Monday, April 1, 2024
HomeDiseaseHow Many Stages Of Kidney Disease

How Many Stages Of Kidney Disease

The Different Stages Of Kidney Disease

Kidney Disease Stages | CKD Heat Map | NKF

Medical professionals describe kidney disease in stages, with very mild kidney disease occurring in the first stages and advanced disease occurring in the last stages.

There are five stages of kidney disease, which is a condition that affects the two blood-filtering organs in the human body.

Kidney disease is often chronic, which means it can last for many years. Chronic kidney disease may lead to end-stage kidney disease, often known as an end-stage renal disease . The two main causes of CKD are high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, and diabetes.

How Many Stages Of Adpkd Are There

As your ADPKD gets worse, you can develop chronic kidney disease, which has five stages. Doctors assess kidney disease using a test called estimated glomerular filtration rate, or eGFR.

What is the final choice for polycystic kidney disease?

In general, dialysis or a kidney transplant are always the final choices. A study shows that 5-10% of patients with this disease will progress to kidney failure. It can not only threaten our health, but also cause a lot of inconvenience to patients. Keywords: stages of polycystic kidney disease, stages of polycystic kidney disease.

What are the stages of chronic kidney disease?

As your ADPKD gets worse, you can develop chronic kidney disease, which has five stages. Doctors assess kidney disease using a test called estimated glomerular filtration rate, or eGFR. This measures how well your kidneys are filtering waste and extra fluids from your blood.

Stages Of Chronic Kidney Disease

About chronic kidney disease

With chronic kidney disease, the kidneys dont usually fail all at once. Instead, kidney disease often progresses slowly years. If caught early, medicines and lifestyle changes may help slow or prevent CKD progression.

Five stages of chronic kidney disease

The National Kidney Foundation divided kidney disease into five stages. This helps doctors provide the best care, as each stage calls for different tests and treatments.

Doctors determine the stage of kidney disease using the glomerular filtration rate , a math formula using a person’s age, gender, and their serum creatinine level . Creatinine, a waste product that comes from muscle activity, is a key indicator of kidney function. When kidneys are working well they remove creatinine from the blood but as kidney function slows, blood levels of creatinine rise.

Use the links below to learn about each stage of kidney disease:

Don’t Miss: Can Drinking Too Many Sodas Cause Kidney Stones

What Are The Stages Of Ckd

Your childs stage of CKD is primarily determined by her glomerular filtration rate a measurement of how effectively their kidneys are filtering blood. According to the National Kidney Foundation, there are five stages of chronic kidney disease:

  • Stage 1: Kidney damage with normal or increased GFR
  • Stage 2: Kidney damage with mild decreased GFR
  • Stage 3: Moderate decreased GFR
  • Stage 4: Severe increased GFR
  • Stage 5: Kidney failure

Keep in mind that this chart is a guide, and every child may experience symptoms differently. Since chronic kidney disease is progressive, many who have it will eventually reach Stage 5, but there are things we can do to slow the progression and minimize complications.

Can Chronic Kidney Disease Be Prevented

Renal failure and its treatment

According to the National Health Services, chronic kidney disease cant always be prevented. That said, there are things you can do to reduce your risk. For starters, its important to manage any underlying conditions that may contribute to CKD, such as diabetes, or high blood pressure. Its also important to quit smoking to reduce your risk.

The source also says a healthy, balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and low amounts of saturated fat, salt, and sugar is important for kidney health. Its also important to watch your alcohol intake as drinking excessive amounts can spike your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Further, regular exercise is another important part of a healthy lifestyle that also helps reduce your risk of CKD. Finally, the source says to be mindful of pain medications as taking them for longer than recommended can strain your kidneys. Talk to your doctor to find out how you can reduce your risk of kidney disease.

