Limit Shellfish And Meat
Research has found that a toxin called domoic acid in shellfish and some fish that eat algae can harm kidneys in mice. People are not mice. But, the really troubling finding was that very tiny levels of the toxin could harm kidneys. Shellfish also have high levels of purines, which can be a problem if you have gout. So, it may be wise to cut back on shellfish if you eat it a lot.
Diet Tips For Kidney Problems
Note that the following diet tips are not for people who are on dialysis or had kidney transplantation. For those who went either of the treatments, following the special instructions as provided by the doctor is essential.
Foods To Avoid In Renal Diet
Kidney failure patients should avoid foods that are high in phosphorus or sodium. Some examples include biscuits, muffins, pancakes, waffles, oatmeal, cookies, pretzels, deli-style meat, processed cheese, canned fish, artichokes, spinach, potatoes, fresh beets, dates, oranges, frozen dinners, seasoned salts, soy sauce, and other condiments and sauces.
Here is a list of items you should avoid on a renal diet divided by food group category.
- 1 ounce of deli-style meat, such as roast beef, ham, or turkey
- 1 ounce of canned salmon or sardines
- Â¼ cup of cottage cheese
- Processed cheese, such as American cheese and cheese spreads
- Smoked or cured meat, such as corned beef, bacon, ham, hot dogs, and sausage
Don’t Miss: What Is Stage 3a Kidney Disease
Swiss Chard Spinach And Beet Greens
Most leafy green vegetables, including Swiss chard, spinach, and beet greens, are not recommended on a kidney diet due to their potassium content.
For example, 1 cup of cooked spinach contains around 839 milligrams of potassium, which is nearly half of the daily recommended amount for someone with stage 3 chronic kidney disease.
Opt for lower potassium green vegetables such as green beans, asparagus, lettuce, and celery to limit your daily potassium intake.
Risks And Side Effects
Remember that a number of factors influence the best type of kidney diet that someone can follow, including: the stage of their renal disease, type of treatmentthey are on, and presence of other medical conditions.
Even though a healthy diet that is similar to the DASH diet or Mediterranean diet has been slow the progression of kidney disease and other diseases like heart disease too, some patients will still need to follow a special diet that is more restrictive. To be safe, always speak with your doctor before changing your diet, especially if you have chronic kidney disease. The DASH diet and Mediterranean diet are not intended for people on dialysis, who should work with a dietician to make sure they are managing their nutrient intake carefully.
You May Like: Can You Die Suddenly From Kidney Failure
Renal Diet Protocol And Eating Plan
Here is an overview of the renal diet guidelines:
Here is an example of a renal diet menu:
- Breakfasts: whole grain pancakes topped with ¼ cup walnuts and 1 cup fruit, plus 8 ounces of milk or plain yogurt 2 eggs with cooked greens and 1 piece of toast or 1 cup homemade hash brown potatoes smoothie made with collagen protein, berries, spinach and yogurt/milk 8 ounces plain yogurt, ½ cup blueberries, 2 tablespoons sliced almonds, ¼ cup granola.
- Lunches: Salad with fish/chicken and dressed with olive oil and vinegar 4 ounces tuna or salmon salad served with sweet potato and veggies.
- Dinners: 4 ounces of fish or chicken salad with cooked veggies and 1/2 cup rice or quinoa stew/soup made with meat and veggies and a side salad.
- Snacks: fruit, yogurt, handful of nuts, protein smoothie or yogurt.
Foods To Avoid With Kidney Disease And Diabetes
Did you know that diabetes and kidney disease are often connected? In fact, 1 in 3 people in the U.S. living with diabetes is also diagnosed with kidney disease. Diabetes is considered one of the biggest factors for increasing your risk of developing kidney disease. Over time, high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys. As a result, kidneys can become damaged and not perform necessary bodily functions as efficiently. Your kidneys remove wastes and excess fluids from your body when they become damaged, these wastes can accumulate and eventually harm other organs in your body. This is also known as Diabetic Kidney Disease .
Like many conditions, early detection is important for slowing or stopping diabetic kidney disease. Typically, patients with diabetes who develop kidney disease do not feel its onset. The only way to determine if you have diabetic kidney disease is to be tested for it by your healthcare provider. Tests for diabetic kidney disease include blood tests, urine test and kidney biopsy.
If you are living with chronic kidney disease and diabetes, eating well-for both conditions may be a challenge, as each condition has recommended foods to limit. However, in general, you should avoid the following 7 foods to minimize the risk of any complications.
Don’t Miss: How To Cure Kidney Infection
Foods High In Protein
Eating more protein than what your body actually needs could strain your kidneys, as they need to work harder to eliminate protein waste.
