HomeHealthHow To Know You Have A Kidney Infection

How To Know You Have A Kidney Infection

When To See A Doctor

9 Signs You May Have a Kidney Infection

If you have signs of a kidney infection, you should see a doctor right away. Again, a kidney infection is seriousit can sometimes lead to a dangerous, life-threatening health condition called , the NIDDK says. Even if your infection doesnt progress to that, a kidney infection can become chronic, i.e., long-lasting, and can cause permanent damage to your kidneys, the NIDDK says. Kaufman recommends heading to your local urgent care facility or emergency room if you have signs of a kidney infection.

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How Are Acute Kidney Infections Treated

Children are typically given oral antibiotics to take at home. However, if the infection is advanced, a child may receive intravenous antibiotics in the hospital. Staying well hydrated is an extremely important part of treatment, and children should drink plenty of fluids during and after treatment. There is evidence that good hydration during recovery may help reduce long-term kidney damage.

How A Kidney Infection Is Diagnosed

Diagnosing a kidney infection involves assessing your symptoms, testing your urine, and sometimes other tests.

Diagnosing a kidney infection involves assessing your symptoms, testing your urine, and sometimes other tests.

A kidney infection usually happens when a urinary tract infection spreads from your bladder up through the tubes that connect the bladder to your kidneys. Less commonly, it can happen when a blood infection spreads to your kidneys.

Its important to see a healthcare provider right away if you experience symptoms of a kidney infection, which include painful or frequent urination, cloudy or smelly urine, fever and chills, pain in your lower back or side, and nausea and vomiting. If it isnt diagnosed and treated promptly, a kidney infection can cause both immediate and long-term severe complications.

To diagnose a potential kidney infection, your doctor will ask you about your symptoms. Youll also most likely be asked about your history of health conditions, to determine whether youre at increased risk for a kidney infection.

Your doctor will also perform a physical exam to see if you have any redness or tenderness on your torso thats consistent with a kidney infection.

If your doctor suspects a kidney infection at this point, youll be asked to give a urine sample for lab tests to look for a bacterial infection.

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Best Supplements For Kidney Infection

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Kidney Infection Risk Factors

10 Symptoms That Should Alert You About Kidney Disease

Anyone can get a kidney infection. But just as women get more bladder infections than men, they also get more kidney infections.

A womanâs urethra is shorter than a manâs, and itâs closer to their vagina and anus. That means itâs easier for bacteria or viruses to get into a womanâs urethra, and once they do, itâs a shorter trip to the bladder. From there, they can spread to the kidneys.

Pregnant women are even more likely to get bladder infections. This is because of hormone changes and because a baby puts pressure on the motherâs bladder and ureters and slows the flow of urine.

Any problem in your urinary tract that keeps pee from flowing as it should can raise your chances of a kidney infection, such as:

  • A blockage in your urinary tract, like a kidney stone or enlarged prostate
  • Conditions that keep your bladder from completely emptying
  • A problem in the structure of your urinary tract, like a pinched urethra
  • Vesicoureteral reflux , which is when pee flows backward from your bladder toward your kidneys

Youâre also more likely to get an infection if you have:

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What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Infection

A number of symptoms can indicate to your doctor that you may have a kidney infection. The more severe the symptoms, the more likely the infection involves the kidney. Symptoms of a kidney infection include:

  • Sudden onset of chills

If you experience any of these sudden onset symptoms, please seek medical attention.

What Procedures And Tests Diagnose Kidney Infections In Men And Women

The most important test in diagnosing kidney infection is a urinalysis . Urinalysis is a test to analyze urine sample and evaluate for an infection in the urine. Urinalysis is done by collecting a clean catch, midstream urine in a sterile collection cup. The urine may be analyzed by the doctor in the office using or by analysis in a laboratory.

Because urine is normally sterile, any finding suggesting an infection may be considered abnormal and supportive of a kidney infection.

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Signs Of Kidney Disease

  • You’re more tired, have less energy or are having trouble concentrating. A severe decrease in kidney function can lead to a buildup of toxins and impurities in the blood. This can cause people to feel tired, weak and can make it hard to concentrate. Another complication of kidney disease is anemia, which can cause weakness and fatigue.
  • You’re having trouble sleeping. When the kidneys aren’t filtering properly, toxins stay in the blood rather than leaving the body through the urine. This can make it difficult to sleep. There is also a link between obesity and chronic kidney disease, and sleep apnea is more common in those with chronic kidney disease, compared with the general population.
  • You have dry and itchy skin. Healthy kidneys do many important jobs. They remove wastes and extra fluid from your body, help make red blood cells, help keep bones strong and work to maintain the right amount of minerals in your blood.Dry and itchy skin can be a sign of the mineral and bone disease that often accompanies advanced kidney disease, when the kidneys are no longer able to keep the right balance of minerals and nutrients in your blood.
  • You feel the need to urinate more often. If you feel the need to urinate more often, especially at night, this can be a sign of kidney disease. When the kidneys filters are damaged, it can cause an increase in the urge to urinate. Sometimes this can also be a sign of a urinary infection or enlarged prostate in men.
  • Swelling In Hands Or Feet

    9 Signs You May Have a Kidney Infection

    Why this happens:

    Failing kidneys dont remove extra fluid, which builds up in your body causing swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, and/or hands.

