What Does The Heart Do
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood filled with oxygen to all parts of your body. This job keeps every cell, organ, and system alive within your body. To move blood to each part of your body, your heart relies on your blood vessels. Together, the heart, blood and blood vessels make up a system called the cardiovascular system.; Think of it as a delivery system. The delivery system moves blood from the heart carrying oxygen and nutrients throughout your body and also picks up waste products so that your body can get rid of them.
Common Diseases Affecting Excretory System Organs
1. Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are believed to form from crystals that have separated from urine, forming hard masses in the urinary tract, though the exact cause is unknown.; Symptoms for kidney stones include extreme pain, cramping in the lower abdominals and back, nausea, and vomiting. Most kidney stones can be passed by increasing your intake of water to flush them out, although surgery may be needed in some cases.
Urethritis is a viral or bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the urethra. Symptoms for urethritis vary between the sexes.
- Symptoms for men include pain or swelling of the penis, blood in urine or semen, frequent urination and pain during ejaculation.
- Symptoms for females include pain during urination, abdominal pain, fever, chills, frequent urination, vaginal discharge and pelvis pain. Urethritis is usually treated with anti-viral medication, or antibiotics. Painkillers are often used to help sufferers combat the symptoms.
Pyelonephritis is a type of urinary tract infection that travels from the urethra or bladder and to the kidneys. This infection occurs when bacteria enter the body through the urinary tract. Symptoms include frequent urination, burning during urination, blood in the urine, pain in the groin and abdominal pain. Pyelonephritis is usually treated with oral anti-biotics, although the anti-biotics are sometimes administered intravenously in cases of severe infections.
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Hormonecontrol Of Water And Salt
Water reabsorption is controlled by the in . ADH is released from the in the brain. Dropping levels offluid in the blood signal the hypothalamusto cause the pituitary to release ADH into the blood. ADH acts toincrease water absorption in the kidneys. This puts more water backin the blood, increasing the concentration of the urine. When toomuch fluid is present in the blood, sensors in the heart signal thehypothalamus to cause a reduction of the amounts of ADH in the blood.This increases the amount of water absorbed by the kidneys, producinglarge quantities of a more dilute urine.
Aldosterone,a hormone secreted by the kidneys, regulates the transfer of sodiumfrom the nephron to the blood. When sodium levels in the blood fall,aldosterone is released into the blood, causing more sodium to passfrom the nephron to the blood. This causes water to flow into theblood by osmosis. Reninis released into the blood to control aldosterone.
Lesson Background And Concepts For Teachers
The human body has many methods for cleansing itself. Carbon dioxide is released from the body by exhaling, salt is released through sweat, and food waste as feces. The body also cleanses itself by releasing excess minerals, toxins, and unused water through the urinary system in the form of urine.
The kidney is the main organ in the urinary system. Most people have two kidneys, which are located near the lower back, and protected by the lower ribs. They are bean-shaped, and about the size of a fist. The other parts of the urinary system are the ureters, urethra, bladder, adrenal glands, renal veins and renal arteries. The kidneys play a key role in this system, acting as filters for the blood. The basic cleaning unit within the kidney is called the nephron, which is made up of capsules, tubules, and blood vessels. Each kidney has about one million nephrons!
The renal arteries bring the blood into the kidney to be cleaned . The blood is pumped through little bunches of blood vessels, or capillaries, called glomeruli. These little bunches of glomeruli are located inside nodules called Bowman’s capsules. There is a small amount of space between the glomeruli and the walls of the capsules. Excess salts, minerals, and toxins pass through the walls of the capillaries in the glomerulus, then through the porous walls of the capsule and into the proximal tubule. All of this occurs inside the cortex, the outer portion of the kidney.
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Organ Systems Working Together
Organ systems often work together to do complicated tasks. For example, after a large meal is eaten, several organ systems work together to help the digestive system obtain more blood to perform its functions. The digestive system enlists the aid of the cardiovascular system and the nervous system. Blood vessels of the digestive system widen to transport more blood. Nerve impulses are sent to the brain, notifying it of the increased digestive activity. The digestive system even directly stimulates the heart through nerve impulses and chemicals released into the bloodstream. The heart responds by pumping more blood. The brain responds by perceiving less hunger, more fullness, and less interest in vigorous physical activity, which preserves more blood to be used by the digestive system instead of by skeletal muscles.
Communication between organs and organ systems is vital. Communication allows the body to adjust the function of each organ according to the needs of the whole body. In the example above, the heart needs to know when the digestive organs need more blood so that it can pump more. When the heart knows that the body is resting, it can pump less. The kidneys must know when the body has too much fluid, so that they can produce more urine, and when the body is dehydrated, so that they can conserve water.
