What Is The Treatment For Bladder Stones
Typically, bladder stones need to be removed from the bladder by a urologist. Very rarely, they can be dissolved but this depends on the type of stone you have and can also take a long time.
Treatment for bladder stones includes:
- Cystolitholapaxy: During a cystolitholapaxy, providers use a scope to visualize the stones in the bladder and then break bladder stones into tiny pieces using lasers or ultrasound . The pieces are then removed from the bladder.
- Surgery: If the stones are especially large, you may need open surgery to remove them. Your provider makes an incision in your abdomen and takes out the stones.
Who Is Jill Harris
Jill is a nurse and health coach that specializes in educating patients on kidney stone prevention. For more than 20 years shes helped patients understand that kidney stones can be prevented with the right treatment plan. Its one thing to be told to lower oxalate or drink more water, but HOW do you do it? Thats where she comes in. Through the educational resources at kidneystonediet.com, stone formers can learn everything they need to know to significantly lower new stone risk.
How To Prevent Kidney Stones
What you can do to prevent future kidney stones depends on the type of stone and your medical history, so youll want to speak with your doctor about your options, Simon says. Prevention strategies might involve drinking plenty of water, making dietary adjustments , or taking various medications to help moderate the levels of certain minerals in your urine, the Mayo Clinic explains.
Additional reporting by Claire Gillespie.
Read Also: Does Lemon Juice Help Kidney Stones
What Causes Kidney Stones
1. Hyperoxaluria Ã¢ Calcium oxalate stones form when excess oxalate substances are present in the urine and/or not taking sufficient calcium from the food.
Your doctor advises you to eat a low oxalate diet with a normal calcium intake.
2. Hypercalciuria Your doctor treats this by prescribing medicines to reduce calcium excretion.
Calcium binds to sodium substances in the urine. So, increased sodium levels also increase the amount of calcium in your urine.
Thats why your doctor advises you to take low sodium alkaline foods. Keep in mind that you need to take standard input of calcium even with hypercalciuria.
The use of alkaline water can help to decrease calcium excretion
3. Hypocitraturia Ã¢The citrate molecule works to bind the calcium in the urine and reduce the forming stones in the kidneys.
According to some evidence, urine citrate levels can increase by drinking citrus fruit juices like lemon water and orange juice.
You may use an effective Brita filter for clean drinking water to increase the alkalinity of lemonade and orange juice to reduce the risk of kidney stones.
This mixture gives you both citrate and alkalinity, where alkaline water will increase the pH scale of juices.
4. Hyperuricosuria Ã¢ Excessive protein intake can increase too much acidic urine.
You may advise taking low protein alkaline foods from your doctor, and alkaline water can help dilute uric acid levels.
You May Like: Do Diuretics Cause Kidney Damage
Kidney Stone Myths To Stop Believing
Would you know the symptoms if they happened to you?
Getting a kidney stone is no walk in the park. And the rumors floating around about what to expect when the stone actually passes are not for the faint of heart.
But, thats just what some of them are rumors.
So how can you be certain the pain youre experiencing is legitimately a kidney stone? Whats the difference between a kidney stone versus appendicitis versus a urinary tract infection or even a good old-fashioned stomachache?
Thats why its important to know what youre dealing with, says Mantu Gupta, MD, director of The Kidney Stone Center at Mount Sinai Hospital, who comes across a lot of misconceptions when it comes to signs, symptoms, feel, and care of kidney stones.
According to a recent study in European Urology, kidney stones affect about one in 11 people in the United States, so its becoming increasingly important to understand the signs and causes of kidney stones.
Hallmark signs vary, but can include painful urination, nausea or vomiting, persistent need to urinate, fevers and chills, and pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
Think you know your stuff when it comes to preventing and spotting kidney stone symptoms? Here are nine myths to be aware of:
Myth No. 1: Drinking cranberry juice will help flush out the kidney stone.
Fact: Cranberry juice might actually make your kidney stones worse.
Myth No. 2: Getting a kidney stone feels like a stomachache.
Fact: Calcium is not the enemy.
Also Check: Does A Kidney Infection Cause Gas
Can You Pass A 5mm Kidney Stone Without Knowing
The smaller the kidney stone, the more likely it will pass on its own. If it is smaller than 5 mm , there is a 90% chance it will pass without further intervention. If the stone is between 5 mm and 10 mm, the odds are 50%. If a stone is too large to pass on its own, several treatment options are available.
How Alkaline Water Prevent Forming Kidney Stone
Drink alkaline water to prevent kidney stones formation is a basic thing according to the Brady Urological Institute.
But, with this simple statement, kidney stones have become a big problem for both young and old right now.
Because there are also other factors of forming the kidney stone such as :
- Firstly, stones form when urine has a very high crystal concentration or not enough substances that prevent forming of crystals.
- The low urine pH may also contribute to calcium stone formation.
- Hypocitraturia too little citrate level in the urine.
