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Where Does Your Kidneys Sit In Your Body

How Can You Push Yourself To Drink Enough Water

How do your kidneys work? – Emma Bryce

Here we will not use many words because the tips are straightforward and almost familiar.

  • Create a reminder on your cell phone to inform yourself that the body needs water.
  • Buy a water bottle and cry it wherever you go.
  • Try new drinks like lemon soda, cold soda, ice tea, strawberry shake, mojito, etc., to encourage your tongue to drink more fluid.
  • Remind the people who are close to you to remind you to drink water.
  • Make 8 points on your desk. Each point is for a glass of water. Each time you drink a glass of water, erase one point.
  • These are the tips you can use to stay hydrated or prevent overhydration. The last tip is one of my favourites because its unique and supportive.

    How Close Are The Liver And Kidneys In Your Body

    The kidneys do not lie at the same distance from liver. The right one lying just below the liver is closer to this accessory digestive organ than the left one. A wedge-shaped organ with four lobes of unequal size and shape, the major part of the hepatic organ lies above the right kidney. That is why, the right kidney gets lowered than the left one.

    What Causes Problems In The Urinary System

    Problems in the urinary system can be caused by aging, illness, or injury. As you get older, changes in the kidneys structure cause them to lose some of their ability to remove wastes from the blood. Also, the muscles in your ureters, bladder, and urethra tend to lose some of their strength. You may have more urinary infections because the bladder muscles do not tighten enough to empty your bladder completely. A decrease in strength of muscles of the sphincters and the pelvis can also cause incontinence, the unwanted leakage of urine. Illness or injury can also prevent the kidneys from filtering the blood completely or block the passage of urine.

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    What Do The Kidneys Do

    The kidneys have several jobs. One of the most important is helping your body eliminate toxins. The kidneys filter your blood and send waste out of your body in urine.

    The kidneys are bean-shaped organs about the size of your fist. They sit under your ribcage, toward your back. Most people have two working kidneys, but people can live well as long as at least one is working correctly.

    When the kidneys dont work effectively, waste products build up in your body. If this happens, you might feel sick. In the most serious situations, kidney failure can be life-threatening. However, many people can manage kidney failure with the right treatment.

    What Procedures And Tests Diagnose Kidney Diseases

    Things You Need to Know Before & After Undergoing a Kidney ...

    The doctor usually will do a history and physical examination. Initial tests usually consist of a complete blood count , kidney function , and urine test, and when appropriate, a pregnancy test. A lacerated kidney may be suspected if the person has experienced a traumatic injury to the lower back.

    If kidney stones are suspected, a CT exam or renal ultrasound is done; an abdominal X-ray may be ordered but has been replaced in general by ultrasound and CT. As patients with kidney stones often need repeat X-ray studies or have repeat episodes of kidney stones, ultrasound with its lack of radiation is a good study to consider. Abdominal/pelvic CTs with contrast or magnetic resonance imaging and aortogram may be ordered to further define or differentiate underlying kidney and nonrenal causes of flank pain. Such studies are routinely performed if a kidney is suspected to be damaged by a traumatic event .

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    Imaging Techniques For The Kidney

    KUB is the proper terminology for a radiograph of the abdomen when used to view the urinary tract. The outline of kidneys can usually be seen. Ureters usually are not visible. The most common pathological findings are urinary tract stones. See the image below.

    The imaging technique of choice for evaluation of the urinary tract and adrenal glands is CT scanning. It allows evaluation of the relative density of structures. CT scanning without contrast can be used for detection of renal or ureteral stones. See the image below.

    The advantages of ultrasonography include that it is readily available, does not require contrast, and avoids radiation exposure. The renal medulla is hypoechoic compared with the renal cortex. The renal cortex is isoechoic or slightly hypoechoic compared with the liver. Ultrasonography is able to identify simple or mildly complicated cysts and is able to differentiate these lesions from a solid mass. It is excellent for detecting hydronephrosis. See the image below.

    Radionuclide Renal Scintigraphy

    Renal radionuclide imaging is an integral part of nuclear medicine and provides substantial information on the actual renal function.

    The following radionuclides are used for dynamic imaging:

    • Tc-99m-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid
    • Tc-99m-MAG3

    For static imaging, Tc-99m-dimercaptosuccinic acid is used.

    A diuretic challenge can also be administered.

    What Is Kidney Failure

    Kidney failure means one or both kidneys can no longer function well on their own. Sometimes, kidney failure is temporary and comes on quickly. Other times, it is a chronic condition that can get worse slowly over a long time.

    Kidney failure may sound serious, and it is. But treatments such as dialysis and kidney transplant help many people with limited kidney function continue to live fulfilling lives.

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    What Do The Kidneys Do In Our Body

    Kidney is considered as one of the major organs of the body. This is because of its important role in various functions that keep us in healthy condition. The major functions of it include the following.

