What Are The Signs Of Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones
The signs of bladder stones are very similar to the signs of an uncomplicated bladder infection or cystitis. The most common signs that a dog has bladder stones are hematuria and dysuria . Hematuria occurs because the stones rub against the bladder wall, irritating and damaging the tissue and causing bleeding. Dysuria may result from inflammation and swelling of the bladder walls or the urethra , from muscle spasms, or from a physical obstruction to urine flow. Veterinarians assume that the condition is painful, because people with bladder stones experience pain, and because many clients remark about how much better and more active their dog becomes following surgical removal of bladder stones.
Large stones may act almost like a valve or stopcock, causing an intermittent or partial obstruction at the neck of the bladder, the point where the bladder attaches to the urethra. Small stones may flow with the urine into the urethra where they can become lodged and cause an obstruction. If an obstruction occurs, the bladder cannot be emptied fully; if the obstruction is complete, the dog will be unable to urinate at all. If the obstruction is not relieved, the bladder may rupture. A complete obstruction is potentially life threatening and requires immediate emergency treatment.
Where Do Kidney Stones Come From
Kidney stones form develop when certain substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, become concentrated enough to form crystals in your kidneys. The crystals grow larger into “stones.” About 80% to 85% of kidney stones are made of calcium. The rest are uric acid stones, which form in people with low urine pH levels.
After stones form in the kidneys, they can dislodge and pass down the ureter, blocking the flow of urine. The result is periods of severe pain, including flank pain , sometimes with blood in the urine, nausea, and vomiting. As the stones pass down the ureter toward the bladder, they may cause frequent urination, bladder pressure, or pain in the groin.
“If you experience any of these symptoms, see your primary care physician,” says Dr. Eisner. “He or she will likely perform a urinalysis and a renal ultrasound, abdominal x-ray, or CT scan to confirm kidney stones are the source of your pain and determine their size and number.”
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How Kidney Stones Form
If you have ever passed a kidney stone, you most likely would not wish to go through this excruciating process again; in fact, you probably would not wish it on your worst enemy. Kidney stones are common in both males and females and can strike again in half of those who develop it, usually within 5 to 7 years if preventive measures are not taken.
Kidney stones form when substances like oxalate, calcium, and uric acid become overly concentrated and create crystals in the kidneys. Those crystals then grow larger and form kidney stones. About 75 percent of all kidney stones are calcium oxalate stones.
After kidney stones develop, they can dislodge and pass down to the ureter, blocking urine flow. This can lead to periods of severe pain and discomfort, including pain in one side of the body between your stomach and your back. At times, pain can be accompanied by blood in the urine, nausea, and vomiting.
As the stones travel down the ureter to the bladder, they may result in bladder pressure, groin pain, or frequent urination. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should speak to your doctor. He/she will probably carry out a urinalysis and renal ultrasound, abdominal x-ray, or CT scan to determine if you have kidney stones and confirm their size and number.
Diagnosis of Kidney Stones
If your doctor suspects that you have a kidney stone, he/she may carry out diagnostic tests and procedures, such as:
1. Blood test:
2. Urine test:
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How Successful Are These Treatments
In short dubious at best. There have been many reports of people using these natural methods, but the efficacy is unsubstantiated. Some people report success, but none of these treatments are based in scientific fact. For every anecdotal success story posted online, there are hundreds more stories of failures . So, what natural remedies DO work?
4. Lab Grade Chanca Piedra
Lab grade chanca piedra has shown high rates of success in kidney stone treatment. This herbal remedy breaks down and prevents the development of new kidney stones. The clinical benefits of all-natural Chanca Piedra are;related to ureteral relaxation and to a putative reduction of the excretion of urinary crystallization promoters such as calcium. It first grabbed the attention of the scientific community in a 2002 study on rodents which demonstrated it slowed or halted kidney stone growth. Further studies indicated lab grade Chanca Piedra actually interferes with the process that would normally cause stones to form.
Professor Dr. Nestor Schor speaking about his research on lab grade Chanca Piedra:
Treatment with Phyllanthus niruri strongly inhibited the growth of the stones and reduced the number of stones
These results show that Phyllanthus niruri has an inhibitory effect on crystal growth
Restrict Your Intake Of Oxalate
If your body forms calcium-oxalate stones, the general recommendation is to abstain from foods that contain oxalates. So, the foods that you must exclude from your diet are Swiss chard, nuts, beets, rhubarb, black pepper, soy-based products, tea, chocolate, and sweet potatoes. They are rich in oxalates, so you must eat less of them.
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Diagnosis: Too Much Calcium In The Urine
These drugs help to decrease urine calcium excretion. They also help to keep calcium in the bones, reducing the risk for osteoporosis. The most common side effect of thiazide diuretics is potassium loss, so in many cases your doctor will prescribe a potassium supplement to go along with the thiazide diuretic.
