How Is Kidney Disease Treated
How kidney disease is treated depends on the particular problem and what’s causing it:
- Kidney infections are treated with .
- Medicines to decrease may help with nephritis and nephrotic syndrome.
- Medicines can treat high blood pressure or help the kidneys make extra pee if fluid or swelling is causing a kidney problem.
- A person might need to eat a special diet that limits salt or other things.
Occasionally, if medicines and other treatments don’t work, the kidneys can stop working well. They may not clear enough of the body’s waste products and excess water. In that case, a person might need dialysis. This process uses an artificial filtering system to do the job of the kidneys when they can’t.
Some people who need dialysis on a permanent basis might be candidates for a kidney transplant. This means they get a donated kidney from another person. Someone who gets a transplanted kidney no longer needs dialysis to clean the blood of waste products and remove excess water. The donated, healthy kidney takes over the job.
What Are Changes In Urine
Normal urine is yellowish in color, ranging from clear to deep amber. The color depends on how diluted it is, meaning how much liquid you consume. All urine has a slight odor that can vary with your diet.
Changes in urine can refer to:
- Color changes.
- Changes in odor.
- Changes in consistency .
Sometimes these changes are temporary and harmless. They may be the result of eating certain foods or vitamins, or taking some medicines. Asparagus or beets can harmlessly change the odor and color of urine, for example.
Other times, changes in urine may be the result of a more serious underlying medical condition.
Be Aware But Realistic
Dont get too worried if you see one or two incidents of abnormal dog urine color but your dog seems to be his/her happy self. Your dog may just be partying at the water bowl too much! Be sure to never limit your dog from access to water. If your dog is constantly at the water bowl looking to drink, there is an underlying reason and you should seek veterinarian attention. Also, be sure to take notes throughout the day of your dogs urine and consistent behavior. If the pee color goes back to normal there may be no cause for concern. Just remember to take a mental note for the future in case your dogs urine color changes again.
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Why Do I Have White Pee
People wondering about white pee or urine are usually referring to cloudy or milky urine. Aside from dehydration, there are a few possible causes.
And people with diabetes are at a higher risk of UTIs because their high glucose levels make it tougher to fight the infection, according to a review in Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy.
Another cause of white pee or urine are kidney stones, according to the National Kidney Foundation.
What Does Your Dogs Urine Color Mean
Ever see your dogs urine color change? Wondering why your dog has blood and/or brown color in his or her urine? Keeping an eye on what goes in and out of your dog is important to their health. Just as we unconsciously keep mental notes of what our urine looks like, we should do the same for our dogs. Dark urine or blood in your dogs urine could be a serious health issue that you may need to address immediately with your veterinarian.
To start, you should take several close looks at your dogs urine. What is the color? Is it dark? Is it clear, light yellow, bright yellow, dark yellow, brown, orange, or a reddish-pink? Each color and shade has its own indications. You dont want to jump the gun though if your dog only had one episode of atypically colored urine. For example, one episode of dark yellow or clear urine may mean nothing serious at all. It may just mean your dog hasnt had anything to drink in a few hours or they had too much water in a short amount of time.
If you notice one episode of dark urine in dogs, generally there is no need to panic. But if your dogs dark urine continues, you should consult your veterinarian. After an active session of fetch our Pomeranian tends to drink too much water. As a result, the next few times he goes to the bathroom his urine will be clear. This is a perfect example that a few uncommon movements is nothing to fret over. We recommend examining your dogs urine color over the course of a few days before worrying.
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What Is Maple Syrup Urine Disease
Maple syrup urine disease is a rare genetic disorder in which an infants body cannot properly process amino acids found in proteins. This causes urine to have a sweet-smelling odor, much like maple syrup. It affects roughly 1 in 185,000 infants.
The more serious form of the disease can be detected in newborns, and other times the onset of symptoms is delayed until late infancy or childhood.
Additional symptoms of maple syrup urine disease can include:
- Trouble feeding
If untreated, the condition can lead to neurological damage, coma, and even death. Treatment typically involves a diet low in certain amino acids, and sometimes requires dialysis. If your family has a history of maple syrup urine disease, talk to your doctor about genetic counseling.
Shortness Of Breath After Very Little Effort
Why this happens:
Being short of breath can be related to the kidneys in two ways. First, extra fluid in the body can build up in the lungs. And second, anemia can leave your body oxygen-starved and short of breath.
What patients said:
At the times when I get the shortness of breath, it’s alarming to me. It just fears me. I think maybe I might fall or something so I usually go sit down for awhile.
