How Does A Horseshoe Kidney Form
The horseshoe kidney is formed in the first 9 weeks of pregnancy . It is seen that the structure formed in the following period only grows and develops.
Horseshoe kidney formation steps are:
After the renal fusion takes place, the kidneys move towards their original regions and settle. After the ninth week, the kidneys continue to grow and develop.
Kidney Problems That Don’t Qualify For Disability
You cannot get disability benefits just because you have a single kidney only if your solitary kidney is failing and you have the symptoms we discussed above can you get can disability benefits.
Acute kidney failure, which can occur from infection, drug toxicity, or dehydration, is usually reversible and will not last twelve months, which is a requirement for getting Social Security benefits. Thus, it doesn’t qualify for disability benefits.
Non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease , kidney disease that does not yet require maintenance dialysis or a kidney transplant, will not qualify for disability benefits, unless your condition can qualify under the high creatine subcategory or the symptoms affecting your functional capacity subcategory.
Getting Disability Benefits For Kidney Diseases
To qualify for disability benefits, your kidney disease must be expected to last 12 months. In addition, your condition must fall into one of the following scenarios you can use to qualify for disability benefits when you are suffering from renal failure.
- Regular dialysis needed
- High creatine levels combined with symptoms of damage
- Nephrotic syndrome, or
- Symptoms that reduce your capacity for working.
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How We Address Horseshoe Kidney
There is no known cure for a horseshoe kidney, but if your child has complications, her symptoms will be treated. Treatment approaches may include:
- surgical intervention
If your child has no symptoms, she may not need to be treated.
If your child has hydronephrosis, your doctor may want to discuss several other non-surgical or surgical treatment options.
Key Points About Horseshoe Kidney In Children
- Horseshoe kidney when the 2 kidneys join together at the bottom to form a U shape like a horseshoe. It is also known as renal fusion.
- The condition occurs when a baby is growing in the womb, as the babys kidneys move into place. Horseshoe kidney can occur alone or with other disorders.
- Researchers arent sure exactly why horseshoe kidney occurs. It may be caused by a problem with chromosomes. Horseshoe kidney can occur along with some genetic disorders, such as Turner syndrome and Edward syndrome.
- About 1 out of 3 of children with horseshoe kidney will have a problem with the heart and blood vessels, nervous system, or genitourinary system.
- The condition cant be changed or cured. But a child with no symptoms may not need any treatment. If your child has symptoms or related problems, those will be treated.
- A child with horseshoe kidney is more at risk of kidney injury. A child with horseshoe kidney may need to not play contact sports.
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What Is The Long
Many cases of hydronephrosis resolve on their own before the babys birth. Long-term follow-up studies also suggest most cases of hydronephrosis at birth will resolve over time with the kidneys working normally. When newborn testing shows a persistent condition, the long-term outlook depends on whether the obstruction is present in one or both kidneys and is cystic in appearance. The most severe cases are hydronephrosis due to UPJ obstruction in both kidneys, or when the condition is present in just one kidney but the opposite kidney is missing or cystic in appearance. If the prognosis is more serious, kidney transplantation may be needed to achieve normal function.
How Is Hydronephrosis Detected During Pregnancy
Ultrasound can detect the fetal kidneys and bladder by 14 or 15 weeks gestation, though 20 weeks of pregnancy is the ideal time to detect hydronephrosis as the fetus is larger and the kidneys are producing urine. When a UPJ obstruction is identified, the kidneys are closely examined for other findings more common with UPJ, such as cysts or an abnormal shape .
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Kidney Disease And Social Security Disability
This months column will look at how the Social Security Administration evaluates disability claims that involve people with kidney problems. In order to understand how the SSA reviews these claims it is helpful to examine how the kidneys function in the body.
One of the main function of the kidney is removing unusable waste from the blood stream. Kidneys are referred to by the term renal. The body collects waste from the blood stream in a soluble form called urea. The kidneys are a part of the urinary system which removes waste from the body to prevent the waste from building up in the body to the point that it becomes poisonous. The liver makes urea from ammonia which is created by the body by breaking down simple proteins in the bodys cells. The urea goes through the blood picking up waste products and delivers the waste to the kidneys. In the kidneys the urea is mixed with water and acids and passes into the kidney tubules as urine. The urine then passes from the kidneys into the bladder and out of the body.
The kidneys also are endocrine organs. The kidneys secrete chemicals into the blood that help regulate other body functions such as blood pressure and the production of red blood cells.
If a patient has undergone a kidney transplant he will be considered to be disabled for 12 months after the transplant and then will be reviewed under a number of clinical tests to see if he still meets the disability standard.
What Is A Horseshoe Kidney
Horseshoe kidney occurs in about one in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position in the flank area . With horseshoe kidney, however, as the kidneys of the fetus rise from the pelvic area, they fuse together at the lower end or base. By fusing, they form a “U” shape, which gives it the name “horseshoe.”
