Early Signs And Symptoms
- Changes in urine habits or changes in the urine or feelings of pressure in the lower pelvic area.
- Swelling or inflammation in the legs, feet, hands or face. If this is caused by the kidneys not removing all the fluid they should.
- General and persistent fatigue, dizziness or feeling cold. Commonly called anemia, these symptoms are a result of your kidneys failing to produce a hormone called erythropoietin, which regulates the production of red blood cells. With fewer red blood cells, less oxygen is transported to your muscles and to your brain. This causes you to feel tired, dizzy, cold or short of breath.
- Skin rash or itching. This is a result of the buildup of toxins, which the kidney is failing to remove efficiently. The itch can feel deep in the tissues.
- Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite or a metal taste in your mouth. This is a result of uremia, which is a build up of wastes in the blood. Your food may taste different, and you may lose weight.
- Muscle cramps or jerking.
Long Term Implications Of Acute Kidney Injury
Its recommended that recovered COVID-19 patients who had an AKI or ARF should be seen regularly by a kidney doctor, because their risk of developing chronic kidney disease is higher than others. COVID-19 patients who did not develop an AKI, but who had blood and/or protein in their urine, should be monitored since they are at increased risk of developing chronic- and end-stage-kidney disease.
Learn The Warning Signs And Symptoms Of Kidney Disease With Treatment
You might not notice that your kidneys are not working well, in the first place. In the majority of cases, there are hardly any problems in the early stages and not even in the advanced stage, in fact.
Kidney diseases are often the silent killers, for their ability to work efficiently until the last time. And thats dangerous, because the damage may proceed without any physical disturbances.
Many people with chronic kidney disease accidentally get to know about their health. This makes diagnoses and treatment a little tricky. So, it is important that you should check with your doctor from time to time if you have the risk factors that may harm your kidneys. Fortunately, there are allopathic and ayurvedic treatments for kidney disease that may help.
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What Do The Kidneys Do
The kidneys have several jobs. One of the most important is helping your body eliminate toxins. The kidneys filter your blood and send waste out of your body in urine.
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs about the size of your fist. They sit under your ribcage, toward your back. Most people have two working kidneys, but people can live well as long as at least one is working correctly.
When the kidneys dont work effectively, waste products build up in your body. If this happens, you might feel sick. In the most serious situations, kidney failure can be life-threatening. However, many people can manage kidney failure with the right treatment.
How Can Doctors Tell If I Have Ckd
Many people with Stage 1 CKD do not have any symptoms. However, if you have a family history of kidney disease, or a health condition that can damage your kidneys, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, your doctor may test the health of your kidneys.
To find out if you have CKD, doctors will do tests, such as:
- eGFR blood tests
- Blood pressure checks
- Imaging tests to take detailed pictures of the inside of your body, such as ultrasound, CT scan or MRI
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What Causes Kidney Disease
According to the National Kidney Foundation, type 1 and type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure are the leading causes of kidney disease. These conditions cause about two-thirds of CKD cases. A person who has heart disease or a family history of kidney disease is also at an increased risk. Repeated urinary tract infections and the use of drugs that are toxic to the kidneys, such as over-the-counter pain medications, can also cause kidney damage.
The frightening thing about chronic kidney disease is that a person typically experiences no signs or symptoms in the early stages. The only way to know if someone is experiencing kidney problems is to see a doctor for testing.
Unfortunately, kidney disease does not go away. It may slowly get worse over time and most people dont realize they have kidney disease until it is already quite severe. Once these organs fail, the damage is permanent. The only options for treating end-stage renal disease are dialysis or a kidney transplant. The sooner a diagnosis is made, the sooner steps can be taken to improve kidney health and prevent further damage.
Your Urine Is Usually Frothy
If you notice excessive amounts of bubbles, froth, or foam in the toilet after you go to the bathroom, you may have high concentrations of protein in your urine.
While removing extra fluids and wastes from your blood, healthy kidneys allow proteins and other important nutrients to return to your bloodstream. Damaged kidneys, on the other hand, are more likely to let some protein escape through your urine.
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Signs You Could Be Suffering From Kidney Disease
As far as vital organs go, its safe to say that the average person knows far more about their heart, brain, lungs, or stomach than they do about their kidneys. But knowing exactly what your kidneys do to keep your body healthy and learning which signs and symptoms may indicate that theyre not working as well as they should is often the best way to identify kidney disease in its earliest, most treatable stage.
Situated toward the back of your upper abdominal cavity, your kidneys are primarily responsible for filtering extra water and waste products out of your blood, so it can be excreted from your body through urine.
