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What Can Cause Kidney Issues

What Causes Chronic Kidney Disease

What can cause kidney damage?

The most common cause of chronic kidney disease in Australia is diabetes. This is because high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, stopping them from filtering wastes properly. About 4 in 10 cases of chronic kidney disease are caused by diabetes. Chronic kidney disease caused by diabetes is also called diabetic nephropathy.

High blood pressure can also lead to kidney disease. So can glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the kidneys that can either be inherited or follows an infection.

Other things that contribute to people getting chronic kidney disease are:

  • a kidney injury, infection or cyst in the past

The kidneys can also be damaged by misuse of some painkillers, prescription medicines and illegal drugs.

What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Failure

In early stages of kidney disease, many people experience few or no symptoms. Its important to note that chronic kidney disease can still cause damage even though you feel fine.

Chronic kidney disease and kidney failure can cause different symptoms for different people. If your kidneys arent working properly, you may notice one or more of the following signs:

  • Fatigue
  • Poor appetite or metallic taste of food

How Can I Reduce My Risk For Cin And Nsf

  • Know your GFR and if you have CKD. If you do not know your GFR, you can ask your doctor or healthcare professional. Your kidney function is estimated by the glomerular filtration rate, or eGFR.
  • Tell all of your healthcare professionals about your GFR and CKD, especially if a diagnostic test such as a CT scan, MRI or angiogram has been ordered. Talk to the doctor ordering the diagnostic test. You can also ask to talk to the radiologist, radiology technician and nurse.
  • If you need to have a CT scan, angiogram or MRI:
  • Ask about your risk for NSF and CIN, based any risk factors you might have:

    CIN Risk Factors

    NSF Risk Factors

    Use of CT scan or angiography with contrast dye, and one or more of the following:

  • CKD
  • Heart and blood vessel problems
  • Older age

Use of MRI with gadolinium -based contrast dye, and one of the following:

  • AKI
  • Advanced kidney disease
  • Discuss the need for a contrast agent with your healthcare professional.
  • Ask about alternatives such as a test without contrast, if feasible.
  • If any of these tests with contrast dyes are necessary, ask about precautions that will be taken, including:
  • Making sure to follow any instructions before, during or after the procedure, for example drinking fluids so you are not dehydrated.
  • Asking about avoiding certain contrast dyes because of the risk of developing NSF or CIN.
  • Allowing sufficient time for elimination of contrast dye before re-administering.
  • Avoiding repeated or higher doses of contrast dye.
  • Dry and itchy skin
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    So Now Is The Time To Pamper Your Kidneys

    If youre experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should see your health practitioner and have a check-up, including tests to assess your kidney function.

    And you should also make sure youre helping your kidneys stay in top shape by doing a thorough cleanse.

    Even if you dont have any of these signs, a systemic cleanse is like a spa day for your kidneys. It helps them get in top shape and avoid damage and disease. This is why OsteoCleanse, The 7 Day Bone Building Accelerator was developed in conjunction with the Osteoporosis Reversal Program.

    OsteoCleanse is not just about alkalizing your body, feeling younger and more energized, and removing osteoporosis drugs from your system. It does all of these things in just seven days, but at the heart of OsteoCleanses effectiveness are its kidney-boosting, liver-cleansing effects so youll strengthen and build your bones faster.

    Its always a good idea to heed early warning signs and treat your kidneys to a cleanse before damage occurs, and its particularly important to offset the effects of aging on your renal system.

    What Are The Signs Of Kidney Disease

    Know about kidney failure causes, symptoms and treatment

    Signs of Kidney Disease Youre more tired, have less energy or are having trouble concentrating. Youre having trouble sleeping. You have dry and itchy skin. You feel the need to urinate more often. You see blood in your urine. Your urine is foamy. Youre experiencing persistent puffiness around your eyes.

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    What Is Peritoneal Dialysis

    Peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of the abdominal cavity as the dialysis filter to rid the body of waste and to balance electrolyte levels. A catheter is placed in the abdominal cavity through the abdominal wall by a surgeon, and it is expected to remain in place for the long term. The dialysis solution is then dripped in through the catheter and left in the abdominal cavity for a few hours after which, it is drained out. During that time, waste products leech from the blood flowing through the lining of the abdomen and attach themselves to the fluid that has been instilled by the catheters. Often, patients instill the dialysate fluid before bedtime and drain it in the morning.

    There are benefits and complications for each type of dialysis. Not every patient can choose which type he or she would prefer. The treatment decision depends on the patient’s illness and their past medical history along with other issues. Usually, the nephrologist will have a long discussion with the patient and family to decide what will be the best option available.

    Dialysis is lifesaving. Without it, patients whose kidneys no longer function would die relatively quickly due to electrolyte abnormalities and the buildup of toxins in the bloodstream. Patients may live many years with dialysis but other underlying and associated illnesses often are the cause of death.