    What patients said:

    I remember a lot of swelling in my ankles. My ankles were so big I couldnt get my shoes on.

    Going to work one morning, my left ankle was swollen, real swollen, and I was very exhausted just walking to the bus stop. And I knew then that I had to see a doctor.

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    Additional Symptoms From A Uti

    Your kidneys are a pair of organs located in the middle of your back, just below your ribs. Their primary function is to filter waste from your blood into your bladder for elimination. Kidney infections are caused by pathogens like certain kinds of bacteria in one or both of these organs.

    How do you know if you have a kidney infection? Symptoms tend to set in suddenly over just hours or days.

    The most common symptoms of an infection include:

    • Pain in your lower back, side, or genital regions
    • A fever with a temperature possibly as high as 103?
    • Diarrhea

    In most cases, the bacteria that cause your kidney infection originate in your digestive tract. E. coli from your bowels causes between 75% and 90% of all cases of kidney infection. Other pathogens that can cause kidney infections include Enterobacteriaceae other than E. coliand S. saprophyticus.

    If youre experiencing many of the symptoms listed above and have had an untreated urinary tract infection for an extended period, then you most likely have a kidney infection. But keep in mind that not all people with a kidney infection have the added symptoms of a UTI.

    These additional symptoms include:

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    Signs Of A Kidney Infection To Know And When To Go To The Hospital

      Youre probably not constantly on the lookout for signs of a kidney infection. But getting a urinary tract infection can open you up to also getting an infection in one or both kidneys, which means this is an illness that should be on your radar. Yep, it’s an unfortunate truth: A urinary tract infection can lead to a kidney infection, which is medically known as pyelonephritis and can be incredibly serious. So if youre experiencing symptoms of a UTI and thinking, Eh, I can wait a few more days to get those antibiotics, think again. Heres what you need to know about the signs of a kidney infection, its underlying causes, why its so important to get treatment as soon as you can, and more.

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      Back Side Or Groin Pain

      Your kidneys are located deep against the back muscles in your upper abdominal area, so its common to experience pain in that region. If Im examining you, Im going to first tap you on the back where your kidneys are and people with a kidney infection will likely jump right off the table from the pain, says Leisman. Thats because your kidneys are in a capsule where theres not a lot of space, so if it gets inflamed at all, its incredibly painful.

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      Swollen Or Puffy Face

      How to Know If You Have Kidney Problems?

      Why this happens:

      Failing kidneys dont remove extra fluid, which builds up in your body causing swelling in the face.

      What patients said:

      My sister, her hair started to fall out, she was losing weight, but her face was really puffy, you know, and everything like that, before she found out what was going on with her.

      My checks were always puffy and tight. Sometimes they would even hurt.

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      Is It Safe To Take Antibiotics Long

      While there are some common side effects and risk for creating antibiotic-resistant bacteria, it is safe to take antibiotics preventively under the guidance of your physician.

      If you have recurring UTIs , you may benefit from a low-dose prophylactic antibiotic, Dr. Sussman said. Some may require intermittent treatment at the sign of symptoms, while others may require a single dose after sexual intercourse or when symptoms occur. However, its important you discuss the underlying causes with your doctor before being prescribed antibiotics prophylactically.

      Kidney Infection Symptoms And Complications

      Typically, the infection causes painful urination . This discomfort may also be followed with other symptoms such as:

    • Changes in urination such as frequent urination, feeling of unable to urinate fully, or persistent-strong urge to urinate. You may also have cloudy, bad-smell urine.
    • Pain in the lower back, side , groin, or around genital area. Sometime, the infection may cause abdominal pain, too.
    • Feeling sick or/and high fever, up to 103.1 Fahrenheit .
    • Fatigue .
    • Change in bowel movement, especially such as diarrhea.
    • Or even blood found in the urine .
    • The symptoms can develop quickly, within a few hours. Kidney infection can be serious and should not be left untreated the treatment is necessary!

      With quick and appropriate treatment, it should be harmless and doesnt pose to other health risks, though it often makes patient feel very unwell. If the infection is left untreated, it can be potential to cause serious complications such as:

    • The risk of kidney damage, leading to chronic kidney disease.
    • The infection may spread to blood circulation, causing septicemia . Again, the kidneys play a role to remove bad things and keep necessary things from the bloodstream. If they get infected, there is a chance for the bacteria to spread in the blood.
    • If the infection occurs during pregnancy, this may cause pregnancy complications such as delivering babies with low birth weight.
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      Feeling Faint Dizzy Or Weak

      Why this happens:

      Anemia related to kidney failure means that your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can lead to feeling faint, dizzy, or weak.

