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How Do You Know If You Have A Kidney Infection

When To See A Doctor For Kidney Stones

9 Signs You May Have a Kidney Infection

People often seek immediate medical attention for kidney stones due to the excruciating pain and nausea theyre experiencing. If they havent had stones before, their symptoms can be quite daunting. A lot will say, I thought I was dying, says Dr. Pearle. Always seek immediate medical attention if you have severe pain, vomiting, bleeding, or signs of infection.

Smaller stones often pass on their own. How long it takes to pass a kidney stone varies from person to person and by the size and location of the stone. If a stone is too large to pass on its own or is causing other problems, you may need to have it removed with lithotripsy or kidney stone surgery. If left untreated, kidney stones could lead to kidney damage if they block the flow of urine.

Some doctors suggest taking painkillers and boosting daily water intake to help flush out the troublesome mass. If youre vomiting, youre probably dehydrated anyway, so additional fluid cant hurt. And staying well hydrated does reduce the risk of developing future kidney stones. A type of muscle relaxing medicine called an alpha blocker may also be prescribed to help speed up kidney stone passage and reduce pain.

Even if you think the stone has passed, always follow up with a doctor because symptoms can come and go.

What Is The Outlook For Kidney Infections

With treatment, the outlook for kidney infections is very positive. It is vital that you take all of any prescribed medications for the infection. You may begin feeling better shortly after beginning a treatment, but still need to take the entire prescribed treatment.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/22/2019.

References

  • National Kidney Foundation. Urinary Tract Infections Accessed 5/23/19.
  • National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases . Pyelonephritis: Kidney Infection Accessed 5/23/19.

Additional Symptoms From A Uti

Your kidneys are a pair of organs located in the middle of your back, just below your ribs. Their primary function is to filter waste from your blood into your bladder for elimination. Kidney infections are caused by pathogens like certain kinds of bacteria in one or both of these organs.

How do you know if you have a kidney infection? Symptoms tend to set in suddenly over just hours or days.

The most common symptoms of an infection include:

  • Pain in your lower back, side, or genital regions
  • A fever with a temperature possibly as high as 103?
  • Diarrhea

In most cases, the bacteria that cause your kidney infection originate in your digestive tract. E. coli from your bowels causes between 75% and 90% of all cases of kidney infection. Other pathogens that can cause kidney infections include Enterobacteriaceae other than E. coliand S. saprophyticus.

If youre experiencing many of the symptoms listed above and have had an untreated urinary tract infection for an extended period, then you most likely have a kidney infection. But keep in mind that not all people with a kidney infection have the added symptoms of a UTI.

These additional symptoms include:

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Ok So How Do I Make Sure I Never Get A Uti Or A Kidney Infection

As they say, prevention is the best cure! And there are many things you can do to ensure that youre reducing your risk for an infection, and preventing build up from occurring in the kidneys.

  • Practice good hygiene. Always wipe from front to back, keep your genital area clean, wash before and after sex. Basically, do your best to keep bacteria from even having a chance of getting into the urinary system in the first place.

  • Drink lots of water. If youre dehydrated, youre not only increasing your chance of a UTI, but youre also decreasing your urine output, meaning that more minerals have a chance to build up and settle in the urinary tract or kidneys.

  • Make sure to urinate whenever you feel you have to go. Dont hold it in. This concentrates the urine allowing bacteria to build up and spread.

  • Alter your diet if you find youre prone to kidney stones. Cut down on certain meats and shellfish and opting instead for more vegetables, fruits and whole grains. Avoid consuming too much sugar. Cut back on sodium, and eat more oxalate-rich foods .

And if you do start experiencing any of the symptoms above, be sure to see a doctor right away. UTIs, kidney infections, and kidney stones can usually be treated fairly easily, but its important to seek medical attention before any complications develop.

How Do Doctors Treat A Kidney Infection

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Doctors treat most kidney infections with antibiotics . Doctors will often first prescribe an antibiotic that fights the most common types of kidney infection because it is very important to treat a kidney infection right away. Then, they may change the type of antibiotic after they get the results of your blood or urine tests.

Doctors will prescribe an antibiotic medicine based on:

  • What type of bacteria is causing the infection
  • How severe the infection is
  • If you are you are pregnant
  • If you are older than 65
  • If you had problems from certain antibiotics in the past, such as allergic reactions

If you have a very serious infection, you may need to stay in the hospital to get antibiotics through an IV . You may also get medicine for pain.

If your kidney infection was caused by a problem with the shape of your urinary tract, you may need to have surgery to correct the problem and prevent future kidney infections.

