Reducing The Risk Of Developing Cardiovascular Diseases
People with chronic kidney disease have an increased risk of developing CVDs, such as heart disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. People with CKD are actually twenty times more likely to die from cardiovascular-related problems than from kidney failure. This is why reducing any other cardiovascular risk factors is so important. See the separate leaflet called Cardiovascular Disease .
This typically includes:
Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease
Stage 3 chronic kidney disease is considered the middle stage. In stage 3 chronic kidney disease, there is mild to moderate damage to the kidneys, and the kidneys dont filter waste and fluid as well as they should.
This waste and fluid may build up in the body and cause problems such as high blood pressure. Also, the decrease in viable kidney cells at this stage impairs their role in promoting healthy production of red blood cells, causing anemia, as well as their role in bone metabolism, causing problems in bone structure and metabolism which can lead to fractures.
While damage to the kidneys usually is not reversible, treatment and healthy lifestyle changes can slow the progression. With proper treatment, many people do not progress to stages 4 or 5, which is kidney failure.
Medical Treatment To Consider
With stage 3 chronic kidney disease, there is no need for dialysis or kidney transplants. Patients are prescribed medications to address any underlying medical issues that could be contributing to their kidney damage.
This might include glucose management drugs for diabetics and ACE inhibitors for those with high blood pressure. In addition, some medications might be prescribed to help alleviate the diseases side effects. For example, patients might be given iron supplements for anemia, diuretics for edema, drugs to lower cholesterol or calcium supplements to prevent bone fractures.
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What Is The Treatment For Chronic Kidney Disease
Treatment for most cases of CKD is usually done by GPs. This is because most cases are mild-to-moderate and do not require any specialist treatment. Your GP may refer you to a specialist if you develop stage 4 or 5 CKD, or at any stage if you have problems or symptoms that require specialist investigation.
Research studies have shown that, in many people, treatment at early stages of CKD can prevent or slow down progression through to eventual kidney failure.
The aims of treatment include:
- If possible, to treat any underlying kidney condition.
- To prevent or slow down the progression of CKD.
- To reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
- To relieve symptoms and problems caused by CKD.
Nuts And Sunflower Seeds
Nuts and seeds are popular, healthy snacks for most people. However, for a person with kidney disease, they can be harmful.
A 1 ounce serving, or about 23 almonds, contains about:
- 208 milligrams of potassium
- 187 milligrams of potassium
- 168 milligrams of phosphorus
If you enjoy nuts and sunflower seeds, consider pairing them with other low-potassium and low-phosphorus meal options. Alternatively, choose nuts that are lower in phosphorus.
Macadamia nuts are a great choice for a kidney diet as they only contain around 104 milligrams of potassium and 53 milligrams of phosphorus per 1 ounce serving.
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Can People Over 60 Use This
The program is harmless for people over 60 years old.
The program was made for men and women who have chronic kidney ailments or people at risk of developing one. The creators know that the odds of diseases increase as you get older, especially when you reach 60. So from the beginning, they know people in that group will probably use it.
Everything in the program has been carefully researched and selected to guarantee the best results for people over 60.
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Controlled Intake Of Sodium
Sodium affects your blood pressure and helps maintain the water balance in the body. Kidneys play a significant role in keeping sodium levels in check, as the accumulation of too much sodium can become a problem if your kidneys are not functioning normally. It can result in swelling, shortness of breath, and fluid buildup. It becomes necessary to control the intake of salt in your diet, keeping in mind the condition of your kidneys to ensure it does not cause any complications.
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Q: What Foods Should I Avoid With Ckd Stage 3
A: A person with CKD stage 3, must avoid certain food in his diet to control the further progression of the disease. These foods include:
- Processed meat.
- Dark-colored sodas.
- High potassium diets like bananas, avocados, apricots, kiwifruit, and oranges, etc.
- Food that increases blood sugar like dry fruits, potatoes, sweet potatoes, food added with artificial sweetener, snack food, fruit juice, etc.
- Certain green leafy vegetables like spinach, beet greens, chard, etc.
- Packaged foods, instant meals, and fast food.
- Most beans and lentils.
What Is Stage 4 Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease happens if your kidneys have been damaged. Kidneys can become damaged from a physical injury or a disease like diabetes or high blood pressure. Once your kidneys are damaged, they are not able to filter blood or do their other jobs well enough to keep you healthy. Some of the important jobs kidneys do:
- Help keep blood pressure under control
- Keep bones healthy
- Help make red blood cells
There are five stages of chronic kidney disease. The mildest are stages 1 and 2. In these early stages of kidney disease, the kidneys are damaged and not working at full strength. At stage 3, about half of kidney function has been lost. This can cause other problems, like high blood pressure or bone problems. Treatment of these problems is very important, and it can even help slow down the loss of kidney function. At stage 4, severe kidney damage has happened. At this stage, it is very important to slow the loss of kidney function by following your treatment plan, and managing other problems like high blood pressure or heart disease. Stage 5 is kidney failure. If kidney failure happens, you will need a kidney transplant or dialysis to live.
