Prevention Of Stage 3 Ckd
Prevention of stage 3 CKD can basically be broken down into three basic things â a proper diet, plenty of exercises and sticking to the prescribed medicines. Also, if you are in the habit of smoking, it should be immediately stopped. You should be aware of the total calories you are consuming on a per day basis. Foods such as cheese, milk, ice cream, seeds, and chocolate should be avoided as it becomes increasingly difficult for the body to process these. Maintaining a healthy weight is also important for the prevention of stage 3 CKD. At the same time, it is also important to consider your sources of nutrition. For example, there can be huge differences between the protein coming from plants and animals. You should also control your portions. It is best to eat small portions spread into 5 or 6 meals rather than stuff it all in 3 meals. As for the exercise, find activities you enjoy, such as swimming, jogging, games, and so on. This way, you will be getting your dose of recreation as well as exercise.
How Will Itching In Kidney Disease Affect Your Skin
Pruritus affects everyone differently. It can range from mild to severe. Itching can be in one little place or it can ravage your entire body. Itching commonly occurs on the back, abdomen, head, and forearms.
It can occur daily and often intensifies at night. Many have reported sleeplessness because of this condition. UP usually lasts between 6 and 12 months or longer.
Inflammation Histamine And Allergic Reactions
There is some evidence that chronic inflammation causes itching in kidney disease. Those with UP also had elevated inflammatory markers. These included C-reactive protein, T helper -1 cells, and interleukin-6.
With inflammation comes a response from the immune system. The skin will release hormones telling the brain to activate itch receptors on the skin. This produces itching cells, called pruritogenic cytokines. These cells tell your immune system that something is wrong. Your skin will then create immune cells that will activate an itch receptor in the skin making you feel itchy.
Histamine is also released as a defense mechanism of the skin when inflammation occurs. Histamine levels often tend to be higher in those with uremic. However, higher histamine levels do not lead to a more severe itch. It just means that where there is histamine there may be an itch.
One theory is that nerves in the skin have histamine receptors. This means that if the receptor can be shut off then so can the itch. This theory tested positive in animal studies. Stopping the receptors also stopped the itch.
Read Also: Pomegranate Juice For Kidney Stones
Transition To Adult Services
When your child reaches adolescence, he or she will prepare to transfer from paediatric services to adult services. The timing is different for each person though many will start being looked after by an adult nephrology unit by the time they are over 18 years old.
Many units have a transition programme, which starts some years before the transfer, to help adolescents to prepare.
Diarrhea In Stage 3 Ckd: Cause And Treatment
Some Stage 3 CKD patients sometimes suffer from diarrhea. Then whether this symptom is related with their kidney disease? And what patients can do to stop the diarrhea? This article will have a analysis about the cause and treatment for diarrhea in Stage 3 CKD.
Why Stage 3 CKD patients suffer from diarrhea?
1. Stage 3 CKD patients who are attacked by gastrointestinal disease are easy suffer from diarrhea, so once patients suffer diarrhea, go to see doctor quickly.
2. Stage 3 CKD patients who take some medicines to remit symptoms sometimes suffer diarrhea for the side effects of these medicines.
3. Pathological changes of intestinal mucosa caused by Stage 3 CKD is the common cause of diarrhea.
4. Sometimes, diarrhea can be a dialysis complication for CKD patients with dialysis.
How to treat diarrhea in Stage 3 CKD?
Knowing these causes can help Stage 3 CKD patients cure the diarrhea from root, so
Stage 3 CKD patients with diarrhea should have a clear checkup and have a symptomatic treatment in case the symptoms will lead to further damage to the injured kidney.
Traditionally, Stage 3 CKD patients will take some immune stimulants and hormones to inhibit the kidney damage and remit symptoms. But once patients stop using these medicines, they will suffer lots of pains again and even get more serious. So they become more and more independent on these medicine and miss the best time to repair the kidney.
Also Check: Is Grape Juice Good For Kidney Stones
What Healthy Kidneys Do
To understand what happens in CKD, it is helpful to know what healthy kidneys do. They clean blood waste products and extra water and salt are removed from the body in urine. They also make hormones, chemicals that are carried in the blood to send messages to other parts of the body, which help with other body functions.
This allows the kidneys to:
remove waste products that are no longer needed or that may be harmful
balance the levels of water, salt and minerals, which are needed for good health
ensure the pH balance stays the same
control blood pressure, the force that helps blood flow round the body
help keep bones and teeth healthy
help make red blood cells, living parts of blood that carry oxygen round the body.
Symptoms Of Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3
1. Abnormal Urination
In CKD stage 3, the urine color may change into red, dark yellow, or orange. Also, patients may need to urinate frequently and more frequently at night. It happens because the filters in the kidney got damaged.
Those filters usually filter the blood cells out from the wastes, but blood cells are also mixed with the urine while the filters are damaged. Because of that, the urine color changes into red. Also, the filter damage causes a sense of urination frequently.
