Stage 3 Kidney Disease Diet
Living with reduced kidney function demands serious attention to your diet. The most important thing is to exclude certain foods from your diet that include phosphorus and potassium.
1. Consume Proper Amount of Calories
Calories provide your body with energy. When determining how much calories to take, you need to consider how underweight or overweight you are. Other factors like gender, age and your activity level will also have impact on the amount of calories you need.
Eating fewer calories may be important when you have stage 3 kidney disease, but it will make you lose weight. Cutting calories will actually help when you are overweight or obese. Therefore it’s important to work with your doctor to know how many calories you need and make a diet plan for it.
2. Limit Phosphorus Intake
Whatever you do, be sure to limit the intake of phosphorus because your kidneys cannot process it. Ensure your diet does not have more than 800mg of phosphorus. You may want to avoid or limit intake of milk, nuts, ice cream, cheese, chocolate, and seeds.
3. Avoid High-Potassium Food
Your stage 3 kidney disease diet should not include food rich in potassium. While potassium is not completely restricted in stage 3 CKD, it still helps to lower your intake of potassium-rich foods to keep it from going up. Some high-potassium foods include bananas, avocados, potatoes, nuts, tomatoes, honeydew, and legumes. You may have to work with your dietician to determine how much potassium you can consume.
Foods To Avoid For Kidney Disease Fruit Juice
Some people tend to drink fruit juice instead of plain water, thinking it will provide more nutrients. For kidney disease patients, though, this is a big mistake.
Several types of fruit juice are high in potassium, which strains your kidneys. For example, 240 mL of orange juice contains up to 443 mg of potassium.
Furthermore, if you choose canned juice, they are high in sugar. It leads to a rapid spike in blood sugar levels. If your kidney disease results from diabetes, this will worsen the condition as blood sugar clogs and narrow blood vessels in the kidneys. Additionally, prolonged high blood sugar levels can lead to various health complications.
As you have kidney disease, a small mistake in food choices can wreck the healing process and faster kidney failure. The condition can completely change your thoughts of foods because those you thought are beneficial might turn out to be harmful to you and vice versa.
If you choose the right healing path, though, you can still reverse the condition.
David Morgan, a kidney disease patient, had been suffering from kidney disease for three years. However, after reading about the 7 little-known lifestyle factors that directly damage kidneys yet are always overlooked by conventional treatments, he was able to see through every daily habit that is contributing to your condition and knew exactly what to adjust. Last week, his filtration level was 70%. Even his doctor was shocked to see the improvement.
What Not To Eat Or Drink With Kidney Problems
When you are facing kidney problems or diagnosed with the symptoms that will lead to kidney failure, then it is essential to concentrate on those that do not elevate the situation. Improper attention to the condition will lead to kidney failure, which is life threatening and creates a challenging situation for surviving.
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Dietary Changes And Chronic Kidney Disease Treatment
Your kidneys main job is to filter out different substances in your blood. Its a purification process in which vital nutrients are processed and returned to the bloodstream. These include various vitamins, amino acids, and hormones.
You get many of these nutrients from your diet, specifically in the form of salt, acid, and potassium. A functioning kidney is able to manage a diet high in sodium, potassium, and phosphorus, but when you have weakened kidney function due to chronic kidney disease, it becomes almost impossible to manage these elements.
To support your overall health and reduce further kidney damage, you should avoid eating excessive amounts of these minerals. This means literally avoiding certain kinds of foods.
Antioxidants May Help You
Every cell in your body needs oxygen. But, too much oxygen in the wrong places can oxidize and cause damage, a lot like rust. Antioxidants help protect your cells, and may help your kidneys. Ask your doctor if antioxidants like these. might be worth taking:
Fish oil can help slow CKD that is caused by a disease called IgA nephropathy.
Note: Talk to your care team before you take any supplement, vitamin, or over the counter remedy. When your kidneys don’t work well, these can build up in your body to levels that could harm you.
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Good Nutrition Is A Key Part Of Staying Healthy
Eat a balanced diet, and youll support your overall wellness, keeping yourself as physically fit as possible. Eat too many of the wrong foods, however, and you greatly increase your risk of developing harmful health conditions like heart disease and high cholesterol.
When you have chronic kidney disease, its even more important to watch what you eat. Certain foods can harm your kidneys more than others because they put a significant strain on the kidneys.
How Can I Follow A Kidney
Your kidney-friendly eating plan may change over time, but it will always give you the right amount of these nutrients:
- Protein: One of the nutrients that gives you energy. Your body needs protein to grow, build muscles, heal and stay healthy.
- Fat: Fat is another one of the nutrients that gives you energy. Your body needs fat to carry out many jobs, such as to use vitamins from your food and keep your body at the right temperature.
- Carbohydrates or “carbs”: Your body’s main source of energy. Your body can more easily convert carbs into energy than protein and fat.