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How Do The Kidneys And Urinary Tract Work
Blood travels to each kidney through the renal artery. The artery enters the kidney at the hilus , the indentation in middle of the kidney that gives it its bean shape. The artery then branches so blood can get to the nephrons 1 million tiny filtering units in each kidney that remove the harmful substances from the blood.
Each of the nephrons contain a filter called the glomerulus . The fluid that is filtered out from the blood then travels down a tiny tube-like structure called a tubule . The tubule adjusts the level of salts, water, and wastes that will leave the body in the urine. Filtered blood leaves the kidney through the renal vein and flows back to the heart.
Pee leaves the kidneys and travels through the ureters to the bladder. The bladder expands as it fills. When the bladder is full, nerve endings in its wall send messages to the brain. When a person needs to pee, the bladder walls tighten and a ring-like muscle that guards the exit from the bladder to the urethra, called the sphincter , relaxes. This lets pee go into the urethra and out of the body.
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What Organ System Does The Heart Belong To
4.6/5circulatory systemmore on it
The liver is the largest solid organ and the largest gland in the human body. It carries out over 500 essential tasks. Classed as part of the digestive system, the roles of the liver include detoxification, protein synthesis, and the production of chemicals that help digest food.
Additionally, is the heart a muscle or organ? Your heart is actually a muscular organ. An organ is a group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function. In the case of your heart, this function is pumping blood throughout your body. Additionally, the heart is largely made up of a type of muscle tissue called cardiac muscle.
Beside above, what organ system does adrenal gland belong to?
Theyâre located on top of each of your kidneys. Theyâre part of your endocrine system, a collection of glands that produce hormones. While theyâre small in size, your adrenal glands are responsible for numerous hormone-related functions in your body.
Is the Rectum an organ?
Major Organ Systems
The Female Urethra Is Shorter Than The Male Urethra
Urine produced in the kidneys passes through the ureters, collects in the bladder, and is then excreted through the urethra. In females, the urethra is narrow and about 4 cm long, significantly shorter than in males. It extends from the bladder neck to the external urethral orifice in the vestibule of the vagina.
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Primary Excretory System Organs
Kidneys are bean-shaped organs of a reddish brown color that are found in the sides of the vertebral column. Once the body has extracted what it needs from food and drink, it sends the wastes to the kidneys. The kidneys filter the wastes, including urea, salt and excess water, which are flushed out of the body as urine.
The skin performs its excretory function via the sweat glands. These glands produce sweat that contains salt, excess oils, water, and other unnecessary substances which are then excreted out of the body through small pores. Sweating also helps to cool the body during evaporation.
The lungs are very important excretory organs as they expel carbon dioxide from the body via exhalation. The lungs use cells known as alveoli to remove the carbon dioxide from our blood. Otherwise, the carbon dioxide would accumulate and have a detrimental effect to our body.
What System Does Liver Belong To
Answer and Explanation: The kidneys belong to the excretory system, also known as the urinary system or the renal system. This system primarily involves the kidneys, ureters,
One may also ask, how does the liver work in the digestive system? The liver has multiple functions, but its main function within the digestive system is to process the nutrients absorbed from the small intestine. Bile from the liver secreted into the small intestine also plays an important role in digesting fat. The liver also detoxifies potentially harmful chemicals.
Also to know, what organs does the liver work with?
The gallbladder sits under the liver, along with parts of the pancreas and intestines. The liver and these organs work together to digest, absorb, and process food. The liver’s main job is to filter the blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing it to the rest of the body.
Is the liver part of the renal system?
Organs of excretion make up the excretory system. They include the kidneys, large intestine, liver, skin, and lungs. They are part of the urinary system, which also includes the ureters, bladder, and urethra. Each kidney has more than a million nephrons, which are the structural and functional units of the kidney.
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What Organ System Does The Liver Belong Too
The liver belongs to the digestive or the gastrointestinal system. The digestive system includes the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. The liver is part of the associated organs of the digestive system, along with the pancreas, and gallbladder. These associated organs are responsible for the production of digestive enzymes, removal of toxins, and storing substances necessary for digestion.
How Can I Keep My Urinary System Healthy
You cant prevent most urinary tract problems. But you can try to keep your urinary system healthy with proper hygiene and a healthy lifestyle. To help your urinary system work the way it should, you can:
- Drink plenty of water: Staying hydrated will flush out your system and can help you prevent kidney stones and UTIs. You can try drinking cranberry juice to ward off a UTI. Compounds in cranberries may stop bacteria from growing.