Fatigue is a symptom of chronic disease such as CKD that affects physical and mental health. While the kidney functions are affected severely, that pushes the patient to need of dialysis. After that, it leads to fatigue, making patients feel exhausted, and leading to increased mortality chances.
3. Pain in the Kidney
Dont relate the normal back pain to kidney pain. Kidney pain can be felt under the rib cage or lower abdomen. It may come in waves with severe pain, or you can feel mild constant pain. Anything other than that wasnt the kidney pain.
4. Muscle Cramps
Muscle cramps may occur if you have CKD because of fatigue and other causes. Imbalances in electrolytes, fluids, nerve damage, and blood flow problems cause muscle cramps in renal disease patients.
5. Bone Disease
If you want to read about how to prevent kidney failure, .
6. High Blood Pressure
8. Sleeping Issues
10. Issues in Mental Sharpness and Health
Recommended Reading: Does Red Wine Cause Kidney Stones
Feeling Faint Dizzy Or Weak
Why this happens:
Anemia related to kidney failure means that your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can lead to feeling faint, dizzy, or weak.
What patients said:
I was always tired and dizzy.
It got to the point, like, I used to be at work, and all of the sudden Id start getting dizzy. So I was thinking maybe it was my blood pressure or else diabetes was going bad. Thats what was on my mind.
Reducing The Risk Of Developing Cardiovascular Diseases
People with CKD have an increased risk of developing CVDs, such as heart disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. People with CKD are actually twenty times more likely to die from cardiovascular-related problems than from kidney failure. This is why reducing any other cardiovascular risk factors is so important. See the separate leaflet called Cardiovascular Disease .
This typically includes:
If you have high levels of protein in your urine then you may be advised to take medication even if your blood pressure is normal. A type of medication called an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor has been shown to be beneficial for some people with CKD, as it reduces the risk of CVD and can prevent further worsening of the function of your kidneys.
Don’t Miss: Grapes And Kidney Stones
Treatment Of Kidney Disease Stage 3
Once you are diagnosed with stage 3 kidney disease, there is no way to treat the damage that has already been done to your kidneys. The following steps for your treatment have to do with treating the issues caused by decreased kidney functioning and preventing further damage.
These treatments include:
What Medications Are Prescribed For People With Chronic Kidney Disease
Depending on the cause of your kidney disease, you may be prescribed one or more medications. Medications your nephrologist may prescribe include:
- An angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker to lower your blood pressure.
- A diuretic to help your body eliminate extra fluid.
- Medications to lower cholesterol levels.
- Erythropoetin, to build red blood cells if you are anemic.
- Vitamin D and calcitrol to prevent bone loss.
- Phosphate binder if your kidneys cant eliminate phosphate.
Don’t Miss: Palo Azul For Kidney Stones
S To Take At Stage 3 Kidney Disease
- Make healthy lifestyle choicesEating a kidney-friendly diet, quitting smoking, exercising, and maintaining a healthy weight can help you slow progression at stage 3 kidney disease.
- Monitor your healthManaging underlying conditions and risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and/or infection can also help slow the progression of CKD. Talk to your doctor about whether or not you need to modify any of the vitamins, supplements, or medications you may be taking for other health conditions , or if you start taking any new medications.
- Talk to your doctor about a referral to see a kidney doctorSeeing a kidney doctor can help you manage your kidney health. Your doctor can help you determine when it’s time to see a nephrologist and give you a referral. Once you start seeing a nephrologist, you’ll still see your regular doctor to monitor you overall health.
- Meet with a renal dietitianFollowing a kidney-friendly diet is key to slowing the progression of CKD, and you dont have to do it alone. A renal dietitian can help you address any nutrition concerns and learn about eating well.
- Learn everything you can about CKDTaking a KidneyCare:365 class can help you learn more about how to manage and slow the progression of CKD.
Are There Stages Of Chronic Kidney Disease
Yes, there are five stages of kidney disease. The stages are based on how well your kidneys are able to do their job to filter out waste and extra fluid from your blood. The stages range from very mild to kidney failure . Healthcare providers determine the stage of your kidney function according to the glomerular filtration rate . Your GFR is a number based on the amount of creatinine, a waste product, found in your blood, along with other factors including your age, race and gender.
|Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease|
- Are African-American, Hispanic, Native American or Asian.
- Are over 60 years of age.
- Have a long history of taking painkillers, including over-the-counter products such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
Read Also: Can You Have 4 Kidneys
Manage Or Prevent Heart Disease
People with stage 4 kidney disease have a high risk of having heart disease. In fact, most people with kidney disease do not die of kidney failure – they die of heart disease. Why? Because, in addition to kidney disease, they usually have one or more of the following health risks:
You can help slow – or possibly prevent – heart problems by following your treatment plan. Ask your healthcare professional what you need to do to keep your heart healthy.