    How Was The Covid

    Thousands of volunteers took part in COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials. Clinical trials for the vaccines compared results between people who were vaccinated and people who were not vaccinated . Many different people took part in the clinical trials including people who are age 65 and older or who have a chronic health problem that would make them more likely to get very sick from COVID-19. Each clinical trial was made up of people of different:

    • Ages
    • Race or ethnicity
    • Health status

    Researchers do not yet know if there were any differences in how the vaccine worked in people with kidney disease compared to those without kidney disease.

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    What Your Kidneys Do

    Healthy kidneys:

    • Keep a balance of water and minerals in your blood
    • Remove waste from your blood after digestion, muscle activity, and exposure to chemicals or medications
    • Make renin, which your body uses to help manage your blood pressure
    • Make a chemical called erythropoietin, which prompts your body to make red blood cells
    • Make an active form of vitamin D, needed for bone health and other things

    Treating High Blood Pressure When You Have Kidney Disease

    Can Kidney Stones cause kidney failure or damage? – Dr. Vidyashankar Panchangam

    High blood pressure, or hypertension, is one of the leading causes of kidney disease. Many people with high blood pressure need medicine to help lower blood pressure, which also helps to slow the progression of kidney disease. Two groups of medicines that lower blood pressure are:

    • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitorsAngiotensin II is a chemical in the body that narrows blood vessels by making the muscles around the blood vessels contract. It creates a chemical called angiotensin I. ACE inhibitors prevent angiotensin I from creating angiotensin II. This helps the muscles around the blood vessels relax and enlarges the blood vessels, which reduces blood pressure.
    • Angiotensin receptor blockers ARBs block angiotensin II from causing the muscles around the blood vessels to contract and make the blood vessels smaller. ARBs protect the blood vessels from the effects of angiotensin II so that blood pressure stays in a safe range.

    ACE inhibitors and ARBs lower blood pressure, which also helps to slow kidney damage. Some people may need to take a combination of two or more blood pressure medicines to stay below 130/80.

    What medicines treat high blood pressure?

    Type of drug

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    How Does High Blood Pressure Affect The Kidneys

    High blood pressure can constrict and narrow the blood vessels, which eventually damages and weakens them throughout the body, including in the kidneys. The narrowing reduces blood flow.

    If your kidneys blood vessels are damaged, they may no longer work properly. When this happens, the kidneys are not able to remove all wastes and extra fluid from your body. Extra fluid in the blood vessels can raise your blood pressure even more, creating a dangerous cycle, and cause more damage leading to kidney failure.

    Use Of The Term Uremia

    Before the advancement of modern medicine, renal failure was often referred to as uremic poisoning. Uremia was the term for the contamination of the blood with urea. It is the presence of an excessive amount of urea in blood. Starting around 1847, this included reduced urine output, which was thought to be caused by the urine mixing with the blood instead of being voided through the urethra. The term uremia is now used for the illness accompanying kidney failure.

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    Common Side Effects People Have Besides Kidney Stones *:

  • Chronic Kidney Disease: 10 people, 90.91%
  • Major Depression : 4 people, 36.36%
  • Bipolar Ii Disorder : 4 people, 36.36%
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder : 4 people, 36.36%
  • Renal Impairment : 4 people, 36.36%
  • Type 2 Diabetes: 3 people, 27.27%
  • Staphylococcal Infection : 3 people, 27.27%
  • Urethral Stenosis : 3 people, 27.27%
  • Jaundice Cholestatic: 3 people, 27.27%
  • High Blood Pressure: 3 people, 27.27%
  • How Does The Covid

    Know about kidney failure causes, symptoms and treatment

    The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are called mRNA vaccines. An mRNA vaccine contains a harmless piece of protein from the virus called a spike protein. When you get the vaccine, the spike protein tells your immune system to make antibodies to fight the COVID-19 virus.

    Antibodies are what keep you from getting sick if you come into contact with the actual COVID-19 virus.

    The Johnson & Johnson vaccine uses a harmless virus called an adenovirus. This virus is unrelated to COVID-19 but gives the same spike protein as the mRNA vaccines, which tells your body to make antibodies that protect you from COVID-19.

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    Can Hypothyroidism Cause Urinary Problems

    Hypothyroidism has been associated with impaired urinary concentrating ability. However, previous reports on thyroid hormone and urinary concentrating ability in humans only studied a limited number of patients with autoimmune thyroid disease or used healthy controls instead of paired analysis within the same patients.

    Side Effects Not Requiring Immediate Medical Attention

    Some side effects of famotidine may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.

    Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

    Less common

    • Difficulty having a bowel movement

    Rare

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    Kidney Failure Urine Color

    The color of your urine is a small window into your bodys health. It doesnt tell you much about the state of your kidney function until damage to the kidneys has progressed.

    Still, urine color changes may be a warning sign of some issues.

    • Clear or pale yellow.Clear or pale yellow urine indicates youre well hydrated. This is the ideal color in most cases.
    • Dark yellow or amber. You may be dehydrated. Try drinking more water and cutting down on dark sodas, tea, or coffee.
    • Orange. This could be a sign of dehydration, or it might be a sign of bile in your bloodstream. Kidney disease doesnt typically cause this.
    • Pink or red. Urine with a pink tint or a bit of red could have blood in it. It could also be caused by certain foods, like beets or strawberries. A quick urine test can tell the difference.
    • Foamy. Urine with excess bubbles is a sign that it likely has a lot of protein in it. Protein in urine is a sign of kidney disease.

