Oranges And Orange Juice
While oranges and orange juice are arguably most well known for their vitamin C content, theyre also rich sources of potassium.
One large orange provides 333 mg of potassium. Moreover, there are 473 mg of potassium in 1 cup of orange juice .
Given their potassium content, oranges and orange juice likely need to be avoided or limited on a renal diet.
Grapes, apples, and cranberries, as well as their respective juices, are all good substitutes for oranges and orange juice, as they have lower potassium contents.
Oranges and orange juice are high in potassium and should be limited on a renal diet. Try grapes, apples, cranberries, or their juices instead.
Processed meats are meats that have been salted, dried, cured, or canned.
Some examples include hot dogs, bacon, pepperoni, jerky, and sausage.
Processed meats typically contain large amounts of salt, mostly to improve their taste and preserve flavor.
Therefore, it may be difficult to keep your daily sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg if processed meats are abundant in your diet.
Additionally, processed meats are high in protein.
If you have been told to monitor your protein intake, its important to limit processed meats for this reason as well.
Processed meats are high in salt and protein and should be consumed in moderation on a renal diet.
Pickles, processed olives, and relish are all examples of cured or pickled foods.
Usually, large amounts of salt are added during the curing or pickling process.
Are Garlic Supplements Ok For Kidneys
What about garlic supplements? Are garlic supplements ok for kidneys?
Research has been conducted on the effects of garlic supplementation on blood pressure.
However, there is very little research on rats or humans on the safety of garlic supplements for those with chronic kidney disease specifically.
In one study, humans were given powdered garlic supplements. Over an 8-week time period, the participants that did include the powdered garlic capsules did see a reduction in blood pressure.
However, the placebo group also saw the same reduction in blood pressure.
If you do have kidney disease, talk to your doctor or dietitian about whether or not a garlic supplement is ok for you.
Chances are, adding garlic to your food in the raw, cooked, or powdered form will do the trick.
What Happens During A Gfr Test
To test your GFR, your doctor will refer you for a blood test.
When you get a blood test, a medical professional will use a small needle to draw your blood, usually from a vein in your arm. The blood sample is then sent to a laboratory for testing.
A technician at the testing lab will test your blood sample to find out how much creatinine is in your blood.
Things get a little more complex from here. Your creatinine level can provide information about your kidney function, but it isnt the same thing as your GFR. So, to find out your GFR, your creatinine test results are plugged into a math formula with other variables like your age and sex. This step is usually completed by a technician at the testing lab or by your doctor.
The result is known as your estimated GFR, or eGFR.
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Talk To Your Doctor About Whether You Need To Limit Phosphorus And Potassium
Phosphorus and potassium are minerals that your body needs for certain processes. Phosphorous helps build strong bones, while potassium helps regulate your heartbeat and keeps your muscles working properly.
If you have CKD, however, these minerals they can build up in your blood, causing problems throughout your body. High levels of phosphorus can pull calcium from your bones, making bones weak and more likely to break, and may cause itchy skin and bone and joint pain. You may need to limit foods high in phosphorous, such as animal protein, dairy, and dark-colored sodas. High levels of potassium can cause heart problems. Your doctor will run blood tests to check your potassium and phosphorus levels. Be sure to ask if youre not sure whether you need to keep tabs on your intake of these minerals.
Choose And Prepare Foods With Less Sodium
Sodium is a mineral found in almost all foods. It has many important roles in the way your body works. The amount of sodium found naturally in foods is enough to keep a healthy level in your body. But eating packaged foods and adding salt to foods can lead to eating too much sodium.
Too much sodium can make you thirsty and make your body hold onto water, which can lead to swelling and raise your blood pressure. This can damage your kidneys more and make your heart work harder.
One of the best things you can do is to limit how much sodium you eat. A general rule is to have less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day. Here are some tips to limit sodium:
- Use herbs and spices for flavor while cooking. Do not add salt to your food when cooking or eating.
- Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned vegetables. If you use canned vegetables, drain and rinse them to remove extra salt.
- When eating out, ask your server to have the chef not add salt to your dish.
Work with your dietitian to find foods that are low in sodium.
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Foods To Avoid When Suffering From Kidney Problems
Processed foods contain high amounts of sodium and phosphorous as these two nutrients are used in preservation. Phosphorous, in the form of an additive, is absorbed at the highest rate when compared to meat and plant sources.
