Urinary System Parts And Their Functions:
Two kidneys. This pair of purplish-brown organs is located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. Their function is to:
remove liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine
keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood
produce erythropoietin, a hormone that aids the formation of red blood cells
regulate blood pressure
The kidneys remove urea from the blood through tiny filtering units callednephrons. Each nephron consists of a ball formed of small bloodcapillaries, called a glomerulus, and a small tube called a renal tubule.Urea, together with water and other waste substances, forms the urine as itpasses through the nephrons and down the renal tubules of the kidney.
What Are The Side Effects Of Simethicone
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives difficulty breathing swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Less serious side effects may be more likely, and you may have none at all.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Medical History And Physical Examination
In addition to inquiring about symptoms of pyelonephritis, especially flank pain, fever, and nausea/vomiting, a doctor will also check your vitals, including your body temperature.
A fever is often present in people with acute pyelonephritisexceptions may include people with weakened immune systems or the elderly.
Your doctor will also check for costovertebral angle tenderness by tapping on the area of your lower back which overlies your kidney.
If pain is elicited when your doctor taps on this area, the diagnosis of pyelonephritis is supported.
Keep in mind, other conditions can cause CVA tenderness and in certain instances, especially obese individuals, it may be challenging to accurately access for CVA tenderness.
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Medication To Reduce Cholesterol
Studies have shown that people with CKD have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes. This is because some of the risk factors for CKD are the same as those for heart attacks and strokes, including high blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol in the blood .
Statins are a type of medication used to lower cholesterol levels. Cholesterol causes narrowing of the arteries that can lead to a blockage of the blood supply to the heart or the brain . Statins work by blocking the effects of an enzyme in your liver , which is used to make cholesterol.
Statins sometimes have mild side effects, including:
Occasionally, statins can cause muscle pain, weakness and tenderness. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your GP. You may need to have a blood test or change your treatment.
If you have kidney disease, you may be asked to reduce your daily fluid and salt intake. You may develop a build-up of fluid as your kidneys will not be able to get rid of fluid as well as they did before.
If you are asked to reduce the amount of fluid you drink, you must also take into account fluid in foods, such as soup and yoghurt. Your GP or dietitian can advise you about this.
The excess fluid that occurs as a result of kidney disease often builds up in your ankles or around your lungs. You may also be given diuretics , such as furosemide, which will help get rid of the excess fluid from your body.
Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes
Simethicone is a frequently prescribed drug by primary care providers, internists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and gastroenterologists to treat flatulence and bloating. A knowledgeable provider can utilize simethicone to improve the patient’s symptoms. In the hospital setting, simethicone can be ordered before meals and at bedtime, scheduled four times a day as needed. Hospital workflow and patient cognition is a consideration in inpatient settings. It can be more beneficial to order simethicone as a scheduled regimen, so the patient receives multiple doses consistently. Simethicone is highly cost-effective in treating bloating and flatulence. It is an OTC product purchased without a prescription. Pharmacists can assist with proper dosing and administration. Nursing can help to improve patient’s utilization of simethicone. A dietician can assist a patient in enhancing their eating habits to avoid carbonated beverages and foods that increase gastrointestinal gas formation. The interprofessional team approach is the best means by which optimal patient outcomes can be achieved when using simethicone therapeutically. Thus, simethicone can help to treat flatulence and bloating safely.
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How To Take Simethicone
Use Simethicone exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.
Do not take more of this medicine than directed.
Simethicone works best if you take it after meals and at bedtime.
You must chew the chewable tablet before you swallow it.
Measure liquid medicine carefully. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device .
Simethicone liquid drops can be mixed with water, baby formula, or other liquids to make swallowing easier for an infant or child.
Always follow directions on the medicine label about giving simethicone to a child. Call your doctor if the child’s gas symptoms do not improve after treatment with simethicone.
You may need to follow a special diet or increase your exercise while using simethicone. Follow all instructions of your doctor or dietitian. Learn about the foods to eat or avoid to help control your condition.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. Do not allow the liquid form of this medicine to freeze.
Since simethicone is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Skip any missed dose if it’s almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.
Are There Foods To Avoid While Taking Ozempic
No, you dont have to avoid any specific foods during your Ozempic treatment. Also, the drug can be taken with or without food.
However, Ozempic is used to improve blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes, and its used along with diet and exercise. To reach your blood sugar goals while using Ozempic, you should follow the nutrition guidelines that your doctor recommends.
