Why Do Kidney Stones Form During Pregnancy
The kidneys are the filtering units of the body. They are two bean shaped organs present just below the rib cage, one on either side of the spinal column. Blood carrying impurities gets filtered after entering the kidneys this process results in urine formation. The urine drains from the kidney, passes through the ureters and into the urinary bladder. Urine is then voided out through another small tube called the urethra.
The urine is a mixture of waste chemicals and minerals. These chemicals sometimes form small crystals which then fuse together to form kidney stones.
Kidney stones are medically also called ‘Urolithiasis’ . It is a condition where stones are found in the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, ureters or the urinary bladder. They range from microscopic crystals to stones as large as 3-4 cm.
Women could be more prone to developing kidney stones during pregnancy for the following reasons:
a. Urinary calcium excretion increases during pregnancy. This is due to increased absorption of calcium from intestine, increased re-absorption of calcium from bone and due to the hormonal effects of the parathyroid hormone. Since more calcium reaches the kidneys, it has the possibility of precipitating and forming stones, especially if the woman does not drink enough water.
b. As kidney filtration increases in pregnancy, there is also increased excretion of uric acid, which could increase the chances of uric acid stones.
Blood and urine tests:
Minimize Urinary Tract Infections
Stone formers have a lot of pathways to UTI. No one paragraph, no one article can cover all the possible issues, but an outstanding cause is stone surgery.
So, stone prevention seems paramount. Stones you do not form are stones that do not require a surgical procedure.
Planning pregnancy: Do everything possible to prevent new stones everything.
If infected, ask your physicians to do their best to eradicate it promptly.
Infected stones are probably best removed before pregnancy, though I know of no trials to support this point.
Impact Of Renal Stones On Pregnancy
Presence of renal stones in pregnant women has been associated with a significant increase in the risk of recurrent miscarriage, mild pre-eclampsia, chronic hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus, and caesarean deliveries.26,27 It has also been associated with premature rupture of membranes in one study.23 Preterm delivery rates ranging between 2.5 and 40% have been reported.17,18,20,23,27 However, these findings are not seen consistently among different studies. Although an association with low birthweight has been reported in one study,27 most studies do not report increased risks for the baby, including risk of congenital malformations, low birthweight, low Apgar scores, and perinatal death.23,26,28 As data are conflicting among the different studies, the true risks of renal stones on pregnancy outcomes are difficult to ascertain.
Read Also: Does Drinking Pop Cause Kidney Stones
Signs Of Acute Pyelonephritis
Acute pyelonephritis is a painful bacterial infection of the kidneys which occurs when bacteria enter the urethra, move into the bladder, travel up the ureters and affect the kidneys. It is usually caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli, but can sometimes be caused by other bacteria.
Acute pyelonephritis is a common kidney problem in females, especially those between the ages of 15 and 29. The condition is rare among males, although it is more common in men over the age of 65 or men with anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract. It can, however, affect people of any age. Although it is quite uncomfortable, acute pyelonephritis is seldom a cause of long term kidney problems. Some underlying conditions can increase the risk of developing acute pyelonephritis. These include:
- Urinating painfully or with difficulty
- Producing no urine
- Low blood pressure, which can manifest as dizziness and/or faintness
In men and women older than 65, the above-mentioned symptoms may be absent, and additional symptoms may include:
- Jumbled speech
Good to know: In babies and toddlers, the only sign of acute pyelonephritis may be a high fever.
What Are The Treatments For Kidney Stones In Pregnancy
Similar to diagnostic techniques, the treatments for pregnancy kidney stones vary from the treatments for non-pregnant women. These include:
- Nephrostomy tube: In this procedure, a tube called the nephrostomy tube is inserted into the kidney to drain and collect the urine into a bag placed outside the body. This is carried out when the patient is under general anesthesia .