    • Maintenance of fluid volume within the body.
    • Maintenance of acid-base equilibrium within the body.
    • Blood is purified of waste products, chemicals and toxins by the kidneys.
    • Electrolytes such as Sodium, potassium and chloride are kept in the required amount in body with the help of the kidneys.
    • Kidneys are also known to produce hormones and chemicals required for information transmission through nerves.

    This article will discuss a bit more about the anatomy of the kidney as well as possible causes for kidney pain.

    Symptoms In Children And Elderly People

    10 Signs Your Kidneys Are Crying for Help

    While the typical range of symptoms for a kidney infection applies to most adults, older adults and young children may have different symptoms.

    If youre over age 65, you may experience none of the typical symptoms of a kidney infection summarized above. Instead, you may only experience problems with your thinking, such as:

    • Confusion
    • Hallucinations
    • Difficulty speaking

    Children under 2 years old with a kidney infection may only have a high fever.

    Caregivers of very old and very young individuals should know to seek help when these signs or symptoms occur.

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    The Kidneys Are Retroperitoneal Organs In The Abdomen

    The kidneys are located behind the peritoneum, and so are called retroperitoneal organs. They sit in the back of the abdomen between the levels of the T12 and L03 vertebrae. The right kidney is slightly lower than the left kidney to accommodate the liver. Both kidneys are bean-shaped and about the size of an adult fist.

    Watch Out For Signs Of Kidney Disease

    A person with kidney disease has progressive loss of function of their kidneys. Kidney disease is sometimes called a silent disease because it often doesnt cause symptoms until the disease has progressed significantly. Its not uncommon for people to have lost up to 90% of their kidney function before experiencing symptoms of kidney disease.

    Keep an eye out for the below signs and symptoms of kidney disease, and if you have any concerns, see your doctor.

    Signs of reduced kidney function can include:

    • high blood pressure
    • change in how often you need to go to the toilet and how much urine you produce
    • changes to your urine for example frothy or foaming urine
    • blood in your urine
    • increased puffiness around your legs, ankles or eyes
    • pain in the kidney area
    • tiredness and fatigue

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    Recognizing A Kidney Infection

    When you have a UTI that spreads to your kidneys, youll probably have symptoms in your lower urinary tract first. But the following symptoms indicate that your kidneys may also be affected:

    Fever and Chills A UTI thats limited to your lower urinary tract usually doesnt cause flu-like symptoms, but when it spreads to your kidneys, your bodys immune system tends to kick into higher gear.

    Pain in Your Lower Back or Side Your kidneys are located on each side of your body in the lower part of your torso. A kidney infection can cause pain on one or both sides of your body, or more general pain in your lower back.

    Pain caused by a kidney infection can range from mild to severe.

    Nausea and Vomiting These symptoms, like fever and chills, indicate an infection thats more severe and advanced than a typical UTI.

    Abdominal or Pelvic Pain An infection in your abdominal region, such as in your kidneys, can cause your abdominal muscles to contract, causing pain.

    Your pelvic or groin area may also be painful due to muscle contraction.

    Cloudy or Smelly Urine While its possible for an infection in your lower urinary tract to cause changes in your urine, if its noticeably cloudy or smells foul, thats an indication your UTI may have progressed to your kidneys.

    Cloudy urine may indicate the presence of pus, a thick, white or yellow liquid that can form in areas of infection.

    How Can You Keep Your Urinary Tract Healthy

    Kidneys (Anatomy): Picture, Function, Conditions, Treatments

    You can help keep your urinary tract healthy by following some basic tips.

    Drink enough fluids, especially water. If youre healthy, try to drink six to eight 8-ounce glasses of fluid each day. You may need to drink more if you have kidney stones or bladder stones. At least half of your fluid intake should be water. You might need to drink less water if you have certain conditions, such as kidney failure;or heart disease. Ask your health care professional how much fluid is healthy for you.

    Keep your bowels regular. Regular bowel movements are important to your bladder health. You can promote both bowel health and bladder health by

    • making healthy food choices. You can keep your urinary tract healthy by sticking to an eating plan that includes lean proteins, whole grains, fiber-rich breads, nuts, colorful berries, fruits, and vegetables to promote regular bowel movements.
    • living a healthy lifestyle. Get regular physical activity, limit your alcohol intake, cut down on caffeinated food and drinks, and dont smoke.

    Go whenever you need to. Often, people will hold their urine because its not a good time to go to the bathroom. However, holding in your urine for too long can weaken your bladder muscles and make it harder for your bladder to empty completely. Urine left in your bladder can allow bacteria to grow and makes you more likely to develop a urinary tract infection .

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    Does Kidney Failure Cause Pain

    A progressive of kidney ailments causes kidney failure . Often irreversible, kidney failure is detectable through symptomatic causes that can be treated early but if progressed, the only remedy for kidney failures is transplants and dialysis. Owing to the fact that there may just be one kidney malfunction, the obvious symptoms may not be present and thus will go undetected. You will know it is chronic when both kidneys are affected .