Read Also: How Does Flomax Work On Kidney Stones

How Serious Is Stage 3 Ckd

You might think of Stage 3 CKD as a “middle stage” of kidney disease. Your kidneys are damaged, but they still work well enough that you do not need dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Kidney disease often cannot be cured in Stage 3, and damage to your kidneys normally is not reversible. However, with treatment and healthy life changes, many people in Stage 3 do not move to Stage 4 or Stage 5, which is kidney failure.

Learn About Kidney Failure

Even if you get treatment in stage 4 and are careful about your health, your kidneys may still fail. Kidney failure happens when:

  • 85-90% of kidney function is gone
  • GFR falls below 15
  • Kidneys don’t work well enough to keep you alive

There is no cure for kidney failure, but with treatment it is possible to live a long, fulfilling life. Having kidney failure is not a death sentence. People with kidney failure live active lives and continue to do the things they love.

Don’t Miss: How Long Can You Live With Stage 4 Kidney Failure

What Causes Kidney Disease

Kidney diseases happen when your kidneys are damaged and cant filter your blood. The damage can happen quickly when its caused by injury or toxins or, more commonly, over months or years.

High blood pressure and diabetes are the two most common causes of chronic kidney disease. Other causes and conditions that affect kidney function and can cause chronic kidney disease include:

  • Glomerulonephritis. This type of kidney disease involves damage to the glomeruli, which are the filtering units inside your kidneys.
  • Polycystic kidney disease. This is a genetic disorder that causes many fluid-filled cysts to grow in your kidneys, reducing the ability of your kidneys to function.
  • Hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Kidney damage caused by chronic, poorly controlled hypertension.
  • Membranous nephropathy. This is a disorder where your bodys immune system attacks the waste-filtering membranes in your kidney.
  • Obstructions of the urinary tract from kidney stones, an enlarged prostate or cancer.
  • Vesicourethral reflux. This is a condition in which urine flows backward refluxes back up the ureters to the kidneys
  • Nephrotic syndrome. This is a collection of symptoms that indicate kidney damage.

What Is Stage 4 Kidney Disease

ABCs of Kidney Disease | Causes and Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Chronic kidney disease happens if your kidneys have been damaged. Kidneys can become damaged from a physical injury or a disease like diabetes or high blood pressure. Once your kidneys are damaged, they are not able to filter blood or do their other jobs well enough to keep you healthy. Some of the important jobs kidneys do:

  • Help keep blood pressure under control
  • Keep bones healthy
  • Help make red blood cells

There are five stages of chronic kidney disease. The mildest are stages 1 and 2. In these early stages of kidney disease, the kidneys are damaged and not working at full strength. At stage 3, about half of kidney function has been lost. This can cause other problems, like high blood pressure or bone problems. Treatment of these problems is very important, and it can even help slow down the loss of kidney function. At stage 4, severe kidney damage has happened. At this stage, it is very important to slow the loss of kidney function by following your treatment plan, and managing other problems like high blood pressure or heart disease. Stage 5 is kidney failure. If kidney failure happens, you will need a kidney transplant or dialysis to live.

Don’t Miss: Is Quinoa Good For Kidneys

Stages Of Kidney Disease

Medically reviewed by

Chronic kidney disease is divided into five stages. The stages are based on the eGFR test result and how well your kidneys work to filter waste and extra fluid out of your blood. As the stages go up, kidney disease gets worse and your kidneys work less well. At each stage, it is important to take steps to slow down the damage to your kidneys.

How Is Chronic Kidney Disease Diagnosed

The first step in treating your child is forming an accurate and complete diagnosis. Its important to remember that diagnosis for chronic kidney disease can be thought of in two ways: diagnostic tests that indicate a problem with your childs kidneys, and kidney function tests that tell us how well they are working.

Also Check: Where Do You Feel Kidney Pain In The Back

Ckd By Age Sex And Race/ethnicity

According to current estimates:*

  • CKD is more common in people aged 65 years or older than in people aged 4564 years or 1844 years .
  • CKD is slightly more common in women than men .
  • CKD is more common in non-Hispanic Black adults than in non-Hispanic White adults or non-Hispanic Asian adults .
  • About 14% of Hispanic adults have CKD.