One-third of individuals with horseshoe kidney will have at least one other anomaly or complication involving the cardiovascular system, the central nervous system, or the genitourinary system, such as the following:
Kidney stones. Crystals and proteins that form stones in the kidney that may lead to a urinary tract obstruction.
Hydronephrosis. Enlargement of the kidneys that usually results from a urinary tract obstruction.
Wilms tumor. An embryonic tumor of the kidneys that usually occurs during early childhood.
Renal cancer, or polycystic kidney disease
Hydrocephaly and/or spina bifida
Various cardiovascular, gastrointestinal findings , or skeletal problems
Horseshoe kidney can occur alone or in combination with other disorders.
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What Is Horseshoe Kidney Causes Symptoms And Treatment
Horseshoe kidney disease is a disease in which two kidneys are attached to each other from their lower regions. The resulting image resembles a horseshoe or the letter U. It is a congenital disorder.
In this text You can find comprehensive answers to the questions of what is horseshoe kidney disease , how renal fusion occurs, what are the causes, what are the symptoms of kidney fusion and how to treat horseshoe kidney .
Appealing A Denied Ssdi Claim
If your disability application has been denied, you can file a request for reconsideration with the SSA. At this point, if you’re suffering from worsening kidney disease, you should probably contact a lawyer to help with your appeal. Don’t let lack of money to pay your attorney stop you from hiring one. Disability lawyers are paid out of your back payment on the eventual disability award you’ll receive if you don’t get an award, the attorney doesn’t get paid.
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What Is A Characteristic Of Medullary Sponge Kidney
Anatomically it is characterized by cystic dilatation of the renal medullary collecting ducts. These numerous small cysts range in diameter from 1 to 8 millimeters and give the kidney, when cut, the appearance of a sponge, thus the name. Medullary sponge kidney is usually bilateral but can affect only one kidney.
How Can I Help My Child Live With Horseshoe Kidney
A child with horseshoe kidney is more at risk for kidney injury. This is because the fused kidneys often sit lower down and closer to the front of the body. A child with horseshoe kidney may not be able to play contact sports. Your childs healthcare provider may also advise that your child wear a medical alert bracelet.
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What Are The Long
The long-term outlook is generally very good for these children if they have no other associated conditions. The overall outlook generally depends on the severity of their other conditions. Additionally, it is recommended that children with this condition should wear a First Alert necklace or bracelet that informs other medical professionals of the condition. This will prevent any problems or misdiagnosis if the pelvic kidney is unexpectedly encountered during surgery or on a physical exam by another health care professional.
How Is Horseshoe Kidney Diagnosed In A Child
The healthcare provider will ask about your childs symptoms and health history. He or she may also ask about your familys health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. Your child may also have tests, such as:
- Renal ultrasound . This is a painless test that uses sound waves and a computer to create images of body tissues. During the test, a healthcare provider moves a device called a transducer over the belly in the kidney area. This sends a picture of the kidney to a video screen. The healthcare provider can see the size and shape of the kidney. He or she can also see a growth, kidney stone, cyst, or other problems.
- Voiding cystourethrogram . A VCUG is a type of X-ray that looks at the urinary tract. A thin, flexible tube is placed in the urethra. This tube drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The bladder is filled with a liquid dye. X-ray images are taken as the bladder fills and empties. The images will show if there is any reverse flow of urine into the ureters and kidneys.
- Intravenous pyelogram . This is an imaging test that uses an X-ray to view the urinary tract. Contrast dye is given so that the tract can be seen on film. An IVP also shows the rate and path of urine flow through the urinary tract.
- Blood tests. These look at how well the kidneys are working.
- Urine test. This test checks for chemicals in the urine, and signs of infection.
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Starting A Disability Claim
The Social Security Administration provides two different programs for those seeking disability benefits. Under the Supplemental Security Income program, the SSA looks mainly at the severity of the disability and the financial neediness of the applicant. Under the Social Security disability insurance program, the SSA looks at the severity of the disability and whether the individual has paid enough taxes in to the Social Security system.
Social Security claimants with kidney failure requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant may be entitled to a quicker disability determination process. Call the SSA at 800-772-1213 to set up an appointment to apply for disability, or, if you’re applying for SSDI , go online to www.ssa.gov.
Can I Get Disability Benefits For Kidney Disease
Chronic renal failure caused by kidney disease can qualify you for Social Security Disability benefits in many circumstances. It’s not important what has caused your kidney disease , just that you have symptoms of renal failure that is chronic . CRF can also be referred to as chronic kidney failure or end-stage renal disease .
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What Are The Symptoms Of Horseshoe Kidney In A Child
In many cases a child has no symptoms. Some children may have nausea or pain in the belly. A child may also have kidney stones. This is a condition in which minerals and proteins form stones in the kidney. They may then block the urinary tract.
