How To Control High Blood Pressure
Simple changes can help control high blood pressure. You can make these healthy changes to fight hypertension-
1. Consume a healthy diet rich in fibre and potassium
2. Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes a day simple morning walk can also offer you multiple benefits
3. If you are overweight, try losing weight for a healthy BMI
4. Reduce your overall salt intake
5. Limit your alcohol and caffeine intake
Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.
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How Does High Blood Pressure Affect The Kidneys
High blood pressure can constrict and narrow the blood vessels, which eventually damages and weakens them throughout the body, including in the kidneys. The narrowing reduces blood flow.
If your kidneys blood vessels are damaged, they may no longer work properly. When this happens, the kidneys are not able to remove all wastes and extra fluid from your body. Extra fluid in the blood vessels can raise your blood pressure even more, creating a dangerous cycle, and cause more damage leading to kidney failure.
Your Best Protection Is Knowledge Management And Prevention
- Know your numbers The best way to know if you have high blood pressure is tohave your blood pressure checked.
- Understand the symptoms and risks Learn what factors could make you more likely to develop high blood pressure and put you at risk for serious medical problems.
- Make changes that matter Take steps to reduce your risk and manage your blood pressure. Make heart-healthy lifestyle changes, take any medication as prescribed and work in partnership with your doctor.
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Understanding The Link Between Hypertension And Kidney Disease
The kidneys play an essential role in the human body. They act as filters for the blood, removing toxins and regulating fluids to prevent excessive buildup. Healthy kidneys also keep the blood pressure at a healthy level. Blood pressure refers to the force of blood being pushed against blood vessels as it moves through the body. When the blood pressure is high, the force, or pressure, of the blood pushed against the blood vessels increases. High blood pressurealso called hypertensioncan constrict and narrow the blood vessels in the kidneys. When this happens, the kidneys may no longer be able to function properly. If the kidneys arent doing their job, the excess fluid will not be removed from the blood if the excess fluid is not removed from the blood, the blood pressure will continue to rise.
Theres a significant link between hypertension and kidney disease. Basically, high blood pressure damages the kidneys, and damaged kidneys lead to higher blood pressure resulting in a concerning cycle. In fact, hypertension is the second leading cause of kidney failure, second only to diabetes. That being said, its important to note that hypertension can be both a cause and a result of kidney disease.
What Causes High Blood Pressure
When you exceed the limit of salt 2,300 mg in a day, then your blood pressure levels are impacted and you are facing health problems. Also, researchers have found that sedentary people for too long with poor diet get obese with time, and carrying excess weight can cause severe health problems, where kidney-related problems are off the charts.
Other conditions that can promote hypertension , including-
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How Can High Blood Pressure Affect Your Kidneys
The human body is a good machine where your kidneys are one of the primary biological systems working round the clock without any gap. Your kidneys filter 200 liters of blood from chemical toxins and pollutants needed to be flushed out from the body in time. Your renal functions and circulatory system have got each others back for keeping you in good health.
Your kidneys filter excessive substances out from your body utilizing blood vessels for completing this process. When blood tubules are damaged, the nephrons inside the kidneys dont get sufficient nutrients and oxygen supply and stop functioning.
High blood pressure happens when a high volume of blood is flown through the blood pressure with speed, causing damage to the arteries around your kidneys.
What Can Hurt Our Liver
Many things can damage our liver, from something as simple as the medications and supplements we take to a variety of disease processes. These include the following:
- Tylenol :One-third of the cases of liver failure are due to Tylenol. Risk is greatly reduced if less than 2,000 mg per day.
- Anti-Inflammatories : .3 to 3 people out of every 100,000 people. Risk for liver toxicity with NSAIDs is low. Ibuprofen has the safest profile regarding liver damage.
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UPMC Central Pa. Portal provides patients across the central Pennsylvania region with secure access to their health information. It is the fastest way to send a message to your doctor, refill prescriptions, get test results, and schedule and manage appointments, including video visits.
Recognizing The Symptoms Of Ckd
CKD doesnt typically cause any symptoms until kidney function has declined substantially, which is why its important to detect the condition well before any symptoms develop.
Part of the reason we have so much difficulty in diagnosing chronic kidney disease early is that people dont usually get symptoms until their kidneys are at maybe 20 or 30 percent function, says Leisman. Before that, The patient feels perfectly fine and might not go to the doctor.
Initial symptoms of CKD after kidney function has declined substantially, but before kidney failure occurs can also be mild or nonspecific. Thats another reason you shouldnt wait until you experience symptoms to get screened for CKD, especially if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or other risk factors. As kidney function worsens, your symptoms may worsen or you may develop additional symptoms.
Talk to your doctor if you experience symptoms of CKD. If CKD is suspected, your doctor will ask about your medical history and conduct a physical exam. They may also perform tests, such as a blood test to measure the level of waste products in your blood or a urine test to check for protein, to help make a diagnosis.