Dont Miss: How Does Lisinopril Protect Kidneys

What Do Your Kidneys Do

NKF KDOQI Guidelines

You have two kidneys. They are bean-shaped organs that are located toward your back, on either side of your spine, just underneath the rib cage. Each kidney is about the size of your fist.

Your kidneys have many jobs, but their main job is to filter your blood, getting rid of toxins and excess salt and water as urine. If your kidneys are damaged and dont work as they should, wastes can build up in your blood and can make you sick. Your kidneys also balance the amount of salts and minerals in your body, make hormones that control blood pressure, make red blood cells and keep your bones strong.

Also Check: How To Dissolve Kidney Stones

Albuminuria: The Urine Albumin: Creatinine Ratio

A simple urine test called the urine Albumin:Creatinine ratio is also performed to look for signs that protein is leaking into the urine . This is an important sign of kidney damage. The ACR is used to calculate the A stage of CKD .

There are three recognised stages of albuminuria:

  • A1 normal to mildly increased urine protein levels
  • A2 moderately increased urine protein levels
  • A3 severely increased urine protein levels

Combining your ACR ratio with your eGFR can help doctors try to predict whether your kidney disease is likely to progress and whether you are more likely to develop complications such as heart and circulatory problems. Other factors are also taken into account, e.g. age. In general, the higher the A stage, the more likely it is that you will benefit from blood pressure-lowering treatment.

Illness Of The Kidneys/ Kidney Failure In Dogs: Why Does This Matter

The words kidney failure and kidney illness in dogs are sometimes used relatively interchangeably by veterinarians. It is common in dog and cat diseases. Both expressions suggest that the kidneys are not operating at their optimal level. The terms renal failure,renal illness, or renal insufficiency may also be used or seen. Numerous illnesses and disorders that have a detrimental impact on the health and functionality of the kidneys and their connected organs can result in renal failure, also known as kidney failure.The kidneys of a healthy dog function to control fluid balance, release hormones necessary for the production of red blood cells, eliminate toxins, and preserve an average electrolyte balance. These terms dont provide you with a lot of information about how not sure if serious dog the issue might be without more contexts.

Don’t Miss: How Big Can Kidney Stones Get

What Happens During The Initial Stage Of Treatment

High intravenous fluid dosages are administered during the first stage to flush out the kidneys and circulation. The kidneys of the dogs may be able to sufficiently meet the bodys needs enough because the kidney cells are still present and not much infected.

A balanced diet and proper medication to control diarrhea and vomiting, if present, are additional component of the first treatment in kidney disease. After starting this treatment step, your dog will frequently begin to feel better quickly.

How Many Stages Of Kidney Disease

Kidney disease: what are the early signs and how is it treated?

Doctors at Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi, performed a lifesaving kidney transplant on a 67-year-old man who was suffering from End-Stage Renal Disease , in which survival is only possible.

Stage 3 Kidney Disease Swollen Feet Over the next six weeks she underwent testing, and her body began swelling badly. her that she was in Stage 5 kidney failure. An autoimmune disease she had in her feet 15 years ago had returned. There are 5 stages of kidney disease, beginning with mild disease in stage one and. Swollen feet and ankles:

Anti-rejection drugs taken by organ recipients make vaccines less effective and leave them vulnerable, with very limited.

She waits for what she hopes will be a kidney donor, comforted because all those students and teachers whose lives she touched are now her angels, and they are hoping, praying and comforting .

Since chronic kidney disease is progressive, many who have it will eventually reach Stage 5, but there are things we can do to slow the progression and minimize.

Out of 36,195 adults with CKD stage 3 , with a mean age of 73 years, fast progression occurred for 23.0% of participants with diabetes vs. 15.3% of those without. The fast progressors with diabetes were either 80 years or older or between the ages of 18 and 49.

In 2012, Warfield was diagnosed with stage 3 kidney disease. Two years later, he started dialysis. When you get diagnosed, youre sitting there kind of like a deer in headlights. You dont know.

