How Are Utis Treated
UTIs are treated with antibiotics. After several days of antibiotics, your doctor may repeat the urine tests to be sure that the infection is gone. Its important to make sure of this because an incompletely treated UTI can come back or spread.
If a child has severe pain when peeing, the doctor may also prescribe medicine that numbs the lining of the urinary tract.
Give prescribed antibiotics on schedule for as many days as your doctor directs. Keep track of your childs trips to the bathroom, and ask your child about symptoms like pain or burning during peeing. These symptoms should improve within 2 to 3 days after antibiotics are started.
Encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids, but skip drinks that containe caffeine , such as soda and iced tea.
Most UTIs are cured within a week with treatment.
A Uti That The Test Isnt Detecting
One possibility is that you really do have a UTI thats flying under the radar. One 2017 study in Clinical Microbiology and Infectionfound that one in five women with UTI symptoms had negative results on the standard tests, but almost all these women had UTIs according to the more sensitive quantitative polymerase chain reaction test.
Standard urine cultures test for specific types of bacteria, but many women will have infections that are not able to be grown in these cultures, Rice says. Another possible reason for a false negative test is that often, the test requires a certain number of bacteria to be grown in culture. For instance, if someone has just urinated prior to leaving a sample and there is not a sufficient quantity of urine built up in the next voided sample, it is possible for a standard urine culture to report negative findings. A false negative can also occur if youve already taken antibiotics, so make sure not to do that.
If you think you might have a UTI thats not being detected, your doctor may be able to do a PCR laboratory test, Rice says. Dr. Jennifer Linehan, M.D, urologist and associate professor of urology and urologic oncology at the John Wayne Cancer Institute at Providence Saint JohnÃ¢s Health Center in Santa Monica, tells Bustle that another type of test called Next-Generation Sequencing is even more accurate.
Recommended Reading: Purina Pro Plan Urinary Vs Purina One Urinary
Is It Safe To Take Antibiotics Long
While there are some common side effects and risk for creating antibiotic-resistant bacteria, it is safe to take antibiotics preventively under the guidance of your physician.
If you have recurring UTIs , you may benefit from a low-dose prophylactic antibiotic, Dr. Sussman said. Some may require intermittent treatment at the sign of symptoms, while others may require a single dose after sexual intercourse or when symptoms occur. However, its important you discuss the underlying causes with your doctor before being prescribed antibiotics prophylactically.
Recommended Reading: Can Kidney Stones Cause Stomach Pain
Symptoms In Children And Elderly People
While the typical range of symptoms for a kidney infection applies to most adults, older adults and young children may have different symptoms.
If youre over age 65, you may experience none of the typical symptoms of a kidney infection summarized above. Instead, you may only experience problems with your thinking, such as:
- Difficulty speaking
Children under 2 years old with a kidney infection may only have a high fever.
Caregivers of very old and very young individuals should know to seek help when these signs or symptoms occur.
Can Uti Cause Low Grade Fever
Urinary tract infections A UTI is a bacterial infection that occurs when bacteria multiply anywhere in the urinary tract, which includes the bladder, urethra, kidneys, and ureters. In addition to a low grade fever, the person may experience symptoms such as: pain in the abdomen. a burning sensation while peeing.
Don’t Miss: Can A Kidney Infection Heal On Its Own
Is It Possible To Have A Uti Without Symptoms
4.4/5possible to have a UTI withoutsymptomsUTIshavesymptomsburning
Moreover, can you have a UTI without any symptoms?
Fever is not a common symptom of bladder infection fever is more typical of urinary tract infections that have spread to the kidneys or bloodstream. It is possible to have a bladder infection without having the characteristic symptoms. In some cases, bladder infections may not cause symptoms at all.
Also Know, can you have a UTI for months and not know it? Symptoms and risksThe most common UTI symptoms include burning with urination, frequent urination, a sense of urgency to urinate, and pain in the area of the bladder. A lack of symptoms may result in a UTI going untreated and then spreading to the kidneys, and then the bloodstreama potentially fatal condition.
Keeping this in consideration, how long can you have a UTI without knowing it?
In some people, bacteria are present in the urine before symptoms of a urinary tract infection develop. If this occurs, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to treat the infection. In other people, asymptomatic bacteriuria can continue indefinitely without causing obvious illness or discomfort.
Can you have a UTI without bacteria?
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection such as cystitis are common in women but, in around a quarter of cases, no infection is found using standard testing. However, doctors have assumed that women with negative tests do not have a bacterial infection.
A Tiny Gland Can Turn Your Whole System Upside Down
About one in 1,000 Americans have primary hyperparathyroidism, three times as many women as men. Its becomes increasingly more common over age 60.
A little background: Primary hyperparathyroidism is not a problem with the thyroid gland. Rather, it affects the tiny pea-size parathyroid glands on or near the thyroid. There are four of them, but usually only one is overactive, signaling excessive release of parathyroid hormone. That hormones purpose is to maintain the right level of calcium in the blood, and when its overactive, it signals the body to pulltoo much calcium from the bones into the bloodstream. That can weaken bones and lead to osteoporosis and fracturescause kidney stonesand create neurological issues that affect concentration and memory and lead to depression.