If you have changes to your diet, activity level, or weight, your diabetes treatment plan may need to be adjusted. Talk with your doctor if you have any of these changes.
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What To Ask Your Doctor
If you have type 2 diabetes, Ozempic may help improve your blood sugar levels. If you also have cardiovascular disease , it can lower your risk for heart attack, stroke, or death from CVD.
Ozempic can cause side effects in some people. In general, Ozempics common side effects are mild. But in rare cases, the drug could cause serious side effects.
If you have questions about possible side effects with Ozempic, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. They can provide answers to help you feel confident about your diabetes treatment plan. Examples of questions you may want to ask include:
- Whats my risk for serious side effects?
- Is there anything I can do to prevent diabetic retinopathy while using Ozempic?
- If I have kidney disease and have diarrhea with Ozempic, is it safe to drink electrolyte replacement solutions such as Pedialyte to stay hydrated?
- How should I manage injection-site reactions with Ozempic?
- I have gallstones that I manage through my diet. Should I avoid using Ozempic?
For tips on managing your condition, eating wisely, and more, subscribe to our online newsletter for type 2 diabetes.
What Is The Most Important Information I Should Know About Simethicone
You should not use simethicone if you are allergic to it.
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take this medicine if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have any type of serious illness .
Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
The liquid form may contain phenylalanine. Talk to your doctor before using this form of simethicone if you have phenylketonuria .
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Reasons For The Procedure
A KUB X-ray may be performed to help diagnose the cause of abdominal pain,such as masses, perforations, or obstruction. A KUB X-ray may be taken toevaluate the urinary tract before other diagnostic procedures areperformed. Basic information regarding the size, shape, and position of thekidneys, ureters, and bladder may be obtained with a KUB X-ray. Thepresence of calcifications in the kidneys or ureters may be noted.
There may be other reasons for your doctor to recommend a KUB X-ray.
Upset Stomach Nausea Vomiting
Why this happens:
A severe build-up of wastes in the blood can also cause nausea and vomiting. Loss of appetite can lead to weight loss.
What patients said:
I had a lot of itching, and I was nauseated, throwing up all the time. I couldnt keep anything down in my stomach.
When I got the nausea, I couldnt eat and I had a hard time taking my blood pressure pills.
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Alcohol Use And Ozempic
Ozempic isnt known to interact with alcohol. However, Ozempic lowers your blood sugar. Alcohol may make your blood sugar drop, too. So, drinking alcohol during your Ozempic treatment may cause severe hypoglycemia .
Also, chronic alcohol use is a common cause of pancreatitis . Using Ozempic may raise your risk for pancreatitis, too. To help prevent these health problems, avoid excessive alcohol use during your Ozempic treatment.
If you drink alcohol, talk with your doctor about how much may be safe for you to drink with your condition and treatment plan.
What Antacids Are Safe With Kidney Disease And Can Boost Kidney Health
For the past couple of weeks here at Healthy Kidney Inc., our emails have been flooded with this one particular question. What Antacids are safe for kidney disease? And, when it comes to your kidney health, this is a topic you shouldnt ignore!
What do Antacids do?
Antacids are medications that help to neutralize stomach acid to cut down on heartburn, sour stomach, stomach upset, and acid indigestion. Some antacids also contain simethicone, an ingredient that helps your body get rid of gas.
In the video, Robert suggests individuals with kidney disease stay away from the use of PPI which is a type of medication that blocks your stomach acid which may also lead to serious consequences for those dealing with kidney issues. Recent studies have also linked dangers thought to be associated with the long-term use of PPIs.
Choosing your antacids can be a hard task for someone with little knowledge. You often dont know which ones to get and which ones to avoid.
Antacids that are both great and safe are sodium bicarbonate. You would get regular sodium bicarbonate pills and utilize it to help with your antacid and also helps support better kidney health. This is also one of the safest forms of antacids for kidney disease.
Those are the two great benefits that you can reap out of sodium bicarbonate, its going to work as an antacid and supports normal kidney function. Its completely safe and to avoid any indigestion, you generally want to take it away before or after meals.
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Are There Any Complications From A Kidney Infection
Most people who develop a kidney infection make a full recovery if treatment is given promptly. Possible complications which occur in a small number of cases include:
- Sometimes germs from a kidney infection get into the bloodstream, particularly if treatment is delayed. This may cause blood poisoning . This can be serious or even life-threatening.
- In pregnant women who develop pyelonephritis occasionally, it may result in the baby being born early or with a lower birth weight.
