Kidney Stones Dissolve In Vivo
Results from the current study modify the long-held working assumption that COM is strongly insoluble in vivo,,, except perhaps within some individual cell organelles . In addition, although the entombment of organic matter has been previously documented,, the clinical importance of these biomass-rich nano-layers remains undetermined. Our results indicate that kidney stones repeatedly dissolve in vivo and highlight the intrinsic relationship between organic-rich and mineral-rich nano-layering.
The repeated dissolution, crystallization and resultant remodeling of crystalline architecture that takes place during CaOx stone growth is analogous to the commonly observed post-depositional physical, chemical and biological alteration observed in natural mineral deposits . The sector zoning in COMCE indicates that these crystals may be more soluble and thus more susceptible to diagenesis than expected with respect to calculated urine supersaturation states, as controlled by the differential entrapment of organic matter on specific COM crystal faces,. The biomolecules present within the human kidney may also play a major role in driving the multiple events of dissolution as recorded in the HSE . These are normal constituents of urine chemical composition, and could plausibly include biomolecules derived from a resident microbial community . However, the composition and potential effects of these biomolecules are currently unknown.
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Hydration Is The Most Important Treatment
Drinking water will help dissolve your kidney stones over time. To achieve this, you need 2-3 liters of water a day. Keep in mind that the average amount of fluid intake for healthy people is around 1-1.5 liters daily.
So its clear that you will have to make a conscious decision to take more water than usual. This means making approximately eight trips to the bathroom every day.
Many people feel that this is unreasonable. But this inconvenience can do a lot to save you from pain. There are also other health benefits for staying thoroughly hydrated.
How do you train yourself for becoming hydrated?
1. Do It Gradually
2. Take Bathroom Breaks No Matter What
It’s understandable that many people feel too busy to take frequent bathroom breaks. But this can lead to kidney stone complications. Be persistent and mindful when it comes to taking bathroom breaks.
3. Always Have Water on Hand
If you dont have a water bottle yet, buy one immediately. Water bottles are environmentally friendly as well as very sturdy. You can always keep one around without having to worry about spills.
4. Try Other Remedies In Addition to Water
Drinking water is extremely important. But there are other liquids you can try as well. Some fruit juices and plant infusions could help dissolve your kidney stones more quickly.
Additionally, you can make some simple adjustments to your diet. But which nutrients are good for treating kidney stones? Are there any foods you need to avoid?
Symptoms Of Kidney Stones
Many people with kidney stones have no symptoms. However, some people do get symptoms, which may include:
- a gripping pain in the back usually just below the ribs on one side, radiating around to the front and sometimes towards the groin. The pain may be severe enough to cause nausea and vomiting
- blood in the urine
- cloudy or bad smelling urine
- shivers, sweating and fever if the urine becomes infected
- small stones, like gravel, passing out in the urine, often caused by uric acid stones
- an urgent feeling of needing to urinate, due to a stone at the bladder outlet.
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How Long Does It Take A Kidney Stone To Form
You can have kidney stones for years without knowing theyre there. As long as these stones stay in place within your kidney, you wont feel anything. Pain from a kidney stone typically starts when it moves out of your kidney. Sometimes, a stone can form more quickly within a few months.
Talk with your healthcare provider about your risk factors. They might do a 24-hour urine test to check how quickly you develop stones.
What Is Apple Cider Vinegar
Known for treating many skin conditions and other ailments, apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting apples. The acetic acid content kills bad bacteria and fosters the growth of good bacteria. This makes apple cider vinegar a natural antibiotic that effectively resolves immunity, digestive and skin problems. The good part is that it causes no harmful side effects.
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Biomineralization In Natural And Engineered Environments
The alternating organic matter- and mineral-rich nano-layers comprising COMC are strikingly similar to those seen in other modern and ancient sedimentary deposits. These include marine stromatolites, ooids and oyster shells and pearls, as well as terrestrial hot-spring travertines and cave speleothems, among many other deposits,,. Previous geobiology studies of these natural deposits have only partially deciphered the relative influence of the physical, chemical and biological factors that are active at the time of layered deposition. COMC nano-layer couplets represent a previously unknown template for understanding the mechanisms that fundamentally control shifts between biotic and abiotic processes during biomineralization. These mechanisms are directly applicable to understanding biomineralized deposits common to other natural and engineered environments in fields that range from environmental sustainability and energy production, to medical discovery and space exploration.
Easy Ways To Prevent Kidney Stones
Did you know that one in ten people will have a kidney stone over the course of a lifetime? Recent studies have shown that kidney stone rates are on the rise across the country. Those in the know believe that some major misconceptions may be the culprit.
The National Kidney Foundation has teamed up with Dr. Allan Jhagroo, a kidney stone specialist at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, to help you stay stone-free by debunking some of the major kidney stone myths and misconceptions.