- Ureteroscopy: A telescopic device called a ureteroscope is inserted through the urethra into the kidney where the stones are located. If the stones are larger in size, they are broken down with a laser and removed. For relatively smaller stones, they are removed as a whole. Following this process, a ureteral stent or tube is inserted into the ureter to ensure the kidney is draining urine normally .
Also Check: Does Carbonation Cause Kidney Stones
Can A Woman Who Is On Dialysis Have A Baby
Some changes in your body make it hard to become pregnant. For example, most women on dialysis have anemia and hormone changes. This may keep them from having regular menstrual periods.
Women with kidney failure are usually advised against becoming pregnant. The rate of complications is very high. Risks to both the mother and developing baby are high. If you are thinking of becoming pregnant, talk to your healthcare provider. If you become pregnant, you will need close medical supervision, changes in medicine, and more dialysis to have a healthy baby.
Pregnancy Raises The Risk For Kidney Stones
FRIDAY, April 16, 2021 — Kidney stones can happen to anyone, but now a new study confirms that being pregnant may increase your risk of developing them.
Previous research has suggested that a number of pregnancy-related changes in the body can contribute to kidney stone formation, but this study is the first to provide evidence of that link, according to the researchers.
For the study, the Mayo Clinic team reviewed the medical records of nearly 3,000 women from 1984 to 2012, including 945 who had a first-time symptomatic kidney stone and a control group of 1,890 age-matched women.
The researchers concluded that pregnancy increases the risk of a first-time symptomatic kidney stone, and that the risk is highest close to delivery and then declines by one year after delivery.
However, a slight risk persists beyond one year after delivery, according to the study published April 15 in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.
Symptomatic kidney stones are the most common non-obstetric reason for hospital admission among pregnant women, the study authors noted. They occur in one of every 250 to 1,500 pregnancies, most often during the second and third trimesters.
“We suspected the risk of a kidney stone event would be high during pregnancy, but we were surprised that the risk remained high for up to a year after delivery,” said nephrologist and senior study author Dr. Andrew Rule.
Recommended Reading: How Much Money Is A Kidney Worth
Kidney Stones During Pregnancy Causes Signs Treatment & Remedies
Kidney stones are a painful condition for a relatively normal person. It is one of the most common causes of abdominal pain. The incidence of kidney stones is 5-15% of the world population. About 50% of cases show recurrence. The trouble becomes two fold for a pregnant woman having kidney stones.
Although kidney stone formation during pregnancy is a rare occurrence, kidney stones may pose a potential risk to the health of the pregnant woman and her child. The chances of having trouble during delivery also cannot be ignored. About 1 in 1500 pregnant women are known to have kidney stones.
Pregnancy and delivery are crucial for any woman. Any risk to health during this phase can bring out adverse outcomes.
Shoulder Tip Or Neck Pain
Shoulder tip pain can be a distinguishing factor in diagnosing ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage, as opposed to appendicitis. However, all three conditions require immediate medical attention.
Pain the neck and/or shoulder tip is often the distinguishing symptom indicating that the ectopic pregnancy has ruptured or miscarried. It is because of internal bleeding that irritates the diaphragm. This type of pain is quite unlike that caused by bad posture. The pain may begin suddenly and may often be accompanied by a general sense of discomfort, abdominal pain, or vaginal bleeding.
You May Like: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Bad For Your Kidneys
Also Check: Is Ginger Good For Your Kidneys
Ayurvedic Management Of Kidney Stones In Pregnant Women
Over more than five thousand years, Ayurveda has been helping people worldwide fight off diseases once considered incurable. Modern-day Ayurvedic experts are thorough with the concepts of modern science and ancient knowledge of Ayurveda. While using a perfect combination of both of these areas, modern-day Ayurveda can give you relief from Permanent Stones even if you are pregnant.
Ayurvedic Medicines for Kidney Stones wonât just give you permanent relief from the problem of Kidney Stones during Pregnancy but would also offer you a strong immunity. Hence, it is better and wise to prefer Ayurvedic treatment for the prevention of Kidney Stones during Pregnancy.
