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How To Remove Kidney Stones

How Long Does It Take A Kidney Stone To Form

Removal of kidney stones: URS

You can have kidney stones for years without knowing theyre there. As long as these stones stay in place within your kidney, you wont feel anything. Pain from a kidney stone typically starts when it moves out of your kidney. Sometimes, a stone can form more quickly within a few months.

Talk with your healthcare provider about your risk factors. They might do a 24-hour urine test to check how quickly you develop stones.

Take Steps To Bypass Kidney Stones

Even though kidney stones can be common and recur once youve had them, there are simple ways to help prevent them. Here are some strategies that can help:

1. Drink enough water. A 2015 meta-analysis from the National Kidney Foundation found that people who produced 2 to 2.5 liters of urine daily were 50% less likely to develop kidney stones than those who produced less. It takes about 8 to 10 8-ounce glasses of water daily to produce that amount.

2. Eat more calcium-rich plant foods.Good sources include yogurt, soy products, beans, lentils and seeds. Dietary calcium binds oxalate in the intestines, so less gets absorbed and lower concentrations end up in urine.

3. Enjoy some lemons. Citrate, a salt in citric acid, binds to calcium and helps block stone formation. “Studies have shown that drinking ½ cup of lemon juice concentrate diluted in water each day, or the juice of two lemons, can increase urine citrate and likely reduce kidney stone risk,” says Dr. Eisner.

4. Watch the sodium. A high-sodium diet can trigger kidney stones because it increases the amount of calcium in your urine. Federal guidelines suggest limiting total daily sodium intake to 2,300 milligrams .

5. Cut back on animal protein. Eating too much animal protein, such as meat, eggs, and seafood, boosts can increase the risk of forming stones. If youre prone to kidney stones, limit your daily meat intake to a quantity that is no bigger than a pack of playing cards.

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Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy or commonly known as shockwave lithotripsy procedure is a non-invasive technique that uses an external machine to create vibrations. The procedure is usually done for stones that are 5mm to 8mm in size. The patient is given spinal anesthesia before the procedure which ensures no pain throughout the entire procedure.

The patient is made to sit inside a tub filled with water. The water prevents the organs and tissues from damaging and acts as a medium between the machine and the body. The shockwaves break the stones into smaller fragments that are flushed out through urine.

Urologists generally do not recommend this procedure as the remaining stone fragments can result in the formation of new stones. Moreover, ESWL may require multiple sittings to completely break the stones. Constant exposure to shockwaves can be dangerous for kidneys as it can lead to kidney damage. Consult your urologist for a comprehensive treatment approach and the effects of shockwaves on your overall health.

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How Do Health Care Professionals Treat Kidney Stones

Health care professionals usually treat kidney stones based on their size, location, and what type they are.

Small kidney stones may pass through your urinary tract without treatment. If youre able to pass a kidney stone, a health care professional may ask you to catch the kidney stone in a special container. A health care professional will send the kidney stone to a lab to find out what type it is. A health care professional may advise you to drink plenty of liquids if you are able to help move a kidney stone along. The health care professional also may prescribe pain medicine.

Larger kidney stones or kidney stones that block your urinary tract or cause great pain may need urgent treatment. If you are vomiting and dehydrated, you may need to go to the hospital and get fluids through an IV.

How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed

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Your healthcare provider will discuss your medical history and possibly order some tests. These tests include:

  • Imaging tests: An X-ray, CT scan and ultrasound will help your healthcare provider see the size, shape, location and number of your kidney stones. These tests help your provider decide what treatment you need.
  • Blood test: A blood test will reveal how well your kidneys are functioning, check for infection and look for biochemical problems that may lead to kidney stones.
  • Urine test: This test also looks for signs of infection and examines the levels of the substances that form kidney stones.

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How To Remove Kidney Stones Know The Various Treatment Options

Kidney stones or renal calculi can occur in different shapes and sizes. While small kidney stones are usually silent and do not cause major pain, larger renal stones often mark their presence with severe symptoms and unbearable pain. Therefore, it is important to identify the right kidney stone treatment for you based on your symptoms and diagnostic results. There are surgical and non-surgical treatment options for kidney stone removal based on the size, location, number, and sometimes composition of stones.

If the size of the stone is small and the diagnostic tests do not indicate any obstruction in the ureteral passage, the urologist may primarily suggest medications, home remedies, herbal therapies, etc, to manage the symptoms of kidney stones. Let us discuss the different procedures for how to remove kidney stones and the different options available for kidney stones treatment.

Are There Any Foods Or Drinks That Help Treat Kidney Stones Are There Any Home Remedies

There are three liquids rumored to help with kidney stones:

  • Cranberry juice. Although cranberry juice can help prevent urinary tract infections , it doesnt help with kidney stones.
  • Apple cider vinegar. Vinegar is acidic and it can sometimes create changes to your urine, which helps with kidney stones. But, this doesnt always help. Talk to your healthcare provider about the use of vinegar.
  • Lemon juice. Lemon juice is rich in citrate, which can help prevent kidney stones from forming. Citrates are found in several citrus fruits including lemons, limes, oranges and melons.
  • Coffee. Studies show that coffee may decrease your risk of developing kidney stones.