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How To Use Apple Cider Vinegar For Kidney Stones
Apple cider vinegar can be consumed in many ways to get rid of kidney stones. It will also provide you other health benefits. To treat kidney stones you can mix two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and mix in a glass of water. Do not over consume this mixture. You can also use apple cider vinegar as a salad dressing as well.
Dr. Anil Kumar Varshney describes another way of using apple cider vinegar and describes, “Take two tablespoons of olive oil, one-two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and two tablespoons of lemon juice. This concoction increases lubrication and helps pass the stones easily.” Along with this also drink plenty of water throughout the day and choose healthy diet.
Apple cider vinegar can help you deal with kidney stones naturally. But you should not completely rely on home remedies to treat kidney stones. Before trying any home remedy you must consult your doctor. Proper treatment is extremely necessary to fight kidney stones.
Dr. Anil Kumar Varshney Senior Director- Urology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket)
Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.
Causes Of Kidney Stones
A kidney stone can form when substances such as calcium, oxalate, cystine or uric acid are at high levels in the urine, although stones can form even if these chemicals are at normal levels.
Medications used for treating some medical conditions such as kidney disease, cancer or HIV can also increase your risk of developing kidney stones.
A small number of people get kidney stones because of certain medical conditions that lead to high levels of calcium, oxalate, cystine or uric acid in the body.
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Diagnosis Of Kidney Stones
Many kidney stones are discovered by chance during examinations for other conditions. Urine and blood tests can help with finding out the cause of the stone. Further tests may include:
- CT scans
- x-rays, including an intravenous pyelogram , where dye is injected into the bloodstream before the x-rays are taken.
Remedies To Dissolve Kidney Stones: What Can I Take To Dissolve Kidney Stones
Most of the times, kidney stones develop as a result of chemicals that are deposited in the kidneys and not passed from the body in urine. These deposits form and attach themselves to the wall of the kidney and get concentrated. Kidney stones may be made from several different chemicals such as calcium oxalate, uric acid and struvite crystals.
The main causes of kidney stones are poor diet, a diet high in oxalates, calcium supplements that are synthetic in nature, dehydration, pH balance, allergies, obesity, mineral deficiencies, etc.
There are many natural products that may help in dissolving and passing these deposits that form as stones through urination. But you should always contact your doctor before using any of these treatments and also ensure that your ongoing medical treatment is not stopped or influenced.
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Where Do Kidney Stones Come From
Kidney stones form develop when certain substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, become concentrated enough to form crystals in your kidneys. The crystals grow larger into “stones.” About 80% to 85% of kidney stones are made of calcium. The rest are uric acid stones, which form in people with low urine pH levels.
After stones form in the kidneys, they can dislodge and pass down the ureter, blocking the flow of urine. The result is periods of severe pain, including flank pain , sometimes with blood in the urine, nausea, and vomiting. As the stones pass down the ureter toward the bladder, they may cause frequent urination, bladder pressure, or pain in the groin.
“If you experience any of these symptoms, see your primary care physician,” says Dr. Eisner. “He or she will likely perform a urinalysis and a renal ultrasound, abdominal x-ray, or CT scan to confirm kidney stones are the source of your pain and determine their size and number.”
Ultrasound Shock Wave Therapy
In ultrasound shock wave therapy, sound waves are used to break up the stones. The stone fragments are then flushed away in the urine. This treatment is also referred to as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy . A machine is used to send sound waves from outside of the body through the tissue to the stones. Shock wave therapy typically takes about 30 to 60 minutes when treating simple kidney stones . It can often be done without having to spend the night in hospital. The treatment outcome can be checked using ultrasound or x-ray scans.
Shock wave therapy is especially suitable for kidney stones that are smaller than 20 millimeters in diameter. If the stones are in the upper third of the ureter, they shouldnt be any bigger than 10 millimeters, though.
During shock wave therapy
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Take Steps To Bypass Kidney Stones
Even though kidney stones can be common and recur once youve had them, there are simple ways to help prevent them. Here are some strategies that can help:
1. Drink enough water. A 2015 meta-analysis from the National Kidney Foundation found that people who produced 2 to 2.5 liters of urine daily were 50% less likely to develop kidney stones than those who produced less. It takes about 8 to 10 8-ounce glasses of water daily to produce that amount.
2. Skip high-oxalate foods. Such foods, which include spinach, beets, and almonds, obviously raise oxalate levels in the body. However, moderate amounts of low-oxalate foods, such as chocolate and berries, are okay.
3. Enjoy some lemons. Citrate, a salt in citric acid, binds to calcium and helps block stone formation. Studies have shown that drinking ½ cup of lemon juice concentrate diluted in water each day, or the juice of two lemons, can increase urine citrate and likely reduce kidney stone risk, says Dr. Eisner.