Until the 1970s, people with primary hyperparathyroidism would be diagnosed when they went to their doctors with serious complaintsbone pain, broken bones, abdominal pain and kidney stones. Since that time, the disease is generally caught earlier through calcium tests, which are now part of the routine blood test you get during an annual physical.
But what if you get the diagnosis after a regular checkup but dont have any symptoms? Should you still get your diseased parathyroid gland removed?
Read Also: Can Grape Juice Change Urine Color
You May Like: Can Kidney Stones Cause Weight Loss
The Kidney Disease Solution Cookbook
The 133-page cookbook is chock-full of easy-to-follow recipes that you need to add to create an appropriate kidney-friendly diet. Each recipe provides you with the essential daily nutritional requirements of the body. It also shows you how to develop healthy eating habits. Additionally, it offers recipes specific to other medical conditions you could have, such as hypertension and diabetes.
Bonus #: Free Lifetime Email Support
Youre likely to require assistance at some point or another throughout the course. This feature lets you reach out to their expert and knowledgeable team of naturopaths anywhere and at any time. It is possible to ask their customer service team any questions regarding the program. The team also conducts regular checks with customers to keep them updated how they are doing over time.
Read Also: Can Taking Gabapentin Hurt Your Kidneys
Can Utis Be Prevented
These tips can help prevent UTIs:
- School-age girls should avoid bubble baths and strong soaps that might cause irritation. They also should wear cotton underwear instead of nylon because it’s less likely to encourage bacterial growth.
- All kids should be taught not to “hold it” when they have to go. Pee that stays in the bladder gives bacteria a good place to grow.
- Kids should drink plenty of fluids but avoid those with caffeine.
Dietary Calcium And Kidney Stones
Only lower your calcium intake below that of a normal diet if instructed by your doctor. Decreased calcium intake is only necessary in some cases where absorption of calcium from the bowel is high.
A low-calcium diet has not been shown to be useful in preventing the recurrence of kidney stones and may worsen the problem of weak bones. People with calcium-containing stones may be at greater risk of developing weak bones and osteoporosis. Discuss this risk with your doctor.
Read Also: Is Honey Good For Kidney
You May Like: How Blood Pressure Is Regulated By Kidney
Ok So How Do I Make Sure I Never Get A Uti Or A Kidney Infection
As they say, prevention is the best cure! And there are many things you can do to ensure that youre reducing your risk for an infection, and preventing build up from occurring in the kidneys.
Practice good hygiene. Always wipe from front to back, keep your genital area clean, wash before and after sex. Basically, do your best to keep bacteria from even having a chance of getting into the urinary system in the first place.
Drink lots of water. If youre dehydrated, youre not only increasing your chance of a UTI, but youre also decreasing your urine output, meaning that more minerals have a chance to build up and settle in the urinary tract or kidneys.
Make sure to urinate whenever you feel you have to go. Dont hold it in. This concentrates the urine allowing bacteria to build up and spread.
Alter your diet if you find youre prone to kidney stones. Cut down on certain meats and shellfish and opting instead for more vegetables, fruits and whole grains. Avoid consuming too much sugar. Cut back on sodium, and eat more oxalate-rich foods .
And if you do start experiencing any of the symptoms above, be sure to see a doctor right away. UTIs, kidney infections, and kidney stones can usually be treated fairly easily, but its important to seek medical attention before any complications develop.
Signs Of Acute Pyelonephritis
Acute pyelonephritis is a painful bacterial infection of the kidneys which occurs when bacteria enter the urethra, move into the bladder, travel up the ureters and affect the kidneys. It is usually caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli, but can sometimes be caused by other bacteria.
Acute pyelonephritis is a common kidney problem in females, especially those between the ages of 15 and 29. The condition is rare among males, although it is more common in men over the age of 65 or men with anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract. It can, however, affect people of any age. Although it is quite uncomfortable, acute pyelonephritis is seldom a cause of long term kidney problems. Some underlying conditions can increase the risk of developing acute pyelonephritis. These include:
- Urinating painfully or with difficulty
- Producing no urine
- Low blood pressure, which can manifest as dizziness and/or faintness
In men and women older than 65, the above-mentioned symptoms may be absent, and additional symptoms may include:
Good to know: In babies and toddlers, the only sign of acute pyelonephritis may be a high fever.
For more information, consult this resource on acute pyelonephritis. If you are worried that you or a loved one may have pyelonephritis, you can do a symptom assessment with Ada.
Recommended Reading: Is A Kidney Biopsy Dangerous
Pus Or Blood In Your Urine
In most cases, your doctor would only see this if they did a dipstick urine test. Its because your urethra is inflamed and it could be shedding a little bit of blood, she explains. However, it is is possible that you might actually see blood when you go to the bathroom. As for pus, that would be more common in very complicated kidney infections, and would show up as white cells on the dipstick test.
