How Do You Prevent Kidney Stones
Some people are more prone to develop kidney stones, based on heredity or their own history of stones. People who have had kidney stones in the past are more likely to develop another in the future.
However, there are some things that you can do to help prevent those hard mineral deposits from forming in the first place.
Stay Hydrated. Ensure youre drinking enough water to stay hydrated. By maintain a good amount of fluid in the body, the kidney is better able to filter calcium, making it less likely that a build up will occur.
Watch Your Diet. If you suffer from frequent kidney stones, avoid high protein diets, and reduce your sugar, and especially your salt consumption. Watch your calcium intake too to ensure youre not overdoing it .
Reduce Your Weight. Losing weight can reduce your risk for kidney stones. This is in part because reducing your weight may lead to a healthier diet, with less salty food or animal fats. Incorporate lots of fruits and vegetables into your diet and practice regular exercise to reduce the weight.
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, make an appointment with your doctor to get it checked out.
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Skip The Protein Powders
In 2020, the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative from the National Kidney Foundation recommended that those with kidney diseasenot follow a high protein diet.
In later stages of kidney disease , protein recommendations can be as low as 0.4 grams per kilogram of body weight.
To put that into perspective, someone weighing 100 pounds would be recommended to only consume about 18 grams of protein a day.
When it comes to safely adding calories, do not add protein powders if you have kidney disease. This may prevent weight loss but can harm your kidneys.
When To See Your Doctor
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, its important to see your doctor. Most of the symptoms of kidney cancer have many potential causes, but there are other serious reasons you could be having these symptoms as well.
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Get our printable guide for your next doctors appointment to help you ask the right questions.
Symptoms are our bodys way of signaling that something is wrong. Rather than fearing and ignoring them, take action to find out why theyre occurring so that you can obtain appropriate and timely treatment. Talk to your doctor and ask questions. If you still dont have answers, consider getting a second opinion.
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24-year-old Jack looks back on his experience with kidney stones, stating it was the worst pain ever. Ive had two back surgeries and would rather have another one than deal with stones. However, I waited until I literally would rather die than go through the pain of waiting, and it couldve been prevented if Id gone earlier to prevent the excruciating pain.
In 2016, it was revealed that one in seven people are now likely to require hospital treatment for kidney stones. Many people are set to suffer the consequences with a significant strain being placed on the NHS. The rise of obesity in the UK is thought to be one contribution to this. There is a direct link between being overweight or obese and the development of kidney stones. With obesity set to increase significantly over the upcoming years, the condition is expected to continue rising.
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What Causes Chronic Kidney Disease
There are several health conditions associated with chronic kidney disease. Whats unusual about them is that these conditions can be caused by CKD, but CKD also causes them.
These health conditions include the following:
- Diabetes: When kidneys fail to filter out urea, its buildup in the blood impairs insulin secretion. This leads to the development of diabetes, which is also the leading cause of CKD.
- Hypertension: Like diabetes, hypertension is a primary cause of CKD, as well as a common symptom of it.
- Heart disease:Heart disease supplies the kidneys with an insufficient amount of blood. Kidney disease places strain on the heart when it stops regulating the hormones that regulate blood pressure. Heart disease is the third leading cause of CKD and the leading cause of death for people with CKD.
- Anemia:Anemia is an insufficient number of healthy, oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the bloodstream. This can result in fatigue and a feeling of being cold all the time. While it hasnt been proven to be a primary cause, anemia is a common related medical condition and complicating factor of kidney disease, particularly in later stages.
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My Face Legs Feet And Hands Are Often Puffy And I Get Lightheaded
Blame it on: Aldosterone
Some women complain that they can swell up with fluid within minutes of feeling stressed. This is not their imagination.
Or, their fluid retention may creep up after repeated stressful triggers over the course of the day. Heres why:
When your body flicks on the fight or flight reaction, it pumps out a chemical called aldosterone. This hormone has the important job of regulating levels water and electrolytes in your blood and your blood pressure.
But when youre under duress, aldosterone sends a message to your kidneys to retain salt, so your body retains as much fluid as possible.
This sodium retention is a survival strategy, just in case you need that fluid on board to face any emergency. This not only leads to puffy face, ankles and tummy, it can also lead to the appearance of cellulite in areas like the thighs, because the high levels of sodium there is pulling more water to those areas.
