Kidney Stones Or Nephrolithiasis
Kidney stones are normally made up of hard collections of minerals which form in the renal system. These stones may stay in the kidneys for quite a while. They often become painful when they move out of the kidney into the ureter. The pain is often described as a strong colicky pain, usually felt in the ureter between the kidney and the bladder. Kidney stones can be extremely painful.
Colicky, strong to very strong pain coming in waves, is the most obvious symptoms of kidney stones. The location of the pain and where it spreads to gives clues as to where the stone is currently located in the urinary system. The pain of a kidney stone passing through the urinary system is felt suddenly and severely in the flank and spreads down the groin on the same side. Not all stones cause radiating pain. Some stones may not cause any pain.
Good to know: Pain from kidney stones is often described as excruciating. Kidney pain from kidney stones can come and go. It can occur in bouts lasting between 20 minutes and an hour. People with painful kidney stones often cannot keep still because of the discomfort. They are often pale and sweaty, with a painful, tender abdomen.
Other symptoms of kidney stones include:
Signs Of Acute Kidney Injury
Acute kidney injury is a rapid or abrupt decline in kidney function and is considered a medical emergency. It occurs when there is direct injury to one or both kidneys, a blockage in the ureter or another condition causing insufficient blood flow to the kidneys.
In adults, kidney failure can be caused by:
- Low blood pressure that occurs very suddenly and/or is severely low
- Tenderness or pain in the area of the the lower ribs
Avoid Salt As Much As Possible
Salt normally causes fluid retention to happen. However, the healthy kidneys are able to overcome the fluid retention and still get rid of the excess fluid through urine. So the last thing that a chronic kidney disease patient needs is salt to cause additional fluid retention. In addition, less salt in your diet means a lower risk of high blood pressure, which you should always tend to reach when you are struggling with chronic kidney disease.
Remember to avoid salt as much as possible. Buy fresh, seasonal foods instead of processed, packed foods that come with loads of added salt. Instead of salt, use the variety of fresh spices to improve the taste of your meals. Understand that salt is not your friend in this case, and as long as your kidneys require your help, you have to keep your salt intake as low as possible .
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How Much Protein Does Your Body Need
People who do not yet need to have dialysis should be careful to get the right amount of protein not too much, but also not too little. Several studies have shown that in some people, a low-protein diet can delay the progression of chronic kidney disease and prevent complications. There is not yet enough to say whether other types of diets might also have these positive effects. But it’s important to make sure that you don’t get too little protein either, because our bodies start breaking down the protein in our muscles if we don’t get enough protein in our diet.
According to current recommendations, people should get about 0.8 to 1 gram of protein in their daily diet for each kilogram of normal weight. So if you weigh about 70 kilograms, this would mean you would ideally get about 60 grams of protein in your diet. To give you an idea of how much that is: A single beef steak typically has about 45 grams of protein in it, a hard-boiled egg has about 13 grams in it, and an apple has less than 0.5 grams in it.
People who are on dialysis will need more protein, though. People who are on hemodialysis are advised to get at least 1.1 grams of protein in their daily diet per kilogram of body weight, and those who are on peritoneal dialysis should get up to 1.5 grams per day and kilo. The reason why more protein is needed for peritoneal dialysis is because a lot of protein is lost to the dialysis fluid through the peritoneum.
Causes Of Water Retention Due To Kidney Disease And Kidney Damage
Whenever a person suffers from a kidney disease, sodium and additional fluid in the circulation may cause the problem of water retention. Furthermore, damage to the nephrons or filtering blood vessels present in the kidney may cause nephritic syndrome, because of which declining albumin/protein present in the blood result in accumulation of fluid and the problem of water retention. Based on the facts mentioned here, water retention mainly occurs in patients with kidney problems because of two major reasons, which include:
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Southeastern Massachusetts Dialysis Group
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How Much Salt Is Allowed
High blood pressure and too much protein in urine can make chronic kidney disease get worse faster. Studies have shown that a low-salt diet can reduce blood pressure as well as the loss of protein. Based on initial research, experts think that it can help delay or lower the risk of complications like kidney failure or heart attacks. But these results still need to be confirmed in long-term studies.
Salt also causes your body to “hold onto” too much fluid and makes you more thirsty. So if someone is on dialysis and they aren’t allowed to drink a lot of liquids, it’s especially important that they use salt sparingly.
About 5 to 6 grams of salt are recommended per day. As a basic guide, one slice of bread contains about 0.5 grams of salt, a hot dog sausage has about 2 grams in it and a slice of pizza has over 4 grams in it. Avoiding salty foods can be difficult, especially at first. But after two to three weeks, your sense of taste becomes used to less salt. Some dishes can be made tastier by using herbs, onions, lemon, vinegar or other spices instead.