Avoid soda and other drinks with added sugar or fructose corn syrup. They increase your risk.

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What Dissolves Kidney Stones Fast

  • What dissolves kidney stones fast?

    Youre suddenly in an excruciating pain. You have a sharp, cramping pain in your back and side that comes in waves. And the overwhelming feeling moves to your lower abdomen or groin, and hurts badly.

    Well, you probably have kidney stones. And you need to give it a quick fix. You can do that without medical intervention, especially if you can find something that will dissolve the stones fast.

    Treatment For Kidney Stones

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    Most kidney stones can be treated without surgery. Ninety per cent of stones pass by themselves within three to six weeks. In this situation, the only treatment required is pain relief. However, pain can be so severe that hospital admission and very strong pain-relieving medication may be needed. Always seek immediate medical attention if you are suffering strong pain.

    Small stones in the kidney do not usually cause problems, so there is often no need to remove them. A doctor specialising in the treatment of kidney stones is the best person to advise you on treatment.

    If a stone doesnt pass and blocks urine flow or causes bleeding or an infection, then it may need to be removed. New surgical techniques have reduced hospital stay time to as little as 48 hours. Treatments include:

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    Causes Of Kidney Stones

    A kidney stone can form when substances such as calcium, oxalate, cystine or uric acid are at high levels in the urine, although stones can form even if these chemicals are at normal levels.

    Medications used for treating some medical conditions such as kidney disease, cancer or HIV can also increase your risk of developing kidney stones.

    A small number of people get kidney stones because of certain medical conditions that lead to high levels of calcium, oxalate, cystine or uric acid in the body.

    Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery :

    Retrograde intrarenal surgery is one of the advanced kidney stone removal surgeries recommended to treat kidney stones ranging between 8mm to 15mm or up to 2 cm. This is a painless surgery as the patient is given general anesthesia.

    Once the patient is sedated, a flexible endoscope is inserted into the natural urine passage and passed into the kidneys collecting part. From there, the scope is moved up to the urinary tract system . Once the flexible endoscope reaches the target location, the surgeon can see the kidney stones.

    Then, the surgeon uses a laser probe to crush or manipulate kidney stones. In the case of large stones, small forceps are used to grab the kidney stones. The broken or fragmented kidney stones are collected in the basket and removed. Patients may take at least a week to return to their daily activities.

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    How Will I Know If I Have A Kidney Stone

    To find out the size and type of kidney stone you have, your doctor may do tests, including:

    • Blood tests to show if there is too much calcium or uric acid in your blood
    • Urine tests to show the type of wastes that are in your urine. For this test, your doctor may ask you to collect your urine over two days.
    • Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, CT scan or X-ray, to show kidney stones in your urinary tract

    If you get kidney stones often, your doctor may ask you to urinate through a strainer to catch stones that you pass. Your doctor will then find out what they are made of to decide what is causing your kidney stones and how to prevent them.

    Is It Urgent That The Patient Be Treated With A Procedure Like This

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    lf the stone does not pass on its own, it will require treatment. lf you have an infection, severe pain, or if your kidney function is threatened, your doctors will act quickly. lf you only have one kidney or have had a kidney transplant, your stone will be treated more quickly. lf you have large stones or stones in both kidneys, your doctors will not wait to treat you.

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    How To Pass Kidney Stones At Home

    Kidney stones can only exit the body via urine. Stones that are smaller than 5mm can usually pass easily. Larger stones will generally require medical intervention. Depending on the kidney stones size and location, the length of time it will take to pass varies. Thankfully, there are many natural home remedies for passing kidney stones at home effectively.

    Slows Down The Growth Of Kidney Stones

    Lemon juice contains citric acid as one of its main components. The citric acid prevents salts and minerals from sticking to the existing kidney stones and thus prevents the stone from growing. Also, citric acid prevents the formation of new stones by stopping calcium and oxalate from crystallizing.

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    Can All Kidney Stone Patients Have This Kind Of Treatment

    No. The size, number, location and composition of the stones are factors that must be taken into account when exploring treatment options. Patient size may limit use of the water bath method, but patients of many sizes can be treated with the water cushion method.

    Also the stones must be clearly viewed by the x-ray monitor so the shock waves can be targeted accurately. If anatomical abnormalities prevent this, other methods of stone removal may have to be considered. Through examination, x-ray and other tests, the doctor can decide whether this is the best treatment for the patient. In some cases, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy may be combined with other forms of treatment.

    The Causes Of Kidney Stones

    How to Get Rid of Kidney Stones!

