Sudden Urge To Urinate
If you find yourself suddenly needing to urinate or needing to urinate more frequently than normal, it may be a sign that a kidney stone has reached the lower portion of your urinary tract. Like cloudy urine, increased urgency is also associated with urinary tract infections, although with kidney stones, urgency can be present even without an infection.
Next Steps If A Kidney Stone Is Found
If a kidney stone is small enough, it can move or “pass” through your urinary tract and out of your body on its own. If the stone cannot pass on its own, you may need treatment.
Large stones can get stuck in either a kidney or a ureter. A stone that becomes stuck may cause pain that does not go away and may damage the kidney if it is not treated.
If the emergency doctor thinks the kidney stone will pass on its own without any problems:
- You will probably be able to go home.
- You may be given medicines for pain and nausea to take home.
- You may be asked to drink water to help the kidney stone pass.
- You will be asked to watch for the kidney stone when you urinate. You may be told how to strain your urine to catch a stone that passes. If the stone does not pass, call your health care professional.
If the emergency doctor thinks the kidney stone will not pass on its own or may cause problems:
- You may need to stay in the hospital for treatment.
- You may need to see a specialist and may need surgery to remove the stone.
If your nausea and vomiting do not stop:
You may need to stay in the hospital.
What Is The Treatment For Kidney Stones
Most often, non-surgical approaches are taken when treating small kidney stones, with most of the focus on managing the childs pain. Children waiting to pass stones at home should urinate into a coffee filter, loose tea filter or urine strainer, so that the stone can be collected and brought into the urology center to be analyzed under a microscope.
Today, minimally invasive treatment is used for almost all large or obstructing kidney stones. Although the majority of smaller stones will pass without a medical procedure, large stones that are unlikely to pass through on their own must be broken up by a process known as lithotripsy. Extracorporeal lithotripsy, also called ESWL, uses shock waves from an outside source to break the stones into smaller fragments that can be swept away in urine. This is the most common procedure used to break up large stones.
Sometimes a stone will form or get stuck in the bladder. If this happens, then the child may need a cystoscopy. With this procedure, a small telescope is passed up the urethra to the bladder. The stone is then removed by passing a basket-like device up the scope to retrieve it. This is often done when stones are larger or have irregular shape and is done under general anesthesia.
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Is Alkaline Water Good For Kidneys And Prevent To Form Kidney Stones
Your kidney works out the toxins from your body and filters the blood approx 70 times per day.
The liver helps to break the toxins safely, which the kidney cant.
A high level of calcium, uric acid, and oxalate or a low level of citrate in your urine leads to form kidney stones.
Alkaline water balance pH level and neutralize the acid in your body then create conditions unsuitable for kidney stones.
It changes the kidneys pH level and makes the removal process much easier than before.
The alkaline water is good for our body and keeps your kidney hydrated for optimal performance.
According to studies who pass 2 to 2.5 liters of urine per day, they have a 50% less chance to form kidney stones than those who produce less.
You need to drink 8 to 10 8-ounce glasses of alkaline water per day to produce that quantity of urine.
Now, you can say that alkaline water is the best water for kidney stones and you can also use a Best Small Water Pitcher to get it.
The hyperuricosuria and hyperoxaluria kidney stone can treat by drinking alkaline water.
But first, consult with your doctor that which type of kidney stone you have.
Diagnosis Of Kidney Stones
Many kidney stones are discovered by chance during examinations for other conditions. Urine and blood tests can help with finding out the cause of the stone. Further tests may include:;
- CT scans
- x-rays, including an intravenous pyelogram , where dye is injected into the bloodstream before the x-rays are taken.
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Treating And Preventing Kidney Stones
Most kidney stones;are small enough to be passed in your urine, and it may be possible to treat the symptoms at home with medication.
Larger stones may need to be broken up using ultrasound or;laser energy. Occasionally, keyhole surgery may be needed to remove very large kidney stones directly.
Read more about treating kidney stones.
It’s estimated that;up to;half of all people who have had kidney stones will experience them again within the following five;years.
To avoid getting kidney stones, make sure you drink plenty of water every day;so you don’t become dehydrated. It’s very important to keep your urine diluted to prevent waste products forming into kidney stones.
Read more about preventing kidney stones.
Preventing Future Kidney Stones
If you had a calcium stone, your doctor may suggest cutting back on salt, which cause the body to dispense more calcium into the urine, as well as animal protein. You may also be advised to avoid high-oxalate foods, including chocolate, instant coffee, tea, beans, berries, dark leafy greens, oranges, tofu, and sweet potatoes. The best way to ward off new kidney stones is to drink enough water to keep urine clear.