4. Watch the sodium. A high-sodium diet can trigger kidney stones because it increases the amount of calcium in your urine. Federal guidelines suggest limiting total daily sodium intake to 2,300 milligrams . If sodium has contributed to kidney stones in the past, try to reduce your daily sodium to 1,500 mg.
Alternate Remedies For Kidney Stones
Increasingly, more people are interested in attempting at-home treatments for kidney stones to decrease the use of medicines, procedures and surgeries. A number of alternative remedies have been acknowledged for the treatment of kidney stones. We will present these below and discuss their likelihood of success.
1. Lemon Juice and Olive Oil
Sounds awful, doesnt it? Some people do claim success in mixing a concoction of lemon juice and olive oil to help dissolve kidney stones as a home remedy. Proponents of this method claim that at the first notice of symptoms, mix five ounces of olive oil with five ounces of lemon juice. Drink this combination straight and then drink a glass of water. Repeat the process again in the late afternoon. Be sure to drink plenty of water as well through the day as well as extra lemon juice, if possible. Continue this treatment regimen for several days until the stone passes. It is thought that the lemon juice could help break down the kidney stones and the olive oil would aid in lubrication to pass the stone more easily. Extra-virgin olive oil is thought to be the best olive oil ingredient to use because it is the thickest and healthiest.
Warning: Lemons are very acidic and can destroy tooth enamel and contribute to heartburn or ulcers.
Our patient surveying indicates some success in a very limited number of kidney stone patients. We give it 2 out of 5 stars.
2. Apple Cider Vinegar
3. Coke and Asparagus
We give this remedy 1 out of 5 stars.
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Water Helps Dissolve Small Stones
If you stay hydrated by drinking sufficient water throughout the day , you can prevent kidney stones from developing in the first place. Drink at least eight 8-10 ounce glasses of water every day to stay stone-free.
If you already have one or more small kidney stones that cause symptoms, though, water can also be a type of first aid to dissolve and pass them. Dr. Lesani recommends drinking about three liters of water per day to help your kidney stones pass on their own.
Even when you drink sufficient water, however, kidney stones dont dissolve overnight. In fact, even small stones can take weeks to months to pass. In the meantime, Dr. Lesani gives you medication to control the pain and recommends regular check-ins.
He also advises changing your diet to eliminate foods that are associated with kidney stones, such as those high in purines or sodium. The DASH diet is a good choice for kidney health.
Prevention Of Future Stones
Once your health care provider finds out why you are forming stones, he or she will give you tips on how to prevent them. This may include changing your diet and taking certain medications. There is no “one-size-fits-all” diet for preventing kidney stones. Everyone is different. Your diet may not be causing your stones to form. But there are dietary changes that you can make to stop stones from continuing to form.
Drink enough fluids each day.
If you are not producing enough urine, your health care provider will recommend you drink at least 3 liters of liquid each day. This equals about 3 quarts . This is a great way to lower your risk of forming new stones. Remember to drink more to replace fluids lost when you sweat from exercise or in hot weather. All fluids count toward your fluid intake. But it’s best to drink mostly no-calorie or low-calorie drinks. This may mean limiting sugar-sweetened or alcoholic drinks.
Knowing how much you drink during the day can help you understand how much you need to drink to produce 2.5 liters of urine. Use a household measuring cup to measure how much liquid you drink for a day or two. Drink from bottles or cans with the fluid ounces listed on the label. Keep a log, and add up the ounces at the end of the day or 24-hour period. Use this total to be sure you are reaching your daily target urine amount of at least 85 ounces of urine daily.
Reduce the amount of salt in your diet.
Eat the recommended amount of calcium.
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Diet And Calcium Stones
Follow these guidelines if you have calcium kidney stones:
- Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water.
- Eat less salt. Chinese and Mexican food, tomato juice, regular canned foods, and processed foods are often high in salt. Look for low-salt or unsalted products.
- Have only 2 or 3 servings a day of foods with a lot of calcium, such as milk, cheese, yogurt, oysters, and tofu.
- Eat lemons or oranges, or drink fresh lemonade. Citrate in these foods prevents stones from forming.
- Limit how much protein you eat. Choose lean meats.
- Eat a low-fat diet.
Do not take extra calcium or vitamin D, unless the provider who is treating your kidney stones recommends it.
- Watch out for antacids that contain extra calcium. Ask your provider which antacids are safe for you to take.
- Your body still needs the normal amount of calcium you get from your daily diet. Limiting calcium may actually increase the chance that stones will form.
Ask your provider before taking vitamin C or fish oil. They may be harmful to you.
If your provider says you have calcium oxalate stones, you may also need to limit foods that are high in oxalate. These foods include:
- Fruits: rhubarb, currants, canned fruit salad, strawberries, and Concord grapes
- Vegetables: beets, leeks, summer squash, sweet potatoes, spinach, and tomato soup
- Drinks: tea and instant coffee
- Other foods: grits, tofu, nuts, and chocolate