. Also known as nephritis
- polycystic kidney disease an inherited condition that causes thousands of cysts to form in the kidneys
- urinary reflux a bladder-valve problem that allows urine to flow back into the kidneys, causing scarring
- medications some drugs such as lithium and cyclosporin can cause kidney failure. Continued misuse of compound analgesic preparations was once a common cause of permanent kidney damage. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , taken in normal therapeutic doses, may occasionally cause acute kidney failure
- medullary cystic kidney disease an inherited kidney disease that leads to the kidneys gradually losing their ability to work properly due to cysts in the centre of the kidneys.
Kidney Damage From High Blood Pressure
One of the most common causes for kidney damage is high blood pressure, which can occur as a result of a wide number of different risk factors .
Think of your kidneys as one of your bodys natural filtration pumps, which function ideally at normal blood pressure. Hypertension due to heart disease, high cholesterol, or any number of other conditions that can increase your blood pressure puts an excess strain on this filtration system.
Over a long time exposed to high blood pressure, the blood vessels in the kidneys can be damaged, worn down, or hardened, which limit the kidneys ability to filter your blood and perform its vital functions.
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Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3
Stage 3 of CKD is diagnosed based on estimated glomerular filtration rate readings. This is a blood test that measures creatine levels. An eGFR is used to determine how well your kidneys are working at filtering wastes.
An optimal eGFR is higher than 90, while stage 5 CKD presents itself in an eGFR of less than 15. So the higher your eGFR, the better your estimated kidney function.
Stage 3 CKD has two subtypes based on eGFR readings. You may be diagnosed with stage 3a if your eGFR is between 45 and 59. Stage 3b means your eGFR is between 30 and 44.
The goal with stage 3 CKD is to prevent further kidney function loss. In clinical terms, this can mean preventing an eGFR of between 29 and 15, which indicates stage 4 CKD.
You may not notice symptoms of chronic kidney problems in stages 1 and 2, but the signs start to become more noticeable in stage 3.
Some of the symptoms of CKD stage 3 may include:
Does Dialysis Cure Kidney Failure
No. Even when very well done, dialysis only replaces part of your kidney function. Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis allow people with kidney failure to feel better and continue doing the things they enjoy, but neither replaces all of the jobs that healthy kidneys do. Over the years, kidney disease can cause other problems, such as heart disease, bone disease, arthritis, nerve damage, infertility, and malnutrition. These problems wont go away with dialysis however, doctors now have new and better ways to prevent or treat them. You should discuss these problems and their treatments with your doctor.
Watch a video of a doctor describing hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
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Limit Your Alcohol Consumption
You may still be able to drink alcohol if you have kidney disease, but it’s advisable not to exceed the recommended limits of more than 14 alcohol units a week.
Speak to your GP or care team if you find it difficult to cut down the amount of alcohol you drink.
Find out more about cutting down on alcohol.
Natures Toolbox To Keep Care Of Kidneys
Weve scoured the seven seas seeking the best natural ways you can take better care of your kidneys and condensed them into six digestible bites:
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Red Bell Pepper Kidney Healthy Food
Red bell pepper contains the maximum amount of vitamins as compared to other colors and is an important part of kidney disease diet.
- It is an excellent vegetable containing Vitamin C, A, B6, Folic acid along with fiber, which is conducive to good health of kidneys.
- In addition, it is low in potassium.
- Jazz up your salad with these brightly colored peppers or just add a crunch to your pizza in order to avoid kidney failure.
- They are low in calorie and suitable for those suffering from kidney disease. Even a whole cup will only add 45 calories and give you your daily quota of Vitamin A and C.
- It contains phytochemicals as well as beta carotene giving you antioxidants.
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Chronic Kidney Disease In Cats
The kidneys have many functions. They principally act to remove waste products from the blood stream, regulate the levels of certain essential minerals such potassium and sodium, conserve water, and produce urine. The kidneys have a large amount of spare capacity to perform their various functions so at least two-thirds of the kidneys must be dysfunctional before any clinical signs are seen.
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