- Eat a healthy diet: Low sodium, high-calcium foods may prevent kidney stones.
- Wipe the right way: Women should always wipe front to back after using the toilet. Proper wiping reduces the risk of bacteria getting into the vagina and causing a UTI.
- Empty your bladder after sex: If youre a woman, you should use the bathroom after having sex. Peeing promptly can clear out bacteria and reduce your risk of a UTI.
- Practice safe sex: Protect yourself from an STI with a condom. But be careful with spermicides because they can cause bacteria to flourish.
- Do pelvic floor exercises: Also called Kegel exercises, these can reduce your risk of urinary incontinence by strengthening the muscles in your pelvic floor.
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Kidney And Urinary System Parts And Their Functions
Two kidneys.;This pair of purplish-brown organs;is located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. Their function is to:
Remove waste products and drugs from the body
Balance the body’s fluids
Release hormones to regulate blood pressure
Control production of red blood cells
The kidneys remove urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron consists of a ball formed of small blood capillaries, called a glomerulus, and a small tube called a renal tubule. Urea, together with water and other waste substances, forms the urine as it passes through the nephrons and down the renal tubules of the kidney.
Two sphincter muscles.;These circular muscles;help keep urine from leaking by closing tightly like a rubber band around the opening of the bladder.
Nerves in the bladder.;The nerves alert a person when it is time to urinate, or empty the bladder.
Urethra.;This tube allows urine to pass outside the body. The brain signals the bladder muscles to tighten, which squeezes urine out of the bladder. At the same time, the brain signals the sphincter muscles to relax to let urine exit the bladder through the urethra. When all the signals occur in the correct order, normal urination occurs.
Functions Of The Gastrointestinal And Urinary Systems
The Alimentary Canal is a continuous tube from mouth to anus, sometimes known as the DIGESTIVE TRACT. There are three main sections:
- The mouth cavity, pharynx, oesophagus and stomach
- The Small Intestine
- The Large Intestine
Food is taken in at the mouth, chewed and swallowed. It travels whilst being digested through the pharynx and then down the oesophagus into the stomach. where further digestion occurs. It thentravels into the small intestine where it is digested and absorbed, and finally into the large intestine where water is absorbed and waste is excreted through the anus.
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How Are Problems In The Urinary System Detected
Urinalysis is a test that studies the content of urine for abnormal substances such as protein or signs of infection. This test involves urinating into a special container and leaving the sample to be studied. Urodynamic tests evaluate the storage of urine in the bladder and the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra. Your doctor may want to do a urodynamic test if you are having symptoms that suggest problems with the muscles or nerves of your lower urinary system and pelvisureters, bladder, urethra, and sphincter muscles. Urodynamic tests measure the contraction of the bladder muscle as it fills and empties. The test is done by inserting a small tube called a catheter through your urethra into your bladder to fill it either with water or a gas. Another small tube is inserted into your rectum or vagina to measure the pressure put on your bladder when you strain or cough. Other bladder tests use x-ray dye instead of water so that x-ray pictures can be taken when the bladder fills and empties to detect any abnormalities in the shape and function of the bladder. These tests take about an hour.
What Are The Parts Of The Urinary Tract
People usually have two kidneys, but can live a normal, healthy life with just one. The kidneys are under the ribcage in the back, one on each side. Each adult kidney is about the size of a fist.
Each kidney has an outer layer called the cortex, which contains filtering units. The center part of the kidney, the medulla , has fan-shaped structures called pyramids. These drain urine into cup-shaped tubes called calyxes .
From the calyxes, pee travels out of the kidneys through the ureters to be stored in the bladder . When a person urinates, the pee exits the bladder and goes out of the body through the urethra , another tube-like structure. The male urethra ends at the tip of the penis; the female urethra ends just above the vaginal opening.
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What Organ System Does The Bladder Belong To
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What System Is The Kidney Part Of
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|Urinary||Kidneys Ureters Bladder Urethra|
Likewise, how does the kidney work with other systems? The excretory system is a close partner with both the circulatory and endocrine system. The circulatory system connection is obvious. Blood that circulates through the body passes through one of the two kidneys. Urea, uric acid, and water are removed from the blood and most of the water is put back into the system.
Also to know is, is the kidney part of the digestive system?
Wikijunior:Human Body/Digestive System/Kidneys. Kidneys are pairs of organs located in the back of the abdominal cavity. Each kidney is important to keep your body balanced and well suited.
What organs are part of two systems?
Answer and Explanation:
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