- Delhi, INDIA
What Causes Kidney Stones In Pregnancy
Following are the causes of kidney stones in pregnancy:
- Increase in the uric acid level
- Frequent renal system infections
Choose a wise treatment during pregnancy to prevent miscarriage. Listed below is the part of Ayurvedic treatment for kidney stones during pregnancy:
- Drink at least, 8 ounces water per day.
- Consume fruits like peaches, blueberry & red grapes.
- Avoid to consume pre-packed beverages and foods.
- Drink fresh juices and beverages.
- Drink lemonade & include lemon juice fresh to your salads.
- Apple cider vinegar which is a strong source of acetic acid that to dissolve your kidney stones.
- Basil juice one of the best which helps to break down all kidney stones, because it contains acetic acid.
You May Like: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For The Kidneys
Kidney Stones In Pregnancy
Kidney stones in pregnancy are a challenge both from the point of diagnosis and treatment. They are most common during the first three months of pregnancy with almost 80 to 90% presenting during this period. During this time radiation to the fetus is a hazard and hence doing an X-ray or a CT scan for diagnosis is difficult.
Most of these stones are relatively small and over two-thirds will pass out spontaneously in the urine. Those that do not pass easily, can cause obstruction and pain and can induce premature labor leading to abortion. Giving anesthesia to treat such stones by endoscopic procedures too has similar hazards.
The colicky pain of kidney stones can mimic the pain of appendicitis, placental detachment or diverticulitis hence diagnosis becomes difficult clinically without any investigations. Not diagnosing the condition in time, can lead to complications like obstruction and infection of the kidney and this can create an emergency situation. All this means that immediate care is important when a stone is suspected.(1Trusted Source
When Should Specialists Be Involved
Optimal management of pregnant women with chronic kidney disease often involves the combined expertise of specialists in obstetrics, nephrology, urology, fetal medicine, and neonatology. Impressive improvements in perinatal outcome over recent decades have been driven by advances in all of these specialties.2,3,4w1 Sonographic assessment of uterine artery blood flow at 20-24 weeks gestation can refine the risk of later pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction.w32 Difficult decisions about the timing of delivery and managing renal function in women with kidney transplants and systemic disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus and other vasculitidies require expert management.6 Urological expertise is necessary for the management of obstructive disorders involving renal stones, congenital pelvo-ureteric abnormalities, or rare gestational obstructive disorders.6 Maternal renal conditions with a genetic basis sometimes require specialist fetal medicine or genetic advice. The most common inherited renal condition, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, is passed on to 50% of offspring.
Recommended Reading: Osteocleanse
How Is Pyelonephritis Diagnosed
A urine test can help your doctor determine whether your symptoms are the result of a kidney infection. The presence of white blood cells and bacteria in urine, which can be viewed under a microscope, are both signs of infection. Your doctor can make a definitive diagnosis by taking bacterial cultures of your urine.
Can Having An Ectopic Pregnancy Affect Future Fertility
In terms of future fertility, those who experience an ectopic pregnancy shouldnt be too concerned, even if you have a fallopian tube removed. As long as both of the ovaries are still there, and the other tube is healthy, then a woman should still be able to get pregnant with just one fallopian tube.
Recommended Reading: Is Vinegar Good For Kidneys
Also Check: Pomegranate Juice Good For Kidney Stones
What Tests Are Performed
A number of tests can help find duplicated ureters:
- Ultrasound of your kidneys and bladder can show if there is a duplicate system.
- Computed tomography : Multiple scans are assembled into a three-dimensional image of a body structure.
- Magnetic resonance imaging : An injected liquid dye is traced to show how your kidneys and urinary system function.
Pregnancy And Kidney Disease
A new baby is a joy for any family. But pregnancy can put a lot of stress on your body. If you have kidney disease or kidney failure, it can put you and the health of your unborn child at risk.
