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What Side Of The Body Is The Kidney On

Where Are Your Kidneys

10 Signs Your Kidneys Are Crying for Help

Your kidneys are located below your ribs, which is why a problem with these organs can often be felt in your upper back or flank, or side area.

The kidneys perform several important functions for your body, including:

  • Removing waste products, excess fluid, and drugs
  • Regulating salt, potassium, and acid content
  • Producing hormones that control red blood cell production, blood pressure, and more
  • Providing vitamin D for bone health

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When Should I See My Doctor About Kidney Pain

You should see your doctor immediately if you are experiencing the following symptoms:

If you suddenly experience severe kidney pain, with or without blood in your urine, you should seek emergency medical care. Sudden, severe pain can often be a sign of a blood clot or hemorrhage, and you should be evaluated immediately.

Dr. Rondon says if you notice symptoms like a change in your urines color, a fever, or if your pain doesnt improve, seek a doctor. For emergency situations, you should go to the emergency department. For other situations, contact your primary care physician for a referral to a nephrologist or urologist.

For more information on kidney pain, talk to your doctor or visit the UPMC kidney disease webpage. Do you have flank pain? Check out our article on the 3 Common Causes of Flank Pain to learn more.

American Kidney Fund, Kidney Pain

Anton J. Bueschen, Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations, 3rd Edition, Flank Pain

National Kidney Foundation, 3 Early Signs of Kidney Disease

National Kidney Foundation, How Your Kidneys Work

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Blockage Of Blood To The Kidney

A blockage of blood to the kidney is called a renal infarction or a renal vein thrombosis. This happens when the blood supply to and from the kidney is suddenly slowed or stopped. There are several causes, including a blood clot.

Blood flow blockages to the kidney typically happens on one side. Symptoms include:

  • severe side or flank pain
  • lower back pain or ache
  • stomach tenderness
  • blood in the urine

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When To See A Doctor For Kidney Pain

Kidney pain that you feel in your middle back or that radiates to your abdomen or groin is usually an indicator of a serious health condition.

According to Dr. Charles Patrick Davis, you should visit your doctor promptly if you suspect kidney pain. Some of the warning signs of kidney disease or problems are:

  • Sharp flank pain that comes on suddenly
  • A dull, constant one-sided pain in your back or side
  • Blood in your urine

How Do You Know If You Have Kidney Pain

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Kidney pain, or renal pain, is usually felt in your back . It can spread to other areas, like the sides, upper abdomen or groin. If you have a kidney stone, you usually feel the pain in your back, side, lower belly or groin.

Back pain due to muscle problems is usually in your lower back. Pain due to kidney problems is usually deeper and higher in your back, under your ribs.

Signs that it is a kidney problem can also include fever, vomiting, pain in your sides or painful urination.

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Treatment Of Kidney Infection

Most kidney infections need prompt treatment with antibiotics to stop the infection damaging the kidneys or spreading to the bloodstream.

You may also need painkillers.

If youre especially vulnerable to the effects of an infection , you may be admitted to hospital and treated with antibiotics through a drip.

Most people who are diagnosed and treated promptly with antibiotics feel completely better after about 2 weeks.

People who are older or have underlying conditions may take longer to recover.

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How Is Kidney Pain Treated

Treatment of kidney pain depends on what condition is causing it. In order to pinpoint a cause, a number of tools are available to help your doctor make a diagnosis:

  • Urinalysis: Checks for the presence of blood, excess white blood cells , proteins, and certain chemicals that are linked to various kidney disorders.
  • Imaging tests:Ultrasound or a CT scan provides an image of the physical structure of the kidneys and urinary tract, sees if stones are present, and helps determine if blood flow is adequate.

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Characteristics Of Back Pain Include:

  • Pain is felt in the lower back.
  • It is intense in nature .
  • Pain may occur with hip stiffness, numbness, or weakness of the lower extremities depending on the cause of back pain.
  • Back pain is not constant.
  • Pain gets better with rest, a heating pad, and a hot shower bath.
  • Back pain is usually caused by a problem with nerves, muscles, or bones.
  • Can kidney pain feel like a pulled muscle? Pain caused by muscle strain does not radiate, it is strictly localized to the back, but the pain caused by nerves radiate from the back to one buttock.

Feeling Tired Or Sluggish During The Day

A Kidney Stretch: Exercise your organs

Everyone has a day when they feel tired maybe you didnt get enough sleep, or ate the wrong foods, or some other temporary factors are at play. But sometimes, fatigue is caused by lack of a hormone called erythropoietin, or EPO. The main function of EPO is to stimulate the production of red blood cells, and red blood cells carry energizing oxygen to cells throughout your body.

Stressed kidneys do not produce enough EPO, thereby reducing the number of red blood cells and making you feel weak and tired out.