- Hyperuricosuria too much uric acid crystals available in the urine.
- Hyperoxaluria too much oxalate presence in the urine.
- Hypercalciuria too much calcium present in the urine.
If you have kidney stone problems frequently with low urinary pH, then alkaline water may affect your urines pH level.
But before using alkaline water. You should consult with your doctor because there are several types of kidney stones, some may be prevented by using alkaline water, and some dont.
So, let get detailed information about the kidney stone formation causes and its solutions.
Recommended Reading: What Are The Early Symptoms Of Kidney Failure
Drinking Plenty Of Fluids
To aid the removal of the stone, it is important to drink plenty of clear fluids. Keeping well hydrated will also help to prevent stones from forming too. Drinking lots of water is particularly important if you have a stone that has formed from uric acid as this will help to break the stone down. In these instance you will be advised to try to drink around three litres of water a day and may also be given a medication to make your urine more alkaline, which will also help the stone break down.
How Are Bladder Stones Diagnosed
Your provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. To diagnose bladder stones, your provider may order:
- Urine test: Your provider sends a sample of your urine to a lab to check for small bladder stones. The lab will also test your urine for signs of a urinary tract infection or blood.
- Imaging tests: Computed tomography scans, X-ray and ultrasound images allow your provider to see clear pictures of your bladder. These tests show the size, shape and location of bladder stones.
- Cystoscopy: During this procedure, your provider uses a small scope to look inside your bladder and check for stones. The scope is thin and flexible, with a camera on the end.
Don’t Miss: How Do You Diagnose Kidney Disease
Kidney Stone Causes And Risk Factors
Both men and women can get kidney stones, but menâs chances of getting them are about double that of womenâs.
Itâs often hard to figure out what caused a kidney stone. But they happen when your urine has high levels of certain minerals. These include:
If you donât have enough urine in your body to water down the high concentration of minerals, stones can form. Think about stirring up your favorite drink from a powder mix. If you donât add enough liquid — say, water or juice — the powder will clump up and turn into hard, dry chunks.
Things that can raise your risk for kidney stones include:
- Some medications like triamterene , a diuretic that treats high blood pressure antiseizure drugs corticosteroids and protease inhibitors like indinavir sulfate for HIV.
Who Is Likely To Get Bladder Stones
Anyone can get bladder stones, but men over 50 are more likely to develop them. Around half of men over 50 have a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia . BPH causes the prostate to get bigger. An enlarged prostate can make it difficult to drain the bladder. Stones can form when urine sits in the bladder for too long.
People who have nerve damage such as a spinal cord injury affecting the bladder are more likely to get bladder stones. Also, individuals who have had specific types of surgery on their bladder are also at risk of bladder stones. Very rarely, a bladder stone will be the result of a kidney stone that could not pass out of the bladder. This can occur in people who have difficulty draining urine out of their bladder, such as men with BPH.
Also Check: How Do Know If You Have Kidney Problems
What Is A Kidney Stone
Kidney stones are small, hard deposits of mineral and acid salts that form on the inner surface of the kidneys, Roger Sur, M.D., director of the Comprehensive Kidney Stone Center at UC San Diego Health, tells SELF.
True to their name, kidney stones look like little pebbles that can vary in color , texture , and size , according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases . In rare nightmare scenarios, they can even reach the size of a golf ball .
Kidney stones are made of minerals normally found in your pee, like calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus, that dont cause issues at low levels, the NIDDK explains. As these minerals start to accumulate and crystalize, they can begin to stick togetheroften when the urine becomes more concentrated, the Mayo Clinic explains, which can happen due to things like dehydration.
Where Do You Hurt With Kidney Stones
If it becomes lodged in the ureters, it may block the flow of urine and cause the kidney to swell and the ureter to spasm, which can be very painful. At that point, you may experience these signs and symptoms: Severe, sharp pain in the side and back, below the ribs. Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin.
Recommended Reading: Can Kidney Infection Cause Joint Pain
Do Kidney Stones Hurt Worse When Lying Down
In some cases, the symptoms may be very subtle and build up slowly. In other cases, they may come on suddenly, with no early warning signs. This pain can be severe and may lead to nausea or vomiting, or both. People often experience sharp, stabbing pain, and common measures such as rest or lying down do not relieve it.
Kidney Stones Dissolve In Vivo
Results from the current study modify the long-held working assumption that COM is strongly insoluble in vivo,,, except perhaps within some individual cell organelles . In addition, although the entombment of organic matter has been previously documented,, the clinical importance of these biomass-rich nano-layers remains undetermined. Our results indicate that kidney stones repeatedly dissolve in vivo and highlight the intrinsic relationship between organic-rich and mineral-rich nano-layering.