Are you thinking about pregnancy? If so, you should discuss it beforehand with your doctor or other healthcare provider. They know you, and they can help you make a decision that is based on your own personal health. There are many things to consider. You and your doctor should discuss them all very carefully. Some things that can affect a healthy pregnancy include:
- Your stage of kidney disease
- Your general health
- Having high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease
- Having other serious health conditions
- Protein in your urine
Here are a few brief answers to some common questions about kidney disease and pregnancy.
Don’t Miss: Matcha Kidney Stones
Diagnosedwith Kidney Complications During Pregnancy
Aside from renal disease, other healthconditions can cause kidney trouble during pregnancy:
- Infections: Asymptomatic bacteriuria is a urinary tract infection without symptoms. Leftuntreated, it can evolve into a kidney infection . Kidneyinfections usually require hospitalization and IV antibiotic therapy.Complications are more severe in pregnant women and can include respiratoryissues for mom and preterm delivery.
- Kidney stones: Pregnancy does not increase the risk of kidney stones. However, the dilationof the ureter that comes during pregnancy might make it easier for you to passstones during pregnancy. Treatment usually consists of hydration andover-the-counter pain medicine.
- Preeclampsia:Pregnancy-relatedhigh blood pressure is associated with reduced kidney function andcan lead to preterm birth. High amounts of protein in the urine can be awarning sign of preeclampsia, so we check for it often. Thats why we ask for somany urine samples at prenatal appointments toward the end of your pregnancy.
Patients who hemorrhage or have placentalabruption might develop acute kidney injury , or sudden kidney failure.Fortunately, management of these conditions has improved, and AKI is notcommon.
Pregnancy And Urinary Tract Infections
During pregnancy, there are normal changes in the function and anatomy of the urinary tract. These include kidney enlargement, and compression of the ureters and bladder by the growing uterus. During pregnancy, the bladder does not empty as well. The urine is not as acidic and it contains more sugars, protein, and hormones. All of these factors can contribute to an increased susceptibility to UTI.
Types of UTI in pregnancy include the following:
Asymptomatic bacteriuria. A silent infection often caused by bacteria present in the woman’s system before pregnancy. This type of infection occurs in about 5 to 10 percent of pregnant women. Asymptomatic bacteriuria may lead to acute bladder infection or kidney infection if left untreated.
Acute urethritis or cystitis. A urethral or bladder infection that causes symptoms including pain or burning with urination, frequent urination, feeling of needing to urinate, and fever.
Pyelonephritis. A kidney infection. Symptoms of pyelonephritis may include those of acute cystitis plus flank pain. Pyelonephritis may lead to preterm labor, severe infection, and adult respiratory distress syndrome.
The most common organism that causes UTI is Escherichia coli , a normal organism of the vagina and rectal area. Other organisms may also cause UTI, including group B streptococcus, and sexually transmitted gonorrhea and chlamydia.
Don’t Miss: Is Wine Good For Kidney Stones
The Facts About Ectopic Pregnancies
Roughly one in 50 pregnancies are ectopicgrowing outside of the uterusand unviable. Heres what experts want you to know.
5 min read
In a typical pregnancy, an egg travels from the ovary, through the fallopian tubewhere its fertilizedand down into the uterus, where it attaches into the uterus lining and begins its monthslong process of growing into a fully formed baby before finally going through the birthing process. But, as many expectant parents come to know, all too often pregnancies dont progress typically. Instead, they can end with results like miscarriage and ectopic pregnancies. But while miscarriages may garner the majority of public attention and conversation, ectopic pregnancies are not uncommon. In fact, they happen in roughly 1 out of every 50 pregnancies in the U.S.so its possible that either you or someone you know has had one.
Whats more, this pregnancy complication is a potentially serious one, and, left undiagnosed or without prompt treatment, can result in major internal bleeding which can sometimes be life-threatening. As an OB/GYN, Ive treated this and many other pregnancy complications. Heres what you need to know about ectopic pregnancies:
Read Also: Can Apple Cider Vinegar Hurt Your Kidneys