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Why Might I Need A Kidney Transplant

You may need a kidney transplant if you have end stage renal disease. This is a permanent condition of kidney failure. It often needsdialysis. This is a process used to remove wastes and other substances fromthe blood.

The kidneys:

  • Remove urea and liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine. Urea is made when foods containing protein, such as meat, poultry, and certain vegetables, are broken down in the body. Urea is carried in the blood to the kidneys.

  • Balance salts, electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium, and other substances in the blood

  • Produce erythropoietin, a hormone that aids the formation of red blood cells

  • Regulate blood pressure

  • Regulate fluid and acid-base balance in the body to keep it neutral. This is needed for normal function of many processes within the body

Some conditions of the kidneys that may result in ESRD include:

  • Repeated urinary infections

  • Polycystic kidney disease or other inherited disorders

  • Glomerulonephritis, which is inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units

  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome, a rare disorder that causes kidney failure

  • Lupus and other diseases of the immune system

  • Obstructions

Other conditions, such as congenital defects of the kidneys, may result inthe need for a kidney transplant.

There may be other reasons for your healthcare provider to recommend akidney transplant.

How To Know The Difference Between Kidney Pain And Back Pain

Kidney pain is a dull or sharp pain in the flank region. The pain can be on the right or left side of the body where the kidneys are located. The kidneys are located on each side of the spine in the back of the abdomen, underneath the ribcage. Thats why kidney pain is usually confused with back pain. In this post, we want to explore the main distinction between kidney pain and back pain.

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Pain On Right Side Of The Chest

1. Heart attack

Although the pain caused by heart disease usually occurs on the left side of the chest, this pain can sometimes spread to the right side of the chest.The pain caused by heart disease usually happens suddenly, and it feels like a heavyweight on your chest.

2. Heartburn

Heartburn is also a common cause of pain on the right side of the chest.When stomach acid returns from the stomach to the esophagus, it causes irritation and discomfort on the right side.This pain is similar to a heart attack because the esophagus and the heart are very close.However, the pain of heartburn usually does not radiate to other parts of the body.

3. Muscle strain or chest injury

Muscle strain is one of the common causes of pain on the right side of your chest. Depending on the cause of the injury, the pain may be mild or severe. You may feel chest pain around the ribs, especially when you move or breathe deeply. Usually, applying ice or getting plenty of rest can help repair the muscle tissues quickly.

Chest injuries are usually more severe conditions that cause excruciating pain on the right side. The pain typically occurs in the right side under the ribs. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, or low blood pressure. If the internal organs of the body are injured, you must seek medical attention in time.

4. Lung disease

5. Stress, panic, or anxiety

6. Costochondritis

Causes Of Bilateral And Unilateral Kidney Pains

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Flank pains experienced in either one side otherwise known as unilateral, or both sides, which is referred to as bilateral is caused by various reasons .

  • The most cause of kidney pains or flank pains is kidney stones.
  • Obstructive uropathy. This is the process of having urine passing in the opposite direction usually because of blockages in the urinary tract.
  • Pyelonephritis. This is the inflammation of the kidneys and the urinary tract.
  • Urinary Tract Infections. Covering a wide range of infections, they affect the entire process of making and transporting the urine from the body.
  • Appendicitis. Attached to the large intestines, this vital organ if full or inflamed will also cause flank pains.There are several other causes of flank pains like bladder cancer, injuries, obesity related pains, obstructions on the renal tract, hydronephrosis, shingles, Hodgkins disease amongst others .
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    How Is Chronic Kidney Disease Detected

    Early detection and treatment of chronic kidney disease are the keys to keeping kidney disease from progressing to kidney failure. Some simple tests can be done to detect early kidney disease. They are:

  • A test for protein in the urine. Albumin to Creatinine Ratio , estimates the amount of a albumin that is in your urine. An excess amount of protein in your urine may mean your kidney’s filtering units have been damaged by disease. One positive result could be due to fever or heavy exercise, so your doctor will want to confirm your test over several weeks.
  • A test for blood creatinine. Your doctor should use your results, along with your age, race, gender and other factors, to calculate your glomerular filtration rate . Your GFR tells how much kidney function you have. To access the GFR calculator, .
  • It is especially important that people who have an increased risk for chronic kidney disease have these tests. You may have an increased risk for kidney disease if you:

    • are older

    Associated Symptoms Of Kidney Pain May Include:

    • Fever
    • Pain during urination
    • Flank pain- pain in the middle back near the sides. Can be noted on either the right or the left side.

    Image 4 : A clear depiction of where the flank pain is represented.