I couldn’t sleep at night. I couldn’t catch my breath, like I was drowning or something. And, the bloating, can’t breathe, can’t walk anywhere. It was bad.
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Urine Change In Kidney Failure
Patients with kidney failure always experience urine changes. The normal urine color is faint yellow or deep yellow. When kidneys are damaged, the color and volume of urine will change. What are the urine changes when one is diagnosed with kidney failure?
There are some common urine changes of people in kidney failure and they go as follow:
Frequent urination: patients with kidney failure go to urine frequently, especially in the evening. In the kidney, glomerulus s function is to filter blood and renal tubule s function is to reabsorb nutrition and most of fluid. For patients with kidney failure, their kidneys are impaired, so they may experience frequent urination.
Oliguria or anuria: when most of kidney function has been damaged, kidney can not expel excessive fluid out the body. Patients will seldom go to urinate in a long time.
Colorless urine: it indicates that there is a lot of water in the urine and the urine is dilute. Normally, kidneys filter excessive water and metabolic waste products out the body, like creatinine and urobilin, so the urine color is yellow. However, when kidney is damaged, these waste can not be discharged out the body, this leads to colorless urine directly.
Proteinuria: when kidney is damaged seriously, a lot of protein can not be consumed. They leak into urine due to damaged glomerular filtration membrane and form proteinuria. Proteinuria usually appears as foamy urine or bubbly urine.
Causes And Complications Of Orange Urine
Orange urine can be caused by a variety of factors, some more severe than others. Some of the most common reasons your urine may be orange are:
Diet: Your urine may be orange simply because you have consumed specific foods recently. Orange and red fruits and vegetables like beets and carrots can alter the color of your urine and make it appear orange.
Dehydration: One of the most common causes of orange urine is dehydration. Not drinking enough water results in your urine becoming more concentrated and as such, it may appear to be a dark yellow or orange hue.
Laxatives: Some laxatives contain senna, a herb commonly used to ease constipation that may also color your urine a deep yellow or orange.
Bladder infection: A bladder infection, or cystitis, may be responsible for changing the color of your urine and can cause it to appear orange.
Liver dysfunction: Consistently dark yellow or orange urine that is not affected by changes in diet, supplement intake, or hydration, may be a sign of issues with the liver or bile and should be addressed by your physician.
Chemotherapy: Some chemotherapy drugs can damage kidney and bladder function, resulting in discolored urine. It is important to inform your doctor if you are undergoing chemotherapy and notice a change in the color of your urine.
Kidney problems: Kidney disease, kidney stones, and kidney infections can all cause your urine to change to an orange color.
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How Long Do Marijuana Alcohol And Other Substances Stay In Urine
Urine drug testing is often performed to test the presence of illegal, mind-altering, or performance-enhancing substances in the urine of employees, athletes, or people on probation or parole. How long a substance can be detected in your urine can depend on a number of factors:
- The composition of the drug
- How frequently you use it
- How much you use/ingest
- Health condition of user
- Quality of urine drug test
A typical urine drug test can detect alcohol roughly 12 to 36 hours in urine after it is consumed, and more advanced urine tests can detect alcohol as long as three days after your last drink.
Fatigue Being Tired All Of The Time
Why this happens:
Healthy kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin , or EPO, that tells your body to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As the kidneys fail, they make less EPO. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your muscles and brain tire very quickly. This is anemia, and it can be treated.
What patients said:
I was constantly exhausted and didn’t have any pep or anything.
I would sleep a lot. I’d come home from work and get right in that bed.
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What Color Pee Is Bad
If you have visible blood in your urine, or if your urine is colored light pink or dark red, see a doctor right away. This can be a sign of a serious health condition and should be diagnosed as soon as possible. Orange urine can also be a symptom of a serious health condition, including kidney and bladder disease.
Problems Affecting The Kidneys Themselves
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome is the most common cause of acute renal failure in children. HUS causes damage to the kidneys and stops them working as they should. Other causes include inflammation of the kidneys and certain medicines. Sometimes, if we dont know the reason for the acute renal failure, we may need to do a kidney biopsy where a bit of tissue is taken from the kidney to examine in a laboratory. This will help us decide if additional treatment may improve your kidney function.;
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What Color Is Urine When Kidneys Are Failing
Kidney failure is a condition in which one or both kidneys can no longer work on their own. It may be due to an acute injury to the kidneys or a chronic disease that gradually causes them to stop functioning. When kidneys are healthy, they clean the blood by removing excess fluid, minerals and wastes. But when they are failing, harmful wastes build up in the body and excess fluid is retained, changing the appearance, amount and number of times urine is passed.