How Is It Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You may have lab tests of your urine and discharge from the urethra and prostate gland.
For serious or repeated infections, you may need:
- An intravenous pyelogram . An IVP is a special type of X-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
- An ultrasound scan to look at the urinary tract.
- A cystoscopy. This is an exam of the inside of the urethra and bladder with a small lighted instrument. It is usually done by a specialist called a urologist.
Also Check: Is Creatine Bad For Your Kidneys
What Are The Symptoms
The first telltale sign is pain when you pee. Its not always sharp or burning pain, but its an obvious discomfort. You may feel like you have to go all the time, even though not much comes out when you do. Your urine may also smell funky and could have spots of blood in it. Any or all of these signs point pretty clearly to UTI.
Burning Pain With Urination
If you want to get fancy, this is called dysuria, and its common in womens health issues like yeast infections and vaginal infections. Inflammation along the lining of the urethra can cause that sort of burning sensation when you go to the bathroom, says Leisman.
Also Check: Can Child Donate Kidney To Parent
Complications From A Kidney Infection
Full recovery is expected after a treating a kidney infection with antibiotics, However, in rare cases complications can occur including:
- Bacteria from a kidney infection getting into the bloodstream, particularly if treatment is delayed. This can cause blood poisoning and can be potentially life-threatening
- The development of a kidney abscess a collection of pus that forms within the kidney
- Permanent damage to kidney tissues
The above complications are rare but may become more likely if:
- You become severely ill with the kidney infection
- You already have other problems with your kidneys, like polycystic kidney disease, reflux or kidney failure
- You have kidney stones
- Your immune system is suppressed for example, if you have cancer, if youre taking medication such as steroids or chemotherapy, or if you have AIDS
- You have poorly controlled diabetes
- You are an older person
Another rare complication is Emphysematous pyelonephritis where kidney tissues are rapidly destroyed by the infection and the bacteria releases toxic gases that build up inside the kidneys. It tends to affect people who have poorly controlled diabetes and is a very serious illness.
Treating Renal Colic And Pain Management
See your doctor if you have symptoms of renal colic or urinary stones. Your doctor can do tests to look for increased levels of substances that form stones in your blood or urine. A CT scan can look for stones in your kidneys and other urinary organs.
If you have a large stone, your doctor can do one of these procedures to remove it and relieve renal colic:
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy : This procedure uses shock waves aimed at your kidneys to break up the stones into very small pieces. You then pass the stone fragments in your urine.
- Ureteroscopy: Your doctor inserts a thin, lighted scope up through your urethra and bladder to remove the stone.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: This procedure uses tiny instruments inserted through a small cut in your back to remove a stone. You will be asleep during this procedure.
In the short term, your doctor will give you medicines to relieve the pain of renal colic. Options include:
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen
- drugs to prevent muscle spasms
- opioid medicines
Dont Miss: Does Carbonation Cause Kidney Stones
You May Like: How Common Are Kidney Stones
How Can I Prevent A Urinary Tract Infection
Dr. Vasavada stresses practicing good urinary tract health, which means:
- After using the bathroom, wipe from front to back to avoid moving bacteria back into the urinary tract.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Monitor for developing infections following sexual relations and practice good hygiene.
- Cranberry pills or cranberry juice may help .
- For women who are post-menopausal, vaginal estrogen may lower susceptibility to infection by changing the vaginal acidity , which may prevent bacteria from overgrowing near the urinary tract.
Kidney infections are treated with antibiotics. Most antibiotic treatments will last for a minimum of 7 to 14 days, and its important that you take the full prescription to ensure that all bacteria are killed.
Dr. Vasavada says if you suspect a kidney infection, you should go to an urgent care, make an appointment with your general doctor as soon as you can, or go to the emergency department.
How Can I Prevent Ckd
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD. If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, working with your doctor to keep your blood sugar and blood pressure under control is the best way to prevent kidney disease.
Living a healthy lifestyle can help prevent diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney disease, or help keep them under control. Follow these tips to lower your risk for kidney disease and the problems that cause it:
- Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet
- Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days of the week
- Have regular check-ups with your doctor
- Do not smoke or use tobacco
Recommended Reading: Can Protein Powder Cause Kidney Stones
What Are Potential Kidney Infection Complications
Most people recover 100% from a kidney infectionbut there is the possibility of serious complications if one is left untreated. As we mentioned, a kidney infection that doesnt get treated can cause a condition known as sepsis. This happens when your body responds overzealously to an infection, which can lead to a dangerous drop in blood pressure and cause the body to go into shock, according to the NIDDK. This can make your organs fail, which, in the most extreme cases, can lead to death.
Even in non-life-threatening cases, if you have a kidney infection that becomes chronic, you can wind up with permanent kidney damage that can cause problems like kidney disease or high blood pressure. In pregnant people, untreated kidney infections can also increase the risk of having a baby with low birth weight, notes the Mayo Clinic.
All of that sounds scary, but heres whats most important to know: A kidney infection is treatable. Its all about how soon you seek treatment once you start experiencing kidney infection symptoms.