    Urine color can raise flags for potential problems. Learn about the common color causes and whats most likely to affect the shade of your pee.

    Kidney failure can be the result of several conditions or causes. According to the National Kidney Foundation, the two most common causes are high blood pressure and diabetes.

    People who are most at risk usually have one or more of the following.

    Chronic Kidney Disease & Covid

    Signs and Causes of Kidney Failure

    Chronic kidney disease includes conditions that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability to keep you healthy by doing the jobs listed. If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications like high blood pressure, anemia , weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. Also, kidney disease increases your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen slowly over a long period of time. Chronic kidney disease may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse. When kidney disease progresses, it may eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life.

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    What Do The Kidneys Do

    When blood flows to the kidney, sensors within specialized kidney cells regulate how much water to excrete as urine, along with what concentration of electrolytes. For example, if a person is dehydrated from exercise or from an illness, the kidneys will hold onto as much water as possible and the urine becomes very concentrated. When adequate water is present in the body, the urine is much more dilute, and the urine becomes clear. This system is controlled by renin, a hormone produced in the kidney that is part of the fluid and blood pressure regulation systems of the body.

    Kidneys are also the source of erythropoietin in the body, a hormone that stimulates the bone marrow to make red blood cells. Special cells in the kidney monitor the oxygen concentration in blood. If oxygen levels fall, erythropoietin levels rise and the body starts to manufacture more red blood cells.

    Urine that is made by each kidney flows through the ureter, a tube that connects the kidney to the bladder. Urine is stored within the bladder, and when urination occurs, the bladder empties urine through a tube called the urethra.

    Hepatitis C And Kidney Disease

    Hepatitis C is a viral disease that affects the liver. The liver is an organ in the human body that converts everything you eat or drink into nutrients and gets rid of toxins. There is a connection between hepatitis C and kidney disease. Hep C can cause kidney disease, and sometimes kidney patients can get hep C from hemodialysis, a treatment for kidney failure, if a medical facility does not carefully follow guidelines for infection control. Learn why every kidney patient should be tested for hepatitis C.

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    Type And Severity Of Pain

    Muscle pain feels like a dull ache or soreness. Certain body movements can trigger or worsen muscle pain, the intensity of which can range from mild to severe and may fluctuate in response to stretching.

    People with nerve pain may experience a burning or stabbing sensation that travels to other areas of the body.

    Sciatica is a form of nerve pain that affects the back. People develop sciatica when the sciatic nerve becomes pinched or compressed, which causes a burning pain in the lower back that radiates through the buttocks.

    Bone pain can result from vertebral fractures or an irregularly shaped spine. This type of pain comes on suddenly. Bone pain ranges from moderate to severe and usually worsens in response to movement.

    How Can I Prevent Or Slow The Progression Of Kidney Disease From High Blood Pressure

    What is Acute Kidney Failure (renal failure)

    The best way to slow or prevent kidney disease from high blood pressure is to take steps to lower your blood pressure. These steps include a combination of medicines and lifestyle changes, such as

    • being physically active
    • managing stress
    • following a healthy diet, including less sodium intake

    No matter what the cause of your kidney disease, high blood pressure can make your kidneys worse. If you have kidney disease, you should talk with your health care professional about your individual blood pressure goals and how often you should have your blood pressure checked.

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    When To See A Doctor

    Once youve determined whether your pain is coming from your back or your kidneys, consider seeing your doctor for evaluation and treatment.

    You should always be seen if you think you have a kidney infection or kidney stone.

    You might be able to treat acute back pain thats mild without seeing your doctor, but if it doesnt get better, is more than mild pain, or spreads, you should see your doctor.

    Dosage For Duodenal Ulcer

    Adult dosage

    • Short-term dose: 40 mg taken once per day at bedtime for up to 4 weeks. Your doctor may divide your dose into 20 mg taken two times per day.
    • Long-term dose: 20 mg taken once per day at bedtime.

    Child dosage

    • Short-term dose: 40 mg taken once per day at bedtime for up to 4 weeks. Your doctor may divide your dose into 20 mg taken two times per day.
    • Long-term dose: 20 mg taken once per day at bedtime.

    Child dosage

    • Dose: 0.5 mg/kg of body weight per day, up to 40 mg per day. Youll take either one dose at bedtime or 2 equally divided doses per day.
    • Dose changes: Your doctor may increase your dose and length of treatment based on how well you respond to the drug. They may increase your dose up to 1 mg/kg per day.

    Child dosage

    This drug hasnt been studied in children under 1 year of age for the treatment of this condition.

    Senior dosage

    The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose or a different dosing schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

    Special considerations

    People with moderate or severe kidney disease: Your doctor may decrease your dose of this drug by half. Or they may have you take one dose every 3648 hours instead of every day.

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