Kidney Stones Small Black Bits In My Urine
I am a 53 year old female. Ive been suffering with some stomach discomfort for the last few months. About two weeks ago I got some really bad pains in the left side of my stomach, a few days later I had some seriously stong pains down below and couldnt pass urine. Several times during the night I went to the bathroom with a feeling one needing to pass urine but just got this really strong pain and couldnt pass anything then when I finally did it was just a drizzle. the next day I went okay, and there were small black bits in my urine, about five in total. Were these kidney stones? they were very small. whats worrying me is that a couple of days ago i got the pain in the left side of my abdomen again, it was quite bad and kept coming and going over a day or two but nothing since.
How Are Kidney And Bladder Stones Treated
If a stone blocks urine flow and drainage of the kidney, there are a variety of possible treatments. An option that your doctor may choose is:
- Ureteral stenting or nephrostomy: A ureteral stent is a thin, flexible tube threaded into the ureter by a urologist to restore the flow of urine to the bladder from the kidney. A nephrostomy is performed by an interventional radiologist when ureteral stenting is not possible or desirable. A tube is placed through the skin on the patient’s back into the kidney and the tube is connected to an external drainage bag. The procedure is usually performed with fluoroscopy.
Are Home Remedies Effective For Kidney Stones
For some people who have had many kidney stones, home care may be appropriate. When passing a kidney stone, drinking lots of fluid is important. In fact, this is the most important home care measure. Medications may help control the pain . However, if it is the first time one has had symptoms suggestive of a kidney stone, it is important to see a doctor right away.
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How Common Are Kidney Stones
Each year, more than half a million people go to emergency rooms for kidney stone problems. It is estimated that one in ten people will have a kidney stone at some time in their lives.
The prevalence of kidney stones in the United States increased from 3.8% in the late 1970s to 8.8% in the late 2000s. The prevalence of kidney stones was 10% during 20132014. The risk of kidney stones is about 11% in men and 9% in women. Other diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity may increase the risk for kidney stones.
Enlarged Kidney Protein In Urine Severe Back Pain Smelly Urine
Test show that I have a enlarged kidney, I have protien in my urine, severe back pain to the right side, strong smelly urine, blood pressure very high now on 10mg blood pressure tablets, Doctors have done tests on my kidneys and say the test shows the kidneys are functioning normally so I have not to go back to hospital for six months.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are usually painless and undetectable as they grow. However, when the kidney stone detaches from the inner kidney wall it can cause severe pain in the lower back.
It can continue to cause discomfort and pain as it travels through the urinary tract. As you go through the stages of passing the kidney stone, you may also experience the following symptoms:
- Increased urge to urinate
- Sharp pain in the back and side below the ribs
- Blood in your urine
What Happens If I Have A Radiolucent Stone
Dont fret! X-rays are not the only imaging technique used in diagnosing kidney stones.
Based on guidelines from the American Urological Association, a non-contrast CT scan will be administered, possibly in conjunction with the X-ray3.
CT scans have the highest sensitivity for detecting kidney stones, among the various imaging techniques available4.
Curious to learn more about imaging tests for your kidney stones?
Parmar, M. S. . Kidney stones. BMJ . Retrieved June 2, 2022, from
Chua, M. E., Gatchalian, G. T., Corsino, M. V., & Reyes, B. B. . Diagnostic utility of attenuation measurement in computed tomography STONOGRAM in predicting the radio-opacity of urinary calculi in plain abdominal radiographs international urology and nephrology. SpringerLink. Retrieved June 2, 2022, from
AUA guidelines for Imaging Known or Suspected Ureteral Calculi. . Retrieved 2 June 2022, From
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How Long Does It Take To Pass A Kidney Stone
The amount of time it can take for you to pass a kidney stone is different from anothers. A stone thats smaller than 4 mm may pass within one to two weeks. A stone thats larger than 4 mm could take about two to three weeks to completely pass.
Once the stone reaches the bladder, it typically passes within a few days, but may take longer, especially in an older man with a large prostate. However, pain may subside even if the stone is still in the ureter, so its important to follow up with your healthcare provider if you dont pass the stone within four to six weeks.
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How Are Kidney And Bladder Stones Diagnosed And Evaluated
Imaging is used to provide your doctor with valuable information about the kidney or bladder stones, such as location, size and effect on the function of the kidneys. Some types of imaging that your doctor may order include:
- Abdominal and pelvic CT: This is the most rapid scanning method for locating a stone. This procedure can provide detailed images of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, identify a stone and reveal whether it is blocking urinary flow. See the Safety page for more information about CT procedures.
- Intravenous pyelogram : This is an x-ray examination of the kidneys, ureters and urinary bladder that uses iodinated contrast material injected into veins to evaluate the urinary system. See the Safety page for more information about x-rays.
- Abdominal and Pelvic ultrasound: These exams use sound waves to provide pictures of the kidneys and bladder and can identify blockage of urinary flow and help identify stones.