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What You Need To Know About Passing Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are more common than you think. About 1 in 10 Americans experience them at some point throughout their life.1 If youve had them before, you understand how painful and debilitating they can be. If youve never had kidney stones, its important to understand what to expect. Not everyone will develop kidney stones and those that do might not experience any pain or discomfort. Regardless, you will need to pass them. To prepare yourself and get a better understanding of the underlying cause, weve put together this article on what you need to know about passing kidney stones.

Symptoms Of Kidney Infection

Kidney infection or pyelonephritis is a serious medical condition in which there is an infection of one or both the kidneys. If you have a kidney infection you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Pain is generally felt in the sides of the trunk or anywhere between the middle or upper back. The pain is mostly felt under the ribs and depending on the involvement of one or both the kidneys, the pain may be felt on one side or both sides of the body. Kidney pain may also be felt in areas, such as the belly or groin.
  • Fever that is generally high-grade and may be associated with chills
  • Kidney ultrasound or USG
  • Computed Tomography scan
  • Voiding cystourethrogram or VCUG
  • Dimercaptosuccinic acid or DMSA scintigraphy
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    Whos Most Likely To Get A Kidney Infection

    Women and children are most at risk of developing a kidney infection, as well as other urinary tract infections such as cystitis.

    In women, the urethra is closer to the anus than in men, making it easier for bacteria from the anus to enter the urethra accidentally. The female urethra is also much shorter than the male urethra . This makes it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder and move into the kidneys.

    Other factors can also put you more at risk of developing a kidney infection, including:

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    Feeling Faint Dizzy Or Weak

    9 Signs You May Have a Kidney Infection

    Why this happens:

    Anemia related to kidney failure means that your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can lead to feeling faint, dizzy, or weak.

    What patients said:

    I was always tired and dizzy.

    It got to the point, like, I used to be at work, and all of the sudden I’d start getting dizzy. So I was thinking maybe it was my blood pressure or else diabetes was going bad. That’s what was on my mind.

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    Who’s Most Likely To Get A Kidney Infection

    Women and children are most at risk of developing a kidney infection, as well as other urinary tract infections such as cystitis.

    In women, the urethra is closer to the anus than in men, making it easier for bacteria from the anus to enter the urethra accidentally. The female urethra is also much shorter than the male urethra . This makes it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder and move into the kidneys.

    Other factors can also put you more at risk of developing a kidney infection, including:

    How Do You Know When A Uti Becomes A Kidney Infection

    Kidney infections are also termed as pyelonephritis where the viral or bacterial infection can cause infection and is a type of urinary tract infection. The kidneys play an essential role in the human body. They are a part of the urinary tract where it removes waste in the form of urine from the body. The urinary system comprises of the urethra, urinary bladder, ureter, and kidneys. If any part of the urinary system gets infected then the bacteria or virus can travel to the ureters and result in a kidney infection.

    Consider watching this video to know more about 5 signs of kidney diseases.

    Kidney infections result in an excruciating, painful sensation that usually occurs due to urinary tract infections. Kidney infections are not so serious if treated on time with antibiotics, however, if they are not treated on time they can permanently damage the kidneys. Kidney infections come within a few hours. You feel like having fever, being fatigued, sick with back pain or pain over the sides. Along with the symptoms of kidney infection, patients usually suffer from symptoms of UTI i.e. cystitis where they have frequent urges to pee, burning or painful sensation during peeing, cloudy or smelly pee and urine might have blood. You can also suffer from loss of appetite, stomach pain, vomiting, and nausea.

    Until Next Time,

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    When To Seek Medical Advice

    Contact your GP if you have a high temperature, persistent pain, or if you notice a change to your usual pattern of urination. Contact your GP immediately if you think your child may have a kidney infection.

    If you have blood in your urine, you should always see your GP so the cause can be investigated.

    Kidney infections require prompt treatment with antibiotics to help relieve symptoms and prevent complications developing.

    Your GP can carry out some simple tests to help diagnose a kidney infection.

    See diagnosing kidney infections for more information

    Sudden And Severe Pain

    How do you know you have a kidney problem? What are the signs which are ...

    Adults are often diagnosed with kidney stones after a trip to the emergency room or visit to their primary physician because of sudden severe abdominal and/or back pain theyve been experiencing. This sudden and severe pain in the stomach and/or one side of the back is one of the classic symptoms of kidney stones.

    Pain associated with kidney stones often comes on suddenly and is sometimes described as excruciating as the pain associated with labour, says Douglas Propp, MD, Medical Director and Chair of Emergency Medicine at Advocate Lutheran General Hospital in Park Ridge, Illinois.