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What Is Stage 3 Ckd
In Stage 3 CKD, your kidneys have mild to moderate damage, and they are less able to filter waste and fluid out of your blood. This waste can build up in your body and begin to harm other areas, such as to cause high blood pressure, anemia and problems with your bones. This buildup of waste is called uremia.
Stage 3 CKD is split into 2 sub-stages based on your eGFR:
Stage 3a means you have an eGFR between 45 and 59, and Stage 3b means you have an eGFR between 30 and 44.
About Chronic Kidney Disease
CKD is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood as well as they should. Because of this, excess fluid and waste from blood remain in the body and may cause other health problems, such as heart disease and stroke.
15% of US adults are estimated to have chronic kidney disease, that is about 37 million people.
Some other health consequences of CKD include:
- Anemia or low number of red blood cells
- Increased occurrence of infections
- Low calcium levels, high potassium levels, and high phosphorus levels in the blood
- Loss of appetite or eating less
- Depression or lower quality of life
CKD has varying levels of seriousness. It usually gets worse over time though treatment has been shown to slow progression. If left untreated, CKD can progress to kidney failure and early cardiovascular disease. When the kidneys stop working, dialysis or kidney transplant is needed for survival. Kidney failure treated with dialysis or kidney transplant is called end-stage renal disease . Learn more about ESRD.
Not all patients with kidney disease progress to kidney failure. To help prevent CKD and lower the risk for kidney failure, control risk factors for CKD, get tested yearly, make lifestyle changes, take medicine as needed, and see your health care team regularly.
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Why Do I Need To Weigh Myself When On Hemodialysis
Keeping track of your weight is a good way to know if your body is holding on to too much water. Because your kidneys are not working well, your body may hold on to extra water between dialysis sessions.
Your target weight is what you should weigh after you have finished each dialysis treatment. Your doctor will work with you to figure out your target weight.
If you are on hemodialysis, you should also weigh yourself every morning and contact your doctor if your weight is much higher or lower than normal. Remember, how closely you follow your food and fluid plan and whether you take your medicines correctly will affect your weight too.
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Stage 3 Kidney Disease Diet
Processed foods are extremely hard on the body. Since your kidneys are responsible for removing wastes and balancing electrolytes, eating too many of the wrong foods can overload your kidneys.
Its important to eat more whole foods like produce and grains, and to eat fewer processed foods and less of the saturated fats found in animal products.
A doctor may recommend decreasing your protein intake. If your potassium levels are too high from CKD, they may also recommend that you avoid certain high-potassium foods like bananas, potatoes, and tomatoes.
The same principle pertains to sodium. You may need to cut down on salty foods if your sodium levels are too high.
Weight loss is common in more advanced stages of CKD because of appetite loss. This can also put you at risk of malnutrition.
If youre experiencing appetite loss, consider eating smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day to make sure youre getting enough calories and nutrients.
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When To See A Doctor With Stage 3 Ckd
Its important to see a doctor right away if you experience any of the above symptoms. While certain symptoms arent exclusive to CKD, having any combination of these symptoms is concerning.
You should follow up with your doctor if youve previously been diagnosed with stage 1 or stage 2 CKD.
Still, its possible to not have any previous history of CKD before getting diagnosed with stage 3. This could be due to the fact that stages 1 and 2 dont typically cause any noticeable symptoms.
To diagnose CKD stage 3, a doctor will conduct these tests:
- blood pressure readings
Bran Cereals And Oatmeal
When shopping for cold and hot cereals, be sure to look at the food label. Many cereals that you find at the grocery store are filled with hidden:
Limit or avoid cereals with the word phosphorus or “phos” listed on the ingredient list. A 3/4 cup of bran flakes cereal contains about:
- 160 milligrams of potassium
One cup of cooked oatmeal contains:
- 180 milligrams of phosphorus
- 164 milligrams of potassium
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Stage 3 Ckd Life Expectancy
CKD is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and in some cases, even death. If CKD exists together with proteinuria, the risks are amplified even further. Renal replacement therapy is usually required. However, the risks of a cardiovascular problem are even greater.
Limited Phosphorus And Calcium Intake
People with stage 3 kidney failure must limit their intake of phosphorus and calcium. Excessive phosphorus can increase the risk of heart disease if the levels go too high and the kidneys cannot process calcium due to undue strain as their efficiency is affected. Doctors suggest eating more fruits and vegetables, like corn and rice cereals, and cutting down on meat, fish, poultry, fish, sodas, and dairy.