Orange Urine Occurring In Morning Or After Exercise
You may find that you are having orange urine when you indulge in exercise or early in the morning. This may be mainly because the urine has become concentrated after sitting in the bladder overnight. Therefore, it may not be a cause for alarm if it changes as you begin to take fluids. But a brown tint of the urine can signify something serious like blood in urine.
Rigorous exercises tend to dehydrate the body. You lose fluids in body when you exercise, something that can make the urine to become concentrated and change its color to orange or dark yellow.
Since during exercises, there is increased metabolic activity, this results in release of more byproducts in the body. These byproducts need to be filtered and excreted from the body through the urine. The kidney does the filtration work and the urinary tract does the excretion work. So, with exercises, there are two things taking place; increased activity causes more chemicals to be released as byproducts, and there is the aspect of dehydration. All of these can make the urine color to change.
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How Does The Urinary System Work
The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, the bladder and urethra. Your kidneys filter the blood to remove waste products and produce urine. The urine flows from your kidneys down through the ureters to the bladder, where it is stored until you go to the toilet. It passes through another tube called the urethra to the outside when urinating .;
The kidneys contain around a million tiny filtering units called glomeruli. As blood flows through the tubes in the glomerulus at pressure, waste products pass through the walls of the tubes to form urine. Blood cells and other things such as protein cant pass through the walls because they are too big. The urine then passes through small tubes where fluids, salts and minerals are removed for recycling around the body before flowing to the ureters.;;
What You Need To Know
You have two kidneys, located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of your fist. Tiny structures called nephrons are inside each kidney and they filter the blood. There are about a million of them.
The kidneys are responsible for removing wastes, toxins and extra water from the body; balancing important salts and minerals in the blood; and releasing hormones to help control blood pressure, manage anemia and help maintain strong bones. The waste and extra water removed by the kidneys become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters. It goes to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom.
When the kidneys are damaged, they can’t filter blood as they should. The result can be a build-up of wastes in your body, as well as other problems that can harm your health.
One in three American adults is at high risk for developing kidney disease today. Yet most arent able to identify the signs and symptoms. One in nine American adults has kidney disease and most dont know it.
At first, kidney disease is silent. Symptoms often dont appear until the kidneys are badly damaged. Many people don’t have any symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced. Blood and urine tests are the only way to know if you have kidney disease.;
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The Risk Of Having Hidden Blood In Urine
You may think that either reddish or brownish colors of urine are signs of serious health problems. However, even a normal yellow color can be a dangerous indication, too.
Hematuria is the medical term for having blood in the urine. However, not all cases of hematuria can be seen by the naked eye. This type of hematuria is medically known as “microscopic hematuria”. As its name implies, the urine contains small amounts of blood that can only be seen with a microscope.
More than half of cases of microscopic hematuria only happen “by chance”. Meaning to say, it can happen because of high blood pressure, aging, or physiological reasons in the case of women. Microscopic hematuria can even occur due to some medications and after a strenuous exercise.
However, a small amount of blood can still mix in the urine due to a serious illness, so you can never discount the risk of “cancer” and “kidney disease”.
What Causes Changes In Urine
The most harmless changes in urine color come from things you eat:
- Foods such as beets, fava beans, blackberries, and rhubarb can turn urine reddish, or sometimes dark brown.
- Carrots can turn urine light orange. Vitamin C can also turn urine orange.
- B vitamins can give urine a greenish tinge.
- Foods that use strong color dyes can also temporarily change urine color.
Certain medications may also change the color of your urine. Check the label or consult your physician to see if this is a possible side effect. For example:
- Stomach acid reducer Tagamet® can turn urine a blue shade.
- Some chemotherapy medicines can turn urine orange.
- Phenazopyridine , a drug used to treat urinary tract and bladder pain, can also give urine an orange hue.
More seriously, changes in urine color can be symptomatic of an underlying medical condition:
- Red tinged urine can indicate blood in your urine, which could be caused by a urinary tract infection, kidney stones, or in rare cases, cancer.
- Reddish urine could also be a sign of lead or mercury poisoning.
- Dark brown urine could indicate liver failure.
- Cola- or tea-colored urine could indicate inflammation of the kidneys .
- Orange hued urine can also indicate a problem with the liver or bile duct.
- Greenish or cloudy urine may be symptomatic of a urinary tract infection.
Underlying conditions that change urine odor can be very serious. They include:
- Liver failure.
- Metabolic disorders.
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