22 mars 2022.

1 sep. 2015.

You May Like: How Serious Is Stage 3 Kidney Disease

Control Other Health Problems

You may have other disorders, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, which can damage your kidneys. One of the goals of your treatment is to make sure these are well-controlled. Ask your healthcare professional what you can do to keep these conditions under control and do it! Some of the things your healthcare professional may ask you to do:

  • Take medications called angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers as part of your therapy. Studies have shown that these medications help to protect your kidney function. You may also need other blood pressure medications to control your blood pressure.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Cut down on salt in your diet to control blood pressure
  • If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar, follow your diet and take your medications as prescribed

Prevention And Treatments To Know

The best way to protect yourself against kidney disease is to maintain control of your blood pressure and blood sugar, Parsa says. In addition, studies show that following the Mediterranean diet, which focuses on eating fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts and whole grains, can help reduce your risk of kidney problems.

If you already have advanced kidney disease, your doctor may ask you to restrict protein-rich foods, as well as food and drinks containing the minerals potassium, phosphorous and sodium, such as bananas.

Until recently doctors have relied mainly on medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors to slow the progression of kidney disease because they help relax veins and arteries, resulting in lower blood pressure. Recent trials show that some newer diabetes medications, such as Jardiance, can be used in addition to ACE inhibitors to reduce the kidney disease risk in adults with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Kidney Damage After COVID-19

More on Health

Recommended Reading: Can You Eat Corn With Kidney Disease

Stage 2 Chronic Kidney Disease

When you have stage 2 chronic kidney disease, Healthline says your kidneys function at about 60- to 89-percent and there is mild damage to the kidneys. Since this stage is still early and your kidneys are still working well, its possible to not experience symptoms.

The source also says if you do experience symptoms, they may be nonspecific, meaning they can be symptoms of many other health problems. That said, you should be on the lookout for new fatigue, loss of appetite, sleeping problems, and weakness. Itchy skin is also an early sign of kidney disease.

Diagnosing The Stages Of Chronic Kidney Disease

treatment for kidney disease: Polycystic Kidney Disease before Kidney ...

Your doctor can use two types of tests to diagnose the stage of chronic kidney disease. The first test is known as the estimated glomerular filtration rate test, which is a blood test that measures how well your kidneys are functioning. According to Healthline a GFR of 100mL/min is considered normal.

The second test is a urine test that evaluates your albumin-creatinine ratio . If protein is found in the urine, this can be a key sign of kidney damage. Healthline also says that in some cases other imaging tests may be necessary to analyze the structure of the kidneys.

Recommended Reading: Can Exercise Make Kidney Pain Worse

What Are The Ckd Stages

Your kidneys keep a healthy balance between water, salts, and minerals like sodium, calcium, and potassium. They also make hormones that control your blood pressure, keep your bones strong, and help make red blood cells.

Your kidneys also filter extra fluid and waste from your body through units called nephrons. Each nephron has a glomerulus, which filters your blood, and a tubule, which removes the waste and returns what you need back to your blood.

Your kidneysâ filtering speed is called the glomerular filtration rate . If your kidneys are damaged, this GFR will be lower. Blood tests show your estimated glomerular filtration rate and different stages of damage.

The CKD stages are as follows:

  • Stage 1 CKD, mild kidney damage with an eGFR above 90 milliliters or greater per minute
  • Stage 2, mild damage with 60 to 89 milliliters per minute
  • Stage 3a, moderate damage with 45 to 59 milliliters per minute
  • Stage 3b, moderate damage with 30 to 44 milliliters per minute
  • Stage 4, severe damage with 15 to 29 milliliters per minute
  • Stage 5, kidney failure with less than 15 milliliters per minute, a level at which the kidneys are no longer working

Stage 5 CKD is also called end-stage renal disease. At this stage, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant. Not everyone has CKD that worsens, though.


Most Popular