For more information about ultrasound performed on children, visit the pediatric abdominal ultrasound page.
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Why Do Doctors Examine The Contents Of The Stone
There are four types of stones. Studying the stone can help understand why you have it and how to reduce the risk of further stones. The most common type of stone contains calcium. Calcium is a normal part of a healthy diet. The kidney usually removes extra calcium that the body doesn’t need. Often people with stones keep too much calcium. This calcium combines with waste products like oxalate to form a stone. The most common combination is called calcium oxalate.
Less common types of stones are: Infection-related stones, containing magnesium and ammonia called struvite stones and stones formed from monosodium urate crystals, called uric acid stones, which might be related to obesity and dietary factors. The rarest type of stone is a cvstine stone that tends to run in families.
How Does The Procedure Work
X-rays are a form of radiation like light or radio waves. X-rays pass through most objects, including the body. The technologist carefully aims the x-ray beam at the area of interest. The machine produces a small burst of radiation that passes through your body. The radiation records an image on photographic film or a special detector.
Different parts of the body absorb the x-rays in varying degrees. Dense bone absorbs much of the radiation while soft tissue allow more of the x-rays to pass through them. As a result, bones appear white on the x-ray, soft tissue shows up in shades of gray, and air appears black.
Most x-ray images are electronically stored digital files. Your doctor can easily access these stored images to diagnose and manage your condition.
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Both Ct And Ultrasound Find Most Kidney Stones
Whether you have an ultrasound or a CT scan first:
- Does not affect the amount of pain you have or how quickly your pain will go away.
- Does not change the risk of having serious side effects or complications from kidney stones.
- Does not change the risk of having to go back to the emergency department or stay in the hospital.
Having an ultrasound first may help you avoid being exposed to radiation from a CT scan.
- If you have an ultrasound first, you may need a second imaging test, which may be a CT scan. But, most people who have an ultrasound first do not need a CT scan.
Note: If you and the emergency doctor decide on a CT scan, ask if it is possible to get a low-dose CT scan. Low-dose CT works as well as normal-dose CT to check for kidney stones and exposes you to less radiation.
Schedule An Appointment With Health Images Today
No one wants to experience the pain of having a kidney stone. Fortunately, doctors have the diagnostic tools necessary to quickly identify kidney stones and help you feel better fast.
If you need an imaging test for kidney stones and live in the Denver area, were ready to help you at Health Images. We are committed to creating a comfortable, positive experience for our patients. Our technologists use the latest CT scan, x-ray and ultrasound technology to produce clear, accurate images. If you need a scan for kidney stones, schedule an appointment at Health Images today.
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Reasons For The Procedure
A KUB X-ray may be performed to help diagnose the cause of abdominal pain,such as masses, perforations, or obstruction. A KUB X-ray may be taken toevaluate the urinary tract before other diagnostic procedures areperformed. Basic information regarding the size, shape, and position of thekidneys, ureters, and bladder may be obtained with a KUB X-ray. Thepresence of calcifications in the kidneys or ureters may be noted.
There may be other reasons for your doctor to recommend a KUB X-ray.
Risks Of The Procedure
You may want to ask your doctor about the amount of radiation used duringthe procedure and the risks related to your particular situation. It is agood idea to keep a record of your past history of radiation exposure, suchas previous scans and other types of X-rays, so that you can inform yourdoctor. Risks associated with radiation exposure may be related to thecumulative number of X-ray examinations and/or treatments over a longperiod of time.
Notify your health care provider if you are pregnant or suspect that youmay be pregnant. Radiation exposure during pregnancy may lead to birthdefects.
There may be other risks depending on your specific medical condition. Besure to discuss any concerns with your physician prior to the procedure.
Certain factors or conditions may interfere with the accuracy of a KUBX-ray. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:
Recent barium X-rays of the abdomen
Gas , feces, or foreign body in the intestine
Uterine or ovarian masses, such as calcified fibromas of the uterus or ovarian lesions
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Can Kidney Stones Come Back
After the kidney stone has passed or after it is removed, another stone may form. People who have had a kidney stone in the past are more likely to get another stone in the future.
If you have had a kidney stone, talk with your health care professional about your risk of getting another one. Ask your health care professional what steps you can take to lower your risk of getting another kidney stone.
Kidney Stones Are More Common In Summer And In Hotter Climates
Theres a reason summer is called kidney stone season.
Hot weather leads to dehydration, which causes more kidney stones in warmer climates, Nabhani says. The southeastern United States is known as the Stone Belt, because the incidence of kidney stones is higher in this warm region. Drink your water, especially if its hot!
If you regularly sweat a lot during exercise, such as with hot yoga, be sure to stay hydrated as well.
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What Is A Kidney Ureter And Bladder X
A kidney, ureter, and bladder X-ray may be performed to assess the abdominal area for causes of abdominal pain, or to assess the organs and structures of the urinary and/or gastrointestinal system. A KUB X-ray may be the first diagnostic procedure used to assess the urinary system.