The repeated dissolution, crystallization and resultant remodeling of crystalline architecture that takes place during CaOx stone growth is analogous to the commonly observed post-depositional physical, chemical and biological alteration observed in natural mineral deposits . The sector zoning in COMCE indicates that these crystals may be more soluble and thus more susceptible to diagenesis than expected with respect to calculated urine supersaturation states, as controlled by the differential entrapment of organic matter on specific COM crystal faces,. The biomolecules present within the human kidney may also play a major role in driving the multiple events of dissolution as recorded in the HSE . These are normal constituents of urine chemical composition, and could plausibly include biomolecules derived from a resident microbial community . However, the composition and potential effects of these biomolecules are currently unknown.
Don’t Miss: What Happens When Your Kidneys Fail
Drinking Water Is Key To Avoiding Painful Kidney Stones
We know it is healthy to drink water, and that many people do not drink enough. But how much does it really matter?
Just ask anyone who ever passed a kidney stone.
Kidney stones are hard chemical deposits that can form inside kidneys, the bean-shaped organs that filter waste out of the blood and turn it into urine. They rarely grow larger than a couple millimeters, but they are extremely painful as they pass through the urinary tract and out of the body.
Nearly 9 percent of Americans have had a kidney stone, according to the National Institutes for Health, and people who get them once will probably get them again. They are a common reason for emergency hospital visits.
But we can all reduce our risk by drinking more water. We need water to live, of course, and our bodies are mostly made out of it. But water also happens to be the best way to prevent kidney stones.
Our bodies naturally create waste chemicals as byproducts of digestion, breathing and other metabolic processes. Our kidneys collect that waste, mix it with water and flush it out as urine.
The less we drink, the longer those chemicals hang around. Sometimes, when they concentrate, they form tiny solids in the kidney, often made of a calcium compound or uric acid.
A few molecules stuck together will pass unnoticed. But if a body doesn’t get enough water to flush the kidneys often, that tiny solid could grow a few millimeters long.
How much water have you drunk today?
What Dissolves Kidney Stones Fast
Your doctor can determine whether a juice may cause side effects for you or your baby.Water. When passing a stone, upping your water intake can help speed up the process. Lemon juice. Basil juice. Apple cider vinegar. Celery juice. Pomegranate juice. Kidney bean broth. Dandelion root juice.More items
Read Also: Can Asparagus Cure Kidney Disease
Does Walking Help Pass Kidney Stones
Read more: Cuantas veces hace popo un recien nacido
Exercise might actually promote stone passing. The good news is, cautious exercise can actually be helpful in moving stones along naturally. If you feel up to it, a light jog or other cardio workout could be enough to shorten your kidney stones unwelcome stay.
What Is An Interesting Fact About Obsidian
Interesting Obsidian Rock Facts: Obsidian is also known as “nature’s glass” because of its glassy appearance. When obsidian breaks, the fractures are very sharp which is why it was used as tools in the Stone Age. Seventy percent of obsidian rock is made of silica. Obsidian can only form near active volcanoes.
You May Like: What Is The Treatment For Cats With Kidney Failure
What Are Bladder Stones
Bladder stones form when minerals in urine crystalize and clump together in the bladder. The medical term for bladder stones is bladder calculi.
Bladder stones generally develop when some urine stays in the bladder after you pee. Without treatment, stones can cause infections, bleeding and long-term problems in the urinary tract.
What Color Is Urine When Your Kidneys Are Failing
When kidneys are failing, the increased concentration and accumulation of substances in urine lead to a darker color which may be brown, red or purple. The color change is due to abnormal protein or sugar, high levels of red and white blood cells, and high numbers of tube-shaped particles called cellular casts.
Recommended Reading: Is Ginger Good For Kidney Stones
Signs And Symptoms Of Kidney Stones You Need To Know
If youve heard one thing about kidney stone symptoms, its probably the excruciating pain part. The rumors are, unfortunately, true: Of all the signs of kidney stones, the particular kind of agony they can cause is typically the clearest one. So its a good idea to familiarize yourself with how exactly that exquisite pain presents, as well as the handful of other kidney stone symptoms you can experience. Heres hoping you find the following information about signs of kidney stones interesting but that it never personally comes in handy for you.
When Should I See My Healthcare Provider About Bladder Stones
If you have any signs of bladder stones, talk to your provider. Stones continue to grow when they remain in the bladder. Thats why its important to get treated as soon as you notice symptoms.
Without treatment, bladder stones can lead to health problems like frequent urinary tract infections. Repeated UTIs can damage the urinary tract.
A note from Cleveland Clinic If you have signs of bladder stones, be open and honest with your healthcare provider. Effective treatments are available if the stones are too big to pass. Its important to get treated as early as possible and address any health conditions that may be causing bladder stones. Early treatment can relieve symptoms, help you avoid long-term damage and keep bladder stones from developing again.
Recommended Reading: How To Have Healthy Kidneys
Who Is More Likely To Develop Kidney Stones
Men are more likely to develop kidney stones than women. If you have a family history of kidney stones, you are more likely to develop them. You are also more likely to develop kidney stones again if youve had them once.
You may also be more likely to develop a kidney stone if you dont drink enough liquids.