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The Kidney Disease Solution Cookbook
The 133-page guidebook is packed full of simple recipes you must incorporate into a kidney-friendly diet. Each recipe provides you with the daily nutritional requirements of your body. The book also teaches you how to adopt good eating patterns. Whats more, it also offers recipes specific to other medical conditions you could suffer from, like diabetes and hypertension.
Im Always Getting Sick Or I Take A Long Time To Recover
Blame it on: High adrenalin and cortisol
Apart from stress management, the adrenals are also responsible for regulating your immune system. Remember a problematic project at work or a family crises that took time to resolve? You had sufficient energy and focus to get through the hard time . But, as soon as it was over, you fell sick. Sound familiar?
Ongoing stress can weaken the adrenals so much so that they are not able to sufficiently stimulate the immune system to keep you healthy. Im not just talking here about superficial conditions like cold and flu but more serious ones like cancer or autoimmune conditions.
I Get Chest Pain And Heart Palpitations
Blame it on: High adrenalin, cortisol and aldosterone
When youre feeling wired your stress hormones:
- Move blood out of some organs to others so your heart has to work harder to shift the blood around.
- Make your blood vessels constrict so that you dont bleed as readily should you suffer a wound. This too puts pressure on your heart.
The end result? You may suffer everything from chest pain to heart palpitations . You may also find it hard to get up the energy to exercise, because your heart is already working harder 24/7 just to get through the day.
What If I Have More Questions
If you have other questions, you should speak to your doctor or dietitian. The dietitian can help you with a meal plan that will provide enough calories to help you gain weight or keep from losing weight.
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Fatigue Being Tired All Of The Time
Why this happens:
Healthy kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin , or EPO, that tells your body to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As the kidneys fail, they make less EPO. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your muscles and brain tire very quickly. This is anemia, and it can be treated.
What patients said:
I was constantly exhausted and didn’t have any pep or anything.
I would sleep a lot. I’d come home from work and get right in that bed.
Weight Fluctuations Contribute To Adverse Outcomes In Patients With Ckd
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Rapid weight gain and loss are linked with a high risk of adverse outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease, according to a study.
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting that rapid weight change over time, either weight loss or gain beyond a certain range, is independently associated with increased risk of ESRD and composite of CVD and mortality in patients with CKD,Hyunjin Ryu, MD, MS, from the department of internal medicine at Seoul National University Hospital, and colleagues wrote.
In this multicenter prospective cohort study, researchers collected longitudinal data from 2,022 patients. They calculated percent weight change per year using regression analysis. Patients were grouped into the following five categories: group 1 included equal to or less than 5% weight change per year group 2 had 5% to less than 2.5% per year group 3 had 2.5% to less than 2.5% per year group 4 had 2.5% to less than 5% per year and group 5 had equal to or greater than 5% per year. Data were also calculated for incidences of ESRD, composite outcomes of CVD and death in each group.
They noted the study lacked information on whether weight fluctuation was intentional in patients.
this imbalance between lean mass and fat mass likely influences the adverse outcomes in patients with CKD.
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Late Stage Kidney Disease Leading To Excess Weight Gain
Untreated kidney disease will usually progress to complete kidney failure. The kidneys simply stop functioning or function so poorly that they cannot keep with the work of fluid management. Fluid builds up in the tissues, causing swelling and weight gain.
It is important to recognize that this is water weight, not fat or muscle.
In fact, many people with severe kidney disease or kidney failure are actually undernourished. The excess swelling can make it difficult to breathe and increase your blood pressure.
What Is A Kidney Problem
The kidneys form part of the urinary system, one of the bodyâs major filtration systems. Most people have two kidneys, situated in the upper abdominal area towards the muscles of the back and the edge of the ribs. The kidneys form part of the urinary system along with the two ureters, the bladder and urethra. Kidney problems affect the kidneys, but because the system works together, the effects of a kidney problem are sometimes felt throughout the system.
The kidneys themselves clean the blood by filtering it in the nephrons, which are made up of a renal tubule and a renal corpuscle. The corpuscle is made up of a glomerulus enclosed by the Bowmanâs capsule. To filter the blood, it is passed through the glomeruli at higher pressure than the bodyâs usual blood pressure. Filtered waste products collect inside the Bowmanâs capsule, while filtered, clean blood is passed back out of the glomeruli into the circulatory system.