    Kidney cysts
    Pain locationStarts as a dull pain and continues to be a sharp stinging or burning pain as the stones move. This pain will come and go in wavesRemains as a dull ache and is usually confused with back pain.If pain is noticed it will remain dull and usually be accompanied by bloody urine.

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    The Kidneys: Human Kidneys Viewed From Behind With The Spine Removed

    Human kidneys viewed from behind with the spine removed. The kidneys are among the most vital organs of the human body. They are near the middle of your back, one on either side of your spine, just below your rib cage. In 2006, 10,659 patients received a deceased donor kidney transplant and. That are situated at the back of the abdomen on either side of the spine.

    Kidneys Are A Filter System

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    The main job of the kidneys is to remove waste from the blood and return the cleaned blood back to the body. Each minute about one litre of blood one-fifth of all the blood pumped by the heart enters the kidneys through the renal arteries. After the blood is cleaned, it flows back into the body through the renal veins.

    Each kidney contains about one million tiny units called nephrons. Each nephron is made up of a very small filter, called a glomerulus, which is attached to a tubule. As blood passes through the nephron, fluid and waste products are filtered out. Much of the fluid is then returned to the blood, while the waste products are concentrated in any extra fluid as urine .

    The urine flows through a tube called the ureter into the bladder. Urine passes from the bladder out of the body through a tube called the urethra. The kidney usually makes one to two litres of urine every day depending on your build, how much you drink, the temperature and the amount of exercise you do.

    A healthy kidney can greatly increase its work capacity. With two healthy kidneys, each kidney performs 50 per cent of the normal kidney function. If one kidney is lost, the other kidney can enlarge and provide up to 75 per cent of the normal kidney function .

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    What Is Done To Prevent Rejection

    To allow the transplanted kidney to survive in your body, you will be givenmedicines for the rest of your life to fight rejection. Each person mayreact differently to medicines.

    New antirejection medicines are continually being developed and approved.Your healthcare team will tailor medicine regimes to meet your needs.

    Usually several antirejection medicines are given at first. The doses ofthese medicines may change often, depending on your response. Becauseantirejection medicines affect the immune system you will be at higher riskfor infections. A balance must be maintained between preventing rejectionand making you very susceptible to infection.

    Some of the infections you will be especially at risk for include oralyeast infection ,herpes, and respiratory viruses. Avoid contact with crowds and anyone who has aninfection for the first few months after your surgery.

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    Could Nephrotic Syndrome Be Prevented

    It is not possible to prevent all the causes of nephrotic syndrome. To prevent harm to the glomeruli:

    Ensure your blood pressure is all around controlled.

    In case you have diabetes, ensure your sugar is controlled.

    Keep yourself updated with vaccines that help to prevent common infections. If you live or work around people who are having hepatitis or other viral infections, then you must have to take care.

    Finish all antibiotics as directed by the doctor. Try not to stop your antibiotics since you might be feeling much improved.

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    What Side Is Your Kidney On

    Answers to commonly asked questions about a critical waste-removal system

    “What side is your kidney on?” people ask, as they wonder whether that agony they’re feeling is coming from a kidney.

    The answer, of course, is both sides! You have two kidneys, one on either side of your body.

    Too often people dont understand or appreciate these important, fist-sized organs until something goes wrong with them. So for this blog, were going to share some interesting facts about kidneys.

    Where are the kidneys located?

    • Your kidneys live in the upper part of your abdomen, just under your rib cage.
    • Your right kidney is found a bit lower than your left one, to make room for the liver.

    What do they look like?

    • Your kidneys are shaped like beans .
    • Theyre about 4 or 5 inches long.

    What do kidneys do?

    • Kidneys help remove waste and excess liquids from your body. They do that thanks to tiny filters called nephrons that pick up the waste that will leave your body as urine. They filter all the blood in your body several times a day.
    • They produce hormones that regulate blood pressure and tell your body when to make more red blood cells.
    • They help make sure the volume of liquid in your body doesnt fluctuate too much. Thats why if youre losing a lot of water through sweat, you wont need to urinate as often.

    Why do kidneys hurt?

    Why do kidneys stop working?

    • A number of problems can cause kidney disease, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and inflammation of the kidneys.

    Clinical Relevance: Variation In Arterial Supply To The Kidney

    Why Kidneys Are Critical To Our Health And Wellbeing ...

    The kidneys present a great variety in arterial supply these variations may be explained by the ascending course of the kidney in the retroperitoneal space, from the original embryological site of formation to the final destination . During this course, the kidneys are supplied by consecutive branches of the iliac vessels and the aorta.

    Usually the lower branches become atrophic and vanish while new, higher ones supply the kidney during its ascent. Accessory arteries are common . An accessory artery is any supernumerary artery that reaches the kidney. If a supernumerary artery does not enter the kidney through the hilum, it is called aberrant.

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