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Uric Acid Stones Treatment Options For Kidney Stones
Stones less than 5 mm often pass out of the urine on their own, and from 5mm to 10mm stones have less than a 50% chance to pass out.
We can use endoscopes or shock waves treatment in the following situations.
- The stone is bigger than 10 mm.
- If the kidney stone does not come out on its own.
- Facing some complications.
- The stone must need to be dissolved.
- Unbearable pain.
If The Kidney Stone Is Not Causing Any Symptoms Should I Still Be Treated
There are some instances when it is OK to leave a kidney stone untreated. If the stone is small and not causing any pain, there is a good chance that it will pass on its own after it falls into the ureter. Such stones may be followed with “watchful waiting.” This means that the stone is not actively treated, but instead your doctor keeps a check on the stone to be sure that it is not growing or changing. This can be done with periodic X-rays.
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Calculi Strainer Kidney Stone Collector
What Are The Symptoms
Kidney stone sufferers may tell you that trying to pass a kidney stone is the worst pain they have ever experienced in their lifetime . Some of the most common signs and symptoms of kidney stones include the following:
- Sudden, severe pain that waxes and wanes in intensity. Common areas afflicted include the back, groin, abdomen, side, and genitals.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blood in the urine or abnormal urine colors
- Frequent and painful urination
Though kidney stones are not normally life-threatening situations, they are typically not a pleasant experience. And its not unusual to suffer from so much pain that you make your way to the emergency room to find out what is going on.
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How Are Ureteral Stones Treated
Treatment of ureteral stones depends on the size and location of the stones and the substances from which they are formed. Treatment may also be directed by your current circumstances, such as obesity, the use of anticoagulants , and other considerations. The size and location of the stone will give you an idea of the likelihood that you can pass it.
If you have larger stones and your urinary tract is blocked, a urologist may treat you with the following:
- Shock wave lithotripsy: During this procedure, you are set up with a machine that produces focused shock waves to break up the stones. The small pieces of the stones then pass through your urinary tract when you urinate. This is the least invasive option.
- Ureteroscopy: The urologist feeds a long tube with an eyepiece, called an ureteroscope, into your urethra . The doctor feeds the scope through the bladder into the ureter, finds the stones, and removes or breaks them up with lasers.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: This procedure, which is used for larger or irregularly shaped stones, uses a scope to find and remove the stones. The scope is inserted directly into your kidney through a small incision in your back.
Why Do I Get Kidney Stones
Kidneys are essential organs that filter out the waste traveling around the body in your bloodstream. The kidneys create urine to transport the filtered chemicals out of the body. Stones develop from buildup of mineral deposits in our urine that stick together in the kidneys. Typically, these stones develop because of a lack of water to dilute the accumulation of these minerals on the lining of our kidneys. Certain medications, medical disorders , and a family history of kidney stones can also increase your chances of suffering from them.
Because they are known to cause a great deal of pain, it is no surprise that those who suffer from kidney stones are willing to try just about anything to treat them and to prevent them from happening again. Known medicinal treatments include the use of alpha-blockers such as Flomax that relax the lining of the ureter to help stones pass more easily, and medications that treat the associated pain. Additionally, surgical procedures or other non-invasive means of surgical treatment may be prescribed to break up both calcium oxalate and uric acid kidney stones. These treatments include ureteroscopy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy .
Preventative measures used to halt the formation of kidney stones include dietary and behavioral changes. These involve decreasing sodium intake, increasing water intake to stay properly hydrated, stopping excessive exercise, stopping sauna usage , and eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
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Can Kidney Stones Be Prevented
It’s not always possible to prevent some types of kidney stones.;
But all kids who’ve had kidney stones should:
- Drink a lot of liquids throughout the day. Avoid dark sodas, soft drinks, and sports drinks. If their pee is almost clear, that’s a sign they’re drinking enough. Ask your doctor how much your child should drink.
- Limit the salt and protein in their diet.
If dietary changes don’t prevent kidney stones, medicines can help. Depending on the type of kidney stone your child had, the doctor can prescribe treatments or medicines to lower the levels of crystal-forming substances in the pee.
Doctors will keep an eye on kids who have had kidney stones and try to prevent new ones. The doctor might have your child use a 24-hour urine collection test. This measures the volume of pee within a 24-hour period and checks what’s in it.
