Protecting Yourself Against Stis:
- Use a condom. However, nothing is 100% safe. If youâre concerned you might have an STI, even after safe sex, check with your doctor.
At the clinic, your doctor may ask you questions like âDid you use a condom?â or âDid you have multiple sexual partners?â It’s not so they can judge you. Itâs so they can organize what further tests you need. So, donât be shy or feel ashamed about your answers.
With a few minor changes, you can take good care of yourself. You can start making better health choices now by
CDC. âUrinary Tract Infection.â Accessed March 2021.Â;
Flores-Mireles, A.L., et al. Nat Rev Microbiol, , doi: 10.1038/nrmicro3432.
Behzadi, P., et al. Maedica , , PMID: 21977133.
Valiquette, L. Can J Urol, , PMID: 11442991.
Sex Affects Women’s Kidney Infection Risk
Frequent Intercourse, New Partners Among Risk Factors for Women Under 50
Jan. 5, 2005 — A young woman’s sex life may influence her risk of kidney infection.
New research shows that women younger than 50 who have sex at least three times per week, take a new partner, or recently used spermicides have a higher risk of kidney infections.
Diabetes, urinary incontinence, and a history of a urinary tract infection are also important, according to a study in the Jan. 4 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine. The findings could help more women avoid kidney infections.
Kidney infections are common. Every year, they send more than a quarter of a million Americans to doctors’ offices and 200,000 people to hospitals.
Most of those patients are women. It’s rare for women who are otherwise healthy to be hospitalized for kidney infections. Instead, they usually get treatment with antibiotics.
Until now, little was known about kidney infections in younger women. Closing that knowledge gap was the goal of Delia Scholes, PhD, and colleagues. Scholes is a senior researcher with the Center for Health Studies at Group Health Cooperative, a Seattle-based health plan.
Several kidney infection risk factors stood out:
It’s likely that infections can travel up to the kidneys from lower parts of the urinary tract, such as the bladder. So preventing infections of the bladder, which have many of the same risk factors, may help avoid kidney infections, say the researchers.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Std
The signs and symptoms of STD dont show up during the early stages and the infected person can be walking around with STD for several without evening knowing about it. Usually, the signs appear in the second week since the contraction of the disease. The most common symptoms of STDs are;
- Abnormal vaginal/penile discharge
What Tests Diagnose Stds In Men
Many STDs are diagnosed based upon the clinical history and characteristic physical findings. Herpes and syphilis are two conditions that can produce identifiable signs and symptoms. Often the diagnosis of an infection depends upon identification of the organism. A number of different tests are available for STDs in men that are based either upon detection of the surface proteins of the organism or of the genetic material of the organism. These methods are more commonly used than the culture to identify sexually transmitted infections.
Symptoms Of An Std Vs A Uti
November 7, 2018 8:43 amPublished by Midcity OBGYN
Determining the differences between the symptoms of a UTI and ans STD is quite a common dilemma. There are some symptoms similar to both a Sexually Transmitted Disease and a Urinary Tract Infection , so sometimes it may be difficult to to discern which type of infection your symptoms represent. What follows may help you to spot the difference quickly and take action.
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A Sexually Transmitted Infection :
Some infections are passed from one person to another during sex. These are called sexually transmitted infections, commonly known as STIs.
A sexually transmitted infection refers to any one of various infections that can be transmitted by direct sexual contact. There are many STIs with different symptoms. But often, people with an STI dont have any symptoms at all , so they may not even know they have one. The only way to know for sure if you have an STI is to get tested.
If you are sexually active, there are precautions you may take to reduce your risk of contracting an STI.
- Practice safe sexusing condoms can reduce your chances of getting STIs
- Get tested regularly to help you stay healthy and STI-free
Prostatitis Epididymitis Urethritis And Orchitis
In contrast to UTI, prostatitis affects men of all ages and, from 1990-1994, accounted for almost 2 million office visits per year in the United States. Prostatitis syndromes account for 25% of male office visits for genitourinary complaints, 8% of visits to urologists, and 1% of visits to primary care physicians. Of these men, 5% have bacterial prostatitis, 64% have nonbacterial prostatitis, and 31% have prostatodynia. Digital examination of the prostate in the setting of probable or possible UTI should be avoided to prevent the risk of inciting bacteremia.
Epididymitis has a bimodal distribution, corresponding to different age groups and pathogens. Most cases in men younger than 35 years are due to sexually transmitted pathogens. Older patients are more likely to have obstructive prostatism or a history of instrumentation or catheterization.
Gonococcal urethritis is more common in ethnic minorities, lower socioeconomic groups, and persons living in urban centers. The risk to a male having intercourse with an infected female is 17%. Some of these associations may be limited by confounding. The peak age for urethritis is 20-24 years.
Mumps orchitis occurs in 18% of postpubertal boys infected with the mumps virus.