Lower sodium intake
The human body carefully regulates its sodium levels. When excess sodium is excreted in the urine, calcium is also excreted proportionally. In other words, the more sodium you consume, the more calcium that will be in your urine. Your goal should be to reduce your sodium intake so that you consume less than 2 grams of sodium per day. Watch out for silent sources of salt, such as fast foods, packaged or canned foods, softened water and sports drinks.
Normal calcium diet
People who form stones sometimes think that because there is too much calcium in their urine, they should restrict their calcium intake. There is no research that supports this practice. Your body needs dietary calcium to support the skeleton. You should be encouraged to consume two servings of dairy or other calcium-rich foods to maintain bone stores of calcium.
Increase fluid intake
No matter what your diagnosis, you should drink enough water to produce at least 2 liters of urine per day.
Why Do I Get Kidney Stones
Kidneys are essential organs that filter out the waste traveling around the body in your bloodstream. The kidneys create urine to transport the filtered chemicals out of the body. Stones develop from buildup of mineral deposits in our urine that stick together in the kidneys. Typically, these stones develop because of a lack of water to dilute the accumulation of these minerals on the lining of our kidneys. Certain medications, medical disorders , and a family history of kidney stones can also increase your chances of suffering from them.
Because they are known to cause a great deal of pain, it is no surprise that those who suffer from kidney stones are willing to try just about anything to treat them and to prevent them from happening again. Known medicinal treatments include the use of alpha-blockers such as Flomax that relax the lining of the ureter to help stones pass more easily, and medications that treat the associated pain. Additionally, surgical procedures or other non-invasive means of surgical treatment may be prescribed to break up both calcium oxalate and uric acid kidney stones. These treatments include ureteroscopy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy .
Preventative measures used to halt the formation of kidney stones include dietary and behavioral changes. These involve decreasing sodium intake, increasing water intake to stay properly hydrated, stopping excessive exercise, stopping sauna usage , and eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
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Biomineralization In Natural And Engineered Environments
The alternating organic matter- and mineral-rich nano-layers comprising COMC are strikingly similar to those seen in other modern and ancient sedimentary deposits. These include marine stromatolites, ooids and oyster shells and pearls, as well as terrestrial hot-spring travertines and cave speleothems, among many other depositsâ. Previous geobiology studies of these natural deposits have only partially deciphered the relative influence of the physical, chemical and biological factors that are active at the time of layered deposition. COMC nano-layer couplets represent a previously unknown template for understanding the mechanisms that fundamentally control shifts between biotic and abiotic processes during biomineralization. These mechanisms are directly applicable to understanding biomineralized deposits common to other natural and engineered environments in fields that range from environmental sustainability and energy production, to medical discovery and space exploration.
What Are Kidney Stones
Also known as renal stones or nephrolithiasis, kidney stones are composed of hard, solid waste materials that build up in the kidneys and form crystals.
Four main types exist, but about 80% of all stones are calcium oxalate stones. Less common forms include struvite, uric acid, and cysteine .
While smaller stones are usually not a problem, larger stones may cause a blockage in part of your urinary system as they leave your body.
This can lead to severe pain, vomiting, and bleeding.
Kidney stones are a common health problem. In fact, about 12% of men and 5% of women in the United States will develop a kidney stone during their lifetime .
Whats more, if you get a kidney stone once, studies suggest you are up to 50% more likely to form another stone within 5 to 10 years .
Below are 8 natural ways you can reduce the risk of forming another kidney stone.
Summary Kidney stones are firm lumps formed from crystallized waste products in the kidneys. They are a common health problem and passing large stones can be very painful.
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How To Dissolve Kidney Stones Simple & Painless Way To Pass Stones In Your Kidneys
There are various causes for kidney stone formation. These include dehydration and excessive acid in the urine, urinary tract infections, among others. Now, depending on the cause and the kind of stone, your doctor will prescribe the best treatment.
However, if you have small-sized stones, the natural cures are deemed to be effective for passing them through your body. Conversely, if the kidney stones are very large to pass through your kidneys, you require extensive treatment to get rid of them.
Also, kidneys stones are of various types. As part of this list, calcium phosphate stones, calcium oxalate, cystine stones, uric acid stones, and struvite stones are included.
How Can I Prevent My Dog From Developing Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones In The Future
Dogs that have developed calcium oxalate bladder stones in the past will often be fed a therapeutic diet for life. Diets that promote less-acidic and more dilute urine are recommended. Diets that may help include Royal Canin® Urinary SO, Purina® ProPlan® Veterinary Diet UR Ox/St, Hill’s Prescription Diet® c/d® Multi-Benefit, or Rayne Clinical Nutrition Adult Health-RSS. Table food may be a problem for these dogs. Most dogs should be fed a canned or wet diet to encourage water consumption. Dilute urine with a low urine specific gravity is an important part of the prevention of calcium oxalate bladder stones. In certain cases, medications to lower the urinary pH such as potassium citrate may be required. Dogs that repeatedly develop calcium oxalate bladder stones without high blood calcium levels may benefit from hydrochlorothiazide treatment.
“Dogs that have developed calcium oxalate bladder stones in the past will often be fed a therapeutic diet for life.”