To avoid these foods, purchase foods in their whole form. The less processing, the less additives in the food item.
Do You Need Kidney Beans For Chili
Chili is a popular dish around the world, and one of the most popular ingredients is kidney beans. While many people do not need kidney beans for chili, others may choose to add them to their recipe. There are a few reasons why kidney beans might be chosen as an ingredient for chili. First, they are low in calories and protein, making them a good choice for those
who want to lose weight or keep their muscle mass. Second, they contain high levels of potassium and magnesium, which can help improve overall health. Finally, they are a good source of fiber, which can help keep you feeling full after eating.
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Limit Foods High In Phosphorus
Damaged kidneys are unable to filter out extra phosphorus in the blood. Too much phosphorus in the body can cause calcium to be removed from your bones, leading to weak bones, as well as calcium deposits in the blood vessels, lungs, eyes, and heart. Over time, this increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Phosphorus is naturally found in protein-rich foods such as meats, poultry, fish, nuts, beans and dairy products. Phosphorus from animal sources is more easily absorbed than from plant sources.
Foods high in phosphorus include chocolate, milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, pudding, organ meats, oysters, sardines, processed meats, bran, whole wheat bread, nuts, seeds, beans, beer, and dark-colored cola drinks.
Foods That Support Kidney Health
The following foods help your kidneys perform better and help in reducing or repairing kidney damage:
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Will I Get Enough Vitamins On A Kidney
Your doctor or dietitian can help you find vitamins that are right for you. To help you get the right amounts of vitamins and minerals, your dietitian may suggest you take:
- A special supplement made for people with kidney disease
- A special kind of vitamin D, folic acid or iron pill, to help prevent some common side effects of kidney disease, such as bone disease and anemia
Regular multi-vitamins may not be healthy for you if you have kidney disease. They may have too much of some vitamins and not enough of others.
Tell your doctor and dietitian about any vitamins, supplements or over-the-counter medicines you are taking. Some can cause more damage to your kidneys or cause other health problems.
Best Foods To Eat For Your Kidney Health
By Virginia Irwin-Scott, DO, Nephrologist Virtua NephrologyIf you have chronic kidney disease , you need to pay close attention to what you eat and drink. Thats because your kidneys can no longer effectively remove fluids and waste products from your body.In the early stages of CKD, you may have few limits on what you can eat and drink. But as your condition progresses, your health care provider or dietitian may place you on a more kidney-friendly diet. Indeed, many foods that are part of a typical healthy diet may not be right for you. Here are some choices they may recommend.
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How Can I Learn What I Should Eat
All dialysis and transplant centers have a dietitian who can help you plan your meals. A renal dietitian has special training in counseling people with kidney failure.
Nutrition counseling from a registered dietitian to help meet your medical or health goals is called medical nutrition therapy . Medicare pays for MNT for people with kidney disease with a written referral from your doctor. If you have insurance other than Medicare, ask if it covers MNT for kidney failure. You will also need a referral from your health care provider to a dietitian for MNT services.
You can find a registered dietitian online through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics or through your health care provider. Work closely with your dietitian to develop a meal plan that includes foods and drinks you enjoy eating while maintaining your health.
How Can I Follow A Kidney
Your kidney-friendly eating plan may change over time, but it will always give you the right amount of these nutrients:
- Protein: One of the nutrients that gives you energy. Your body needs protein to grow, build muscles, heal and stay healthy.
- Fat: Fat is another one of the nutrients that gives you energy. Your body needs fat to carry out many jobs, such as to use vitamins from your food and keep your body at the right temperature.
- Carbohydrates or “carbs”: Your body’s main source of energy. Your body can more easily convert carbs into energy than protein and fat.
Work with your dietitian to follow the steps below for a kidney-friendly eating plan.
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Eat The Right Amount Of Calories
Calories are like fuel and give your body energy. Calories come from the protein, fat and carbs in your diet. How many calories you need depends on your age, gender, body size and activity level.
You may need to adjust how many calories you eat to stay at a healthy weight. Some people will need to limit the calories they eat. Others may need to have more calories. Your doctor or dietitian can help you figure out how many calories you should have each day.