John L Brusch, MD, FACP;Corresponding Faculty Member, Harvard Medical SchoolJohn L Brusch, MD, FACP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of AmericaDisclosure: Nothing to disclose.
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Std With Blood In Urine Chlamydia
Chlamydia is one of the highest reported sexually transmitted infections in the U.S. The microbes sometimes create an infection in the urethra which can cause a urinary tract infection . Chlamydia can cause pain and discomfort during urination such as a burning sensation while urinating and a urge to urinate frequently.
In women, untreated chlamydia infection could travel from the cervix to the fallopian tubes, which can then cause more noticeable symptoms of chlamydia including heavy periods, itching, swelling in the vulva, dysuria, and vaginal discharge.
If the symptoms are ignored, then the infectious bacteria can cause serious damage to the kidneys and urinary tract. Ultimately, leading to permanent kidney problems that can take the life-long cost for treatment.
Pain In The Pelvic Or Abdominal Region
Pelvic pain can be a sign of a number of conditions. If the pain is unusual or intense, discuss it with your doctor.
Many causes of pelvic pain arent related to STIs. However, one cause of severe pelvic pain in women is pelvic inflammatory disease , which occurs when asymptomatic STIs have gone untreated.
Bacteria ascend into the uterus and abdomen. There, inflammation and scarring can occur. This can be extremely painful and, in rare cases, fatal. PID is one of the leading causes of preventable infertility in women.
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A Urinary Tract Infection :
It is very common for women of all ages to get infections in their urethrathe tube that carries urine from your bladder to the porcelain container. UTIs happen when bacteria or other agents like viruses or fungi get into your urethra, bladder or kidneysusually starting in your urethraand cause an infection.This can happen by wiping the wrong way, or wearing thongs that transfer bacteria from the anus to the urethra .
Sex can cause a UTI, because sexual intercourse can help push bacteria into the urethra. But having sex doesnt guarantee that you will get a UTI. There are preventative measures that can be taken when engaging in sexual activity that can help reduce your risk of getting a UTI.
- Pee before and after sex
- Stay hydrated to help rid your urinary tract of bacteria
- Avoid using spermicide as a form of contraceptive, as it may disrupt the balance of normal bacteria in the vagina and urethra1
The most common symptoms of UTIs are urgency to urinate, feeling the need to urinate very frequently and pain or burning when you pee. UTIs can usually be fixed pretty quickly with antibiotics from your primary care provider.
Now, while it isnt invariable that sex led to your UTI, it is necessary for you to have sex to get an STI. Viral infections need other strategies.
How Is It Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You may have lab tests of your urine and discharge from the urethra and prostate gland.
For serious or repeated infections, you may need:
- An intravenous pyelogram . An IVP is a special type of X-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
- An ultrasound scan to look at the urinary tract.
- A cystoscopy. This is an exam of the inside of the urethra and bladder with a small lighted instrument. It is usually done by a specialist called a urologist.
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Std With Blood In Urine Gonorrhea
In men, gonorrhea, the clap STD shows symptoms like abnormal discharge, testicular and scrotal pain, inflammation around the penis. In rare cases, it may also result in infertility.
In women, discharge from a gonorrhea infection can be yellow with visible hints of blood. Other signs include
Pain or bleeding during sex
Bleeding between periods
Can A Urinary Tract Infection Be Prevented
Many methods have been suggested to reduce or prevent UTIs. The single most important prevention measure is increased fluid intake. Many people develop UTIs simply because they do not drink enough fluids. Some of these are considered home remedies and have been discussed . There are other suggestions that may help prevent UTIs. Good hygiene for males and females is useful. For females, wiping from front to back helps keep pathogens that may reside or pass through the anal opening away from the urethra. For males, retracting the foreskin before urinating reduces the chance of urine lingering at the urethral opening and acting as a culture media for pathogens. Incomplete bladder emptying and resisting the normal urge to urinate can allow pathogens to survive and replicate easier in a non-flowing system. Some clinicians recommend washing before and urinating soon after sex to reduce the chance of urethritis and cystitis. Many clinicians suggest that anything that causes a person irritation in the genital area may encourage UTI development. Wearing underwear that is somewhat adsorptive may help wick away urine drops that otherwise may be areas for pathogen growth.
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What Causes A Uti
Most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria. E. coli is a harmless microorganism when present in your intestines, colon, and around the anus, but if it is introduced to the urinary tract, a urinary infection occurs. Most UTIs begin when bacteria are introduced to the opening of the urethra and make their way further up the urinary tract. One way this happens, for instance, is by wiping from back to front.
You may also have a higher risk of contracting a UTI by:
- Being female; women have a shorter urethra and the urethra is closer to the anus than it is in men, so its easier for bacteria to get to the bladder.
- Having a new sexual partner or having recent sexual activity, because sexual activity can cause bacteria to get pushed towards and into the urethra.
- Wearing tight-fitting clothing or underwear that isnt breathable.
- Using a diaphragm or spermicides for birth control.