- Chicken, fish, meat and eggs
- Beans, nuts and grains
- Avoid ground beef halibut shrimp salmon tuna chicken breast and roasted chicken, as all of these are high protein foods. Instead, you can opt for lower protein alternatives like beef stew, egg substitutes, tofu and imitation crab meat.
Tip: Eat smaller portions of a protein food. Select the right combination of plant and animal protein by consulting with your dietician about kidney friendly meal plans.
Choose And Prepare Foods With Less Sodium
Sodium is a mineral found in almost all foods. It has many important roles in the way your body works. The amount of sodium found naturally in foods is enough to keep a healthy level in your body. But eating packaged foods and adding salt to foods can lead to eating too much sodium.
Too much sodium can make you thirsty and make your body hold onto water, which can lead to swelling and raise your blood pressure. This can damage your kidneys more and make your heart work harder.
One of the best things you can do is to limit how much sodium you eat. A general rule is to have less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day. Here are some tips to limit sodium:
- Use herbs and spices for flavor while cooking. Do not add salt to your food when cooking or eating.
- Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned vegetables. If you use canned vegetables, drain and rinse them to remove extra salt.
- When eating out, ask your server to have the chef not add salt to your dish.
Work with your dietitian to find foods that are low in sodium.
Also Check: Is Medullary Sponge Kidney Painful
How Is A Kidney
When your kidneys are not working as well as they should, waste and fluid build up in your body. Over time, the waste and extra fluid can cause heart, bone and other health problems. A kidney-friendly meal plan limits how much of certain minerals and fluid you eat and drink. This can help keep the waste and fluid from building up and causing problems.
How strict your meal plan should be depends on your stage of kidney disease. In the early stages of kidney disease, you may have little or no limits on what you eat and drink. As your kidney disease gets worse, your doctor may recommend that you limit:
Read Also: Can You Have 4 Kidneys
Healthful Foods For Fighting Kidney Disease
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common risk factors for developing kidney disease. Obesity, your gender, smoking, genetics, and your age all add to your risk. Even if you are free from kidney disease at the moment, consider these 20 healthful foods for fighting kidney disease.
Recommended Reading: Does Lower Back Pain Mean Kidney Problems
Will I Get Enough Vitamins On A Kidney
Your doctor or dietitian can help you find vitamins that are right for you. To help you get the right amounts of vitamins and minerals, your dietitian may suggest you take:
- A special supplement made for people with kidney disease
- A special kind of vitamin D, folic acid or iron pill, to help prevent some common side effects of kidney disease, such as bone disease and anemia
Regular multi-vitamins may not be healthy for you if you have kidney disease. They may have too much of some vitamins and not enough of others.
Tell your doctor and dietitian about any vitamins, supplements or over-the-counter medicines you are taking. Some can cause more damage to your kidneys or cause other health problems.
Limit Fluids In Advanced Kidney Disease
Water is necessary for life. However, if you have advanced kidney disease you might need to limit the amount of fluids you take in each day. This is because kidneys that are damaged arent able to efficiently eliminate extra fluid as they normally would.
This causes an accumulation of excess fluid in your body, which can lead to high blood pressure, swelling , difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, and heart failure .
Like all nutrients on a renal diet, your level of water restriction will depend on the severity of kidney disease you have. People with stages 1 and 2 kidney disease often do not need to limit water intake, and might actually be encouraged to drink enough water each day to keep their kidneys hydrated and working well.
Fluids not only include the water and other beverages you drink throughout the day, but also foods that contain a lot of water. This includes soups, stews, broths, gelatin, pudding, ice cream, popsicles, sherbet, and some fruits and vegetables.
Recommended Reading: Is Drinking Too Much Water Bad For Your Kidneys
Foods With High Sodium
Sodium is a mineral that controls fluid balance and maintains proper blood pressure and volume. The main source of sodium in your diet is from table salt. While sodium is an essential mineral, consuming too much of it can lead to an excess of fluids to accumulate in your body, which is also known as edema. Its important to monitor your food labels when trying to decrease your sodium intake. Food products with more than 400 mg of sodium are considered to be high in sodium.
Instead of eating canned veggies, opt for fresh. Even though vegetables are a healthy option, the excess sodium found in canned vegetables is not. If you are going the canned route, make sure to drain and rinse the vegetables to remove unnecessary sodium.
What Is A Renal Diet
Unfortunately there is no permanent treatment/cure for kidney failure, only strategies to keep someone with kidney disease as stable and healthy as possible. One of these strategies is following a kidney disease diet that limits intake of certain nutrients, in order to cut down on the amount of waste in their blood. Thats because the kidneys are needed to properly balance ratios of water, salt and other minerals in the blood therefore, kidney dysfunction can lead to abnormal mineral levels.