- A kidney abscess can develop. This is a collection of pus that forms within the kidney.
- The infection can sometimes cause some permanent damage to kidney tissues.
These complications are uncommon but may be more likely if:
- You become severely ill with the kidney infection.
- You have kidney stones.
- Your immune system is suppressed for example, if you have cancer, if you are taking medication such as steroids or chemotherapy, or if you have AIDS.
- You have poorly controlled diabetes.
- You are an older person .
- You are pregnant.
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is also a rare complication. In this condition the kidney tissues are rapidly destroyed by the infection and the bacteria can release toxic gases which can build up in the kidneys. You become very unwell if you develop this complication. This complication seems mostly to affect people who have poorly controlled diabetes.
How Is Ckd Treated
Damage to your kidneys is usually permanent. Although the damage cannot be fixed, you can take steps to keep your kidneys as healthy as possible for as long as possible. You may even be able to stop the damage from getting worse.
- Control your blood sugar if you have diabetes.
- Keep a healthy blood pressure.
- Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet.
- Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days of the week.
- Keep a healthy weight.
- Do not smoke or use tobacco.
- Talk to your doctor about medicines that can help protect your kidneys.
If you catch kidney disease early, you may be able to prevent kidney failure. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.
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Symptoms Of A Urinary Tract Infection
Symptoms of a lower UTI include
- Pain or discomfort when urinating
- The feeling of being unable to empty your bladder fully
- Cloudy and/or foul-smelling urine that may contain blood
- Pain in your lower abdomen and pelvis
- Feeling achy, tired and generally under-the-weather
Symptoms of an upper UTI include
- A high temperature of 38°C
- Pain in your sides or back
- Shivering or chills
- Agitation or restlessness
Drugs / Medications To Avoid Or Reducefor People With Chronic Kidney Disease:
People with CKD very often suffer from other illnesses or diseases. Unfortunately, many of the medications prescribed to control these conditions can make them even sicker than they already are.
Heartburn Medications or PPIs
Heartburn and stomach acid medications known as Proton Pump Inhibitors can cause CKD and can damage your kidneys further, once you have it. These drugs are sold under brand names Prilosec, Nexium, Prevacid, and Protonix and are taken for stomach ulcers, heartburn, or acid reflux disease . If you have been told you have Chronic Kidney Disease, Kidney Injury, or Kidney Damage, your doctor may advise you to stop using PPIs altogether.
Diabetes is one of the most common causes of CKD. Because of this, many patients begin taking diabetes medications long before they are diagnosed with CKD. This is a difficult problem, because insulin and certain other drugs used by diabetics have to be filtered by the kidneys in order to work properly. If your kidneys have been damaged by CKD, your diabetes drugs may not do their job. Dangerous levels of the drugs can also build up in your system, because your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should.
Oral Blood Thinners
Topamax is a drug often used to treat epilepsy , painful headaches , and bipolar disease . Topamax may increase your risk of kidney stones .
Laxatives for Colonoscopy
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Medications That Can Harm The Kidneys
No matter what kind of medicine you take, whether OTC or prescription, it is destined to take a trip through your kidneys. Taking a drug the wrong way or in excessive amounts can damage these vital, bean-shaped organs and lead to serious complications. In the worst-case scenario, it could necessitate a kidney transplant.
Compared with 30 years ago, patients todayhave a higher incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, take multiple medications, and are exposed to more diagnostic and therapeutic procedures with the potential to harm kidney function, according to Cynthia A. Naughton, PharmD, senior associate dean and associate professor in the department of pharmacy practice at North Dakota State University. All of these factors are associated with an elevated risk of kidney damage.
An estimated 20% of cases of acute kidney failure are due to medications. The technical term for this scenario is nephrotoxicity, which is growing more common as the aging population grows, along with rates of various diseases.
The kidneys get rid of waste and extra fluid in the body by filtering the blood to produce urine. They also keep electrolyte levels balanced and make hormones that influence blood pressure, bone strength and the production of red blood cells. When something interferes with the kidneys, they cant do their job, so these functions can slow down or stop altogether.
How Do You Treat It
You will have to consider the intake of any medicines, amount of fluid intake and consumption of caffeine and alcohol before deciding if it is a case of frequent urination with you.
If you still face difficulties with urination, you can always take a test to determine the same. Once you have identified what causes excessive urination, you will be able to control it to some extent, without medical interference.
In general, it is recommended to follow these tips to avoid putting unnecessary pressure on your bladder:
- Avoid wearing tight clothes
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