    Severe pain from which you can find no relief helps differentiate pain associated with kidney stones from a stomach ache or back strain. Pain associated with kidney stones can sometimes be confused with a backache because pain associated with kidney stones can start higher up in the back. As the stone moves closer to the bladder, the location of the pain can move lower. An important difference though: The back pain that accompanies kidney stones is unlike the pain of typical back strains because it is not associated with any movement.

    One can usually figure out which side the kidney stone is on because the pain will typically, although not always, be on one side of the stomach versus the other, says Dr. Coogan.

    The pain can come on at any time and is severe, typically preventing the individual from finding a comfortable position, says Dr. Propp.

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    How Is The Infection Spread

    It is difficult to spread a UTI between individuals, as the type of bacteria causing the infection is almost never contagious.

    The most common way that a UTI is contracted is through the movement of bacteria from the anus to the urethra, either when wiping after going to the toilet or during sexual intercourse. Taking care during each of these activities can help to prevent the transfer of bacteria, which may then have the opportunity to overgrow.

    Vigorous sexual intercourse may also lead to symptoms of UTI or cystitis in women , although there may be no bacteria present.

    Apple Cider Vinegar For Utis

    Apple cider vinegar is widely known and used for its amazing health benefits, and its a natural remedy for UTIs, too. Its acidifying nature is great at clearing UTIs, and it helps prevent bacteria from spreading, stopping the infection before it reaches the kidneys. Try Braggs organic raw apple cider vinegar. Its gluten-free and contains Mother of Vinegar, a healthy bacteria that occurs naturally as strand-like enzymes of connected protein molecules. Its also loaded with vitamins and prebiotics, which relieve and prevent UTIs.

    A version of this article first appeared in our print magazine.

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    Causes Of Utis Vs Causes Of Kidney Infection

    Your urinary tract is normally well equipped to prevent infections. The regular passage of urine helps to flush pathogens out of the urinary tract.

    When bacteria make their way into your urinary tract and begin to multiply, UTIs occur. This can lead to symptoms. These bacteria have often come from your gastrointestinal tract and spread from your anus into your urinary tract.

    Women are more likely to develop UTIs than men. This is because the female urethra is shorter than the male urethra and closer to the anus. Bacteria have a shorter distance to travel in order to establish an infection.

    Causes Of Kidney Infection

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    A kidney infection usually happens when bacteria, often a type called E. coli, get into the tube that carries urine out of your body .

    The bacteria travel up to your bladder, causing cystitis, and then up into your kidneys.

    E. coli bacteria normally live in your bowel, where they cause no harm.

    They can be transferred from your bottom to your genitals during sex or if you’re not careful when wiping your bottom after going to the loo.

    A kidney infection can sometimes develop without a bladder infection. For example, if you have a problem with your kidney, such as kidney stones, or if you have diabetes or a weakened immune system.

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    What Is The Urinary Tract

    The urinary tract consists of:

    • The kidneys: The majority of humans have two kidneys, one on either side of the abdomen. Kidneys clear poisonous substances from the blood.
    • The ureters: Urine passes from the kidneys to the bladder through tubes called ureters. Each kidney has one ureter connecting it to the bladder.
    • The bladder: This is a hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine.
    • The urethra: A tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. In males, the urethra travels down the middle of the penis to an opening at the end. In females, the urethra runs from the bladder to just above the vaginal opening. The urethra in females is shorter than in males.

    When To See A Doctor

    If you have signs of a kidney infection, you should see a doctor right away. Again, a kidney infection is seriousit can sometimes lead to a dangerous, life-threatening health condition called , the NIDDK says. Even if your infection doesnt progress to that, a kidney infection can become chronic, i.e., long-lasting, and can cause permanent damage to your kidneys, the NIDDK says. Kaufman recommends heading to your local urgent care facility or emergency room if you have signs of a kidney infection.

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    Kidney Infection Symptoms Warning Signs & Early Symptoms

    Infections of the urinary tract are probably the most common infections in women. This type of infection is divided into two subtypes: upper urinary tract infections and lower urinary tract infections. The latter is more common and includes infection to the urethra and urinary bladder, and the former is a bit less common and it is an infection of the kidneys. In the natural history of a kidney infection, it is commonly preceded by a lower urinary tract infection that colonized the bladder and worked its way upwards to the upper urinary tract. However, it is possible to have a bloodborne infection coming from any other infected area of the body.

    Since upper and lower urinary tract infections usually coexist in the same patient, most of them display symptoms for both. However, if we have an isolated infection of the kidneys without any associated infection of the urinary bladder, the symptoms are different from a usual urinary infection.

    In this article, we will give you a complete list of symptoms to help you detect an infection of the kidneys with and without an associated infection of your urinary bladder.

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