Chronic Kidney Disease Often Leads To Cad
There are two reasons people with chronic kidney disease have a high risk of developing CAD.
For one thing, population studies have shown that people with chronic kidney disease tend to have a high incidence of typical risk factors for CAD. These include smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, and older age.
But even without such associated risk factors, chronic kidney disease itself greatly increases the risk of CAD. Kidney disease increases this risk by several mechanisms. For instance, the toxins that accumulate in the blood because of abnormal kidney function increase the risk for CAD. Other blood and metabolic abnormalities associated with chronic kidney disease also increase the risk. These include abnormal calcium metabolism, anemia, a chronic inflammatory state , poor nutrition, and elevated blood protein levels.
Taken together, these risk factors appear to produce generalized endothelial dysfunction, a condition associated with CAD and other cardiovascular conditions including hypertension, diastolic dysfunction, and cardiac syndrome x.
As a result, not only is CAD prevalent in people with chronic kidney disease, but also the CAD associated with kidney disease appears to be more severe, and to respond more poorly to treatment.
Is Coenzyme Q10 Good For Anxiety
Any mood stabilizing medications remained the same for the duration of the study. Patients in both groups showed a decrease in symptoms of depression over time, but the group taking CoQ10 showed better response at the end of eight weeks of treatment. CoQ10 is well established as a powerful antioxidant.
Ventricular Tachycardia Following Ingestion Of A Commonly Used Antihistamine
Non-sedating antihistamines are available as over-the-counter preparations and have been widely promoted in public advertisements. However, two such antihistamines, terfenadine and astemizole, have been withdrawn in Australia and overseas. Their use was associated with ventricular arrhythmias QT-interval prolongation on the surface electrocardiogram and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia .13
We report a case of ventricular tachycardia which was probably torsade de pointes following ingestion of a single tablet of loratadine.
A 43-year-old woman presented after her identical twin died suddenly, presumably from cardiac arrhythmia. The patient was asymptomatic, had no other risk factors and was not taking any regular medication. Clinical examination showed evidence of mitral valve prolapse, with normal left ventricular function and trivial mitral regurgitation on echocardiography. Several ECGs and her biochemical profile were normal. An electrophysiological study did not show inducible ventricular arrhythmias with standard stimulation testing or adrenaline provocation. Atrial fibrillation was induced during catheter introduction into the right atrium, with ventricular rate less than 130/minute. A prophylactic automatic implantable defibrillator was subsequently inserted. Transient prolongation of the QT interval was noted on ECG monitoring in association with non-sustained VT within 48 hours of the implant.
ECG strip showing sinus bradycardia and a normal QT interval .
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Zyrtec & Cardiac Side Effects
Histamine is a substance produced by the body in response to allergic reactions that triggers immune response symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, and sneezing. Antihistamines are a class of drugs that block the action of histamine and reduce these symptoms. Older antihistamines had many side effects such as severe drowsiness. Newer antihistamines, called selective H1-receptor antagonists, do not cross into the brain and have fewer side effects. In 2007, the FDA approved Zyrtec, or cetirizine, as an over-the-counter drug to treat allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria, a skin condition characterized by recurrent hives 2.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
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What Is Kidney Disease
Kidney disease means that the kidneys are damaged and cant filter blood as they should. This damage can cause wastes to build up in the body. For most people, kidney damage occurs slowly over many years. This gradual loss of kidney function is called chronic kidney disease .
Most patients with CKD have no symptoms until kidney damage is advanced. After many years, you may start to feel sick or tired all of the time. Kidney failure is when you need a kidney transplant or a blood filtering treatment called dialysis to stay alive. Before you reach that stage, other health problems may develop. One of these problems is heart disease.
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Heart Palpitations And Bladder Infections
cathybaby88999 over a year ago
Please read over a year ago
Any infection at all can affect the heart. Think about it, any infection that can get into your blood stream can go where? Directly to your heart. However, a simple blood test would be able to detect the presence of White Blood Cells. However, have you ever had your gallbladder removed? If so, it might be the source of your palpatations. A doctor prescribed me with anxiety, when it actually turned out I needed an enzyme. Just try this:
For people who have palpitations after your gallbladder removal:< ?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office” />
#1, I am not a doctor I am just someone who had these issues for years. I saw cardiologists, had panic attacks was diagnosed with anxiety disorder treated with Xanax.
#2 How I would feel: I would almost pass out, my heart would race or skip beats. I thought I would die when I was grocery shopping, driving etc. After I would eat, I would really feel bad, almost passing out. My best friend told me that I should try a digestive enzyme because it might be my gallbladder. Plus I read in the Wall Street Journal that our gut was VERY much in charge of our entire body.