    Like many other ailments, a poor diet is the leading cause of kidney stone formation. While genetics and environmental factors can play a role, your diet is the easiest thing you can change.

    Specifically, sodas and sugary drinks are major culprits behind the causes of kidney stones. This reason being sodas are filled with unhealthy chemicals, including high levels of processed bleached sugar, phosphoric acid, caffeine, and high fructose corn syrup. These ingredients are harmful to your body and especially harsh for your urinary system.

    These drinks cause kidney stones thanks to the high fructose corn syrup which metabolizes into oxalate and increases excretion of uric acid and calcium. This combination encourages kidney stone formation at a higher rate than normal. Plus, the phosphoric acid in soda can create an acidic environment in your kidney tract, leading to more kidney stones. Diets high in sodium are also associated with this condition. The amount of calcium in your urine contributes to kidney stones and should therefore be reduced in your diet.

    Instead, eat a diet for optimal urological health that is full of fresh vegetables and fruits. Avoid processed foods and sugar to avoid kidney stones and maintain a healthy urinary system. Dont forget to keep hydrated!

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    Increases Citrate In The Urine

    Citrate in urine is a major inhibiting factor for kidney stones. Lemon juice increases the citrate levels in the urine without affecting the oxalate levels. This citrate then binds with the urine calcium and thus prevents calcium from binding with oxalate to form stone-like structures. Researches suggest that 4 ounces of lemon juice every day can significantly improve urine citrate levels, thereby preventing new kidney stones from forming.

    What Can The Patient Expect After Treatment

    After treatment is complete, the patient can move about almost at once. Many people can fully resume daily activities within one to two days. Special diets are not required, but drinking plenty of water helps the stone fragments pass. Some pain may occur when the fragments pass, which begins soon after treatment and may last for up to four to eight weeks. Oral pain medication and drinking lots of water will help relieve symptoms.

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    Why You Get Stones

    Part of preventing stones is finding out why you get them. Your health care provider will perform tests to find out what is causing this. After finding out why you get stones, your health care provider will give you tips to help stop them from coming back.

    Some of the tests he or she may do are listed below.

    Medical and Dietary History

    Your health care provider will ask questions about your personal and family medical history. He or she may ask if:

    • Have you had more than one stone before?
    • Has anyone in your family had stones?
    • Do you have a medical condition that may increase your chance of having stones, like frequent diarrhea, gout or diabetes?

    Knowing your eating habits is also helpful. You may be eating foods that are known to raise the risk of stones. You may also be eating too few foods that protect against stones or not drinking enough fluids.

    Understanding your medical, family and dietary history helps your health care provider find out how likely you are to form more stones.

    Blood and Urine Tests

    Imaging Tests

    When a health care provider sees you for the first time and you have had stones before, he or she may want to see recent X-rays or order a new X-ray. They will do this to see if there are any stones in your urinary tract. Imaging tests may be repeated over time to check for stone growth. You may also need this test if you are having pain, hematuria or recurrent infections.

    Stone Analysis

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    • Kidneys make one of the most essential organs of the human body
    • Kidney stones may be small or big depending on how grave is the situation
    • Remember, kidney stones are a recurring problem

    Causes of Kidney Stones

    The general causes of kidney stones may include lack of water in the body, production of excessive acidic environment in urine, urinary tract infections, etc. It is curable easily if diagnosed at an early stage.

    Symptoms of Kidney Stones

    There can be more than one symptom for kidney stones, which include,

    • Excessive pain in the abdomen, lower back or urinary tract. The pain can vary from excruciating, sharp or mild depending on the severity.
    • Persistent urge to urinate, or even blood in urine.
    • Feeling nauseated or severe vomiting
    • Constant sweating or chills

    The symptoms may vary on the basis of severity. There can be a constant discomfort and pain on the sides, which could further spread down to other parts of the body.

    Note: These symptoms may vary from person to person. It is not necessary to witness all these symptoms altogether.

    Natural Remedies to Remove Kidney Stones

    1. Kidney Beans

    Kidney beans that have a close resemblance to that of a kidney, is known to remove kidney stones effectively and cleanse the kidneys. Kidney beans are high on fiber and are a great source of minerals and B vitamins that help in cleaning your kidneys and help the urinary tract function better.

    2. Apple Cider Vinegar

    3. Pomegranate Juice

    4. Dandelion Roots

    5. Basil

    8. Dates

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    The Evaluation For Kidney Stones

    If your symptoms suggest kidney stones, imaging is often the first step in an evaluation. For many years the standard of care was a type of abdominal x-ray called an intravenous pyelogram . In most medical centers, this has been replaced by a type of computed tomography called unenhanced helical CT scanning. In some cases, such as when a person has impaired renal function or a contrast dye allergy, renal ultrasound may be used as an alternative.

    You will also have blood tests, including tests for renal function . Your doctor may suggest other blood tests as well. A urinalysis will be obtained and if infection is suspected, a urine culture will be sent.

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