Although these fist-sized, bean-shaped organs are strong and efficient when theyre healthy, theyre also susceptible to damage particularly when theyre consistently subjected to the effects of uncontrolled diabetes, high blood pressure, or some other condition that impairs kidney function.
If your kidneys sustain too much damage over time, theyre no longer able to filter your blood properly. This chronic and progressive condition, commonly known as chronic kidney disease, affects more than 30 million adults in the United States, many of whom wont even know they have it until its either very advanced or leads to kidney failure.
Although getting tested for kidney disease is the only way to know for sure if you have it, knowing how to recognize its early symptoms may be exactly what prompts you to get tested in the first place.
Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease Symptoms
While watching for late-stage signs wont help with diagnosis, it is still important to learn what signs may appear at the different stages of kidney disease.
If you are at risk of chronic kidney disease, especially if you have hypertension and diabetes. To those, it is recommended that you get screened at least once a year for early diagnosis of kidney disease. Likely, your doctor will run some tests to know the glomerular filtration rate. Your doctor will order a blood and urine test to know how your kidneys are working.
The earlier chronic kidney disease is detected, the greater are the treatment effects on your health.
Talk to your doctor right away, if you think you have any of these signs of chronic kidney disease as mentioned below:
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Who Will Be On My Health Care Team
Youll have a whole team of trained health care providers to help you live well with kidney failure. The following people may be part of your health care team:
Nephrologist. A doctor who specializes in kidney health and oversees your treatment.
Dialysis nurse. A dialysis nurse will monitor your in-center dialysis and will see you monthly if youre doing home or peritoneal dialysis. The nurse will make sure youre taking your medicines correctly and help you find ways to lessen the side effects of dialysis. If you do home hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, your dialysis nurse will teach you how to set up your treatment, take care of the equipment, and watch for infections or other problems.
Transplant coordinator. A specially trained nurse who will be your point of contact, arrange your appointments, and teach you what to do before and after the transplant.
Renal dietitian. A renal dietitian is trained to help people with kidney failure. Your dietitian will help you make choices about what to eat and drink to help your treatment work better so youll feel better.
Social worker. Dialysis clinics and transplant centers have a social worker who works with people who have ESRD. Your renal social worker can help you find answers to problems such as
- keeping a job or changing jobs
- getting help paying for treatments
- finding services to help with transportation or chores around the house
- finding counseling services to deal with family problems
Early Symptoms Of Chronic Kidney Disease
Theres nothing wrong with my kidneys, David G. told his doctor. Im going to the bathroom just fine. Davids doctor had been trying to convince him to take better care of his diabetes and lose some weight. She told him that diabetes was the number one cause of kidney failure. She had been following his glomerular filtration rate . It was going down. She had been following his blood pressure. It was rising. Both were signs that kidney disease might be developing.
His doctor explained that kidney disease in its early stages does not cause symptoms. Kidney disease doesnt affect your ability to make urine in its early stages, David, she said. She told him, In fact, a person can lose a lot of kidney function before symptoms of kidney disease occur.
But I dont feel any pain. There cant be anything wrong, David said.
Its not that simple, David. You dont have to have pain. Your kidneys can be damaged silently. You wouldnt know without tests. There are usually no symptoms, she said.
Im too young to have kidney problems, David said. She responded: CKD can affect anyoneyoung or old! David protested: Ive had diabetes for five years and nothing has been wrong with my kidneys. She responded: Your kidneys can be slowly damaged by high blood sugar. CKD doesnt happen overnight!
Three simple tests can help find kidney problems. What are the tests measuring?
- How much waste is in your blood
- How much protein is in your urine
- How high your blood pressure is
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When To See A Healthcare Provider
If you start to notice signs like changes in your urine output, brain fog, or high blood pressure, see your healthcare provider.
If you have diabetes or heart disease and start to notice symptoms like the ones mentioned above or other signs that werent there before , also see your healthcare provider.
Both high blood pressure and high blood sugar can contribute to kidney disease and kidney failure. Seeing your healthcare provider early on, when you first notice symptoms, and starting treatment can make a difference in your prognosis .
What Causes Kidney Failure
The most common causes of kidney failure are diabetes and high blood pressure. Sometimes, though, kidney failure happens quickly due to an unforeseen cause.
When the kidneys lose function suddenly , its called acute kidney failure . This type of kidney failure is often temporary. Common causes of acute kidney failure can include:
- Autoimmune kidney diseases
- A urinary tract obstruction
- Uncontrolled systemic disease like heart or liver disease
Kidney failure usually doesnt happen overnight. Chronic kidney disease refers to a group of health conditions that affect how well your kidneys function over time. If left untreated, chronic kidney disease can lead to kidney failure.