Some children may have urinary tract infections . UTIs can cause symptoms such as:
- Loss of control of urine
- Pain while urinating
- Trouble urinating
The symptoms of horseshoe kidney can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Normal Human Kidney Development
When we are in an embryonic stage and developing into a full-fledged human being, our kidneys go through three stages of development before a fully functional and mature kidney is formed:
Imagine a primordial soup of cells and primitive structures which will conglomerate together into a fully functional developed kidney. The metanephros stage is achieved by about 6 weeks of gestation. It is composed of the so-called “metanephric mesenchyme” and a “ureteral bud.” These structures will eventually form the kidney and the ureter.
Why do we need to understand this formative process? Well, once we appreciate that the human kidney undergoes certain structural and positional changes until it culminates in its final form, it becomes easier to understand an abnormality like the horseshoe kidney. It is therefore interesting to note that the above-described metanephros stage is actually positioned in our pelvis, and not where a mature kidney lies !
Now that we have an overview of the formation of the human kidneys, we can begin to realize that any disruptions with the rotation or migration processes will mean that not only could our kidneys be located in a wrong location, they also could perhaps end up being fused into one mass, rather than distinct right and left kidneys.
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Is Medullary Sponge Kidney Dangerous
Is medullary sponge kidney dangerous? MSK is usually a benign disorder without any symptoms, but it can lead to other problems, such as urinary tract infections and kidney stones, as a result of the urine flow being blocked. In many cases, MSK does not cause symptoms or problems, but when it does it usually happens during adulthood.
Is medullary sponge kidney fatal? Medullary sponge kidney is a condition where cysts develop in the urine-collecting ducts and tubules of one or both kidneys. The exact cause of medullary sponge kidney is unknown and there is no cure. Medical treatment aims to manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
Is medullary sponge kidney life threatening? Medullary sponge kidney rarely leads to more serious problems, such as chronic kidney disease or kidney failure.
Are kidney sponges dangerous? Medullary sponge kidney is usually a benign disorder without any serious morbidity or mortality. However, renal insufficiency may occur in as many as 10% of patients with the disorder. Occasionally, patients can have recurrent nephrolithiasis, which can lead to significant morbidity.
What Are The Symptoms Of Horseshoe Kidney
About one-third of children will have no symptoms. One-third of individuals with horseshoe kidney will have another anomaly or other complication involving the cardiovascular, nervous, or genitourinary system. The symptoms of horseshoe kidney may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your child’s doctor for a diagnosis.
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What Else Should I Know
With renal fusion, the kidneys may be lower and closer to the front of the body than they should be. That raises the chance of a kidney injury, especially from activities like contact sports. Talk to your childs doctor about what activities are off the table, and get tips for safe play.
Its also a good idea for your child to wear a medical alert bracelet. That can help others know about your childs condition and how to treat them in case of an emergency.
Boston Childrens Hospital: Horseshoe Kidney in Children, Horseshoe Kidney Symptoms & Causes, Treatments for Horseshoe Kidney in Children.
University of Rochester Medical Center: Horseshoe Kidney in Children.
Merriam-Webster: Genitourinary tract.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: Symptoms & Causes of Kidney Stones in Children.
U.S. National Library of Medicine: What is a chromosome? What is DNA? Turner Syndrome, Trisomy 18.
How Common Is Hydronephrosis And What Causes It
Some studies show that as many as 2 percent of all prenatal ultrasound examinations reveal some degree of hydronephrosis, making it one of the most commonly detected abnormalities in pregnancy. Why the ureter becomes blocked during development is unclear. Hydronephrosis is more often seen in males than females.Some studies show that as many as 2 percent of all prenatal ultrasound examinations reveal some degree of hydronephrosis, making it one of the most commonly detected abnormalities in pregnancy. Why the ureter becomes blocked during development is unclear. Hydronephrosis is more often seen in males than females.
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What Are The Chances I Could Have Another Baby With Hydronephrosis
Minimal hydronephrosis is not genetic and is not hereditary. However, hydronephrosis may coincidentally occur in future pregnancies. If UPJ obstruction is determined to be the cause of the hydronephrosis, the chances for future children with the same obstruction may be as high as 50 percent.
In addition, certain genetic conditions can cause the kidneys to have cysts and generally carry a 25 percent chance for future children to have the same condition. Regardless of the cause, you should have a prenatal ultrasound examination in the second trimester with all future pregnancies to check the developing kidneys and bladder.
What Are The Treatments
In a child without symptoms, treatment may not be necessary. If your child has complications, he or she may require supportive treatment, which means his or her symptoms will be treated.
Specific treatment will be determined by the childs doctor based on:
- The childs age, overall health, and medical history
- The extent of the disorder
- The childs tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies
- Expectations for the course of the disorder
- The familys opinion or preference
Most children may need ultrasounds to help monitor the kidney, especially if they have another urinary tract condition such as hydronephrosis or VUR. Most children will not need to have continual treatment.
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