Work with your dietitian to follow the steps below for a kidney-friendly eating plan.
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Limit Foods High In Phosphorus
Damaged kidneys are unable to filter out extra phosphorus in the blood. Too much phosphorus in the body can cause calcium to be removed from your bones, leading to weak bones, as well as calcium deposits in the blood vessels, lungs, eyes, and heart. Over time, this increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Phosphorus is naturally found in protein-rich foods such as meats, poultry, fish, nuts, beans and dairy products. Phosphorus from animal sources is more easily absorbed than from plant sources.
Foods high in phosphorus include chocolate, milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, pudding, organ meats, oysters, sardines, processed meats, bran, whole wheat bread, nuts, seeds, beans, beer, and dark-colored cola drinks.
Nuts And Sunflower Seeds
Nuts and seeds are popular, healthy snacks for most people. However, for a person with kidney disease, they can be harmful.
A 1 ounce serving, or about 23 almonds, contains about:
- 208 milligrams of potassium
- 187 milligrams of potassium
- 168 milligrams of phosphorus
If you enjoy nuts and sunflower seeds, consider pairing them with other low-potassium and low-phosphorus meal options. Alternatively, choose nuts that are lower in phosphorus.
Macadamia nuts are a great choice for a kidney diet as they only contain around 104 milligrams of potassium and 53 milligrams of phosphorus per 1 ounce serving.
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What Not To Eat
1. Apricots: Great for fiber but full of potassium, apricots are not ideal for those with kidney disease. The potassium content is even higher in dried apricots, so those need to be avoided entirely as part of any renal diet.
2. Avocados: For a healthy individual, avocados are nutritious and beneficial, but for those with kidney problems, these fruits can be harmful. Avocados contain almost double the amount of potassium of bananas.
3. Bananas: Full of potassium, bananas can reduce kidney efficiency. Tropical fruits in general are high in potassium, but pineapples prove to be more kidney-friendly.
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Keeping potassium levels low prevents hyperkalemia, a dangerous condition where your blood has too much potassium. When combined with renal failure, hyperkalemia can cause serious damage to your heart.
4. Brown Rice: Brown rice contains more potassium and phosphorus than white rice, so it can place unnecessary strain on already damaged kidneys. With portion control, some brown rice can be consumed as part of a balanced renal diet.
5. Canned Foods: Soups, as well as canned vegetables, are popular because of their convenience. The high sodium content is what gives these items a long shelf life but also makes them dangerous for impaired kidneys.
It is best to look for low-sodium options if you do purchase canned foods.
Limit Your Salt Intake
Sodium sneaks its way into all sorts of places you wouldnt imagine, especially packaged foods such as soups and breads. Limiting your sodium intake helps keep your blood pressure under control. Aim for 2,300 mg per day, according to the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration thats about 1 teaspoon of table salt.
If youre at risk of or already have high blood pressure, Maruschak suggests following a low-sodium diet specifically the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan. Also try these tips to keep your sodium in check:
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Packaged Instant And Premade Meals
Processed foods can be a major component of sodium in the diet.
Among these foods, packaged, instant, and premade meals are usually the most heavily processed and thus contain the most sodium.
Examples include frozen pizza, microwaveable meals, and instant noodles.
Keeping sodium intake to 2,300 mg per day may be difficult if youre eating highly processed foods regularly.
Heavily processed foods not only contain a large amount of sodium but also commonly lack nutrients .
Packaged, instant, and premade meals are highly processed items that can contain very large amounts of sodium and lack nutrients. Its best to limit these foods on a renal diet.
Swiss chard, spinach, and beet greens are leafy green vegetables that contain high amounts of various nutrients and minerals, including potassium.
When served raw, the amount of potassium varies between 140290 mg per cup .
While leafy vegetables shrink to a smaller serving size when cooked, the potassium content remains the same.
For example, one-half cup of raw spinach will shrink to about 1 tablespoon when cooked. Thus, eating one-half cup of cooked spinach will contain a much higher amount of potassium than one-half cup of raw spinach.
Raw Swiss chard, spinach, and beet greens are preferable to cooked greens to avoid too much potassium.
However, moderate your intake of these foods, as theyre also high in oxalates. Among sensitive individuals, oxalates can increase the risk of kidney stones (
Diabetes And Kidney Disease: What To Eat
One meal plan for diabetes, another for chronic kidney disease . Find out how you can eat well for both.
If you have diabetes and CKD, youre definitely not aloneabout 1 in 3 American adults with diabetes also has CKD. The right diet helps your body function at its best, but figuring out what to eat can be a major challenge. Whats good for you on one meal plan may not be good on the other.
Your first step: meet with a registered dietitianexternal icon whos trained in both diabetes and CKD nutrition. Together youll create a diet plan to keep blood sugar levels steady and reduce how much waste and fluid your kidneys have to handle.