Frustratingly, this water retention can make you feel like youve gained weight, even though it is all fluid. Yet you may also find that you need to get up go to the toilet at night. This can happen because its the first time in the day when youre not rushing so your body feels safe enough to not have to retain as much fluid and starts to release some of it.
Since aldestrone also regulates your blood pressure, exhausted adrenals can also translate to getting light headed when getting up from a bed or chair.
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Can Kidney Problems Cause A Bloated Stomach
Constipation and diarrhoea can be caused by reduced kidneys function. Pain, indigestion, nausea, and vomiting can be caused by this. If you have kidney failure, you may need dialysis. Dialysis is a treatment that uses a machine to remove waste products from the blood. It can help reduce the amount of fluid in your blood and help your kidneys function normally.
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What Is Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Shock Wave Lithotripsy is the most common treatment for kidney stones in the U.S. Shock waves from outside the body are targeted at a kidney stone causing the stone to fragment. The stones are broken into tiny pieces. lt is sometimes called ESWL: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy®.
These are what the words mean:
- extracorporeal: from outside the body
- shock waves: pressure waves
So, SWL describes a nonsurgical technique for treating stones in the kidney or ureter using high-energy shock waves. Stones are broken into stone dust or fragments that are small enough to pass in urine. lf large pieces remain, another treatment can be performed
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How Else Can I Prevent Uric Acid Stones
You can take other steps to prevent uric acid stones:
- Drink at least 12 cups of fluids every day, preferably water.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Follow the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, which can reduce both high blood pressure and the risk of kidney stones.
- Take any medications your provider prescribed to prevent uric acid stones from forming.
What If I Have More Questions
If you have other questions, you should speak to your doctor or dietitian. The dietitian can help you with a meal plan that will provide enough calories to help you gain weight or keep from losing weight.
If you would like more information, please contact us.
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How Will My Doctor Find Out What Kind Of Stone I Have
Try to catch a stone in a strainer. The best way for your doctor to find out what kind of stone you have is to test the stone itself. If you know that you are passing a stone, try to catch it in a strainer.
Your doctor may ask for a urine sample or take blood to find out what caused your stone. You may need to collect your urine for a 24-hour period. These tests will help your doctor find ways for you to avoid stones in the future.
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What Is The Treatment For Kidney Stones
Treatment of a kidney stone depends on the size and location of the stone, the type of stone, and the patients pain levels.
Home treatment may be suggested if the stone is believed to be small enough to pass, the patients pain is tolerable, and they can eat and drink.
Home treatment for kidney stones includes:
Medical treatments for larger stones or severe symptoms include:
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Appetite And Weight Changes
The collective effects of the physical and emotional strain of the disease, its related complications, and its treatments, can wreak havoc on your appetite, which can cause weight changes and further health issues.
- Nausea and vomiting: For those with CKD, nausea and vomiting may include uremic toxin buildup, medications, gastroparesis , peptic ulcers , gastroesophageal reflux disease , and gallbladder disease, among others.
- Loss of appetite: In the early to middle stages of kidney disease, compounds build in the blood that suppresses appetite and can affect your sense of taste. Foods you once enjoyed may start to taste metallic. Depression, anxiety, medications, and other treatments can contribute to appetite loss.
Kidney disease can cause appetite loss, which, in turn, can provoke weight loss.
Causes Of Uric Acid Stones
Human body tissues, and certain foods, contain compounds called purines. Purine-containing foods include dried beans, peas, and liver. When the body breaks down purines, it produces uric acid. The presence of a certain level of uric acid in the body is normal, but excess uric acid can lead to stones.
The following conditions are usually seen in patients with uric acid stones:
- Too much uric acid in the urine for a long period of time
- Lower-than-normal amounts of urine produced
- Hyperuricosuria, a metabolic disorder that leads to high levels of uric acid in the urine
Note: Hyperuricosuria can also trigger calcium stones. Therefore, people with hyperuricosuria may have a combination of calcium and uric acid stones.
Many conditions and other factors may contribute to, or cause, uric acid stones:
Other risk factors include:
- Some rare types of anemia
- Chronic diarrhea
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Kidney Infection And Stomach Pain
If you have kidney infection, typically the infection will cause burning sensation or pain when you pee. Sometime pain may also be felt in other areas of the body.