X-rays use invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs on film. X-rays are made by using external radiation to produce images of the body, its organs, and other internal structures for diagnostic purposes. X-rays pass through body tissues onto specially treated plates and a negative type picture is made . Digital films and digital media are more commonly used now than the film media.
Other related procedures that may be used to diagnose problems of the urinary organs of the abdomen include computed tomography of the kidney , kidney ultrasound , kidney scan , cystography , cystometry , cystoscopy , intravenous pyelogram , kidney biopsy , magnetic resonance imaging , prostate ultrasound , retrograde cystography , retrograde pyelogram , uroflowmetry , and renal venogram .
What Are Kidney Stones
Each kidney is a bean-shaped organ that filters waste from your blood and produces urine. Kidney stones are solid pieces that develop in the kidneys and are made of salts and minerals.
Usually, the substances that cause kidney stones exit the body in the urine, but sometimes they stick together and form a solid mass. Kidney stones vary in size they may be very tiny, like a grain of rice, or as big as a pearl. There are different types of kidney stones, too, composed of the following materials:
- Uric acid: Uric acid stones may form in the kidneys if you lose a lot of fluid due to factors such as heavy sweating or chronic diarrhea. These types of stones may also develop if you eat a high-protein diet or have diabetes.
- Calcium oxalate: According to the National Kidney Foundation, eight out of 10 kidney stones are calcium oxalate stones. If there is more oxalate than liquid in your urine, the material can crystallize and form stones. Oxalate is a natural substance found in many foods, such as almonds, spinach and chocolate. You dont need to stop eating these foods to prevent kidney stones, but you should avoid excessive intake of high-oxalate foods.
- Struvite: Struvite is a mineral that may form due to chronic urinary tract infections. These types of stones can grow large quickly. Struvite stones are not very common.
- Cystine: Cystine stones form when there is too much cystine in the urine. Cystine is an amino acid. Cystine stones only account for 1% to 2% of all kidney stones.
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Scans For Detecting Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are common and can occur at any age. According to the National Kidney Foundation, about one in 10 people will have a kidney stone in their lifetime. Sometimes kidney stones pass on their own and do not require medical attention. Other times, kidney stones can cause a lot of pain and warrant a doctors help.
If your doctor suspects kidney stones are causing the pain youre experiencing, they may suggest a scan to locate the stone and determine the best treatment for your condition.
What Is The Purpose Of A Kub Study
Doctors order a KUB study to identify abdominal pain that they havent diagnosed yet. People who have symptoms of gallstones or kidney stones may also be candidates for this study. Having a KUB study may help your doctor confirm a diagnosis. Someone who has swallowed a foreign object might also benefit from the study, which can help the doctor determine whether the object is in the stomach.
During the test, X-ray images are taken of the structures of your digestive system, including the intestines and stomach. The KUB procedure can help your doctor diagnose certain gastrointestinal conditions, such as:
- an intestinal blockage
- foreign objects in the stomach
- kidney stones and certain types of gallstones
Your doctor can also use it after a procedure. For example, they can use it to confirm if a feeding tube or ureteral stent is in the correct location.
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Symptoms Of Kidney Stones
Small kidney stones can usually pass on their own. Larger stones can get stuck in the ureters, which leads to intense discomfort. Your ureters are the tubes that send urine from your kidneys to your bladder. When a stone gets stuck in a ureter, it blocks the flow of urine and causes severe pain. However, kidney stones can cause discomfort in different locations as they move through your urinary tract.
If a kidney stone blocks your urinary tract, you might need to see a doctor for help. You may experience the following symptoms:
- Feeling the need to urinate frequently
- Urinating in small amounts
- Cloudy or odorous urine
Tests For Kidney Stones
There are several ways your doctor can test for kidney stones. They include:
Imaging tests: Doctors have various ways of taking a peek inside your body to see whatâs going on. They might try:
- X-rays. They can find some stones, but little ones might not show up.
- CT scans. A more in-depth type of scan is called computed tomography, or CT scan. A CT scan is a special kind of X-ray. The equipment takes pictures from several angles. A computer then puts all the X-rays, called âslices,â together into more detailed images than standard X-rays can give you. A CT scan is often used in emergencies, because it gives such clear and quick images to help doctors make a fast diagnosis.
- Ultrasound. This test uses sound waves to create pictures of your insides.
If you have a kidney stone, these tests can help tell your doctor how big it is and exactly where itâs located.
You donât need to do anything to prepare for an imaging test. You may be told to drink more fluids to help pass the stone.
Blood tests: These can help find out whether you have too much of certain substances in your blood, such as uric acid or calcium, that can cause stones to form.
Urine tests: These can detect stone-forming minerals in your pee or find out if you lack substances that help stop them from forming. You might collect a urine sample over the course of a day or two.
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