Medicare and many private insurance plans may pay for your appointment. Ask if your policy covers medical nutrition therapy . MNT includes a nutrition plan designed just for you, which the dietitian will help you learn to follow.
Diabetes and CKD diets share a lot of the same foods, but there are some important differences. Read on for the basics.
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What To Eat And What Not To
Food is not just the fuel that makes your body run. What you eat forms the building blocks for your cells. You really are what you eat. So, your food can, and does, affect your health. When you have CKD, one way to feel better and protect your kidneys is to take a fresh look at what you eat. See if you might want to make some changes to your diet. Your care team may give you some tips as well.
Foods that are close to nature like fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, beans and peas, whole grains, and lean meats are best for your body. Food that comes in a can, box, jar, or bag has been processed in a factory. Most processed foods have lots of chemicals, preservatives, and fillers . Some, like natural peanut butter, canned beans, or frozen vegetables, are good choices. How do you know which are good? READ LABELS. When a food has more than a few ingredients or a fresh food, like meat or fish, has an ingredient list at all be wary. Look for foods that have no more than five or six ingredients. You may want to make a fresh choice.
Most food cans in the U.S. are lined with bisphenol A . BPA has been linked with high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. Many canned foods tend to be very high in salt or sugar and highly processed, too. Glass jars or shelf safe cartons dont have BPA.
What Food Items Should You Limit In Kidney Disease
Many food items that are part of a typical healthy diet may not be right for you if youre suffering from kidney disease. If you are diagnosed with kidney disease, your doctor may recommend limiting certain food items such as
Depending upon the stage of your kidney disease, your doctor will advise you to reduce the potassium, phosphorus and protein levels in your diet.
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Eating Right For Chronic Kidney Disease
You may need to change what you eat to manage your chronic kidney disease . Work with a registered dietitian to develop a meal plan that includes foods that you enjoy eating while maintaining your kidney health.
The steps below will help you eat right as you manage your kidney disease. The first three steps are important for all people with kidney disease. The last two steps may become important as your kidney function goes down.
What Does A Kidney
Your kidneys major function is to get rid of waste and extra fluid from your body through your urine. They also balance the bodys minerals and fluids and make a hormone that regulates your blood pressure.
A kidney-friendly diet will help protect your kidneys from further damage. You must limit some food and fluids, so other fluids and minerals such as electrolytes do not build up in your body. Also, you must ensure that you are getting the right intake of protein, calories, vitamins and minerals in your daily diet.
If you have early-stage kidney disease, there are few food items you must limit. But as your disease worsens, you must be more careful about your daily food intake.
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Choose And Prepare Foods With Less Sodium
Sodium is a mineral found in almost all foods. It has many important roles in the way your body works. The amount of sodium found naturally in foods is enough to keep a healthy level in your body. But eating packaged foods and adding salt to foods can lead to eating too much sodium.
Too much sodium can make you thirsty and make your body hold onto water, which can lead to swelling and raise your blood pressure. This can damage your kidneys more and make your heart work harder.
One of the best things you can do is to limit how much sodium you eat. A general rule is to have less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day. Here are some tips to limit sodium:
- Use herbs and spices for flavor while cooking. Do not add salt to your food when cooking or eating.
- Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned vegetables. If you use canned vegetables, drain and rinse them to remove extra salt.
- When eating out, ask your server to have the chef not add salt to your dish.
Work with your dietitian to find foods that are low in sodium.
Dinner Recipes For People With Kidney Disease
1. Cabbage salad
- Preheat the oven to 325 F.
- Combine shallot, egg, Dijon mustard, maple syrup, and apple cider vinegar in a blender on medium speed.
- While blending, add the oil very slowly in a thin steady stream.
- Increase the blenders speed as the mixture thickens, and continue pouring the oil.
- Blend until you have added all the oil or until the mixture reaches the desired thickness. Set aside.
- Combine cabbage, apples, plums, red onion, and hearts of palm in a large mixing bowl.
- Add dill, fresh mayonnaise, dried cranberries, black pepper, and creme fraiche . Combine thoroughly.
- Transfer to a large serving bowl and top with chopped hazelnuts before serving.
2. Eggplant kasha
3. Vegetable kare-kare
To make ground, toasted rice:
- Place rice in a frying pan or wok and heat over moderate heat, stirring frequently to keep it from burning and to allow it to become uniform, deep golden .
- Remove from heat and cool to room temperature.
- Grind toasted rice coarsely in a blender or spice or coffee grinder.
To make stew:
- Heat corn oil in a large skillet. Sautégluten or seitan cubes and add garlic and onion.
- Add enough water to cover the gluten, then add ground peanuts and ground rice and simmer to thicken.
- Add annatto for coloring , and season with salt.
- Turn heat to low, and add the eggplant, followed by string beans, banana heart, and bok choy. Cook until vegetables are tender .
4. Tropical salad
5. Baked fish with pasta
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