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Blood Pressure And Kidney Disease
Hypertension is both an important cause and consequence of kidney disease. In some patients it can be difficult to determine which came first.
Healthy kidneys help to regulate blood pressure by controlling the amount of fluid in the circulation and by sending chemical messengers that control constriction of blood vessels.
But this process can be seriously affected if the kidneys are damaged. This can cause high blood pressure, which can, in turn, cause further kidney damage so creating a vicious cycle of hypertension and progressive kidney damage.
How To Prevent Or Slow Ckd
The best way to prevent CKD is to manage and treat conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, that can damage your kidneys. Lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy weight and not smoking, can also help. If you are at risk for CKD, talk to your doctor about how often you should get screened for the condition. Early detection and treatment are important in helping prevent CKD from progressing.
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Can Hypertension Cause Other Problems
When your blood pressure is too high for too long, it damages your blood vessels and LDL cholesterol begins to accumulate along tears in your artery walls. This increases the workload of your circulatory system while decreasing its efficiency.
As a result, high blood pressure puts you at greater risk for developing life-changing and potentially life-threating conditions.
Questions To Ask Your Doctor About Ckd
If you have high blood pressure or diabetes, its important to start or continue a dialogue with your doctor about your risk for CKD. Here are some questions you may want to ask, depending on your current kidney disease status.
1. Am I at risk for kidney damage if I have high blood pressure?
High blood pressure can damage blood vessels in your kidneys. If youve had uncontrolled high blood pressure for some time, theres a good chance youre at an elevated risk for CKD and may benefit from kidney function screening.
2. Am I at risk for kidney damage if I have diabetes?
Diabetes is the leading cause of CKD. Depending on how well controlled your blood sugar levels have been, you may have an increased risk of kidney damage if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Talk to your doctor about ways to keep your kidneys healthy and whether you should get tested for CKD.
3. Should I have my kidney function tested?
A common test for kidney function measures blood levels of creatinine a normal waste product from muscle breakdown and uses this number along with other data to calculate an estimated glomerular filtration rate . Other tests to screen for and evaluate kidney disease look at levels of protein and blood in urine.
4. Do I have CKD?
5. What is my kidney function number?
Knowing your kidney function level and the stage of your CKD can help you and your doctor evaluate whether your current treatment strategy is working as well as it could.
6. Do I have protein in my urine?
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What Medicines May Help Treat Renal Hypertension
If your healthcare provider suspects you might have renal hypertension, you most likely are already on medicines to help control your blood pressure. There are many different types of high blood pressure medications available. Everyone responds to medicine differently. Your healthcare provider will decide which type is best. Remember:
- Many times, more than one type of medicine may be needed.
- The amount and type of medicine may need to be changed from time to time.
- Take all medicines in the exact way your healthcare provider prescribed them.
The goal is to lower your blood pressure. In renal hypertension, two specific types of medications may work better to control your blood pressure:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.
- Angiotensin receptor blockers .
These medications are rarely prescribed at the same time. In certain cases of renal artery stenosis where both arteries are narrowed, these medications may cause a decrease in kidney function. It is important that your healthcare provider check a blood test for your kidney function one to two weeks after starting or adjusting these medications. In addition to an ACE inhibitor or an ARB, a diuretic, or water pill, may be prescribed to help your kidneys remove extra fluid from the blood. The water pills will make you urinate more often.
Is High Blood Pressure Related To Kidney Disease
Do you ever feel burnt out in your life? This can result from unrelenting stress that can be triggered by various environmental and biological stresses that can spike the blood pressure level of your body. Keeping in touch with your blood pressure level is very important because uncontrolled blood pressure levels can enhance all causes of your mortality by doubling your risk of having various health issues.
Blood is considered a life-giving fluid that flows freely around your body to transfer essential nutrients and oxygen to every cell, tissue, and organ of your body for various functions that are undeniably important to keep your body healthy and functioning.
Researchers have found that after diabetes, high blood pressure is the second leading cause of kidney dysfunctions. People with high blood pressure are at higher risk of developing kidney-related conditions at some point in their life.
If youre reading this, then please read it till the end because this article can save your life. This article holds some relevant information about hypertension, its symptoms, causes, and how badly it can affect your kidneys. We will also talk about the solutions thats why were here!
The solution lies somewhere in nature, for a hint- its Ayurveda. Know how kidney disease treatment in Ayurveda can lessen your threat of having kidney failure.
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Blood Pressure Fast Facts
- The top number in a blood pressure measurement is called the systolic pressure. This measures the force of blood against the walls of the arteries when the heart is pumping. The lower number is called the diastolic pressure. This measures the force of the blood when the heart is between beats. Both numbers are important and need to be controlled.