#5 Your not crazy!!!! Your not having panic attacks!!!! Your not weak!!!!!! You just need help in your gut!
I hope this helps you!!
over a year ago
In reply to Please read on 2012-02-14 – click to read
over a year ago
In reply to Please read on 2012-02-14 – click to read
Why Are You Experiencing Gas And Heart Palpitations
1. Eating Gassy Foods
If you eat foods that produce too much gas then you may feel heart flutters from air pressure in your stomach. Some of the gas inducing foods include soda, foods with fiber , and high sugar foods.
2. Swallowing Too Much Air
If you eat too fast you may swallow too much air. This can cause your stomach to bloat and put pressure on your heart. This can also happen when you chew gum and swallow often.
3. H. Pylori Infection
Helicobacter pylori are bacteria that can invade the lining of the stomach. It may cause acid and gas buildup that may lead to heart palpitations.
4. Pancreas Problems
If the pancreas does not release enough enzymes the digestion process slows down. This can cause excess gas that leads to bloating and heart palpitations.
5. Food Poisoning
If you eat food that contains bacteria or parasites, you may get food poisoning. Not only does this cause vomiting and/or diarrhea, it may also cause gas and heart palpitations.
6. Fructose Malabsorption
With this, your body cannot properly digest fructose and carbohydrates. It causes a gas buildup in your intestines that can lead to pressure on the upper abdomen and cause heart palpitations.
7. Slowed Digestion
If food moves slowly through your digestive tract then gas may get trapped in the stomach area. People with anorexia, stomach muscle issues, and gastroparesis usually suffer from this.
8. Gluten Intolerance
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At The Doctors Office
Your doctor will:
- Give you a physical exam
- Take down your medical history
- Want to know about your current medications, diet, and lifestyle
- Ask for specifics about when, how often, and under what circumstances your palpitations occur
Sometimes, a blood test can help your doctor find the cause of your palpitations. Other useful tests include:
Electrocardiogram: This can be done while youâre at rest or exercising. The latter is called a stress EKG. In both cases, the test records your heart’s electrical signals and can find unusual heart rhythms.
Holter monitoring: Youâll wear a monitor on your chest. It continuously records your heart’s electrical signals for 24 to 48 hours. It can identify rhythm differences that weren’t picked up during an EKG.
Event recording: Youâll wear a device on your chest and use a handheld gadget to record your heart’s electrical signals when symptoms occur.
If necessary, your doctor may refer you to a cardiologist for more tests or treatment.
When To See A Doctor
The symptoms of CKD are often non-specific and generalized, meaning that they can be mistaken for any number of other illnesses. Because your kidneys are highly adaptable and able to compensate for lost function, the signs and symptoms may not be apparent until irreversible damage has occurred.
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Heart Disease Can Cause Kidney Problems
Heart failure is a clinical condition that can result from almost any form of heart disease, so it is very common. And kidney disease is prominent among the many problems caused by heart failure. There are several ways in which heart failure can lead to kidney disease. The main ones are:
Drop in cardiac output. In chronic heart failure, the amount of blood that the heart can pump may become reduced. This decrease in blood flow can reduce the volume of blood being filtered by the kidneys, which causes renal function to deteriorate.
Neurohumoral changes. To compensate for the drop in cardiac output that often occurs in heart failure, a number of changes occur in the sympathetic nervous system and in the hormones that control the volume of salt and water in the circulationthat is, in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Changes in the function of both the nervous system and the hormones are referred to as “neurohumoral changes.”
These neurohumoral changes cause the body to retain salt and water. In the short term, water and sodium retention can improve the amount of blood reaching other vital organs. However, in the long term, these changes lead to edema and to even further reductions in the cardiac output. So, chronically, these changes result in a further reduction of blood flow to the kidneys, and kidney function deteriorates even more.
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Treatments For Heart Disease
If you have heart disease or high blood pressure and CKD, your doctor may prescribe medicines to control your heart disease or high blood pressure.
- Diuretics: also known as water tablets, diuretics can reduce blood pressure, remove excess fluid and help your kidneys get rid of more water and salt.
- Ace inhibitors: heart medicines that widen your blood vessels, lower blood pressure and improve blood flow.
- Beta blockers: drugs that reduce blood pressure by blocking adrenaline, which helps your heart beat more slowly and with less force.
- Aldosterone receptor blockers: a type of diuretic that is used to treat congestive heart failure .
Some of these medicines may cause problems with your kidneys. Talk to your doctor about which medicine could work best for you. Your doctor may also recommend an exercise program or suggest you visit a dietitian to create a kidney- and heart-friendly diet.
Causes Of Chronic Kidney Disease
Kidney disease is most often caused by other conditions that put a strain on the kidneys.