      What patients said:

      I was always tired and dizzy.

      It got to the point, like, I used to be at work, and all of the sudden Iâd start getting dizzy. So I was thinking maybe it was my blood pressure or else diabetes was going bad. Thatâs what was on my mind.

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      When To See A Doctor For Kidney Stones

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      People often seek immediate medical attention for kidney stones due to the excruciating pain and nausea theyre experiencing. If they havent had stones before, their symptoms can be quite daunting. A lot will say, I thought I was dying, says Dr. Pearle. Always seek immediate medical attention if you have severe pain, vomiting, bleeding, or signs of infection.

      Smaller stones often pass on their own. How long it takes to pass a kidney stone varies from person to person and by the size and location of the stone. If a stone is too large to pass on its own or is causing other problems, you may need to have it removed with lithotripsy or kidney stone surgery. If left untreated, kidney stones could lead to kidney damage if they block the flow of urine.

      Some doctors suggest taking painkillers and boosting daily water intake to help flush out the troublesome mass. If youre vomiting, youre probably dehydrated anyway, so additional fluid cant hurt. And staying well hydrated does reduce the risk of developing future kidney stones. A type of muscle relaxing medicine called an alpha blocker may also be prescribed to help speed up kidney stone passage and reduce pain.

      Even if you think the stone has passed, always follow up with a doctor because symptoms can come and go.

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      Can Kidney Infections Be Prevented

      You can reduce your chances of developing a kidney infection by keeping your bladder and urethra free from bacteria. This can include drinking plenty of fluids, keeping your genitals clean and treating any constipation.

      The symptoms of a kidney infection usually develop quite quickly over a few hours or days.

      Common symptoms include:

      • pain and discomfort in your side, lower back or around your genitals
      • high temperature
      • shivering or chills
      • feeling very weak or tired
      • loss of appetite

      You may have other symptoms if you also have cystitis or urethritis . These additional symptoms may include:

      • pain or a burning sensation during urination
      • need to urinate frequently or urgently
      • feeling that you’re unable to urinate fully
      • blood in your urine
      • cloudy or foul smelling urine
      • pain in your lower abdomen

      When To Seek Medical Advice

      Contact your GP if you have a high temperature, persistent pain, or if you notice a change to your usual pattern of urination. Contact your GP immediately if you think your child may have a kidney infection.

      If you have blood in your urine, you should always see your GP so the cause can be investigated.

      Kidney infections require prompt treatment with antibiotics to help relieve symptoms and prevent complications developing.

      Your GP can carry out some simple tests to help diagnose a kidney infection.

      See diagnosing kidney infections for more information

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      How To Tell If You Have A Kidney Infection And Whether Or Not It’s Actually A Bladder Infection

      Bachelorette co-host Tayshia Adams shared a scary health update with fans over the weekend: She developed a kidney infection that was so severe, she needed to go to the hospital. But what is a kidney infection anyhow, and how is one treated?

      Adams, 31, said in her that she had stomach pain here and there early last week but started struggling with severe abdominal pain on Wednesday night. By Thursday morning, she said she, “couldn’t even sit up straight because I was in so much pain.” Adams went to the hospital where, she said, she was diagnosed with a really bad kidney infection.”

      Adams, who ran the New York City marathon the weekend before, implied that her lack of drinking water could have contributed to the issue. “I do not drink water, like, at all,” she said. “And it’s really bad, especially after a marathon, so that maybe could’ve been the effect that it may have had on this whole thing. But other than that, it’s really just me.”

      She later updated fans on her condition on Sunday, noting that she felt well enough to go out to lunch and shopping. Adams also pointed out that she bought bottled water while she was out, adding, never have I ever, but Im hydrating!

      Its only natural to wonder about kidney infections after hearing Adams story. Heres what you need to know.

      What is a kidney infection?

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      How To Tell If You Have A Kidney Infection: Symptoms And Signs

      10 Signs You May Have Kidney Disease

      11.May.2021

      Have you ever experienced a urinary tract infection ? The burning sensation when you pee and the urge to visit the bathroom slightly more often than usual are both things that anyone who has had the infection is sure to look back on with not so fond memories. Whats important to note though, is that these symptoms are also common indicators of something more significant: a kidney infection.

      According to the NHS, kidney infections are actually quite rare, with estimates suggesting that one out of every 830 people will develop a kidney infection every year in the UK . Still, knowing the common symptoms and signs of a kidney infection is crucial so you can avoid any potential complications and make sure your kidneys remain healthy and in good working order!

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