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Preventing Or Slowing Down The Progression Of Chronic Kidney Disease
There are ways to stop chronic kidney disease becoming any worse or to slow down any progression. You should have checks every now and then by your GP or practice nurse to monitor your kidney function the eGFR test. They will also give you treatment and advice on how to prevent or slow down the progression of CKD. This usually includes:
- Blood pressure control. The most important treatment to prevent or delay the progression of chronic kidney disease, whatever the underlying cause, is to keep your blood pressure well controlled. Most people with CKD will require medication to control their blood pressure. Depending on the amount of albumin in your urine, your doctor may recommend a target blood pressure level to aim for of below 140/90 mm Hg or 130/80 mm Hg, and even lower in some circumstances. For children and young people with CKD and high levels of albumin in the urine, blood pressure should be kept less than average for their height.
- Review of your medication. Certain medicines can affect the kidneys as a side-effect which can make CKD worse. For example, if you have CKD you should not take anti-inflammatory medicines unless advised to by a doctor. You may also need to adjust the dose of certain medicines that you may take if your CKD gets worse.
- Diet. if you have more advanced CKD then you will need to follow a special diet. See the separate leaflet called Diet in Chronic Kidney Disease.
Reduced Quantity Of Potassium
Reducing the quantity of potassium is also advised as too much of this mineral can lead to additional heart problems. Bananas, potatoes, avocados, and melons should be switched with apples, cranberries, strawberries, plums, pineapple, boiled cauliflower, and other low potassium fruits and vegetables.
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Help Keep Your Kidney Disease From Getting Worse
Good self-management will help you to live a long, fulfilling life and continue to do the things you love. It can also help to slow or even stop kidney disease from getting worse – and it may even stop or delay kidney failure. Good self-management starts with:
- Controlling other health problems you may have
- Treating complications of kidney disease
- Managing or preventing heart disease
Pretzels Chips And Crackers
Snack foods such as pretzels, chips, and crackers are typically high in sodium. They also lack important nutrients your body needs to function properly.
Potato chips are also high in potassium since they are made from potatoes and should be avoided.
One small bag of potato chips contains around 150 milligrams of sodium and 336 milligrams of potassium.
Instead of pretzels, chips, and crackers choose low-sodium snacks. Good kidney-friendly snack options include unsalted popcorn, low-sodium crackers, and pita chips.
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Can You Change Treatments For Kidney Failure
If you start on one type of treatment for kidney failure but feel you would like to try something else, you can speak to your healthcare professional about changing. For most people, it is often possible to change treatments. For example, if you choose hemodialysis, it doesn’t mean you can’t switch to peritoneal dialysis at a later date. Even if you choose to have a kidney transplant, you may need a period of dialysis until you can be transplanted with a new kidney. It is not uncommon for people who have had kidney failure for many years to have had more than one type of treatment in that time.
Can My Egfr Change
Your eGFR can change over time and can change based on some other problems, like if you have not been drinking enough water.
As chronic kidney disease gets worse, your eGFR number will go down. If caught early, healthy life changes like following a kidney-friendly eating plan and getting enough exercise may help slow down the progression of CKD and how fast your eGFR changes.
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What Is Stage 3 Kidney Disease In Cats
The reason I asked that question is because most people dont know what stage 3 kidney disease in cats means.
I dont blame them, because when I started looking into this information, I thought it was a real mystery. I mean, a cat is a cat.
So my new look at the problem was very enlightening indeed, but it left me a little confused as to what stage three meant, and what stage one might mean.
Just when I thought the problem was too difficult to understand, the good news is that I now know!
Ill explain a bit more about what this problem is for cats. A type of cat kidney disease called ecliptic nephrosis, or EPN, is most common in older cats.
It involves swelling of the kidneys and a blockage in the urinary tract.
When the neurons are narrowed or blocked by the buildup of waste products, the kidneys cannot produce enough urine, causing the cat to pee heavily.
You might also be able to notice changes in your cats urine, asin a foul smell. This can be described as urine smelling like rotten eggs. Ifthis is the case, please take your cat to the vet immediately.
If you have noticed any symptoms of kidney disease, such as loss of appetite, lethargy, vomiting, or loss of sexual activity, contact your vet right away.
Kidney failure, often accompanied by dehydration, can be fatal. Do not rely on the cat to self-diagnose or treat itself it needs your help.
To figure out what stage of kidney disease in cats is currently in your cat, the vet will need to do a blood test.
Albuminuria: The Urine Albumin: Creatinine Ratio
A simple urine test called the urine Albumin:Creatinine ratio is also performed to look for signs that protein is leaking into the urine . This is an important sign of kidney damage. The ACR is used to calculate the A stage of CKD .
There are three recognised stages of albuminuria:
- A1 normal to mildly increased urine protein levels
- A2 moderately increased urine protein levels
- A3 severely increased urine protein levels
Combining your ACR ratio with your eGFR can help doctors try to predict whether your kidney disease is likely to progress and whether you are more likely to develop complications such as heart and circulatory problems. Other factors are also taken into account, e.g. age. In general, the higher the A stage, the more likely it is that you will benefit from blood pressure-lowering treatment.
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