Dogs diagnosed with calcium oxalate stones should avoid calcium supplements unless specifically advised by your veterinarian. They should not be fed high oxalate foods such as nuts, rhubarb, beets, green beans, and spinach.
|Contributors: Tammy Hunter, DVM; Ernest Ward, DVM|
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Look Into Juices And Teas
Some plant-based remedies are noted for their beneficial effect on your kidney health. Which teas and juices should you drink if you have kidney stone problems?
Palo Azul Tree Bark Tea
Palo Azul has natural diuretic properties, making it easier for you to urinate often. This will help to prevent the formation of kidney stones as well as pass already formed ones.
Additionally, Palo Azul has a beneficial effect on insulin resistance. This means it can lower your chances of developing diabetes. As previously mentioned, people with diabetes are more prone to have kidney stones and other kidney problems.
This tea is also rich in isoflavones. These plant-based compounds are good for preventing calcium oxalate buildup. They are also good for your bone health.
Basil Tea or Juice
Basil is a popular herb appeared in many recipes. It has antibacterial properties, and it can reduce inflammation.
But its also beneficial for the health of your kidneys. Consuming basil juice will lower your uric acid levels, reducing your risk of forming kidney stones.
Since basil juice is rich in acetic acid too, it helps dissolve kidney stones and alleviate the pain.
So how do you make basil tea? You can simply boil this herb and drink it. Adding basil to your smoothies is another option.
Dandelion Root Juice
You can get dandelion roots in health stores. But why is dandelion root juice good for kidney stone treatment and prevention?
An Important Health Concern
Add Lemons To Your Diet
Citric acid contains citrate salt, which binds with calcium and restricts stones from forming.
Some studies indicate that consuming ½ cup of lemon juice concentrate that is diluted in water every day raises the quantity of urine citrate while reducing the risks of kidney stones. Moreover, the juice of two lemons lends imparts similar benefits, so you may want to add lemons to your diet to get rid of the kidney stones that is.
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Staying Hydrated Is Key
Drinking plenty of fluids is a vital part of passing kidney stones and preventing new stones from forming. Not only does the liquid flush out toxins, but it also helps move stones and grit through your urinary tract.
Although water alone may be enough to do the trick, adding certain ingredients can be beneficial. Be sure to drink one 8-ounce glass of water immediately after drinking any flavored remedy. This can help move the ingredients through your system.
Talk to your doctor before getting started with any of the home remedies listed below. They can assess whether home treatment is right for you or if it could lead to additional complications.
If youre pregnant or breastfeeding, avoid using any remedies. Your doctor can determine whether a juice may cause side effects for you or your baby.
What Are The Symptoms
Kidney stone sufferers may tell you that trying to pass a kidney stone is the worst pain they have ever experienced in their lifetime . Some of the most common signs and symptoms of kidney stones include the following:
- Sudden, severe pain that waxes and wanes in intensity. Common areas afflicted include the back, groin, abdomen, side, and genitals.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blood in the urine or abnormal urine colors
- Frequent and painful urination
Though kidney stones are not normally life-threatening situations, they are typically not a pleasant experience. And its not unusual to suffer from so much pain that you make your way to the emergency room to find out what is going on.
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How Are Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones Diagnosed
In some cases, if your dog is relaxed and the bladder is not too painful, your veterinarian may be able to palpate calcium oxalate stones in the bladder. However, some stones are too small to be felt this way. Often, bladder stones are diagnosed by means of a radiograph of the bladder, or by means of an ultrasound. Calcium oxalate stones are almost always radiodense, meaning that they can be seen on a plain radiograph. However, sometimes bones or other overlying body parts will interfere with the ability to see bladder stones with regular X-rays, in which case your veterinarian may recommend a contrast study, a specialized technique that uses dye to outline the stones in the bladder, or a bladder ultrasound.
“The only way to be sure that a bladder stone is made of calcium oxalate is to have the stone analyzed.”
These imaging procedures will identify the presence of a bladder stone, but will not definitively tell your veterinarian the composition of the stone. The only way to be sure that a bladder stone is made of calcium oxalate is to have the stone analyzed at a veterinary laboratory.
Meet The Daily Calcium Requirements
For people with calcium oxalate stones, which are the most common kind, finding sources of calcium can help them meet their daily calcium requirement and manage their risk of kidney stones.
It is important to note that taking calcium supplements can of kidney stones, as they may provide more than the recommended daily intake. Obtaining calcium from food sources, however, can help reduce the risk.
People can get calcium from:
- dairy products
Kidney stones develop when minerals and salts, most commonly calcium oxalate, crystallize in the kidneys and create hard deposits. Although they form in the kidneys, these stones can occur in any part of the urinary tract.
Kidney stones are also known as calculi, or urolithiasis.
Dehydration is a major contributing factor in the development of kidney stones. When the body dehydrates, fluid moves more slowly through the kidneys, increasing the likelihood of mineral and salt compounds meeting and sticking together.
Small stones may form and pass on their own without causing any symptoms. However, most medium and large stones are extremely painful to pass and require medical attention.
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