Role Of Kidneys In The Body
Healthy eating is important for healthy kidneys so they can efficiently perform their functions:
- Remove waste from the body through urination.
- Filter the blood and maintain adequate plasma to keep the blood flowing to the vital organs.
- Regulate the electrolyte balance and the acid-base balance to maintain pH levels.
- Produce hormones that aid in red blood cell synthesis, help to control blood pressure, and regulate blood calcium and glucose levels.
The kidneys are essential in total body homeostasis.
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Risks And Side Effects
Remember that a number of factors influence the best type of kidney diet that someone can follow, including: the stage of their renal disease, type of treatmentthey are on, and presence of other medical conditions.
Even though a healthy diet that is similar to the DASH diet or Mediterranean diet has been slow the progression of kidney disease and other diseases like heart disease too, some patients will still need to follow a special diet that is more restrictive. To be safe, always speak with your doctor before changing your diet, especially if you have chronic kidney disease. The DASH diet and Mediterranean diet are not intended for people on dialysis, who should work with a dietician to make sure they are managing their nutrient intake carefully.
Some High Sodium Foods
- Breads, cereals, and crackers
- Canned soups and stews
- Canned vegetables
- Condiments, like ketchup, mustard, soy sauce, and salad dressings
- Cottage cheese and some other cheeses
- Pretzels, chips, cheese puffs
- Foods with seasoning packets and Helper foods
- Processed meats, like bacon, hot dogs, and deli meats
- Tomato and vegetable juices spaghetti sauce
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Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate
Because testing GFR can be very complex, its often estimated. You may see this called an estimated glomerular filtration rate test.
eGFR uses the results from a blood test for creatinine, a waste product produced by your muscles. While creatinine production can vary by individual, high levels in the blood can potentially indicate decreased kidney function.
Once the result of the creatinine test is obtained, a lab technician or doctor will calculate your eGFR. Your eGFR is an estimate of your kidney function thats also based on information like your age and sex.
In the United States, a different version of the formula is generally used when calculating eGFR test results for Black people. However, this modified test, known as the race-adjusted eGFR, has been criticized for lacking a sound scientific basis. Many experts now suggest that the use of race-adjusted eGFR tests may be contributing to health inequities for Black people.
Because eGFR is one of the major tools that a doctor can use to assess kidney function, researchers are working to develop eGFR tests that are inclusive and unbiased. Newer eGFR tests that include both creatinine and a protein called cystatin C may be more accurate, according to 2021 research.
The creatinine-based eGFR test is
- conditions that cause muscle atrophy
- having very high muscle mass, such as in bodybuilding
- following a vegetarian or low meat diet
In these cases, a doctor may opt to use other tests to assess your kidney function.
Does Bulgur Have Any Downsides
Although bulgur is safe for most people, it might not be the best choice for everyone.
Because bulgur is a wheat product, people with a wheat allergy or gluten-related disorder should avoid it. Instead, they can eat any number of other nutritious gluten-free grains .
Some people with chronic intestinal disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome , may not tolerate bulgur due to its insoluble fiber content .
If you live with IBD or IBS and are unsure how youll react to it, start with a small amount to see how your body responds.
Similarly, if youre experiencing any acute digestive symptoms because of infection or illness, its best to wait until your symptoms improve before introducing high fiber foods .
Lastly, if youre eating a lot of fiber and you notice poor tolerance of high fiber foods, it may help to cut back and introduce these foods slowly, in smaller quantities, until your tolerance improves. You can also try drinking more water to help digest the fiber.
Some people, such as those with gluten allergies, shouldnt eat bulgur. Others who experience poor tolerance and adverse digestive effects from bulgur should avoid it or limit their intake.
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Benefits Of A Kidney Disease Diet
According to the National Kidney Foundation, 37 million American adults have chronic kidney disease. People with CKD often need to change what they eat to help avoid further damage to their kidneys.
Following a renal disease diet can help preserve kidney function and prevent further decline in their ability to filter the blood of waste and fluids. This can help decrease some symptoms of kidney disease, such as fatigue, loss of appetite, problems with urination, and kidney pain.
In addition, following a healthy renal diet can help provide you with energy, maintain a healthy weight, decrease infections, and prevent loss of muscle mass. Continue reading to learn more about diet for people with kidney disease.