  • There may be little or no pain at this stage, directed exactly at the kidneys but because of the effects of a kidney failure, pains may be around the thoracic region due to fluids building up and shortness in breathing.
  • In the initial phase culminating to kidney failure, there is the kidney pains associated with either each back pain or both sides of the spinal region.
  • If the pains are related to infections, there will definitely be abdominal pains and if the kidney pains are as a result of kidney stones, most definitely severe pains in these kidney regions.
  • Since it is rarely accompanied by pain, kidney failure will mostly be noticeable by
  • References

  • Charles Patrick Davis P. Kidney Pain: Get the Facts About Symptoms and Causes . MedicineNet. 2015 . Available from: http://www.medicinenet.com/kidney_pain/article.htm
  • Nhs.uk. Chronic kidney disease NHS Choices . 2015 . Available from: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Kidney-disease-chronic/pages/introduction.aspx
  • Webmd.com/news/20151105/early-warning-sign-for-kidney-disease-identified-in-study
  • Feeling Faint Dizzy Or Weak

    Why this happens:

    Anemia related to kidney failure means that your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can lead to feeling faint, dizzy, or weak.

    What patients said:

    I was always tired and dizzy.

    It got to the point, like, I used to be at work, and all of the sudden I’d start getting dizzy. So I was thinking maybe it was my blood pressure or else diabetes was going bad. That’s what was on my mind.

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    Kidney Pain Definition And Facts

    • The function and purpose of the kidneys are to remove excess fluid and waste products from the body.
    • The kidneys are organs that are located in the upper abdominal area against the back muscles on both the left and right side of the body.
    • Kidney pain and back pain can be difficult to distinguish, but kidney pain is usually deeper and higher in the and back located under the ribs while the muscle pain with common back injury tends to be lower in the back.
    • Common causes of kidney pain are mainly urinary tract infections, kidney infections, and kidney stones. However, there are many other causes of kidney pain, including penetrating and blunt trauma that can result in a “lacerated kidney.”
    • If a woman is pregnant and has kidney pain, she should contact her doctor.
    • Symptoms of kidney pain may include
    • vomiting.
  • Kidney pain can be on the left, right, or both sides.
  • Causes of kidney pain are diagnosed with the patient’s history, physical examination, and lab tests, including blood, pregnancy, and urine tests. A CT scan or MRI of the abdomen and pelvis may be ordered.
  • Treatment for the cause of kidney pain depends upon the underlying cause, but in general, ibuprofen , ketorolac , and/or acetaminophen are used for pain. Antibiotics are usually required if the underlying cause is a bacterial infection.
  • Some people can pass a kidney stone spontaneously that resolves kidney pain; however, other people may need surgery.
  • How Does Urination Occur

    How Do You Know If Your Kidneys Are Hurting?

    To urinate, your brain signals the sphincters to relax. Then it signals the muscular bladder wall to tighten, squeezing urine through the urethra and out of your bladder.

    How often you need to urinate depends on how quickly your kidneys produce the urine that fills the bladder and how much urine your bladder can comfortably hold. The muscles of your bladder wall remain relaxed while the bladder fills with urine, and the sphincter muscles remain contracted to keep urine in the bladder. As your bladder fills up, signals sent to your brain tell you to find a toilet soon.

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    Upset Stomach Nausea Vomiting

    Why this happens:

    A severe build-up of wastes in the blood can also cause nausea and vomiting. Loss of appetite can lead to weight loss.

    What patients said:

    I had a lot of itching, and I was nauseated, throwing up all the time. I couldn’t keep anything down in my stomach.

    When I got the nausea, I couldn’t eat and I had a hard time taking my blood pressure pills.

    Kidney Pain Vs Back Pain

    Sometimes it can be difficult to distinguish between kidney pain and back pain. Some muscular problems in the back or other diseases can mimic kidney pain. Dr. Davis goes on to explain that pain that comes from your kidneys is usually accompanied by other symptoms. For example, you may notice changes in your urination or you may have a fever.3

    Usually, back pain is distinguished from kidney pain because it may get better or worse when moving the back muscles. Unlike kidney stone pain which comes on in sharp, painful waves, back pain is more constant and connected with movement.

    In general, flank or kidney pain is usually higher in the back just under the ribs and the pain sensation is deeper. Back pain that is muscular is usually in the lower back.

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    Clinical Relevance: Variation In Arterial Supply To The Kidney

    The kidneys present a great variety in arterial supply; these variations may be explained by the ascending course of the kidney in the retroperitoneal space, from the original embryological site of formation to the final destination . During this course, the kidneys are supplied by consecutive branches of the iliac vessels and the aorta.

    Usually the lower branches become atrophic and vanish while new, higher ones supply the kidney during its ascent. Accessory arteries are common . An accessory artery is any supernumerary artery that reaches the kidney. If a supernumerary artery does not enter the kidney through the hilum, it is called aberrant.

    What Is The Best Treatment For Me

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    You should consider many things when choosing a treatment for kidney failure, including your lifestyle, your age, any other health problems you may have, and whether you have a friend or relative to help you. Your decision should be based on more than your medical history and your doctor’s opinion. It should also be based on what you and your family wants. Learning about your treatment choices will help you decide which one is best for you.

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