The tubule collects the waste products from the Bowmanâs capsule while also working on further exchanging certain substances and also reabsorbing water and certain minerals so they donât go to waste. The final resulting liquid is then passed into the ureters as urine. Urine collects in the bladder, which stores it until it is released by the urethra.
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Maintaining A Normal Weight
If you have chronic kidney disease and are also overweight, you can lower your risk of complications like heart attacks or strokes by losing weight.
But it is rare for people with advanced chronic kidney disease to be overweight they are more likely to lose too much weight instead. To prevent being underweight, it is important to eat enough and to eat right. It is recommended that dialysis patients eat 30 to 40 kilocalories per kilogram of normal weight. By normal weight we don’t mean your current weight, but the weight that is considered to be normal for your height according to the body mass index formula. This would be 70 kg for a man who is 180 cm tall, for example. Based on that normal weight, the recommended amount of calories would be 2,100 to 2,800 kilocalories per day.
Signs Of Nephritic Syndrome
Nephritic syndrome is the name given to a collection of signs and symptoms that occur when the kidneys are inflamed. The syndrome is usually the result of an underlying condition such as acute glomerulonephritis, a bacterial or viral infection, a systemic disorder such as systemic lupus erythematosus, or a hereditary disorder like Alport-Syndrome.A syndrome is a group of symptoms that often and typically occur together and often develop as a result of another condition.
Nephritic syndrome causes the kidneys to be less efficient at filtering waste substances from the blood. In people with nephritic syndrome, protein and blood may be found in the urine. However, most cases of nephritic syndrome are chronic and have few symptoms. Acute nephritic syndrome usually does, however, present with symptoms.
Typical symptoms of acute nephritic syndrome include passing less urine than normal, having blood in the urine and swelling of the feet or face . Other possible symptoms of nephritic syndrome, also depending on the root cause may include:
- Pain in the back and/or sides
- Shortness of breath
- Symptoms related to the underlying cause, for example a rash or joint pain
The symptoms of nephritic syndrome differ, depending on whether the acute or chronic form of the syndrome is being experienced.
Symptoms of acute nephritic syndrome include:
- Edema in the face and legs
- Low production of urine
- Pain in the stomach
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The Kidney Disease Solution Ebook
Its the main portion of the program with 114 pages divided in 13 sections. Its a comprehensive, step-by-step guide to the complete program. It has all the information you will need on changing your lifestyle and treating your kidneys. The methods in the book are backed by the latest research and research in easy to understand language.
How Is The Infection Spread
It is difficult to spread a UTI between individuals, as the type of bacteria causing the infection is almost never contagious.
The most common way that a UTI is contracted is through the movement of bacteria from the anus to the urethra, either when wiping after going to the toilet or during sexual intercourse. Taking care during each of these activities can help to prevent the transfer of bacteria, which may then have the opportunity to overgrow.
Vigorous sexual intercourse may also lead to symptoms of UTI or cystitis in women , although there may be no bacteria present.
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What Is The Cost
At present, the entire program sells at a discount cost of just $87 for the complete collection of ebooks, cookbooks, meditation videos, audiobooks and more. For this one-time fee, you will get all updates in the future free of cost.
The program comes with a 60-day money-back assurance, which means youll get a full refund in case youre not satisfied with their product within 60 days.
Youll have instant access to all materials when you pay fees for your program. The material is available in the form of ebooks, audio, and videos.
My Face Legs Feet And Hands Are Often Puffy And I Get Lightheaded
Blame it on: Aldosterone
Some women complain that they can swell up with fluid within minutes of feeling stressed. This is not their imagination.
Or, their fluid retention may creep up after repeated stressful triggers over the course of the day. Heres why:
When your body flicks on the fight or flight reaction, it pumps out a chemical called aldosterone. This hormone has the important job of regulating levels water and electrolytes in your blood and your blood pressure.
But when youre under duress, aldosterone sends a message to your kidneys to retain salt, so your body retains as much fluid as possible.
This sodium retention is a survival strategy, just in case you need that fluid on board to face any emergency. This not only leads to puffy face, ankles and tummy, it can also lead to the appearance of cellulite in areas like the thighs, because the high levels of sodium there is pulling more water to those areas.
Frustratingly, this water retention can make you feel like youve gained weight, even though it is all fluid. Yet you may also find that you need to get up go to the toilet at night. This can happen because its the first time in the day when youre not rushing so your body feels safe enough to not have to retain as much fluid and starts to release some of it.
Since aldestrone also regulates your blood pressure, exhausted adrenals can also translate to getting light headed when getting up from a bed or chair.
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