What does a renal diet mean? A renal diet eating plan is one that restricts sodium, potassium and phosphorus intake, since people with kidney disease/kidney issues need to monitor how much of these nutrients they consume. These three micronutrients can accumulate in the blood and contribute to problems like high blood pressure , swelling and fluid retention, heart arrhythmias , bone disorders, and vascular calcifications.
Based on recent research findings, some experts worry that prescribing the traditional renal diet to patients encourages them to eat Western-type diets instead that are high in red meat, packaged products made with lots of preservatives and additives, and foods made with refined grains and sugars.
Read Also: Can Polycystic Kidney Disease Be Treated
Tasty Foods In Your Protection From Kidney Failure
With a nutritious diet plan and Ayurvedic medicine for kidney failure, one can treat and rejuvenate himself. We have so many natural foods, herbs, and spices, which are potent to protect us from diseases. Nature is rich as it has umpteen herbs whose coding is powerful to create a protective shield in or on the human body, which condition cannot crack.
A considerable amount of the population in the world has problems with kidney disease. Some are taking dialysis to prevent the deterioration of their condition. By contrast, some kidney patients are dealing with their illness with kidney treatment in Ayurveda, including the Satvik diet plan. On the same side, numerous people are doing nothing to ward off their adversity.
Do you know that a healthy diet plan and Ayurvedic medicine for kidney failure are enough to reverse your sound health?
Here we have shared five tasty foods that will help you in the prevention of kidney failure.
Limit Phosphorus And Calcium
You need these minerals to keep your bones healthy and strong. When your kidneys are healthy, they remove the phosphorus you donât need. But if you have CKD, your phosphorus levels can get too high. This puts you at risk for heart disease. Whatâs more, your calcium levels begin to drop. To make up for it, your body pulls it from your bones. This can make them weak and easier to break.
If you have late-stage CKD, your doctor may advise you to get no more than 1,000 milligrams of phosphorus mineral each day. You can do this by:
- Choosing foods with low levels of phosphorous
- Eating more fresh fruits and veggies
- Choosing corn and rice cereals
- Drinking light-colored sodas
- Cutting back on meat, poultry, and fish
- Limiting dairy foods
Foods that are high in calcium also tend to be high in phosphorus. The doctor might suggest you cut back on calcium-rich foods. Dairy foods that are lower in phosphorus include:
The doctor might also tell you to stop taking over-the-counter calcium supplements and suggest a phosphorus binder, a medicine that controls your phosphorus levels.
Recommended Reading: How Does A Kidney Transplant Work
Packaged Instant And Premade Meals
Processed foods can be a major component of sodium in the diet.
Among these foods, packaged, instant, and premade meals are usually the most heavily processed and thus contain the most sodium.
Examples include frozen pizza, microwaveable meals, and instant noodles.
Keeping sodium intake to 2,300 mg per day may be difficult if youre eating highly processed foods regularly.
Heavily processed foods not only contain a large amount of sodium but also commonly lack nutrients .
Packaged, instant, and premade meals are highly processed items that can contain very large amounts of sodium and lack nutrients. Its best to limit these foods on a renal diet.
Swiss chard, spinach, and beet greens are leafy green vegetables that contain high amounts of various nutrients and minerals, including potassium.
When served raw, the amount of potassium varies between 140290 mg per cup .
While leafy vegetables shrink to a smaller serving size when cooked, the potassium content remains the same.
For example, one-half cup of raw spinach will shrink to about 1 tablespoon when cooked. Thus, eating one-half cup of cooked spinach will contain a much higher amount of potassium than one-half cup of raw spinach.
Raw Swiss chard, spinach, and beet greens are preferable to cooked greens to avoid too much potassium.
However, moderate your intake of these foods, as theyre also high in oxalates. Among sensitive individuals, oxalates can increase the risk of kidney stones (
Eating Right For Chronic Kidney Disease
You may need to change what you eat to manage your chronic kidney disease . Work with a registered dietitian to develop a meal plan that includes foods that you enjoy eating while maintaining your kidney health.
The steps below will help you eat right as you manage your kidney disease. The first three steps are important for all people with kidney disease. The last two steps may become important as your kidney function goes down.
Also Check: How To Ease Kidney Stone Pain
Reduce Your Potassium Intake
This mineral helps your nerves and muscles work properly. But when you have CKD, your body canât filter out extra potassium. When you have too much of it in your blood, it can lead to serious heart problems.
Potassium is found in a lot of fruits and veggies, like bananas, potatoes, avocados, oranges, cooked broccoli, raw carrots, greens , tomatoes, and melons. These foods can affect potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor will let you know if you need to limit this mineral in your diet. If so, they may recommend you try low-potassium foods, like:
As your CKD gets worse, you may need to make other changes to your diet. This might involve cutting back on foods that are high in protein, especially animal protein. These include meats, seafood, and dairy products. You may also need extra iron. Talk to your doctor about which iron-rich foods you can eat when you have CKD.