What Does A Decreased Kidney Function Mean To My Health
It’s a natural part of aging, so your kidneys decline as you age by as much as 1 ml/min in your eGFR. You may think that means you will eventually need to be on dialysis, but for most people over the age of 65, unless they have a related condition like protein in their urine, they are unlikely to develop further problems beyond stage 3 kidney disease and progress to dialysis. When scientists’ studied who progressed to needing dialysis, they found that people who had a lower eGFR , had anemia, and more protein in their urine. Most likely to not progress to further stages of kidney disease were women, with a lower risk of high blood pressure and a lower level of protein in their urine.
This means that if you are older and have kidney disease you should continue to work with your doctors to assess what changes you can make whether it is adding a medication or seeing a specialist. You still need to be proactive with your health to keep from progressing beyond stage 3 kidney disease.
Read Also: Is Cranberry Juice Good For Kidney Stones
What Causes Kidney Disease
There are many different causes of kidney disease. Some are genetic, while others are acquired or due to a persons environment and lifestyle.
The most common causes of kidney disease include diabetes and high blood pressure. Diabetes causes kidney disease by damaging the filters of the kidney, which leads to the leaking of important substances, such as a protein that is needed by the body.
Hypertension causes kidney disease by damaging the blood vessels of the kidney. These injuries make the kidney do a poor job of filtering wastes and in severe cases leads to the buildup of harmful toxins in the body.
Other causes of kidney disease may be infections, toxins, drugs, or congenital or autoimmune diseases. Examples of other causes of kidney disease may include:
- Autoimmune diseases, such as Goodpastures disease or nephritis from lupus
- Genetic conditions, such as Alport syndrome or polycystic kidney disease
- Infections and their complications, such as pyelonephritis or glomerulonephritis
- Drugs or toxins, such as lead poisoning
- Renal artery stenosis
Physical Therapies For Itching In Kidney Disease
There are therapies that can be done to the skin itself. These physical therapies include phototherapy and acupuncture.
Itching in Kidney Disease
Ultraviolet B phototherapy works by stopping the spread of the substances that cause the itch. This therapy also stops inflammation from the immune response.
UVB phototherapy is effective for ESRD pruritus. Some therapies perform better than others.
Narrow band-UVB phototherapy and UVA alone do not appear to be as effective. Itching came back soon after 6 weeks of NB-UVB. To fully control itching, these therapies need to be done continuously over time. Initially, this type of phototherapy needs to be done three times per week. After that each week an additional one to two sessions needs to be done for maintenance.
Broadband phototherapy worked the best. Nine out of 10 patients had a marked improvement in itching after 6 BB-UVB treatments. These effects lasted for at least six months.
Acupuncture for Itching in Kidney Disease
Acupuncture is a common complementary therapy for many conditions involving pain. The theory for itch relief is that acupuncture will block itch impulses. Acupuncture generates impulses, similar to nerve messages. In response, an opioid-like substance will be released.
This substance will block the slower C fiber impulses and stop the itch. When compared with the placebo acupuncture helped stop the itch.
Don’t Miss: Can Kidney Stones Affect Your Psa Count
Stage 3 Ckd Life Expectancy
CKD is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and in some cases, even death. If CKD exists together with proteinuria, the risks are amplified even further. Renal replacement therapy is usually required. However, the risks of a cardiovascular problem are even greater.
Symptoms Of Kidney Disease
The early stages of kidney disease may not have any noticeable signs or symptoms. However, as kidney disease progresses, more symptoms are evident. Usually, when symptoms of kidney disease appear, there is a significant loss of kidney function.
Some of the symptoms are nonspecific or can be a result of other diseases, but other risk factors can lead to a suspicion of kidney disease. Symptoms of late stage kidney disease may include:
- Swelling of extremities or generalized swelling
You May Like: Red Wine And Kidney Stones
Can My Egfr Change
Your eGFR can change over time and can change based on some other problems, like if you have not been drinking enough water.
As chronic kidney disease gets worse, your eGFR number will go down. If caught early, healthy life changes like following a kidney-friendly eating plan and getting enough exercise may help slow down the progression of CKD and how fast your eGFR changes.
How Is Hsp Treated
There is no specific treatment for HSP. The main goals of treatment are to relieve symptoms such as joint pain, abdominal pain, or swelling. In most cases, you can use over-the-counter medicines, such as acetaminophen , for the pain. In some patients with severe arthritis, the doctor may prescribe prednisone, a steroid medicine. As mentioned earlier, the rash and joint symptoms usually go away after 4 to 6 weeks without causing permanent damage. Severe problems with the bowels are rare in HSP, especially in younger children. If you have severe pain or severe bleeding in the digestive tract your doctor may prescribe prednisone, or the problem may need to be corrected with surgery. Your doctor will check your kidney function with blood and urine tests even after the main symptoms of HSP disappear. People who develop kidney disease usually show signs within 3 to 6 months after the initial rash appears. If signs of kidney disease appear, your doctor will refer you to a nephrologist, who may prescribe drugs to suppress the immune system. These immunosuppressive drugs may keep kidney disease from progressing to permanent kidney failure.
You May Like: Pomegranate Kidney Stones