Dont Underestimate Your Sweat
Heavy exercise, yoga, and heat can release more water through sweat and produce less urine.
The more you sweat, the less you urinate, due to which the mineral crystals can grow larger and form in kidney stones.
To reduce the risk and urinate a lot, drink plenty of alkaline water for kidney stones.
So, be hydrated during exercise or heavy activities that produce a lot of sweating.
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Imaging Tests To Check For Kidney Stones
Two imaging tests to check for kidney stones are a CT scan and an ultrasound. If the first imaging test is not clear, you may need a second test.
In the past, a CT scan was often used as the first imaging test to check for kidney stones. But, because a CT scan exposes people to radiation, the emergency doctor may suggest an ultrasound instead as the first imaging test.
|What is it?||A CT scan uses x-rays and computers to create three dimensional pictures of your urinary tract .||An ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of your kidneys and bladder. It is like the ultrasound used to look at the baby in the womb of a pregnant woman.|
|How is it done?||You lie still on a table that slides into a tunnel-shaped machine. A CT scan does not hurt.||You lie on your back or side, and a health care professional moves a small device around on your belly. An ultrasound does not hurt.|
|Does it expose you to radiation?||Yes, a CT scan exposes you to radiation. Radiation raises the risk of getting cancer.||No, an ultrasound does not expose you to radiation.|
Use Sodium Intake Cautiously
A sodium-rich diet can trigger kidney stones forming because it increases the volume of calcium in the urine.
According to federal guidelines, you need to limit 2,300 mg sodium per day.
If sodium was the main cause of your kidney stones, then you should cut down on your sodium consumption to 1,500 mg.
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Can Children Get Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are found in children as young as 5 years. In fact, this problem is so common in children that some hospitals conduct ‘stone’ clinics for pediatric patients. The increase in the United States has been attributed to several factors, mostly related to food choices. The two most important reasons are not drinking enough fluids and eating foods that are high in salt. Kids should eat less salty potato chips and French fries. There are other salty foods: sandwich meats, canned soups, packaged meals, and even some sports drinks. Sodas and other sweetened beverages can also increase the risk of stones if they contain high fructose corn syrup.
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How Can Ureteral Stones Be Prevented
You will not have ureteral stones if you do not have kidney stones. If you have had a kidney stone, your doctor can help you learn how it was formed and what you can do to prevent others from forming. Your doctor may treat the stone BEFORE it moves into the ureter and causes pain.
You may be asked to change your diet in the following ways:
- Drink more fluids.
- Limit animal protein .
- Control sodium intake .
- Limit oxalate .
You may also be prescribed medications to help prevent the formation of kidney/ureteral stones.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 09/18/2017.
How Small Is Small Enough
The smaller the kidney stone, the more likely it will pass on its own. If it is smaller than 5 mm , there is a 90% chance it will pass without further intervention. If the stone is between 5 mm and 10 mm, the odds are 50%. If a stone is too large to pass on its own, several treatment options are available.
Is There Anything Else I Should Know
Not everyone who drinks too little liquid or who has an excess amount of a chemical in their urine will form kidney stones. Some stones will form in people for other reasons. Those who have had one kidney stone are at an increased risk for developing additional stones.
Other factors that can contribute to the formation or increased risk of kidney stones include:
- A family history of kidney stones
- Presence of a urinary tract infection
- Abnormalities in the structure of the kidneys and/or urinary tract
- Kidney disorders such as polycystic kidney disease, a condition characterized by the presence of numerous cysts in the kidney
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Treatment Of Kidney Failure
Kidney failure can be a debilitating and life threatening condition with symptoms such as lethargy, weakness, generalized swelling, shortness of breath, congestive heart failure and fatal heart rhythm disturbances. If your kidney is failing, treatment of the underlying disease may be the first step in correcting the problem.
Many causes of kidney failure are treatable and visiting a urologist will ensure the underlying condition is diagnosed and treated to restore normal function. The urologist may also plan for control of blood pressure, diabetes or other underlying conditions as a way of preventing chronic kidney disease. But in some situations, kidney failure is progressive and irreversible. When that happens, the only treatment options are dialysis or transplant, each with benefits and drawbacks.
Whatever treatment your urologist recommends, you will need to make some changes in your life, including how you eat and plan your activities. With the help of your urologist, family and friends, you can continue to lead a full and active life. For more information on symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and management of kidney failure, visit the St Pete Urology website.