High blood pressure and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney disease. The evidence indicates that high blood pressure causes just over a quarter of all cases of kidney failure. Diabetes has been established as the cause of around a quarter of all cases.
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Keeping Your Heart Healthy While Taking Medications
The best advice is to carefully scrutinize any drug that you are considering taking by reading ingredient lists and asking questions of professionals. Patients who are taking many different medications at the same time need to take extra precautions, as they are at an increased risk both for drugs reacting with each other negatively as well as kidney problems.
Magnesium Consumption And Heart Palpitations
Adults typically need to consume between 310 and 420 milligrams of magnesium each day. This nutrient can be found in a variety of fiber-rich, plant-based products. These include foods like legumes, beans, nuts and seeds. You can obtain large amounts of magnesium from foods like seaweed, hemp seeds, flax seeds, Brazil nuts and peanut products.
According to the National Institutes of Health, insufficient amounts of magnesium can result in cardiac problems like abnormal heart rhythms and coronary spasms. Magnesium deficiency also has the potential to cause hypokalemia or hypocalcemia .
Like potassium, large amounts of magnesium can also produce cardiac side effects. Excessive magnesium in your body can result in gastrointestinal issues, low blood pressure, palpitations and even heart attacks. Magnesium toxicity is rare, but when it occurs, it can result in death. Youre more likely to experience magnesium toxicity if youve taken magnesium-containing laxatives or antacids.
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Vitamins And Supplements Dont Protect You From Heart Disease
Johns Hopkins researchers reviewed randomized clinicaltrials involving hundreds of thousands of subjects, in which some weregiven vitamins and others a placebo. We found no evidence of benefits tocardiovascular disease, Miller says. Supplements were ineffective andunnecessary.
One possible exception is omega-3 or fish oil capsules. This type of fattyacid, found in fish and marine algae, helps the heart. Two servings offatty fish per week provides enough for most people. For those who dontget enough omega-3 in their diet, supplements may be helpful, Miller says.
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What Can Be Done To Help
If you take steps to help your body digest food better, you may be able to relieve any gas and heart palpitations you feel after eating. Try these tips:
- Eat Slowly.Eating slowly will help prevent you from swallowing too much air when you eat. This will also help prevent you from becoming overfull, causing pressure on your vagus nerve.
- Chew Food Well. You need to chew your food well to help get digestive enzymes into the food before it goes into your stomach. This will help cut down on gas buildup and bloating.
- Take Ginger.If you have chronic problems digesting, try taking 550 mg of ginger with each meal. Ginger helps calm down the vagus nerve and aids in digestion. You can also try some simple digestive enzymes made from natural papaya.
- Burp.If you have excess gas in your stomach, try burping before you get overfilled with air. You can also use an anti-gas medicine called simethicone.
- Take Probiotics.Taking probiotics can help put the “good bacteria” back in your digestive system. Not having enough of this helpful flora can create improper digestion and excess gas.
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Preventing Chronic Kidney Disease
The main way to reduce the chances of CKD developing is to ensure any existing conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, are carefully managed.
Some lifestyle changes can also reduce the risk of CKD developing, these include:
- having a healthy diet
- avoiding drinking excessive amounts of alcohol
- exercising regularly
How Many Palpitations A Day Is Normal
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Why Does It Happen
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, the size of your fist, located on either side of the body, just beneath the ribcage. The main role of the kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood before converting them into urine. The kidneys also:
- help maintain blood pressure
- maintain the correct levels of chemicals in your body which, in turn, will help heart and muscles function properly
- produce the active form of vitamin D that keeps bones healthy
- produce a substance called erythropoietin, which stimulates production of red blood cells
Chronic kidney disease is the reduced ability of the kidney to carry out these functions in the long-term. This is most often caused by damage to the kidneys from other conditions, most commonly diabetes and high blood pressure.
Read more about the causes of chronic kidney disease
Ventricular Tachycardia And Long Qt Syndrome
Ventricular tachycardia is defined as three or more consecutive heartbeats initiating in the ventricle at a rate greater than 100 beats per minute. It can be sustained or nonsustained , as well as monomorphic or polymorphic . The risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with ventricular tachycardia is associated with the number of beats during an arrhythmic episode. Patients with three or fewer beats do not have an increased risk of sudden death however, the risk increases in persons with tachycardia lasting four to seven beats or more .34
Long QT syndrome is characterized by a prolonged QT interval on ECG .8 It may be life-threatening and should trigger immediate intervention and consultation with a cardiologist. It is important to note that use of medications such as beta blockers is contraindicated in these patients because they may result in syncope and increase the risk of death. In one study of persons included in the International Long QT Syndrome Registry, those with a long QT interval who were subsequently prescribed a beta blocker had a 3.6-fold increase in the risk of severe arrhythmic events .19
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