- In 2017, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association published new guidelines for hypertension management and defined high hypertension as a blood pressure at or above 130/80 mm Hg. Stage 2 hypertension is defined as a blood pressure at or above 140/90 mm Hg
- Nearly half of all adults in the US have high blood pressure
- Only about 1 out of every 4 people with high blood pressure have their condition under control
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure
Most people with high blood pressure have no symptoms. The only way to know whether a person’s blood pressure is high is to have a health professional measure it with a blood pressure cuff. The result is expressed as two numbers. The top number, called the systolic pressure, represents the pressure when the heart is beating. The bottom number, called the diastolic pressure, shows the pressure when the heart is resting between beats. A person’s blood pressure is considered normal if it stays at or below 120/80, which is commonly stated as “120 over 80.” People with a systolic blood pressure of 120 to 139 or a diastolic blood pressure of 80 to 89 are considered prehypertensive and should adopt lifestyle changes to lower their blood pressure and prevent heart and blood vessel diseases. A person whose systolic blood pressure is consistently 140 or higher or whose diastolic pressure is 90 or higher is considered to have high blood pressure and should talk with a doctor about the best ways to lower it.
Early kidney disease is a silent problem, like high blood pressure, and does not have any symptoms. People may have CKD but not know it because they do not feel sick. A person’s glomerular filtration rate is a measure of how well the kidneys are filtering wastes from the blood. GFR is estimated from a routine measurement of creatinine in the blood. The result is called the estimated GFR .
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How Common Are High Blood Pressure And Kidney Disease
Almost 1 in 2 U.S. adultsor about 108 million peoplehave high blood pressure.1
More than 1 in 7 U.S. adultsor about 37 million peoplemay have chronic kidney disease .2
Almost 1 in 2 U.S. adultsor about 108 million peoplehave high blood pressure.
What Causes Low Blood Pressure
There are a number of things that can cause your blood pressure to lower to dangerous levels. Those things include:
- Taking certain medications
- Shock or trauma
Shock or trauma is often the most common cause of lower blood pressure. Shock or trauma can be caused by experiencing a certain event, undergoing surgery, or certain health problems.
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High Blood Pressure Defined:
High Blood Pressure is also known as Hypertension . The first number represents your systolic pressure. Systolic BP measures the pressure of your blood pressure when your heart muscle beats . The second number represents your diastolic pressure. Diastolic BP measures the pressure of your blood vessels when your heart muscle is not contracting .
Normal BP: less than 120/80
Elevated BP: 120-129/less than 80
Stage 1 HTN: 130-139/80-89
Stage 2 HTN: greater or equal to 140/greater or equal to 190
Hypertensive Crisis: greater than 180/greater than 120
Current recommendations for taking medication: Stage 1: if a person has already had a heart attack, stroke, has diabetes or chronic kidney disease and sometimes high cholesterol.
Current recommendations for the Normal or Elevated BP are lifestyle changes. That means live your value and make different, healthier choices.
How High Blood Pressure Can Cause Kidney Damage
Your heart, the key organ of the circulatory system, constantly pumps blood through your blood vessels. Good blood flow is essential for normal kidney function. Even minor blood flow problems can affect function and increase your risk of serious kidney damage.
Although it takes a certain amount of force to push blood through the blood vessels, the pressure inside the vessels sometimes becomes too high. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels that lead to the kidneys, causing them to stiffen or narrow.
As a result, less blood reaches your kidneys, making it difficult for the organs to function properly. Tiny blood vessels inside the kidneys that filter blood may also be damaged.
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What Is Renal Hypertension
Renal hypertension is high blood pressure caused by the narrowing of your arteries that carry blood to your kidneys. It is also sometimes called renal artery stenosis. Because your kidneys are not getting enough blood, they react by making a hormone that makes your blood pressure rise.
This condition is a treatable form of high blood pressure when properly diagnosed.
Chronic Kidney Disease And Hypertension: A Destructive Combination
Leticia Buffet, PharmDAssistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy PracticeRegis University School of PharmacyDenver, Colorado
Charlotte Ricchetti, PharmD, BCPS, CDEAssistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy PracticeRegis University School of PharmacyDenver, Colorado
Chronic kidney disease is defined as persistentkidney damage accompanied by a reduction in the glomerular filtrationrate and the presence of albuminuria. The prevalence of CKD hassteadily increased over the past two decades, and was reported to affectover 13% of the U.S. population in 2004.1 In 2009, more than570,000 people in the United States were classified as having end-stagerenal disease , including nearly 400,000 dialysis patients andover 17,000 transplant recipients.2 A patient is determinedto have ESRD when he or she requires replacement therapy, includingdialysis or kidney transplantation. The rise in incidence of CKD isattributed to an aging populace and increases in hypertension ,diabetes, and obesity within the U.S. population. CKD is associated witha host of complications including electrolyte imbalances, mineral andbone disorders, anemia, dyslipidemia, and HTN. It is well known that CKDis a risk factor for cardiovascular disease , and that a reducedGFR and albuminuria are independently associated with an increase incardiovascular and all-cause mortality.3,4
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