The biggest causes of kidney failure from chronic kidney disease are:
- Diabetes: Unmanaged diabetes can lead to uncontrolled blood sugar levels. Consistently high blood sugar can damage the bodys organs, including the kidneys.
- High blood pressure: High blood pressure means blood travels through your bodys blood vessels with increased force. Over time, untreated high blood pressure levels can damage the kidneys tissue.
Other causes of chronic kidney disease include:
- Polycystic kidney disease, a hereditary condition where cysts grow inside your kidneys.
- Glomerular diseases, such as glomerulonephritis, which affect how well the kidneys can filter waste.
- Lupus and other autoimmune diseases that can affect multiple body systems.
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What You Need To Know
You have two kidneys, located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of your fist. Tiny structures called nephrons are inside each kidney and they filter the blood. There are about a million of them.
The kidneys are responsible for removing wastes, toxins and extra water from the body balancing important salts and minerals in the blood and releasing hormones to help control blood pressure, manage anemia and help maintain strong bones. The waste and extra water removed by the kidneys become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters. It goes to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom.
When the kidneys are damaged, they can’t filter blood as they should. The result can be a build-up of wastes in your body, as well as other problems that can harm your health.
One in three American adults is at high risk for developing kidney disease today. Yet most arent able to identify the signs and symptoms. One in nine American adults has kidney disease and most dont know it.
At first, kidney disease is silent. Symptoms often dont appear until the kidneys are badly damaged. Many people don’t have any symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced. Blood and urine tests are the only way to know if you have kidney disease.
Treatment Of Chronic Kidney Disease
Treatment of conditions that worsen kidney function
Dietary measures and drugs
. Both options decrease symptoms and prolong life. If the person is a candidate, kidney transplantation can be an excellent option. For people who choose not to undergo dialysis, end-of-life care Introduction to Death and Dying Death is an intrinsic part of life, and talking about the likely outcomes of illness, including death and dying, is an important part of health care. Doctors and patients vary in the language… read more is important.
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Can Kidney Failure Be Prevented
While kidney failure from chronic kidney disease cant be reversed, you can do many things to help preserve the kidney function you have today. Healthy habits and routines may slow down how quickly kidneys lose their functional abilities.
If you have chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, youll want to:
- Monitor your kidney function, with your doctors help.
- Keep your blood sugar levels under control, if you have diabetes.
- Keep your blood pressure levels in a normal range.
- Make healthy diet choices, such as limiting foods high in protein and sodium.
Pain In The Small Of Your Back
Pain around the areas of the kidneys is very common in people with chronic kidney disease. Usually, the pain does not get better with time or becomes worse when you move. Each kidney is present on either side of the spine, in your lower back, and so pain is quite common in CKD patients. Often the cause can be any sort of kidney infection, stones, or blockage which can disrupt kidney function.
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Ankles And Feet Becomes Swollen
Women may have swollen ankles and feet as an early signs of kidney dysfunctions. This can be due to multiple factors however it can also indicate sodium retention in the body. Reduced working or problem in kidney functions can lead to sodium retention. It causes ankles and feet to swell and could also increase the risk of heart diseases, liver problems and chronic vein problems.
Should I Be Worried About Kidney Disease
Its important to note that symptoms associated with kidney disease are very general. They can be caused by other illnesses. In fact, around one in ten adults in Australia have signs associated with chronic kidney disease.
So, theres no need to panic please read about the risk factors such as diabetes, blood pressure, age and weight, then visit your doctor for a Kidney Health Check. Your doctor will ask about your familys medical history, along with a few questions on your general health and well being. Theyll check your blood pressure and ask you to do a urine test and blood test while youre there, too.
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Treatment For Kidney Failure In Dogs
As with many other conditions, treatment will be determined by your dogs overall health and the underlying cause of their kidney problems.
If your pet is suffering from acute kidney failure, urgent and intensive treatment will be required, often in intensive care at your animal hospital. That said, if spotted early, milder cases of acute kidney failure may be treated with fluids, antibiotics and medications without the need for hospitalization. In some cases dialysis may be recommended to treat acute renal failure in dogs.
When it comes to treating chronic kidney failure, the primarily focus will be on slowing the progression of the disease and improving your dog’s quality of life. Symptoms of chronic kidney disease such as nausea, fluid imbalances, and blood pressure fluctuations may be treated with medications and/or changes to your dog’s regular diet.
Many dogs being treated for chronic kidney failure go on to enjoy a good quality of life for a number of years. In order to help manage your dog’s condition, and improve your dog’s quality of life, specific nutrients, nutritional supplements or a therapeutic diet may be recommended.