- Urinating through a catheter.
- Being pregnant.
- Having a blockage of the urinary tract may occur with kidney stones or an enlarged prostate.
- Being post-menopausal
- Having a weakened immune system, as with diabetes or AIDS.
You can reduce your risk of contracting a UTI by:
Is Sexual Intercourse Safe For Kidney Patients
Some patients and their partners may worry that sexual activity could cause the patient’s death or harm the dialysis access or transplanted kidney. No limitations need to be placed on kidney patients sexually. If sexual activity does not place pressure or tension on the access site, it will not cause damage. Fear can cause people to avoid sexual activity needlessly.
After receiving a transplant, it is important to wait until the scar has begun to heal. Once your doctor says it is all right to resume sexual activity, there is no reason to worry about damaging the transplanted kidney.
For some couples, sexual intercourse is not possible. Some may feel that sex is not as important as it once was. Activities such as touching, hugging, and kissing provide feelings of warmth and closeness even if intercourse is not involved. Professional sex therapists can recommend alternative methods.
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Similarities And Differences Between Utis And Stds
UTIs share symptoms similar to STDs and are misdiagnosed more often than you may think. According to the American Society for Microbiology, 64 percent of the patients with a sexually transmitted infection were actually diagnosed as having a UTI instead. This is problematic. Not only are women being needlessly prescribed a UTI treatment , but it may also cause an undiagnosed STD to develop into a more serious issue. In the beginning stages, many STDs are treatable, but the further they are allowed to progress, the more complicated and expensive treatment becomes.
Treatment Of Kidney Infection
Most kidney infections need;prompt treatment with;antibiotics to stop the infection damaging the kidneys or spreading to the bloodstream.
You may also need painkillers.
If you’re especially vulnerable to the effects of an infection , you may be admitted to hospital and treated with antibiotics through a drip.
Most people who are diagnosed and treated promptly with antibiotics feel completely better after about 2 weeks.
People who are older or have underlying conditions may take longer to recover.
Also Check: Does Kidney Infection Cause Diarrhea
Embarrassed Dont Be: It Can Be Dangerous
A lot of people dont visit their doctor due to symptoms because they consider it potentially embarrassing. Dont put it off! Both UTIs and STDs are easy to diagnose and just as easy to cure. Any waiting before you see your doctor has the potential to be more dangerous to you and your sexual partners, and not seeing a doctor at all could mean that your symptoms get worse.
What Is The Prognosis For A Person With A Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infections typically respond very well to treatment. A UTI can be uncomfortable before you start treatment, but once your healthcare provider identifies the type of bacteria and prescribes the right antibiotic medication, your symptoms should improve quickly. Its important to keep taking your medication for the entire amount of time your healthcare provider prescribed. If you have frequent UTIs or if your symptoms arent improving, your provider may test to see if its an antibiotic-resistant infection. These are more complicated infections to treat and may require intravenous antibiotics or alternative treatments.
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What Is The Prognosis For A Urinary Tract Infection
A good prognosis is usual for spontaneously resolved and quickly treated UTIs. Even patients that have rapidly developing symptoms and early pyelonephritis can have a good prognosis if quickly and adequately treated. The prognosis begins to decline if the UTI is not quickly recognized or treated. Elderly and immunosuppressed patients may not have the UTI recognized early; their prognosis may range from fair to poor, depending on how much damage is done to the urinary tract or if complications like sepsis occur. Like adults, most adequately treated children will have a good prognosis. Children and adults with recurrent UTIs may develop complications and a worse prognosis; recurrent UTIs may be a symptom of an underlying problem with the urinary tract structure. These patients should be referred to a specialist for further evaluation.
Increasing Worsening Or Changing Symptoms
If any of your symptoms increase, worsen or change from the normal UTI symptoms, it might be an STD instead. If symptoms start to include ones like discharge or smell, its far more likely to be one of the most common STDs instead.
For any repeated urinary tract infections that appear to keep coming back, see your doctor: There are many things that can cause repeated UTIs. The same is true for any symptoms that can point to more than just an STD: Again, see your doctor.
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What Is A Kidney Infection Is It The Same As A Urinary Tract Infection
The main components of the urinary tract system are kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Any part of the urinary system may become infected and this is generally referred to as urinary tract infection . When a kidney becomes infected, the condition is medically referred to as pyelonephritis. Thus, kidney infection is only one of several types of infections encompassed by the term UTI. The spectrum of UTIs includes:
What To Do If You Think You Have A Uti:
- If your symptoms are mild and you donât have a fever, keep well hydrated. Aim for 2â3 liters of water a day, but no need to overdo it.
- If your symptoms persist after 24 hours or you experience fever, chills, or nausea, see your doctor.
- Try not to hold in your pee, even if it hurts.Â;
- Itâs common for people with vaginas to get UTIs now and then, as their urethras are shorter.ref4 But if they occur very frequently or become severe, you should see your doctor.
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