For instances, stomach pain can also be one of the symptoms of the infection. Typically, it is felt in the lower abdomen. You may also have pain in your back, your side , or around genitals .
Your abdominal pain is likely to be associated with kidney infection if you also experience other symptoms of the disease. These include:
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How Are Uric Acid Stones Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will ask you about your medical history and do a physical exam. Then your provider will do other diagnostic procedures, including:
- Blood tests: A blood test can detect too much uric acid or calcium in your blood. These tests can also suggest or rule out other conditions that may be causing your symptoms.
- Urine test: Your provider may ask you to do a 24-hour urine test. You collect your urine over 24 hours so your provider can test it for calcium and uric acid.
- Imaging: You may need a CT scan or ultrasound to find uric acid stones in your urinary tract. These imaging scans can help find even small stones. Usually, providers dont use abdominal X-rays because they may miss smaller stones.
- Stone analysis: You may need to urinate using a special strainer to catch any stones you pass. Your provider will send the stone to a laboratory for analysis to figure out what type of kidney stone it is. Analyzing the stone helps your provider determine the cause and how you can prevent it from happening again.
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Gi Issues Caused By Kidney Stones
Normally, kidney stones cause symptoms such as pressure and pain in your lower back, fever, frequent urination, discomfort urinating, and bloody or discoloured urine. However, sometimes kidney stones can cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and stomach discomfort.
If youre experiencing sudden low back pain and gastrointestinal discomfort, dont ignore the possibility that it might be kidney stones.
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Common Causes Of Abdominal Pain
Having abdominal pain can be a mild inconvenience or have a significant impact on your well-being. There are several reasons why you may have abdominal pain, ranging from minor muscle strains to appendicitis that requires surgery.
Our skilled providers at Smart Clinic Urgent Care often deal with patients suffering from abdominal pain. Here are the six most common causes.
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What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Nephrotic Syndrome
Swelling and weight gain tend to be the most common signs. Swelling happens because too many fluids and salt build up in the body. Extra fluids can cause weight gain. Parents might notice their child quickly outgrows clothes and shoes.
Swelling most often happens in the:
- face, especially around the eyes
- ankles and feet, especially after sitting or standing a long time
Other common signs include loss of appetite, peeing less often, and pee that looks dark and foamy.
Some kids don’t have any symptoms. They may learn they have nephrotic syndrome when a routine urine test finds the condition.
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Late Stage Kidney Disease Leading To Excess Weight Gain
Untreated kidney disease will usually progress to complete kidney failure. The kidneys simply stop functioning or function so poorly that they cannot keep with the work of fluid management. Fluid builds up in the tissues, causing swelling and weight gain.
It is important to recognize that this is water weight, not fat or muscle.
In fact, many people with severe kidney disease or kidney failure are actually undernourished. The excess swelling can make it difficult to breathe and increase your blood pressure.
Changes In Urine And Urination Due To Ckd
The kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the bloodstream and send it all to the bladder in the form of urine. Thus, its to be expected that kidney disease will result in changes to your urine and the process of excreting it.
You may find yourself spending more or less time in the bathroom, due to urinary issues related to kidney disease.
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Kidney Stones Or Nephrolithiasis
Kidney stones are normally made up of hard collections of minerals which form in the renal system. These stones may stay in the kidneys for quite a while. They often become painful when they move out of the kidney into the ureter. The pain is often described as a strong colicky pain, usually felt in the ureter between the kidney and the bladder. Kidney stones can be extremely painful.
Colicky, strong to very strong pain coming in waves, is the most obvious symptoms of kidney stones. The location of the pain and where it spreads to gives clues as to where the stone is currently located in the urinary system. The pain of a kidney stone passing through the urinary system is felt suddenly and severely in the flank and spreads down the groin on the same side. Not all stones cause radiating pain. Some stones may not cause any pain.
Good to know: Pain from kidney stones is often described as excruciating. Kidney pain from kidney stones can come and go. It can occur in bouts lasting between 20 minutes and an hour. People with painful kidney stones often cannot keep still because of the discomfort. They are often pale and sweaty, with a painful, tender abdomen.
Other symptoms of kidney stones include: